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JULY, 1911 

7 f 57/d. 


Opens with the Foot 


FIRST: The only Sanitary method 
of caring for garbage, deep in the 
ground in heavy galvanized bucket 
with bail. Odorless, proof against 
rats, cats and dogs, or the smaller 
death dealing pest, the house-fly 
Health demands it. 



SECOND: This clean, convenient 
way of disposing of kitchen ashes. 
cellar and yard refuse, does 
away with the ash or dirt barrel 
nuisance. Stores your oily 
waste and sweepings, Fireproof, 

flush with garage 


THIRD: It supplies 

a safe and sanitary Easy to sweep into 

method to keep your water supply safe frrnn 
pollution. It preTenU the danger from the 
l)<>u,se or typhoid fly, around camp or farm, 
fl inseminating its jxnsonous germs to j our 
family. Sold direct. Send for circulars on 
each. Nine years in practical use. It pays 
to look us up. 


*in Farrar Street, Lynn, Mass. 

A Camp Necessity ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ m ^^^^^^^ m 


; save time. 

Ihe Unique Hedge Trimmer 

mows a 13 inch swath 
easily, evenly and quickly. 
Five days' work in one 
day's time. Hedije con- 
tractors quadruple their 
wages and profits. NO 
Every man can trim his 
own hedge in one-fifth of 
the time. Workmanship and material Indefinitely guaran- 
teed. If not satisfactory after one week's trial, can be 
returned and money refunded. 

Sent prepaid 
on receipt of 

Refer to any bank in Philadelphia. Write for 

927 Filbert St. 
Philadelphia, Pa 


Fountain Cutlery Co., 


Containing a mixture of the finest grasses: Quart 25c. 
2 quart* 45c. 4 quarts foe. Sent prepaid by mail to 
any address in the United States. Dept. .'. 

J. M. TIIOHHDHN & CO., 33 ItaroUr Street 
New York 


StaMftd indelibly en tifry 

foot i 

The mm who builds a house without 
asking about the sa< h cord to be used 
i* laying up trouble tor himself. In 
si that the specifications mention 
SILVER LAKE A. Its smooth sur- 
face offers nothing on which the pulley 
can catch Guaianteed (or Twenty 

Write /,'r Free Booklet, 


87 Chauiif-ey St., 

BOMtOIl. MllHH. 

Ma ers of SILVER 
_ A K E solid I .raided 


Strong, dtirabl. . 
Do not decay HI 

be used year after year. 
SouUiern cane or wolen 

stakes. Suitable for Hoses. Gladioli. Lilies 
Chrysanthemums, Put and Herbaceous Plants. 

Oreen colored, 
<reen colored. 
Natural cane. 

100 250 500 1.000 

2 ft. $0.75 J1.75 $3.25 16.00 

2* ft. t.35 2.50 4.50 1.00 

6 ft. 1.00 2.00 3.50 6.00 

For the support of Dahlias, Tomatoes. Pole-beans, shrubs, 
young trtes, we offer extra-strong stakes. 

12 100 

B f !.<;. a to 1 in. diameter 11.00 JV.uO 

8 " " " L25 8.00 

I-'all liitlh f.atnli-g rejJy July lSt!i. StHjut your namt. .jddrtu 

H.H. BKRUKB, Dept. 27, 70 Warren St., New York City 

Talks to Sad People 

Are you melancholy, blue, 

With no special reason for it? 
With the summer coming loo, 

Do you shudder and abhor it? 

Do you shrink at cheerful thought, 
And at fun are you a scoffer ? 

Then for Heaven's sal^e you ought 
To consult LIFE'S Special Offer. 



Boy's Number 
Her Number 
Coquette's Number 
Bathing Girl's Number 
Nicotine Number 

t Any Newsdealer's 

Eoery TueiJay 

Ten Cents 

'Washington is cL-acl, Lincoln is 
dead and I'm rut feeling very 
well myself, but while there's 
LIFE there's hope." 

Obey That Impulse 

Avail yourself immedi- 
ately of LIFE'S Spe- 
cial Offer, open 
only to new sub- 
scribers. Send One 
Dollar (Canadian, 
$1.13; Foreign, $1.26) 
at once and be a 
regular subscriber 
for three months. 
This offer is net. 
No subscriptions re- 
newed at this rate. 

Address LIFE, 

14 W. 3 i, 


Darwin Tulips for the Permanent 
Garden Our Specialty 

There is no better subject for the PERMANENT GARDEN. 
Will last a lifetime ; each year producing finer blooms. 

One Each ':.> Varieties i'.'.i Bulbs) Sl.OO 

Catalog further describing these grand Tulips on request. 


Desk A 50 Barclay St., New York 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDES. 


The Real Estate Department of House & Garden will be glad to advise its readers in regardl 

This service is given without charge. Address Real Estate' 



^ rA MilV on thp Hudson '^ 


*-/ A. 1 v i JL i V-' ^11 vllVx lid *-l w> v-/ 1 1 




An ideal, restricted, year-round residence 
development, 26 miles from Grand Central 
Station one mile above Tarrytown. 

Sloping gently up from a mile of shore front, to a plateau -like 
eminence, every spot offers an inspiring sweep of magnificent river 

Attractive New Homes 

typifying the highest development of suburban architecture may be 
purchased on a mortgage basis of FULL COST of House at FIVE 
Per Cent interest. 

Choice Plots On Easy Terms 

An exceptional opportunity is offered NOW to secure desirable loca- 
tions at attractive prices. Building money furnished. 
Write for booklet and particulars. Address Department M. 

Ye Olden Philipse Manor ( Erected 1683) 





-Tt 4 - 

i ' " 

officw *t Cooley <Q,West Inc. o/c ^ 

Phil ipse Manor Telephone Murray Hiii 4430 Mount Vernon 
White Plains 331 Macfison Ave.,N.Y New Rochelle 



on Ihe ocean at the mouth of NARRAGANSETT BAY. adjoining splen- 
did bathing beach, surf, but no undertow, cool and bradnj air and very 
.1, ( essibk-i short distance from Narraganselt Pier. If desired will sui, 
from' * """i" 10 - Reasonable prices. Further particulars 

34 Pine Street " Til. 61SO jahn NEW YORK 

1 1 00 


Handsome homes amid healthful surroundings no 
manufacturing. Splendid old shade trees, wide streets, 
beautiful country on every hand. Fast trains to New 
York and Philadelphia. 

Rentals $300 to $6,000 a year. Completely fur- 
nished homes also for rent. 

Other desirable properties in town and country for 
sale or rent, furnished or unfurnished. 

WALTER B. HOWE, Princeton, N. J. 

New York Office, 56 Cedar Street 

(~)NE MILE of waterfront on 
^^^ Manhasset Bay Sands Point, 
L. I. R. R. Station, Port Washing- 
ton, 35 minutes to New York. 

Surrounded by the famous estates of 
many distinguished citizens. 




i acre or more 

in the most delightful and exclusive neighborhood, 
with all improvements installed, for the right kind of 
people at not too great cost. 

Send for photographs. 


542 Fifth Avenue NEW YORK 

New York's Most Beautiful Suburb 


By Buying RIGHT NOW you have 
an opportunity to secure an ideal villa 
plot, with grand old shade trees, high 
elevation, splendid view, five minutes from 
station, private wharf, club-house, tennis 
courts and golf course. Ardsley is an except- 
ionally high-class developed property re- 
stricted to private residences, forty minutes 
from Grand Central Station, with excellent 
train service; bargain for quick cash sale. 
BELSER, Room 1521, 115 Broadway, N. Y. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 


to the purchase, sale or rental of country and suburban real estate in all parts of the country. 
Department, House & Garden, 449 Fourth Avenue, New York City. 


"<&0emont<tate"Ht $car$<uie station 

The ideal realization of out-of-town living. A delightful 
home community, for all-year residence. Protected social 
environment, the charm of the country, all city improve- 
ments. Immediately at station, only 19 miles, on Harlem 
Klec. Div. N. Y. Cent. R. R. Special advantages to be se- 
cured for those building during the present season. H'rite 
for Booklet A. 

cartmle Companp, 

J. Warren Tbayer, PTM. 

Heandale. N. Y. 
Weatebt**r Co. 

5O3 5th Ave.. N. Y. 
Corner 42d Street 


Fine river-front plantations on the James and York 
rivers; 1,212 acres, with old Colonial house, $80,000; 
2,200 acres, $60,000; 545 acres, $20,000; 700 acres, 
$12,000: 200 acres, $12,000; 200 acres, $5,000; 135 
acres, $3,500; also small farms either with or with- 
out water fronts. For particulars, address 

Claremont, Va. 


Must sell to settle estate. 258 acres, all in cultiva- 
tion. 51 acres in good woodland. Finely equipped, 
in addition to 80 ton Silo. 5 miles from Wilmington 
with i op, ooo population. Price and description upon 
application. Send for free catalogue of other farms. 
Dept. 6, FORD & REIS, Inc., Wilmington, Del. 


but the most beautiful spot in Greater New York City is at Little Neck Hills, with 
its giant old trees, quaint old homesteads, and winding avenues. Its succession of 
beautiful hills slope to the south from Broadway, rising one above another till they 
overlook the far-famed Douglas Manor, Little Neck Ilay, Connecticut, across the Sound, 
the sky line of Manhattan and on even to the Palisades across the Hudson. To see 
Little Neck Hills means that you will want your "House and Garden" there forever. 
Our prices are moderate and terms attractive and property perfect. 

Dwight-Murray Realty Co., 47 West 34th Street, New York 

The Premier Broker in Country Property in the United StmtM 
National and International Real Estate Transactions 
The Elit* Pa"-nage of rht United State* 

Special \ j A classical Southern Estate; mansion of 25 rooms. 
in. > Id ti luxury, costly buildings, 20 acres of land, fashionable locality 
and elite section, magnificent park uf landscape gardening, forest, 
terracea. 15 minutes from town. Price Printed description. 

Special Aj. Gentleman's Country Estate. 40 minutes from "White- 
House " 80 acres, large handsome brick residence, 16 
mr tiding elevation, stately forest grove, delightful Southern all year 
home on the edge of Washington, f 15.000. Printed description. 

Country /-'states de Luxe, residential domains, i.tim*. plantations, elite 
villa*, and marine estates tn the aristocratic locations of the United State*. 

Europt Priacrlv domains, estates, villas, apartments ; town house*. 
GRANT P \K1SII. 1429 New York Ave.. \\a-hlnirion. |>. ( . 




Sixty acres for sale in lota as the purchaser desires, 
For further details address 

) H. A. Wyckotl, 274 Clinton htm, Brooklyn, N. T, 

Offered at 20% Below Value 


FOR SALE 15 acres, with lawns, woods, rose garden, truck 
garden, tennis court. 

Large house. First floor Large entrance hall, reception room, 
library, billiard room, dining room, butler's pantry, kitchen and 
maids' dining room. Second floor - Four masters' bedrooms, two 
baths, sitting hall, four maids' rooms and bath. Third floor Three 
masters' rooms and two baths, extensive verandas. 

Garage, stable with rooms and bath, greenhouse, gardener's cot- 
tage. For particulars apply 


Telephone 456 

Opposite Railroad Station 




Houses of unusual distinctiveness and individuality (completed or 
nearing completion) for sale; built by us under the direction of skilled 
architects of National reputation and specially designed for exposure, 
outlook and landscape effect. WE WILL BUILD FOR YOU, from your 
own plans, or you can build for yourself. HOUSES UNDER CON- 
STRUCTION MAY BE CHANGED in interior plan and finish to con- 
form with your individual taste and requirements. Convenient terms of 
payment arranged. 

Invigorating mountain air. broad outlook, all advantages of refined country living with 
all conveniences of city life. Entire neighborhood carefully restricted. Forty minutes 
from down-town New York, express trains; two to fifteen minutes from station. Pure 
water, sewers, gas, electric light, sidewalks, macadamized roadways, etc. J'rpperty 
under development over five years with more than fifty fine homes occupied or building. 
Write for Information, Plant and Photographs, and Appointments to visit property. 


Suite 1303. 165 Broadway, New York, Phone 1546 Cortlandt 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AMD GARDEN. 


JULY, 1911 


The purpose of this department is to give advice to those interested in 
poultry. 7 he manager ti'ill gladly answer any troublesome questions. 
Address "Poultry Department" and enclose a self-addressed envelope. 


We carry the largest stock in America of 
ornamental birds and animals. Nearly 60 
acres of land entirely devoted to our busi- 

Beautiful Swans, Fancy Pheasants, Pea- 
fowl, Cranes, Storks, Flamingoes, Ostriches, 
Ornamental Ducks and Geese, etc., for pri- 
vate parks and fanciers. Also Hungarian 
Partridges, Pheasants, Quail, Wild Ducks 
and Geese, Deer, Rabbits, etc., for stocking 
preserves. Good healthy stock at right 

Write us what you want. 


Proprietors of Pennsylvania 
Pheasantry and Game Park 

Department C. Bucks County, Yardly, Pa; 


Unrivalled Fl 
bits Peruviai 

ish Giant, Angora, Tan and Polish Rab- 
md Smooth Cavies for fancy or pets. 
Some Good Youngster* now for sale, 91.00 up 



Are the Greatest 
Utility Breed 

"JO..P,, Bk, so itg 
iifclrftled, tent ON r*qu*at 

The 1st prize cock at 
Madison Square Garden, 
New York; also 1st and 
shape and color special 
at Boston, 1911; Is but 
one of many One birds 
of his same blood lines 
In my yards . 

StocK and Eggs lor Sale 

fa) South Norwilk, Conn., 

R. F. D. 37 



Rare Land and 
Water Birds 

Swans, Geese, Ducks, Peafowl, Cranes, 
Pheasants, etc. I am the oldest established 
and largest exclusive dealer in ornamental 
birds in America. 

G. D. TILLEY, Naturalist 


White Orpingtons 

They lay like slot machines 
Beautiful white chickens 

for the lawn, as useful as 

they are ornamental. 
Lawrence Jackson 

Box H , Haysvllle, Allegheny County, Pa. 


Ornamental Birds of Every Descrip- 
tion. Monkeys and Show Animals 


248 Grand Street 


Import Haiifc in Hit 

New York 

Baby Chicks off Quality 

Why bother with eggs? I can supply you with healthy 
young clucks at once and guarantee them to reach you 
m good condition. Fishel Strain White Plymouth Rocks 
b. L. R. I Reds and other breeds. Prices reasonable.' 
Chick catalogue free. 

R. C. Caldwell, Box 1030, Lyndon, Ross Co., Ohio 

Maplecroft Rhode Island Reds 

win at all the leading shows. "It pays to buy 
the best." Stock and Eggs for sale in large 
quantities. Send forCircularand MatingList 
of S. C. Reds. J. G. Dutcher, Prop. Address 
Maplecroft Farms, Pawling. New York 

Roofing the Poultry House 

HP HE roof of the poultry house is a 
problem to the average poultryman 
solved by the state of his pocketbook, cli- 
mate and the location of his buildings. In 
counting the cost, one must consider the 
possible expense in keeping in repair a 
roof cheap at the outset. Some roofs ab- 
sorb the sun's rays to such a degree as to 
make the building too warm. In certain 
locations a fireproof roof is imperative. 

Wood, metal and the tarred paper or 
felt roofing have peculiar qualifications 
which adapt them to individual se- 
quirements. The paper or felt roofings ap- 
peal to a great many people, as the work of 
applying the material can be done by an 
amateur. These roofings are laid on over 
boards and secured to position by nails, the 
joinings being made watertight with ce- 
ment. Pliant roofings should be turned 
well over the edges of the roof and fas- 
tened securely. Allowance for lapping of 
the strips is made on the material and this 
lap should be observed. The cost of the 
cement and nails necessary for the work 
is included in the price of the roofing per 
roll. There are several good tarred roof- 
ings on the market at one dollar and eighty 
cents or one dollar and ninety cents per 
roll of about one hundred square feet. 
When buying, it is best to select those 
having a fireproof surface. Two-ply felt 
roofing is more economical than the one- 
ply, as it makes a much more lasting roof. 
After three or four years it will require 
repainting, and this must be done promptly 
to preserve the roof. The price of the felt 
roofings varies, costing from two to two 
and one-half dollars per square. 

All flexible roofings must be laid over 
boards that are fitted closely, else they will 
tend to break over the crevices. 

The galvanized steel and iron roofings 
are the most durable of all. The best 
grade of galvanized iron costs from four 
dollars and twenty-five cents to five dol- 
lars per one hundred square feet, covering 
the cost of laying, but as it is absolutely 
fireproof, lower insurance rates are obtain- 
able on buildings where it is used. 

The galvanized roof is very warm in 
summer, which is some sections proves an 
objection. Tarred paper also is hot. 

Roofs of cedar or white pine shingles 
outlast the pliant roofings, and really cost 
less in the end. One poultry man who has 
had experience with metal, felt, paper and 
shingle roofing, prefers the last, claiming 
that it serves him best for least cost. 


brood coop 
for hen and 
chicks. 2 feet 
square with 
3 foot cover 
ed wire run 
way; made 
of red cy 
press; paint 
ed two coat* 



over ,,., ,-..:,.. 


In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

JULY, 1911 


Colonizing Poultry 

COLONIZING poultry is not a new 
idea, but a very old one. However, 
it is a reliable principle because it is based 
on the inexorable laws of nature. It was 
intended that fowls of all kinds should 
roam at will and live in flocks. These 
flocks should not be too large or too small 
to secure the best results and eliminate 
labor for the caretaker. 

Colony houses, with or without a floor, 
with three sides and roof wind and storm 
proof, with one side facing the south, cov- 
ered with netting and a door at the side, 
built large enough to accommodate at least 
twenty-five fowls, should be provided for 
the laying stock during the summer 
months. The location should be beneath 
a tree of considerable size, beside a buncli 
of bushes or in the edge of the woods, the 
idea being to secure for the flock protec- 
tion from the sun. These houses should 
face the south and be located some dis- 
tance apart to prevent the flocks from 

The object in thus colonizing the laying 
stock is to give them a chance to partly 
feed themselves and secure in proper 
quantities green and animal food so essen- 
tial to continued egg production. Better 
health and vigor are thus maintained and 
more eggs are thus produced than by any 
other system or method ever yet devised, 
for free range is an important factor to 
success in poultry culture. 

Breeding stock thus colonized is pro- 
ductive of the very highest results in fer- 
tility and future growth and development 
in the chicks hatched from their eggs. 

No better way has ever been discovered 
to raise chickens than by the colonizing 
plan. In flocks of twenty-five with unlim- 
ited range and houses large enough to ac- 
commodate them until near maturity they 
will grow like weeds. This plan is copied 
after the way in which the partridge rears 
her young. Open front houses approach 
the evergreen tree for roosting quarters. 
The growing chick needs lots of exercise 
and freedom. In small colonies he gets 
the things so essential to his best growth 
and development. A. G. S. 

West Highland Terriers 

THE alert little Scotch dogs known as 
West Highland terriers, are among 
the brightest dogs in the world, and they 
are a new breed in this country, for until 
eight years ago not one was known in the 
United States. Now several are owned by 
dog lovers, but they are not yet listed at 
the bench shows, which is strange, since 
these dogs are among the oldest breeds 
known to the dog world, and are among 
the gamiest specimens that sportsmen 

They are almost exactly the same as the 
now well-known Aberdeen or Scottish ter- 
rier, save that they are always white in 
color. They are, perhaps keener and 
brighter than the Scottie, if such a thing 
were possible, and they have all his excel- 
lent points. 


Do it as a safeguard. 

Make sure they are healthy sure they are free from destruc- 
tive cavities. Know this to a certainty. That is what one of our 
inspections guarantees to you. The preservation of the trees you 
have is surely of as great importance as setting out new ones 

You wouldn't Uke several 
hundred dollars for one of 
your fine trees that has been 
years in growing; so by the 
same token, why hesitate on 
sending a few dollars for 
insuring its preservation? 

So many si ve every ios- 
Bible cure to their grounds in 
general and then either ne- 
glect their treeb altogether, 
or allow them to be muti- 
lated by some good inten- 
tioncd but unknowing men. 
Or. still more unfortunate, 
trust them to the numerous 
tree quacks who have re- 
cently sprung up like mush- 
rooms, all over the country. 

Successful tree work re- 
quires much judgment and 
skill. Ever}- tree presents H 
different problem. With 
pruning, for instance: it's 
not only a question of how 
to cut off a limb but one 
of judgment as to what 
lunbs to remove to insurt* 
the health of the tree as 
well as contribute to its ul- 
timate shapeliness. 

Filling of decay cavities 
means more than simply 


'ng them nut and 

This historic old Andover Elm was nothing but a 

?, '-* iem tnat the bark shell! 3 I t's^a "wonder how it ever stood u 

will "roll over the cement 

... . e filled 

t with cement, pruned it, sprayed it. and chained up 

patch it involves a matter t ne limbs that were like' to split down. Ffty years 
idgmont of how much added to its life. 

of the bark to cut away 
and how deep to dig out 
the cavity, to thoroughly 
check the decay. 

No two trees present the 
same problem of cha in i iif 
or bolting, to prevent split- 
tingit's a question of 
judgment based on experi- 

If you want men of judg- 
ment, based on wide ex- 
l>erience, to attend your 
trees men in whom you 
can place your entire confi- 
dence men who do every 
branch of their work in a 
thorough way then we 
would like the opportunity 
of proving to you that we 
are the concern you are 
looking for. 

You might, however, first 
like to know some of the 
tilings we have done and 
some of those for whom we 
have done them. We will 
be glad to tell you both. 

We strongly adviar an 
early inspection. One of 
our skilled inspectors can be 
sent at once, 

Trees The Care They 
Should Have- is the name 
of our booklet it tells the 
very things you want to 

Munson-Whitaker Company 


Boston 523 Tremont Bldg. New York- 
Chicago 303 Monadnock 

-823 Fourth Ave. Bldg. 




Hours from New 
York via Lehigh 
Valley R. R. 

Riding, Driving, Automobiling over 140 miles of magnificent roads. Boating, Bathing, Tennis. 

BROWNE & WAR BUR TON, Proprietors 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDE*. 


JULY, 1911 | 


The purpose of this department is to give adrice to those inter- 
ested in dogs. The manager will gladly answer any troublesome 
questions. Address "Kennel Department" and enclose a self- 
addressed cm-elope. 

Russian Wolfhounds 

For beauty of form and disposi- 
tion these Aristocratic dogs have 
few equals and no superiors. 
Their gentility, courage, strength, 
speed and loyalty are tried and 
true. Fit associates for child 
gentleman or lady. 

M Ira sol Kennels 

Pasjulena, California 

Send your name and address to-day for a 

the oldest, largest and only high-class 

published. Fully illustrated. Printed 011 enamel paper. 
Beautiful original cover designs. Over fifty pages of dog ad- 
vertisements each issue. 

Price $1.00 a year which includes three premium pictures 
12 x 16 inches, nice enough to frame and suitable for den 
or study. Address 

Bui tie Creek 




devoted to 
Poultry, Pigeons, Rabbits and ill other kind of Pet Animals. 


Liberal commission paid to euergetic agents. Write us. 

Pet Stock Magazine, 18-20-22 Washington St., Springfield, Ohio 
II You Havo a Dog 

You Should Read 


the only weekly in America devoted exclu- 
sively to the dog. Sample and Special 
Trial subscription Offer on application. 

FIELD AND FANCY, 14 Church St., New York City 


These Airedale Terrier Puppies are healthy 
as well as happy because they are fed on the 
right kind of food. 

are fed on CHAMPION DOG BIS- 
CU1I and this insures their health. Our 
food is clean and easy to handle when feed- 
Ihere is no moisture or dirt and it 
needs no preparation before feeding; just give 

ne r tW biscuits and h e will do the 

cam '' S t 

along when goi 



558 View Street St. Paul, Minn. 


of both sexes. All from the very best 

For particulars address 


West Chester, Penna. 


Two choice golden brindle. tiger striped puppies of champion 
stock; straight heavy bone, typical, promising specimens. 
Pink of condition, ears standing, ready to go Address- 
Rev. E. B. FOSTER, : : New Gloucester, Maine. 

and grown stock. Pedigreed. Prices rea- 
sonable. Also Toy Spitz Pomeranian pupa. 
Write your wants. 


Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Boston Terriers 

We hare 

high-class ps, sre . 

i- il R P<*.' and other prize winning 

number of exceedingly 
high-class puppies, sired by "Ch. Lord 

I " 

ell Rock, and other prize winning 
lightweights, for disposal, satisfaction 

For a house dog or companion, the 
Boston Terrier is in a class by himself 
Prices from $20.00 up. 


119 Winchester St., Toronto, Ont. 

Ch.LORD BELL ROCK, at Stud.fee $I K 


High Class Illustrated Fortnightly 

Annual Subscription $2.OO 


When In Town Visit Our Library 
809 Madison Square Building. E. 26th St., New York 


The Breeders register in the Gazette has proved 
>t great value, m view of the constant demand 
at the American Kennel Club for names and ad- 
dresses of breeders. Write for rates 


1 Liberty Street 



An unceasing source of 
p'easure and robust health 
to children. Safe and 
ideal playmates Inr x- 
pensive to k'ep. Highest 
Complete outfits. Satis- 
tlpa fnihranteed. Illustrated 
catalogue, free. 


Box 19, M;nk I, ,,!,,. Va 

In Hot Weather Feed 


The Paramount Dog 
Food. It will keep your 
dogs in condition. 


Spillers a BaHer. Ltd., Cardiff, 

Send 4c. in stamps for Booklet and 
four colored post cards of prize 



set of 

These white West Highland terriers are 
as desirable for pets as they are for sport- 
ing dogs and are especially gentle and do- 
cile with children, learn very quickly and 
make admirable trick dogs. 

Wind, and weather make no difference, 
as they are essentially game and hardy. 
The coat is thick and strong and very wiry, 
having the same peculiar quality for shed- 
ding snow and rain that the Scottie's coat 
has. The little fellows are stoutly built, 
with deep chest and great bone and sub- 
stance, and a very rough coat. They are 
dogs of pronounced character, and are 
never sneaky or mean, and make the finest 
of comrades for both young and old. 

West Highland Terriers are great hun- 
ters by nature, and need only a slight train- 
ing to make them most accomplished sport- 
ing dogs. They hunt rats, woodchucks, 
rabbits and even foxes terriers having 
been known to shake the life out of foxes 
considerably larger than themselves. They 
are enabled to do this because of the grea't 

The West Highland Terriers are as desirable 
for pets as they are for sporting dogs 

power of their jaws and teeth, strong necks 
and compact bodies. They are especially 
famous as woodchuck exterminators, and 
Xew England fanners do not know how 
valuable such a dog would be to them, for 
there are few dogs that are successful 
woodchuck hunters. 

These dogs rarely are ill, and they are so 
sturdy and hardy because they have not yet 
been in-bred or weakened by much bench 
showing. They seem to be immune to dis- 
temper or other dog ailments, and they are 
very neat and well ordered. Their photo- 
graph gives but little idea of their great at- 
tractiveness, for no lens can catch their 
alertness and sprightliness ; they are all life 
and action, and the camera gives back only 
a still image. There is something so droll 
about their appearance that they attract 
everyone's attention. They have such 
short, stocky legs, such big heads and such 
shaggy, wiry coats that they are very odd- 
looking. There are no kennels breeding 
these dogs in this country, and very few 
in England, but in Scotland every other 
poor crofter may have a fine specimen. 
They are greatly beloved by the Scotch and 
most kindly treated by "them, for the 
Scotchmen love the little animals' pluck 
and intelligence and loyalty. They go 
hunting with their masters and are of great 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

JULY, 1911 


The Scotch grow to be deeply attached 
to these little dogs, and one man who owns 
several of them always has some story to 
tell of their intelligence. One of his dogs 
named Fiorag, which is Gaelic for squirrel, 
has a wise little trick which she plays when 
she wants to get a warm, cosy seat. She 
goes to the door and wags her tail as if 
she were begging to be let out, and when 
her master rises and goes to the door she 
darts past him and nestles down into the 
warm recesses of his vacated chair. 

They have tremendous endurance, these 
little dogs, and it seems almost impossible 
to tire them. They are not heavy eaters, 
and not at all particular, but are just wise, 
wholesome, healthy, fine little dogs. Real 
"doggie dogs," as some one described 
them. G. A. 

The Woolly Aphis 

I HAVE discovered a new kind of pest on my 
young apple trees (now 4 years old) which 
I am not familiar with, and write to ask if 
you can tell me what it is and how to kill it. 

It appears on the branches, especially at the 
ends where they were pruned last season, in the 
form of a white, woolly substance and under 
the glass can be seen several grubs in each 
effected spot, which seem to come out of the 
wood itself. I have sprayed with arsenic and 
also petroleum emulsion, but without any effect. 

If you can give me any information on the 
subject same will be greatly appreciated. 

E. L. F. 

In reply to your query, we would say 
that from the descriptions given in the let- 
ter the pest is probably the Wooly Aphis 
of the Apple. This insect is interesting be- 
cause it has two distinct forms, one of 
which is found on the branches above 
ground and the other below the surface of 
the ground upon the roots. The root form 
is much the more serious one of the two. 
It lives upon the roots, sucking the juices 
from them and stimulating the tissues to 
produce swellings or galls. The roots final- 
ly decay, break away from the tree and 
eventually the tree dies as a result of the 
presence of this root louse. When this 
pest becomes well established in a young 
orchard it is exceedingly injurious. 

Very good results have been obtained 
by hoeing away the soil in a circle about 
the tree to the depth of 3 or 4 inches. The 
diameter of the circle will vary, depend- 
ing upon the size of the tree. It should be 
at least 2 to 3 feet in diameter for trees 
10 to 12 years old. The ground in the 
circle should be soaked with a 15% solu- 
tion of kerosene emulsion, using 2 or 3 
gallons or even more to the tree. This 
material will penetrate the soil and kill 
great numbers of the aphids. In some 
cases it has held the aphis in check very 
effectually. After the emulsion is applied 
the earth should be replaced. This should 
be done only while the tree is in leaf ; if 
done while the tree is dormant the roots 
are apt to be injured by the kerosene. 

The branch form can be controlled by 
spraying with a 10% solution of kerosene 
emulsion or with whale-oil soap; one 
pound to 5 or 6 gallons of water. 

Tke KeyJxole m tKe Kivot 
meets you Italf- way 

<ss <a/ 

Here's the Marseilles design for a front door 
French Renaissance school. But there are over 
one hundred different Corbin Unit Lock designs in 
which knobs and escutcheons can be supplied. 

Meeting every requirement for inside and outside 
doors, for residences, public buildings, hotels, etc. 

The illustration indicates just how it would look 
upon your H.oor. All parts attached to a solid cast 
bronze frame imparting rigidity andstrength per- 
mitting a close and accurate adjustment of parts 
affording smoothness of action in a safe lock. 

Ask the Corbin dealer in your city. He will tell 
you all about the ad vantages of the Corbin Unit Lock. 

Anyway write today for booklet 

OK16, Corbin Wrought Hardware 
OK 17, Corbin Colonial Hardware 
OK53, Corbin Princeton Design 
OK.80, Corbin Specialties 


P. & F. Corbin P. & F. Corbin 

of New York of Chicago 

P. & F. Corbin 


Fifth Ave. & 30th St. 

Near Underground and Elevated 
Railroad Station* 


As the Center for the Most Exclusive 
of New York Visitors 


appointed to meet the demand of the 
fastidious or democratic visitor. 

Royal Suites. 

Rooms Single or En Suite. 

Public Dining Room. New Grill. 

Private Dining Saloon for Ladies. 

After Dinner Lounge Bar. 


Booklet, HOLLAND HOUSE. 5th Ave. & 30th St. 

In writing to advertittrs fltatt mtntion HOUSE AND GAIDIH. 


JULY, 1911 

'This U'Bar Leanto Greenhouse 
L is in the Heart of the Adirondac 

IT was fifteen degrees below when the photo 
was taken and it looks it. Inside was a 
regular summer land with foliage plants, 
ferns, small palms, and endless flower and veg- 
etable plants getting an early start for setting 
outdoors the first promising spring days. 
In sections like this where the season is short, 
unless you have a greenhouse it is next to im- 
possible to have either flowers or vegetables be- 
fore frost nips them off. For such purposes a Leanto house is 
a decided success. For a leanto, or any other kind of a green- 
house, the U-Bar construction has its distinct advantages. So 
distinct, so different is the U-Bar house that Uncle Sam grant- 
ed us a patent. So that is why we are the only U-Bar green- 
house builders. The catalog both tells and shows the U-Bar 
superior points. Send for the catalog or send for us or both. 

This is the U-Bar 
The Bar that makes 
U-Bar Greenhouses 
The Famous Green- 
houses they are. 

M -^v ^v* 1 MWHBnwrw^aBNWVll^^H^^^H 

The house is 33 feet long-this is a glimpse of but 16 feet of the interior. 




Travel by Automobile 

4| An opportunity for 
those -who do not own 
their own cars to tour 

New England 
by Automobile 

By special arrangement with a well-known 
tourist agency TRAVEL is able to an- 
nounce automobile tours of New England 
covering all the important points of in- 
terest, including 

Tne Berkshires 

The White Mountains 

Maine and Massachusetts 

Sea Coasts 
Long Island Sound 

1 hese tours are of twelve days, covering 
nearly 1000 miles entirely by automobile. 
New 1911 high-powered seven- passenger 
touring cars of a prominent make have 
been arranged for and private cars for five 
or six passengers -will be provided. All 
expenses are included hotels, shipment 
of baggage from point to point, etc., and 
patrons are relieved of every care and 

ROUTE New York to Poughkeepsie, 
TOUR a l n the Hudson; through 

Berkshire Hills to Pittsfield, 

Mass.; to Manchester, Vt.; east to Lake 
Sunapee; north up the Pemigewasset Val- 
ley to Flume; past the Old Man of the 
Mountains; through Franconia Notch to 
Bethlehem; south past Bretton \Voods 
and Mt. Washington, through Crawford 
Notch, past \Villey House, along the Saco 
River to North Conway; past Poland 
Springs to Portland, following the Maine 
Coast to Portsmouth; continuing along the 
Atlantic Coast to Boston ; south along 
Narragansett Bay to Narragansett Pier, 
then along the coast to New London and 
on to New York, 

DATES Le ave New Yor k City at 10:30 
TOUR a- m ' J une 30th, July 14th and 

28th, August llth and 25th, and 

September 8th and 22nd. Leave Boston 
two days later, respectively. 

the country as you cancot in any other way 

For full information and foldtr descriline tours in detail 
with prices, address 



McBRIDE. WINSTON & CO.. Publisher. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 


Ford, Butler & Oliver, architects 
From a photograph by Julian A. Buckly 


I'hotographs by Nathan R. Graves 


Photograph by Thomas W. Sears, landscape architect 


By Louise Taylor Davis 


By William A. Vollmer 


By Bunkio Matsuki and F. 11'. Coburn 


By Henry H. Saylor 

By Harold Donaldson F.bcrlcin 

GROW YOUR Owx FRUIT. V ................................. 26 

By !'. /'. Rockwell 

SUGGESTIONS FOR WOOD FENCES ............................. 28 


By Ziihna DC L. Stecle 

By Maurice M. Femtmann 

ACHIEVING CHARACTER IN REMODELING ...................... 34 

By Katharine Lord 

SUMMER FURNISHING WITH CRETONNE ...................... .37 

B\ Sarah Leyburn Cm- 



By James Earle Miller 


/. Acker Hays, architect 


Curtains of Japanese Toweling To Prolong the Life of Leather 
Practical Bedroom Suggestions 


Hardy Ornamental Grasses A Two-Year Garden 

The Garden Water Supply 


An Oven Convenience A Hiome-Made Polisher 

Knock-down Picture Frames 

West Highland Terriers 
Colonizing Poultry 
The Wjooly Aphis 

Copyright, 1911, by McBride, Winston Sr'Co. 



Robert M. McBride, President; Robert^. 



^ *,.oo per Year. 




July, 1911 


A Little Home in a Peach Orchard 


u v 

L O U I S K T A V I. II K I) A V 1 S 

l'hi>tc>Kruph> by the Author and H. H. S. 

ONCE the building of a house seemed to me a grave and 
weighty matter, by no means to be undertaken until the 
"parties of the second part" were quite settled in life and well on 
their way to affluence. Now I think that every young couple 
should, at the first possible moment, build them a house, be it ever 
so humble. Our own experience in house-building has brought 
about in me this change 

Three years ago the 
time arrived, which comes 
to most married people 
sooner or later, when we 
felt that we couldn't stand 
boarding, we couldn't 
stand apartments, we 
couldn't stand hideous 
rented houses in fact, 
we couldn't be happy un- 
less we had a house of 
our own, built according 
to our own ideas. It was 
then we began seriously to 
consider building. The 
result is our home, small, 
but attractive, and exactly 
suited to our needs. The 
entire cost of the house 
was $2,800, a price for 

build. It was situated on the outskirts of the village, in the midst 
of a young peach orchard, which had been set out on the gentle 
slope of a hill covering about three acres. To my doubting mind, 
the middle of a peach orchard seemed a queer place to build a 
house, particularly as the trees were only two years old, and 
rather scraggly. I sugested that we remove those on our own 

property, and plant in 

HflMH- Mi their stead the more con- 

ventional shade trees and 
shrubs. As I met with 
firm protests from my 
husband and the architect, 
1 gave in, and today will 
gladly admit the superi- 
ority of the masculine 
judgment. The trees are 
now well grown and 
healthy, and furnish an 
amount of foliage around 
the house which it would 
have been impossible to 
obtain otherwise in the 
same length of time. As 
for the peaches they bear 
well, those trees could 
onlv be removed now over 


One end of the lot, 50 x 200 feet, adjoins the street, to which the house 
turns its back, giving the porch the splendid view over miles of country 

which I knew a summer 

bungalow could be built, but which 

I had never realized would be suffi- 
cient for the building of a real 


Our first idea, in fact, had been 

a bungalow in which we might live 

for seven or eight months of the 

year. It was at this juncture that 

the architect proved himself a 

benefactor. lie advised us to 

build a comfortable, all-the-year- 

round house, and in reply to our 

solemn warnings promised to keep 

the price down to a bungalow fig- 
ure. We were fortunate enough 

already to have a lot, which in it- 



self was a great incentive to us to 

The location of the stairs is an unusual feature of the plan; 
they were not in evidence from the living-room 

my dead body. 

This was not to be the 

only unconventional thing 
about the placing of the house. 
One end of the lot adjoins the 
street, or rather the country road 
on which is the trolley line con- 
necting us with civilization. From 
the other end is a beautiful view 
of rolling farm country, with hills 
in the distance. The architect 
promptly decided that the house 
should turn its back to the street. 
The amount of ground which we 
really own is small, the lot being 
50 by 200 feet, but with the wide 
landscape stretching for miles 
around us, and peach trees for 
our only near neighbors, we feel 
as if we owned an estate. 



JULY, 1911 

Wide boards are laid up horizontally like clapboards on the wood frame over the underpin- 
ning of local stone. There is a splendid place for garden tools under the porch 

The exterior of the house is quaint and unusual, with its small- 
paned windows and sharply sloping roof line, broken by the 
dormers which make possible the good-sized bedrooms. Wide 
boards are used in the construction, with a foundation of field 
stone, and a shingled roof. The house is painted white, with 
green trim, and the roof is stained red. The wide porch to me is 
one of the most satisfactory features of the plan. I have sat 
uncomfortably on many a porch where one's head seemed to 
press against the house and one's knees against the railing. On 
this porch, people may sit in groups, instead of in a straight and 
formal row. 

The living-room is entered directly from the porch, and I 
must pause here to describe the front door. It is of the two-piece 
variety commonly known as the Dutch door that is, the upper 
and lower halves open separately. It is made of five-inch oak 
planks, and chamfered, or beveled where the edges join. There 

The living-room extends the whole width 
of the house, but is divided into the living- 
room proper and a little music-room by 
means of a partition which reaches only 
part way to the ceiling. The walls of the 
living-room, as of the entire house, are 
rough plaster, of a warm gray tone which 
makes a most successful background for 
pictures and pottery. The woodwork is 
cypress, treated with two coats of brown 
shingle stain, which allows the beautiful 
grain to be seen. The ceiling, both here 
and in the dining-room, is formed simply 
by the joists and flooring of the rooms 
above, left rough and stained the same 
brown. This was a treatment dictated by 
economy, but eminently satisfactory in 

The most striking feature of the living- 
room is the inglenook, which is opposite 
the front door, to the left as one enters. 
The wide chimney is made of the roughest 
brick the architect could find in a personal 
visit to the brickyard. This also forms the 
broad hearth, which is slightly raised above 
the level of the floor, a plan which I think is good. It gives the 
ingle-nook a certain detachment from the rest of the room, which 
in the case in point proves very attractive. 

We usually find visitors regarding our mantel-shelf with a puz- 
zled expression, and hasten to explain that is is a railroad tie, left 
in its natural state, with the exception of an application of shingle 
stain. On each side of the chimney is a built-in settle. The wide 
seats are hinged to furnish convenient lockers underneath for 
kindling wood, and so forth principally and so forth, as every 
housewife can testify to such tuck-awa"y places. There must be 
one last and most important tribute to the chimney it draws to 
perfection. I might mention here that the house is heated with 
hot air, which has proved very satisfactory. 

The little music room, which is at the opposite end of the long 
room from the fireplace, is just large enough for a piano and some 
bookcases. It has a window which opens on the porch, and two 

are heavy battens on the inside, and the door is swung on rough casement windows set high in the other wall above the bookcases. 

iron barn hinges which run the entire width of the door and are 
painted black. An iron thumb-latch is used instead of a knob. 
The whole effect is of quaintness combined with great solidity. 

These, by the way, were built in after we were living in the house. 
The disposition of a fairly large library was a serious question, 
which we solved by putting in shelves wherever there was a space 

In the dining-room as throughout the first story, the second floor 
joists, closely spaced, form a very decorative ceiling 

A glimpse of the living-room from the dining-room, showing the 
end screen of the inglenook and the location of the stairs 

There is 

little front 

a wonderfully attractive atmosphere about the large living-room, with its dark-stained ceiling beams rough-plaster 
woodwork and the great mglenook. with its raised floor of rough brick. It is interesting ^compare thTroom wlfh the stuffy 
ant parlor of the modern development house, built fifty at a time at a cost no less than th-s 

for them. Besides those under 
the casement windows, there are 
shelves built against the partition 
between the living-room and the 
music-room; more shelves built 
under the three windows at the 
fireplace end of the room, and still 
others against the wall on each side 
of the chimney, above the backs of 
the settles. The shelves are home- 
made, constructed of odds and ends 
of lumber, and cost next to nothing. 
The opening between living-room 
and dining-room is directly oppo- 
site the front door. An attractive 
feature of the division between the 
two rooms is the high back of the 
settle, the space above which is 
filled by square spindles set close 
together. The dining-room is com- 
fortably large, for which I make 
my compliments once more to the 
architect. There was much more 
unbroken wall space here than in 
the living-room, and for a while we 
considered adopting some such 
treatment as a wainscot effect. 
However, when the furniture was 

Looking towards the opposite end of the living-room, showing the music-room and at the left 
the dining-room. At the extreme right is the double Dutch door leading to the porch 


JULY, 1911 

A corner of one of the bedrooms the one facing the road, as shown on the plan. Here 
too, are the tame rough-plastered gray walls harmonizing with the dark woodwork 

in place, pictures ju- 
diciously hung, and 
shelves put up for 
pottery, the effect was 
so good that we de- 
cided to leave the 
walls as they were. 
In matters of house 
furnishing and dec- 
oration it is very easy 
to make the mistake 
of acting in haste and 
repenting at leisure. 
I am convinced that it 
is best to begin house- 
keeping in a new 
house with only the 
barest necessities in 
the way of furnish- 
ings, and devote a 
great deal of time and 
thought to the subject 
before completing the 
work. In this way 
one is much more apt 
to get things which 

suit the house and seem an integral part of it not like strangers 
in a strange land. For instance, I have a clock which occupied 
at least five different positions in the house for varying periods of 
time, while we vainly tried to persuade ourselves that it looked 
well. At last we decided that it didn't belong, and put it away on 
the top shelf of the linen closet, since when I have felt happier. 
The placing of the stairs leading to the second floor of the 
house is quite unusual. They occupy a space just their width, 
between the dining-room and the kitchen, and are completely shut 
off from both rooms by doors at the foot. A small window, open- 
ing on the back porch, gives the necessary lighting. This was the 
only part of the plan which did not appeal to me in the beginning. 
I did not like the idea of guests having to pass through the dining- 
room in order to get upstairs. Now that I have lived in the house, 
however, I find that this small objection is far outweighed by a 

number of advan- 
tages. A great deal 
of space is saved 
in the living-room 
by the arrange- 
ment, I am sure the 
house is warmer 
in winter for it, and 
the members of the 
family or the maid 
can go up and 
down stairs with- 
out disturbing call- 
ers who may be in 
the living-room. 

The kitchen has 
windows on two 
sides, and the out- 
side door on a 
third, an arrange- 
ment which has an 
obvious merit in 
summer. There is 
no provision made 
on the plan for a 
closet in the kitch- 

Looking across the end of the house from 
the kitchen corner in the rear 

en, but we have sup- 
plied that deficiency 
by having a kitchen 
cabinet and shelves 
for dishes built in. 
These were included 
in the cost of the 
house. A thing I 
particularly like in 
the kitchen is the fact 
that the chimney 
bricks are not plas- 
tered over, but are 
allowed to show in 
contrast to the plas- 
ter of the walls. 

Upstairs we have 
three bedrooms of 
comfortable size, a 
bathroom, and a large 
linen closet. Any- 
one who has seen only 
the exterior of the 
house finds this hard 
to believe, but the ex- 
planation lies in the 

fact that there is absolutely no waste space in the house. Every 
inch, practically, has been utilized to good purpose, and I do not 
see how the given space could have been divided to better advan- 

The two bedrooms in the front of the house have roomy closets, 
while hooks in the linen closet supply the lack of this convenience 
in the third room. At the side of the house in the back which 
has no dormer, there is a large space under the pitch of the roof 
which serves as a trunk closet. In the bedrooms are found the 
same rough plaster walls and dark-stained woodwork as down- 
stairs. The woodwork throughout the house is perfectly plain, 
and the doors are fitted with thumb-latches and bolts, instead of 
the usual doorknobs and locks. We have several times been on 
the point of tinting the bedroom walls, but as yet have not done 
so, chiefly owing to our inability to come to an amicable agree- 
ment on the sub- 
ject of color. We 
have decided, how- 
ever, that this is to 
be a thing of the 
very near future, 
as is the painting of 
the bathroom and 
kitchen walls. 

We have planned 
a great many 
things for the fu- 
ture, but our plans 
now are chiefly 
concerned with the 
exterior of the 
house. Now that 
the interior is fair- 
ly complete, we 
have turned our at- 
tention to garden- 
ing rea 1 i z i n g 
p a i n f ully what 
might have been, if 

we had begun this 

wnrk vpar^ sov, A bookcase and press in white enamel is 

work years ago. built across an end of the music-room 

The size of your garden should not exclude the sun-dial. 

In this little English yard they have given the sun-dial the place of honor in a 
court of roses 

Sun-dials and How to Make Them 



Photographs by Thos. W. Sears, X. R. Graves and others 

WHEN the garden planning is all complete and each row 
has its proper relation to its neighbor, when the har- 
monies of color and form show forth the constructive unity of 
the artistic scheme, and bench and path are in the exact arrange- 
ment, is the work all done? Is there nothing more to do but the 
future weeding and spraying, the cutting and pruning? There 

is still one thing left 
out: the sun-dial. 
Whether the first 
thought or the last de- 
tail, it is necessary for 

Somehow the dial 
is closely linked with 
gardens. Its very 
name conjures up the 
associations of the 
old-fashioned not 
merely a past decade 
or century, but 'way 
back before man had 
ceased companionship 
with Nature. The sun- 
dial is the interpre- 

A sun-diaT with a millstone base that is ter f the garden's 
simple and unpretentious divinity, the sun ; or 

perhaps the embodiment of its active principle which fosters life 
in the tiny seed-germ. We might repeat Lamb's question, "What 
a dead thing is a clock, with its ponderous embowelments of lead 
and brass, its pert or solemn dullness of communication, compared 
with the simple altar-like structure and silent heart-language of 
the old dial. It stood as the garden god of Christian gardens. 
W h y is it almost 
everywhere vanished? 
If its business use be 
superseded by more 
elaborate inventions, 
its moral uses, its 
beauty, might have 
pleaded for its contin- 

Not everywh ere, 
however, has it disap- 
peared, for the finer 
sentiments which gar- 
den-making nourishes 
have called it back to 
renew its message and 
preside once more 
over the realm of 

growing things. Nor The dial is not merely decorative . it 
does it come as a relic should be easily reached from the paths 



JULY, 1911 j 

A very attractive feature on some of the English lawns is the live sun-dial with numerals 

and gnomon of growing plants 

or dead monument to other days, 
but an accurate time marker- 
it must be this or nothing, 
for a sun-dial out of ad- 
justment or improp- 
erly calculated is 
shiftless and 
melancholy a 
speci men 
as a dead 

Fig. II. The first step 
showing the method 
hour lines 

dial plotting, 
locating the 


Fig. I. The plan of the gno- 
mon, showing size in relation 
to dial-face 

vv h i c h 
sadly to 

noon. The impres- 
sun-dial is beyond 
income is erro- 
travel to the 
fabulous prices 

six o'clock at high 
sion that such a 
the reach of modest 
neous. One need not 
older lands and pay 
to bring home one of doubtful 
tory, for in the large cities here 
there are numerous places to buy them, 
from the simple horizontal ones to the 
great globes of absolute precision. 
Then, too. the hunter of the antique 
can often find a treasure to reward his 
search. But if time or money stand in 
the way, there is the opportunity of 
making one. Dial makers may pro- 
duce more elaborate and finished 
works, but anyone can make a fairly 
accurate instrument and have the 
added joy of creating something. 

Of the many different kinds of sun- 
dials, the horizontal style is the one 
most common to gardens. It lends it- 
self most easily to garden decoration 
and its plotting is most simple. The 
directions given by the late H. R. 
Mitchell of Philadelphia for this sort 
of instrument are exceedingly plain, 
and will be sufficient for the beginner 
in dialing without further enlargement. 
With a rule, compasses and a pro- 
tractor, these can easily be followed on 
paper and later transferred to the per- 
manent material to be used for the 

The horizontal is perhaps the simplest of 
dials; there are some, however, of greater 
precision and ingenuity 

The paradise rose, if kept low, is charming when 
planted at the foot of the sun-dial pedestal 

The first thing to do is to lay out the 
gnomon the triangular object which 
serves to cast the shadow. To do this one 
must know the latitude of the given place 
where the dial is to be used. For New 
York City, for instance, this would be 
40 44' (about). Upon the base line de- 
scribe this angle and continue it to C, a 
variable distance depending on the size of 
the gnomon desired. From C, a vertical 
line is carried to the base line, and the 
gnomon is complete in its simplest form. 
Since only the upper edge and sufficient 
base for support are needed, the foot can 
be shortened and the back cut away in any 
fanciful design, as suggested in the dia- 
gram. One thing worth mentioning at this 
point is that when the gnomon is cut in 
the permanent material, sufficient pro- 
vis 'on should be made to hold it firmly 
with the base line flush with the sur- 
face of the dial such as with screws 
run vertically through the plate. 

The next step is to lay out the face 
of the dial. This is shown in Figure 
II. Draw a horizontal line CD, and 
at its center erect a vertical. From 
the intersection E, as a center, describe 
a circle the radius of which will equal 
the length of the line BC in Figure I 
(the length of the gnomon's face). 
The points C and D upon the circle 
will be the six o'clock points made by 
the daily passage of the sun. Inside 
of this circle another circle should 
then be drawn whose radius should 
equal the length of the base line (from 
B to the dotted perpendicular from C, 
Fig. I). The two quadrants of the 
outside circle A to D and A to C next 
divide into six equal parts indicated 
by o, o, o, etc. Do likewise with half of 
the inner circle and obtain the points 
z, z, z, etc. From each of the points 
o, o, o, etc.. draw lines parallel to CD, 
and from each of the point z, z, z, etc., 
draw lines parallel to AE. Mark the 
points of intersection x, x, x, etc.. and 



Fig. III. Final position of the proposed 
dial shifted to allow more space be- 
tween the numerals 

draw lines through them from the central 
point E. Where these lines cross the 
circles will be the hour points. In drawing 
the figures for the hours they should have 
the same inclination as the lines radiating 
from E. The half and quarter hours 
should be made in the same way by divid- 
ing the distance between the points on the 
outer and inner circle, and where the lines 
from E intersect will give the position for 
the half hours and quarter hours. The 
minutes, if one chooses to put them in, can 
be spaced off with the eye, as the distances 
to be divided are short. The lower half of 
the dial can be laid out in precisely the 
same manner given above and the hour 
marks extended to, say. four o'clock in the 
morning and eight o'clock in the eve- 
ning; but for ordinary, practical use 
from six o'clock in the morning to six 
o'clock in the evening covers all that 
is needed. 

In laying out a dial in this way, no 
allowance is made for the width or 
thickness of the stile or gnomon. If 
a thin gnomon is used, that is, of metal 
1/16 of an inch thick, it is scarcely 
necessary to make any allowance ; but 
if a heavy gnomon is to be employed, 
having, say, a thickness of 3/16 or l /4 
of an inch, then, instead of the single 
line AE (Figure II), there muM be 
two parallel lines the same distance 
apart as the thickness of the gnomon. 
In this case, an easy method would be 
to cut into two equal parts the prelim- 
inary Diagrams we have been describ- 
ing and to place between them a strip 
of paper the exact thickness of the 
gnomon to he used. 

As the hours about the middle of 
the day are closer together than those 
early in the morning or late in the 
afternoon, it makes a much better 
looking dial to shift the center towards 
the twelve o'clock mark and to draw a 
new circle from this point (Fig. III). 

The completed dial worked in brass 
appears with the gnomon and hour 
in position 

as it 

Sun-dial pedestals bear sculpture, but only in the formal garden, and then only in harmony 

with the rest of the ornamentation 

The lines radiating from E should be ex- 
tended to this new circle and the gnomon 
increased in proportion. That the dial 
should give the best results, a practical 
rule for the length of the gnomon is that 
the upper tip of its sun edge be directly 
over the outer line of the border contain- 
ing the figures of the hours (see Figure I). 
The center of the new circle should not be 
moved, however, from side to side, but 
must always be on the line AE midway be- 
tween the two six o'clock points, as shown 
in Figure III. 

With your dial planned, the question of 
materials is to be considered. Brass has 
the advantage of being very lasting, but 
perhaps demands more skill in marking 
than some other things. A smooth piece 
of slate can be had, however, of suffi- 
cient thickness to be durable. This is 
easily marked and decorated. Thomas 
Jefferson, who spent some of his leis- 
ure hours in plotting dials, worked 
them in slate, and at least one of them 
remains today. The modern discov- 
eries in the practical uses of concrete 
offer a new field adaptable to the uses 
of the sun-dial maker. The lines, and 
even the gnomon, can be put in when 
the material is still soft and the num- 
erals can be cut out of some metal, 
fitted with a key to hold them and let 
into the hardening substance. 

The sun-dial is not complete with- 
out its motto. The quaint phrasing of 
many of them seems to signify the 
ever present voice of its daily service. 
There is nothing gloomy about a dial, 
and the often used lines reminding us 
that time is flying or that we must live 
while we have time, are mat apropos. 
It is not time that is flying, for time 
is permanent ; we are moving, and the 
epicurean warning of the shortness of 
life is melancholy rather than full of 
the gladness of life. A dial on the 
(Continued on page 48) 

Placed at the junction of the garden paths 
dial is framed in foliage and appears at 

, the sun- 
its best 

How the Japanese Arrange Flowers 


B Y 

B U N K I O M A T S U K I AND F. W. C () 1! U R N 

Photographs by Luther H. Shattuck 

AMONG the many lessons which the domestic architecture of 
Japan, reserved, dignified and restful down to this day, 
offers to Occidentals, none is more unexpectedly suggestive than 
the one which is revealed by a little study of the Japanese art of 
flower arrangement or ikcbana. It comes, indeed, with something 
of a surprise to the American to learn that the art of placing 
flowers or foliage in vases 
or elsewhere is taken seri- 
ously by every Japanese of 
taste and discrimination ; 
that there are different 
schools and theories of 
flower arrangement ; that 
peripatetic teachers of the 
art give lessoins to the sons 
and daughters of middle- 
class families just as the 
piano and violin teachers go 
their rounds among us ; that 
much of the wonderful skill 
of Japanese designers and 
pictorial artists is acquired 
through early acquaintance 
with the principles of artis- 
tic composition as taught by 
the exponents of ikcbana. 

The stranger within the 
ga t e s of any cultivated 
household of Japan receives 
from the master of the 
house a tray of freshly cut 
flowers. His part it then is to 
place them so as to evince 
his taste, his understanding 
of honored traditions of 
decoration. On festal days 
in the great cities of the 
Empire shopkeepers remove 
from their windows the 
usual display of goods and 
show a single precious vase 
with some flower of the sea- 
son placed in accordance 
with the canons of ikebana. 
The crowds surging the 

streets on such occasions 
praise or condemn the merchant's display with the discrimination 
of an audience at one of our symphony concerts or of the spcta- 
tors at the opening night of one of our exhibitions of pictures. 

Herein, then, is one of the secrets of the artistic power of the 
Japanese. The love of flowers is universal ; these people, with 
their almost preternatural intelligence and sensitiveness to esthetic 
impressions, are practically alone in having rationalized the use 
of flowers and foliage in decoration. Occidental bad taste in the 
use of the most exquisite of natural forms has been manifested 
for centuries in a thousand ways ; in the showy vulgarities of van 
Huysam, and other Dutch flower painters ; in indelicate and un- 

imaginative conventionalizations of floral forms in millions upon 
millions of yards of textiles and wall papers ; in the tawdry display 
of expensive exotics with which the "swell" florist's window and 
the multi-millionaire's mansion are overloaded. In Japan flower ar- 
rangement has been one of the recognized fine arts since its canons 
were established by Yoshimasa, a distinguished artist of the six- 
teenth century. This man 
laid down rules and pre- 
cepts which, a little later, 
were amplified and refined 
by R i k i u , Hideyoshi's 
clever master of the tea 
ceremony. During all the 
later flowering forth of 
Japanese art, in the sump- 
tuous development of the 
Tokugawa period, the mar- 
velous pictorial efforts of 
the artists of the L'kiyoye, 
or popular school, down to 
the present day, when Occi- 
dental and commercial in- 
fluences have greatly in- 
jured the architecture and 
allied arts of public build- 
ings, but only to a slight 
extent the household arts 
in all this time all the Jap- 
anese people have kept re- 
minding themselves of their 
expressive axiom: "Fruit 
nourishes the body : flow- 
ers, the soul." 

To transfer the cult of 
ikcbana bodily to this west- 
ern land would be as im- 
possible, however theoret- 
ically desirable it might be,, 
as to change our more 
florid and assertive domes- 
tic architecture to the re- 
fined and subdued auster- 
ity of Japanese middle-,- 
class homes. \ aluable in- 
struction, nevertheless, it 
would be for any American 

man or woman to sit at the feet of one of the ( )riental masters of 
flower arrangement. 

Such a student would soon feel that the essential ideas of the 
Japanese about flowers are right. Theirs is a cult of floral forms 
that may be grown out-of-doors under strictly natural conditions. 
The forcing processes of the hothouse are distasteful even in 
present-day Japan, addicted to many innovations from the ( Vci- 
dent. No follower of any school of ikcbana would think of using 
a flower out of its proper season. In a semi-tropical country 
something is always in bloom, beginning with the January plum 
blossonis, which often appear simultaneously with snow flurries,. 

Five-flower arrangement, interesting variations of which are frequently 
sought by the Japanese who practise ikebana. Curious little forms and 
sculptured figures are occasionally used to hold the stems upright 




an.l ending with the fall flowers which have hardly ceased putting forth in 
December. Nature and convention dictate the flowers which may be used at any 
season. An overblown rose or orchid from the greenhouse would be regarded as 
a monstrosity by the conservative and serious-minded members of a samurai fam- 
ily. Equally rational are the customs Of handling the flowers taken from garden, 
field or roadside. Nothing is more abhorrent to the far Eastern mind than the 
so-called bouquet of culled flowers from whose stem the foliage, in whole or in 
part, has been removed. It is always remembered in Japan that flowers cut in the 
early morning last longest ; that the character of the lotus and other water plants 
is best preserved by tying a string around the stem and cutting below the cincture ; 
that rain water is always preferable to spring or well water for keeping the fresh-, 
ness of flowers. 

To preserve indoors a suggestion of the relations of the individual flower to 
other flowers in nature is part of the Japanese convention, Grass flowers and tree 
flowers may be mixed, but only as they would occur out-of-doors. I loth kinds, 
indeed, may be used in the vase, but one 
above the other. A perspective arrange- 
ment is held highly desirable, as with 
marsh flowers in front, mountain flowers 
behind. The reverse arrangement would 
be in bad taste. It is against the canons to 
combine three kinds of tree flowers or 
three kinds of grass flowers ; but they 
may be brought together in the propor- 
tion of two and one or three and two. In 
certain circumstances four tree flowers 
and one grass flower, or vice versa, may 
be displayed together. Most often in the 
choice of flowers for a room, the single 
wall painting or kakemono is consid- 
ered. It would be inadmissible to intro- 
duce a real flower which would com- 
pete with the same flower as depicted 


An example of bad ikclmini one of the "seven dis- 
eases of flower arrangement." It is regarded as 
an artistic crime to utilize two stems of prac- 
tically the same height and width 

* { t*&L & 

The famous tfn-jiii-clii. or triangular 
arrangement symbolizing earth, man 
and heaven 

by an artist. Should the kakemono con- 
tain pine trees a pine bough must not 
be displayed in the room. A plum 
blossom in the picture precludes the 
u>e of plir.n blossoms in vases unless 
in some unobjectionable way. The 
tokonoma. or alcove, which contains 
the picture of the day, is incomplete 
without its incense burner and flowers. 
The vogue of Japanese arts in 
American cities has made most peo- 
ple in this country more or less famil- 
iar with the receptacles for flowers 
which are used in Nippon land. The 
vases are of bronze, pottery or bamboo. 
1 hinging receptacles are employed, 
' either swung from the ceiling or at- 
tached to a post. It is a rule that a flower shall not seem to spring from the 
centre of a vase. Accordingly a little transverse Y-shaped wooden crotch, of 
the kind used by boys in this country in making sling-shots, is often inserted 
and the stem of the flower confined to the apex of the Y by a thin piece of bamboo. 
While flowers are welcome in the Japanese house, a profusion of them would In- 
held barbaric. In ikebana. as in all else, simplicity is a prime consideration. Of 
the old-time dictator, Hideyoshi, it is told that while enjoying the peaceful life 
of the ancient capital of the Empire about 1580, he one morning visited Rikiu. 
master of the tea ceremony and disciple of the originator of flower arrangement. 
The artist's garden, as Hideyoshi noticed admiringly, was aglow with morning- 
glories. The ruler accordingly said: "Good sir, I should be delighted if you 
would invite me some morning to a display of your arrangement of these ex- 
quisite flowers. Call it your morning-glory tea party." 

Rikiu gladly made his preparations for this event. On the appointed day 
Hideyoshi arrived, fully expecting to feast his eyes as before on a brilliant mass 
of flowers the while he enjoyed the tea for which Rikiu was celebrated. On 

(Continued on page 50) 

Flowers of the woods and of the mead- 
ows grouped in accordance with ac- 
cepted principles of flower arrangement 

The Japanese pink (Dianthus Heddvtvigii) 
is a biennial blooming now if in its first 

You should know ten-weeks stock, an 
annual obtainable in pink, red, blue, lav- 
ender and purple 

The African daisy (Arctotis Crandis) is a 
handsome annual with white petals and a 
gold circle about a steel blue center 

Getting Acquainted with the July Flowers and Shrubs 


Photographs by Charles Jones and others 

THE way in which most gardens are made is upon the merits 
of names rather than the merits of the flowers themselves. 
For, after all, the great majority of gardening amateurs start 
their activities early in the spring or late in the winter by ordering 
packets of seeds from the beguiling pages of a seedman's cata- 
log. Of course there are pictures in it, and in these days of photo- 
graphic progress the pictures bear a very reasonable resemblance 
to the originals ideal originals, to be sure, and better than most 
of us will ever grow, perhaps ; but after all we must find no fault 
with high aims. Let us be thankful that the day of the woodcut 
catalogue is practically gone, for with it the question of whether 
an illustration represented "the finest improved spinach" or a 
new giant-flowering hollyhock" could be determined only by the 
relative proximity of the descriptive 
blocks of text matter. 

The great bulk of the flowering 
plants, shrubs and vines, however, 
must necessarily go unprinted even 
in the modern catalogue, so that in 
making up his list the gardening be- 
ginner is forced to base his choice on 
his scanty knowledge of plants, or, 
lacking even that, upon the sound 
of the name itself. Thus it is that 
the demand upon seedsmen for such 
fascinating things as love-in-a-mist, 
amaryllis, asphodel, rosemary, love- 
lies-bleeding and marshmallow con- 
tinues to be very heavy indeed, while 
other plants of less romantic names 
but of far greater practical value 

The yellow day lily (Hemerocallis Aava) will spread 
freely if given a sunny location and deep soil 

and beauty to the garden remain comparatively unknown. 
There is a far better and shorter road to a successful flower 
garden for the novice than that which lies directly through the 
seedsman's catalogue. It is a road leading through that same 
novice's own notebook. The time to get acquainted with the 
future inhabitants of that ideal garden of his is during the whole 
flowering season. If you yourself must acknowledge your 
novitiate in gardening, try this scheme of making the personal 
acquaintance of the month's flowering plants and shrubs. Surely 
in your own neighborhood there are gardens containing treasures 
with which you might easily become acquainted. Visit them with 
open eyes and an inquiring mind, and start your notebook now. 
Rule it up with column" spaces for common and botanical 

names, height, color, flowering 
period, location in sun or shade, 
for classification as to annual or 
perennial character, planting time 
for seeds or plants, for cultural 
hints from your neighbor's experi- 
ence which you will find him will- 
ing to dwell upon at length, and 
finally for a few informal descript- 
ive remarks that will fix that par- 
ticular plant once for all in your 

If your own neighborhood offers 
too few examples, visit a nearby 
nurseryman's place. That is where 
you will find a wealth of material 
for your notebook, with the addi- 
tional advantage that you may order 


JULY, 1911 



This is tickseed, the perennial Coreopsis 
Canceolata. Calliopsis is the name given 
the annual Corefsis tinctoria 

Lavatera or annual mallow, two feet high, 
with a pink flower blooming ten weeks 

You may meet the last blooms of the long- 
spurred columbine (Aquilegia),which takes 
kindly to shady places 

plants or seed on the spot for delivery at the proper time in the 
fall or spring planting season. 

Let me assure you that the following out of this scheme will 
save your many a mistake, many a disappointment in your gar- 
den-making. By it you will save at least a year or two in the 
attainment of a satisfying measure of success in your home sur- 
roundings. There is nothing so discouraging in the gradual ac- 
quiring of garden knowledge as to find, after a year or two of 
planting seeds, that the result is not at all what you have been 
led to expect by lurid word-painting in the catalogues or the still 

less dependable choice of Mowers on the strength of names alone. 
Here are some of the really good things you will meet in your 
interesting travels. These are taken from those plants and shrubs 
that flower first this month, but there will be other entries in your 
notebook, recording flowers that started to bloom in May or last 
month. It must be borne in mind that any statement regarding 
a time of blooming can be only approximate. A dry season or a 
difference in latitude will change these dates by several weeks. 
The assumption is that we are investigating bloom in the latitude 
of New York. A rough rule is to allow a week earlier or later 

Pick out now the varieties you want to 
plant next spring of the wonderful glad- 

The gaillardia or blanket flower, a perennial 
bearing yellow-rayed flowers on long 

You should know the pentstemon or 
bearded-tongue, with its long racemes of 
lilac or pale violet flowers 



JULY, 1911 

cultivated soi 

The , zi ia . is a " f" 1 *! that is attractive 
" ly T ' tS Ch ' Ce vaneties : beware f 

The Japanese plume poppy (Boco 

data) makes an excellent screen for un- 
sightly utilities 

or north of this. First, the 

for each one hundred miles south 
perennials : 

CARDINAL FLOWER (Lobelia cardinalis) is a plant giving one 
of the few pure red garden flowers. Xative to some portions of 
Xew England, it can, however, be grown readily in nearly any 
soil. Shade about the roots and a slight winter protection is all 
it asks. The height is about three feet, and the flowers are borne 
in leafy racemes covering a foot of the stem. 

CORAL HELLS (Hcuchera sanguined) is a lower-growing plant 
(i ft.), with a low-spreading growth of leaves as a background 

for the long nodding panicles of coral-red flowers not unlike the 
begonia. It requires a rich, deep soil, full sun and plenty of water 
when in bloom. 

LILIES. There are several kinds of lilies that you may meet 
this month, and they are well worthy of your friendship: first the 
common tiger lily (Liliitm tigrimim), with its red, purple-spotted 
flowers: then the wonderful gold-banded lily of Japan (Liliiim 
aura-turn), perhaps the most beautiful of all, bearing flowers that 
frequently measure eight inches across, the reflexed petals spotted 
(Continued on payc 68) 



with a delicious fragrance at 

you can find, including this annual vari- 
ety, P. Druinmondi 

The Possibilities in Half-timbered Houses 


HEREDITY has had 
many a blame 
and many a credit laid 
to its charge ; fortunate- 
ly it shoulders are full 
broad to bear the bur- 
den. The weight of re- 
sponsibility, therefore, 
will not be overmuch in- 
creased if we attribute 
to its influence the prev- 
alence of certain archi- 
tectural styles in certain 
places, and the choice of 
building materials or 
modes of construction, 
in preference to certain 
other modes and styles 
that may be intrinsically 
just as good. "Far- 
fetched and fanciful" 
you say ? Xot necessar- 
ily so. Heredity is un- 
questionably a determin- 
ing factor in bird's-nest 
architecture, so why not 
in man's? Besides, for confirma- 
tion of this, we need but turn to 
American history. In Xew Eng- 
land, where there was a super- 
abundance of surface stone, often 
loose and ready to use without 
quarrying or dressing so much of 
it lying around that it was at times 

a positive nuisance the people, nevertheless, generally built 
their houses of wood. In some of the middle and southern states, 
on the contrary, where stone was not nearly so easily obtainable, 
and where timber was, if anything, more plentiful than in Xew 
England, it was the prevalent custom to build of brick or stone. 
Why was this? Simply because the people of Xew England 
came mostly from the parts of old England where for genera- 

A street of old half-timbered houses in Chiddington, Kent, marked by the over- 
hang of upper stories a characteristic feature 

1! V H A HOLD Do X A I, D S O N E I! K R t. 1C I N 

| This article is the fifth of a short scries in which the aim 
is to make clear the possihilitics in securing distinctive char- 
acter through an intelligent and painstaking use of the various 
building materials, 1 he author wishes to gh'e credit to Mr. 
II. L. Duhring, architect, for ititiny helpful suggestions. 

tions timber building 
had been the accepted 
rule, while the people 
of the middle and 
southern colonies came 
from where brick and 
stone were commonly 
used. Call this caprice, 
heredity, or what you 
will, the fact remains 
that a preference 
(which undoubtedly 
had a reason, as you 
will find all preferences 
have if you seek far 
enough) for one mate- 
rial in one place and 
another elsewhere, led 
to a selection ofttimes 
w hull y inconsistent 
with the supply most 
plentifully, readily and, 
one may add, naturally 

May not. then, this 
inherited preference ac- 
count for the widespread latent 
fondness among us for the half- 
timbered house, so dear to many of 
our English forebears? Be that as 
it may we will not force the point 
the half-timbered house forms a 
distinct type of domestic architec- 
ture that has much to be said in its 
favor. The Elizabethan era was the golden age of the English 
half-timbered house, although not a few such dwellings had been 
built before the reign of the Virgin Queen, and admirable exam- 
ples of the type far finer, some of them, than anything in Eng- 
land were plentiful in the north of France before the Tudor 
period. With the economic conditions that made for the popular- 
ity of the half-timbered house we have no present concern. It 

A modern half-timbered house at Essex Fells, N. J., with the typical 
diagonal end-braces and greater elaboration of timbering in the 

A Cedarhurst, L. I., example, Barney & Chapman, architects, where 
the horizontality of the building has been accented over the brick 


JULY, 1911 

Modern half-timbered houses in a group at Port Sunlight, one of the model English vil- 
lages. The pins holding the timber ends together form a very decorative detail 

suffices to observe that the style did then receive a great impetus 
resulting in numerous beautiful examples that our American 
architects have not been slow to avail themselves of. 

The half-timbered house must be regarded not merely as afford- 
ing a variety of applied wall surface treatment, but as forming a 
definite system of construction with fixed characteristics peculiar 
to itself. In the framework, which really constitutes "the carcass 
of the house," the "resistance of the timber, serving in turn as 
brace, or support, or belting course, is greatly increased by the 
multiple combinations of the joinery." Plaster or bricks are used 
to "pug" or stop up the spaces left between the timbers, so as to 
present a solid surface. It is unfortunately true that modern half- 
timbered work has sometimes degenerated into a mere applied sur- 
face treatment, and in such cases it is, to put it plainly, nothing 

but a detestable 
sham. The way 
in which brumag- 
em walls of ma- 
sonry or frame- 
work are occasion- 
ally slicked over 
with stucco divided 
into panels by half- 
i n c h pine strips, 
tacked to the flim- 
sy background and 
stained to look like 
w e a thered hard- 
wood timbers, sug- 
gests an incident 
mentioned by an 
English writer. 
Passing down a 
back street in Lon- 
don, he noticed a 
card in a grocer's 
w i n dow bearing 
the legend, "Fine 
Jam, good straw- 

berry flavor, 4d. a Ib." He goes on to re- 
mark that it is not the "flavor of archi- 
tecture" we want, but the real thing. 
Houses with a "half-timber flavor" are 
just as bad as glucose jam with fruit ex- 
tract "added to taste," as the cook-books 

A real half-timbered house is a source 
of lasting delight. It is not fireproof, of 
course, nor is it half a dozen other things 
that some folk think a house ought to be, 
but it is picturesque and human and home- 
like, and as to the fire, surely it is not 
amiss to trust a little bit to Providence 
and leave the fire insurance companies a 
chance to exist. Our insistence on fire- 
proofing has become almost a mania to live 
in fireproof vaults. What we gain in safe- 
ty we often lost in artistic merit and home- 
likeness, and certainly these features are 
worth considering as well as more utili- 
tarian merits. Besides, a properly built 
half-timbered house can be made so slow- 
burning that there is but little danger of a 
conflagration, and that is really as much 
as can be said truthfully of many so-called 
fireproof structures. Then too, to the half- 
timbered house belongs a remarkable de- 
gree of virility and vitality, coupled with a strong element of 
spontaneity that impresses one with the conviction that this type 
of dwelling is entirely in harmony with its natural surroundings. 
We realize also that the builders who perfected this style of 
architecture fully comprehended the qualities and properties of 
wood and applied methods appropriate to the material used. 
Limitations there are, one must admit, but then what kind of 
dwelling has not its defects? Such a house would be just as un- 
interesting, as repellent, as cold, as hard as a person without any 
faults or foibles. We love our friends the better for a reasonable 
share of shortcomings, and so it is with our houses. If they were 
absolutely perfect we should doubtless not be really happy in 

On the score of durability we may point with satisfaction to 
numerous examples dating from the fifteenth and sixteenth cen- 
turies that are still whole and sound and apparently good for 
centuries to come. 

A usual modification of the half-timbered style, in fact an 

Stanley House, Chester. The carved tim- 
bering in the gable ends and the carved 
posts are noteworthy 

Another group in old Chester. Half-timbered work loses all its 
charm when carried to such elaboration and with such meaningless 

JULY, 1911 


almost invariable one as far as we are con- 
cerned in America, is to build the lower 
walls of brick, stone or concrete and begin 
the timber work at the second floor, very 
often making it project somewhat in an 
overhang. Owing to essential principles 
of construction, certain arrangements of 
lines and habits of development were not 
only possible but almost inevitable, and de- 
vices that were first adopted from motives 
of expediency were retained because of 
their artistic worth as well as their prac- 
tical value. This is notably true in the 
case of the overhang, which is a character- 
istic feature of half-timbered structures. 
Originating in all probability from a de- 
sire to gain additional space in the upper 
floors, it also afforded protection to the 
foundations and lower walls and at the 
same time served the purpose of a porch 
over the doors and a shade over the win- 
dows below. Successive overhangs sup- 
ported on corbels and brackets swelled out 
story above story, so that some of the old 
four- or five-story town houses had a re- 
markably full-blown, ample appearance. 
In our modern half-timbered country 
houses, though not running above three 

floors, and generally not more than two, we can use this device 
of overhangs to good effect. This scheme is constructionally 
honest and, indeed, cannot be used with other materials. The 
flexibility and softening of outline thus attained are important 

Before going on to speak of the external appearance of half- 
timbered wall surfaces, it is well to say that unless the wall be 
structurally genuine throughout, its falsity must sooner or later 
become apparent on the outside. "The big . . . beams, the 
brackets and the external and visible arrangement of the frame- 
work are at the same time a decoration, not accidental, but inten- 

A modern country home near Philadelphia, Oswald C. Hering, architect, where the timbers 
are really structural, not mere strips nailed on afterwards 

primitive uses vertical timbers resting on a sill. They may be placed 
close together, as in the house at Chiddington in Kent, so that 
there is but little space of plaster left between the uprights, or they 
may be placed farther apart as in the parts of the wall at' the ex- 
treme right and left of the house at Kssex Fells. The prevailing 
motive is perpendicularity, broken only by the sill beam carried 
across the face of the wall under the windows and by another 
horizontal beam in the front of the gables. This method of treat- 
ment, known as post and panel work, is substantial, and by the per- 
pendicularity, which gives the effect of height, it is especially ap- 
plicable on a very wide surface to reduce the width. The severity 

tional, not haphazard but desired and aimed at." In other words, of this style may be relieved by crossing the timbers. When the 

the half-timbered house, while constructionally honest is also dec- 
orative. Unless, however, stout timbers, fitly joined, perform the 
function they are ostensibly supposed to perform, they lose their 
significance and become merely grotesque. 

Various methods of dividing up the wall surface by diverse 
arrangements of timbers may be adopted. The simplest and most 

Brick was frequently used for filling in between the timbers, as here 
in the herring-bone pattern. When poor brick and other mis- 
cellaneous filling was used, it was plastered over 

beams are properly halved into each other and held at the ends by 
mortise and tenon, this treatment strengthens and stiffens the 
whole structu r e . 
The effect of too 
great height may 
thus be readily ob- 
viated. Horizontal 
crossbeams have 
been successfully 
used in the Port 
Sun light houses. 
On the side a diag- 
onal beam crossing 
the vertical posts 
has a relieving ef- 
fect. In the house 
at Cedarhurst also, 
the use of horizon- 
tal beams is almost 
wholly responsible 
for the pleasant 
decorative appear- 
ance which, w i t h 
only vertical posts 
and panels, would 
(Continued on 
page 51) 

St. Werburgh's Street, Chester, showing 
the typical overhang and the use of carv- 
ing on the main horizontal timbers 

Grow Your Own Fruit 


B Y F . F . R O C K \V E L I, 

Photographs by X. R. Graves' and Charles Jones 


E are two classes of fruit very seldom found of perfect 
quality in the home garden the soft-fruited berries and 
the bush berries. If they are to be seen at all you will find them 
stuck away along- some fence or in some corner, overgrown with 
a grass sod and covered about their roots inches deep with old 
leaves, twigs and decayed branches, and all the accumulating 
debris of years of neglect. All this abuse is simply because they 
will stand it, and still yield a meagre crop of small, poorly flavored 
fruit. Raspberries, blackberries or currants, grown under such 
conditions, are no more like fruit from the same vines or bushes 
properly cared for, than a wizened, acid, wild crab-apple is like a 
nice, plump, juicy Winesap. 

This neglect can hardly be due to any 
difficulty in the way of the culture of 
these small fruits ; for the amount of 
care they require each season, after 
once established, is much less than that 
demanded by the vegetable patch. It 
is simply that we have got into the way 
of letting them go untended, and taking 
it for granted that home-grown berries 
of these sorts 'must be far inferior to 
those we see for sale in .the markets, 
when these frequently are the very same 
varieties simply given proper care. Far 
from its being impossible to grow good 
fruit of this sort in tlie home garden, it 
is particularly desirable to grow it there, 
because all the soft berries naturally 
stand transportation very poorly, and 
even if carried only a few miles in a 
wagon, become more or less mussed and 
crushed from their own weight. The 
only way to have them at the very best 
is to grow them in the home garden : 
and when one knows how very few 
plants it will take, if properly treated, 

Blackberry bushes in 
when well set 

to produce all one family will need, there is no excuse for not 
having them. 

The soft-fruited berries raspberries, blackberries and dew- 
berries are all treated in much the same way. Any situation 
where they get the full sun, and the soil is well drained, will an- 
swer. It may be at the side of the vegetable garden, or a narrow 
strip along a fence. If there is not room otherwise, they may be 
trained against the fence. If there is any choice as to soil, use 
that in which there is considerable clay. 

The spot selected should be well enriched with old manure, and 
dug down to a depth of at least eight inches. The size needed can 

readily be decided, as the plants will 
require about four feet in the row and 
six between rows some sorts taking 
a little more and some a little less 
space than this. The best time for 
planting is in early spring. Get your 
plants from a reliable nursery or 
seedsman, and have the ground ready 
to plant them immediately upon ar- 
rival. Set them in the soil an inch 
or so deeper than they have been 
grown in the nursery, working the 
earth in carefully and firmly about 
the roots. At the time of planting, 
cut the canes back to six or eight 
inches. These plants will not bear 
fruit until the following year ; but if 
one wishes fruit the same year, it can 
be had by ordering extra plants, and 
setting these between the plants set 
out for the permanent bed. These 
extras are cut back only a little, leav- 
ing them about two feet high. They 
will bear fruit the same year as 
planted, but are not likely to do much 
the following year, so it is best to pull 

bloom beautify the garden 
out and supported 


JULY, 1911 


In pruning gooseberries and black currants, cut out all but a 
stems. Keep the head open so that the air can reach every twig 

them up after the season is 
over. As the plants cost 
but a few cents apiece, this 
is not such an extravagant 
system as might at first ap- 

After setting the plants 
out, do not neglect the bed, 
as success will depend very 
largely upon the thorough- 
ness with which the surface 
soil is kept stirred to main- 
tain the "dust mulch." At 
first it will be well to work 
the soil several inches deep, 
to loosen it thoroughly after 
the packing it gets while the 
plants are being set. After 
root growth starts, how- 
ever, it should be loosened 

only on the surface, not more than two or three inches deep. In 
very hot seasons, a summer mulch of hay or spent manure will 
help retain the soil moisture, but weeds must be kept out. 

There are three methods of giving the plants support. The 
one most commonly used is to have a stout stake for each plant, 
to which the canes are tied up with some soft material raffia or 
strips of old sheeting. The second way is to 
string a stout wire the length of the row and 
tie the plants to this. An improvement on 
this method is to string two wires, several 
inches apart, one on either side of the row. 

Another important matter is the prun- 
ing of the canes. The cane berries bear 
fruit on the growth of the season previous, 
and therefore it is necessary to cut out all 
old canes that have borne one crop. This 
should preferably be done just after the 
fruiting season, but is sometimes left until 
fall or spring. In the home garden, how- 
ever, there is no excuse for thus putting 
it off. The new growth each year must 

when three or four feet 
high. Where support is 
given, however, they are 
usually not cut back until 
the following spring. In 
the case of those varieties 
which have fruit on side 
shoots, as most of the 
"blackcaps" do, also cut 
back these side shoots one- 
third or one-half in the 

It will thus be seen that 
in pruning plants of this 
class there are three things 
to keep in mind: (i) Cut 
out all canes that have 
few fruited. (2) Cut out all 
but four or five of the new 
shoots. (3) Cut back both 
new canes and side shoots one-third to one-half. 

Winter protection is usually given in sections where the winters 
are severe New York or north of it. The canes are laid down 
by bending over as flat as possible, and covering the tips with 
earth. This is not done until just before severe freezing weather. 
The canes are sometimes covered with rough litter: but bending 
them down is in itself a great protection, 
as they will not be so much exposed to 
wind and sun, and will be covered with 
snow when there is any. Another method 
is to cover the entire canes with soil. 
Whatever mulch is used, it should not be 
put on until the ground begins to freeze, 
and should be taken off before any growth 
starts in the spring. 

The Raspberry 

The soil most liked by raspberries is 
clayey. It should be cool and moist, but 
never wet. The black and red types of 
raspberry are distinct in flavor, and both 

Of the currants, Red Dutch, though older 
and smaller than some sorts, is hardier 
and less injured by the borer 

The little extra care in cultivation is worth 
while when one grows such blackberries 
as these 

also be cut out, as 
the plants send up 
more shoots than 
are desirable for 
best results. Cut 
out to the ground 
all but four or five 
of the new canes. 
The canes left, if 
they are to be self- 
s u p p o rting, as 
sometimes grown, 
should be cut back 

should be grown. 
The red varieties 
should be planted 
about three feet 
apart in the rows, 
with the rows five 
feet apart : but for 
the blackcaps the 
rows should be six 
feet apart, and in 
rich soil seven will 
(Continued on 
page 54) 

Cuthbert, though not quite as early as King, 
is one of the best varieties of red rasp- 







There is no reason why the wood fence should ever be ugly. Such 
graceful, simple lines as this one shows give the finishing touches 
of beauty to the place 

The ingenuity of the Japanese is here well taken advantage of in 
affording an economical, serviceable and attractive boundary. The 
posts are of stripped cedar with bamboo between 


The European fence of moss green 
lath, so fitting with wooded 
places, might be better known 

Nothing is in better taste with the formal garden than the 
fence of lattice work. The variety of its forms opens up 
a limitless field of really good design 

A well designed series of openings 
along the top of a high board 
fence will redeem it. 

The Colonial house has its special conventions for fence design 
Here are two styles which harmonize with the detail 

The sheaf pattern of these fence pickets is duplicated in the balcony 
rail, thus increasing the unified effect of house and grounds 

The Birds and Butterflies 
of a Suburban Garden 


This pretty yellow butterfly 
is a matured garden pest 


Photographs by the Author 

This was once the destructive 
cabbage worm (Pieris Rapae) 

^T HE charm and attraction of a garden, be it large or small, is blue bird, came to drink, if not to bathe, in the little, cool flower- 

JL primarily of course, the harvest of bloom and beauty circled pool. Many other birds were occasional visitors and later 

which it yields ; but aside from that, we have discovered that our in the season a migrant Louisiana water-thrush stopped for a call ; 

ttle garden has been the means of bringing us many additional and in November a number of hermit thrushes and juncoes re- 

mterests and pleasures. mained for severa , days feedjng and roQSti jn {he ^ Qne 

mg, for instance, to learn how many birds and thrush seemed loath to leave us, and delayed his departure until 

butterflies soon dis- 
cover the allure- 
ment of freshly- 
worked soil, a 
drinking pool, and 
beds of honey- 
laden blossoms 
even though they 
be in the midst of 
a city. 

Our custom has 
been to keep a 
large saucer of 
water in the yard 
for the birds, and 
we soon discovered 
that as there was 
no fountain in the 
immediate vicinity, 
and no open water 
nearer than the 
park lake, a quar- 
ter of a mile dis- 
tant, the water 
proved a great at- 
traction. This sug- 
gested the idea of 
something more 
ornamental than a 
dish of water, and 

a hollow mound of stones was built, which was about three feet in 
diameter at the base. The center was filled with garden soil and 
firmly imbedded in the top was placed the largest terra-cotta 
saucer that could be purchased. Around the edge of the saucer 
was set out sweet alyssum and a delicate variety of 
sedum, and lower down among the crevices of the 
stone, slips of English ivy were planted. The 
saucer was kept clean and filled with fresh water. 
We witnessed many early morning baths in this 
miniature pool. The robins enjoyed it most often, 
chasing each other and quarreling to have the first 
dip. sharing it willingly with the sparrows, but 
always objecting to the intrusion of their own kind. 
Sometimes as many as five birds would strut up 
and down the lawn, impatiently waiting their turn. 
The English starlings with their sweet boy-like 
whistle, often the white- throated Peabody birds, 
the vireoes, the gold finches, and an occasional 

A large bowl of water, surrounded by alyssum, sedum and ivy growing over a mound of 
stones, formed an attractive invitation to the birds and butterflies 

after Th'anksgiving. 

When summer 
came a great many 
butterflies haunted 
the garden, and 
about the middle of 
August, as a young 
lad was coming to 
visit us, we con- 
ceived the idea of 
making a collection 
of such butterflies 
as could be found 
within the limits of 
a suburban garden. 

The Fisherman's 
landing net was 
borrowed, and a 
butterfly net of 
mosquito bar was 
substituted for the 
fish net. At the 
drug store ten 
cents' worth of 
cyanide of potassi- 
um was bought, 
and placed in the 
bottom of a glass 

A plan of the paper cover 
devised to keep the poi- 
son from spreading 

fruit jar. In order 
to protect it and 

keep it in place, a little cotton was laid with it, and over the whole 
was glued a piece of strong white paper, perforated with holes. 
To cut and fit the paper, we placed the jar upon it and drew a 
pencil mark around it ; then with the same center, but a radius 
about an inch longer, another circle was marked 
off. At intervals of about an inch, slits were made 
from the circumference to the inner circle as in 
the diagram on page 29. After making the air 
holes, the edges of the tabs cut were touched with 
glue and bent inward, making a platform which, 
when slipped to the bottom of the jar, prevented 
the deadly poison from coming in contact with any- 
thing. Labelled "Poison," and with the rubber- 
protected cover screwed tight, all was ready for the 
first specimen. Into this jar the butterflies were 
dropped, and in a few moments painlessly killed. 
We usually left them in the jar for several hours or 
overnight, to make sure there would be no restora- 


The first two specimens (upper row at left) are Husilai-i-ltia ast\ana.r. Next to them is 
Grafta Interrogations with the question mark upon his wings 

tion after they were pinned. A large 
pasteboard box was lined with cor- 
rugated paper, such as is used for 
mailing photographs ; into this pins 
could easily be fastened, and our 
amateur collector's outfit was com- 

The work of collecting, arranging, 
and classifying really was very ex- 
citing. Sometimes most beautiful 
and brilliant bits of color would be 
seen floating over the flower beds, 
stopping here and there to sip a bit 
of honey from lily or rose, and then 
slowly and gracefully sailing away 
over the fence into our neighbor's 
territory in a most tantalizing and 
aggravating way, for it was one of 
our rules that nothing should be cap- 
tured outside of the garden. Then 
the boy, armed with his net, would 
retire to the shade of the arbor, where 
he would sit awaiting the return of 
the vagrant. 

Our first prize was the beautiful Papilla troilus, or the Spice- 
bush Swallow-tail. How exquisite he looked in his black velvet 
robe with the shaded blue border, fastened at the bottom near 
the swallow-tails with one deep orange gold button, and decorated 
around the edges with a double row of brass buttons ! It seemed 
as though the proud fellow knew that the pure white phlox upon 
winch he had alighted was just the background to set off his 
roya costume. He must have wandered from the park where he 
ff!"l ! S J ar1 ?' llf . e feedin S u P n the sassafras trees. After reach- 
es of a leaf together, sews them in 

I'aftlio asterias. for all his 
black and gold and swal- 
low-tails, was once the 
ugly parsley-worm 

ing the country 
h u n d reds of 
t h o usands of 
dollars annual- 
ly. The vora- 
cious little green 
caterpillar d e - 
stroys entire 
fields of cab- 
bages and other 
vegetables. He 

green cradle until he feels the stirring of 'his wings 

< second captive was the Anosia plcxippus, who proudly 

or over others of his kind under the common name of the 

ch. Clothed m reddish orange with heavy black veins and 

3 ' T,:fL h :t: ^-,f s: 

Th f V S T " butterfl y known to migrate as the birds do 

^^L"$ .re. t: s , s e Sc-ssSSK :; 

the spring have returned from their long flight to the 

country about 
fifty years ago, 
probably coming 
to us on some 
steamship, for he 
reached Quebec 
in 1860. Since 
then he has 
taken possession 
of the cabbage 

Gulf States. They fly in swarms, and have been 
seen in such numbers on the east and south 
coasts of New Jersey, clinging to the dry twigs 
of leafless trees in October, that the branches 
have had the appearance of trees in full autumn 
foliage. These butterflies have been seen as far 
as five hundred miles out at sea. They belong 
also to the class of protected insects, which are 
provided with a secretion which is distasteful to 
birds and predacious insects. The scent pouch 
of the Monarch is situated near the center of 
the lower wing, and is completely hidden by 
long soft feathers or scales. This odor they are 
able to emit at will, and in that way drive off 
insects and birds that might otherwise prey upon 
them. The caterpillar feeds upon the milkweed. 
The garden was full of common little white 
and yellow butterflies, and we were surprised to 
find upon examination how great was the variety 
among them. The innocent-looking little white 
Picris rapa-, or Cabbage Butterfly, has probably 
been one of our most expensive pleasures, cost- 

Anosia flcxit>t>its, the bold- 
flying Monarch, who mi- 
grates to warmer lands in 
the fall 

Coitus plnlodice (male and female), the bright- 
colored and more beautiful form of the clover- 

I JULY, 1911 


fields from the Atlantic to the Pacific. In our 
garden the caterpillar fed upon the nasturtiums 
and mignonette, and in that state was not as 
attractive as when dancing like a spirit over the 
flower beds. 

His brother, the Colias philodicc, brightened 
our garden from spring to fall. We are all 
familiar with this little "Friend of the Way- 
side," or the "Puddle Butterfly" of our child- 
hood. Though apparently all alike the butter- 
flies reveal, upon close examination, great diver- 
sities. They are generally found in pairs, the 
male with a rather severe black border to his 
wings and two decided black dots on the upper 
edges, while my lady has a clouded or shaded 
black border, wider at the tip of the upper wings, 
and ornamented with irregular spots and dashes 
of yellow. Two orange-colored eyes are found 
in the centre of the lower wings. Some varie- 
ties have a narrow rose-colored edge and shade 
into emerald green on the under side of the 
wings ; but beautiful as they are when flying, the 

Papilio tunitis. the Tiger 
Swallow-tail, paid a visit 
from the alders in the park 

The Skipper with uplifted wings shows his 
silver medal with pride. Above him is his 
battered Admiral 

.vu .hitiofa or Mourning Cloak has velvety, maroon wings with a cream colored 
border. He comes with the first warm weather and stays on until winter 

nearly all black, and it has much the 
same peacock blue border to the 
lower wings ; but when you turn it 
over, you discover where it gets its 
name of Red-spotted Purple, for 
here are found numerous orange-red 
and purplish spots in great variety of 
shapes forming a continuous border 
on the lower wings. The caterpillar 
of this butterfly feeds upon the wil- 
low, apple, cherry, or linden, and cuts 
away the leaf on each side of the 
mid-rib until it is of the proper 
width to form a tube-like cradle into 
which the baby butterfly fits, and 
where it passes the winter. 

Two butterflies interested us very 
much : the / 'ancssa antiofxi and the 
Pvraincis atalanta. The Antiopa or 
Mourning Cloak, with its rich vel- 
vety, maroon-colored and heavily- 
feathered body and wings with a 
broad cream-colored border, is one 

of the most stately and dignified of our garden visitors. It is 
rather slow in its movements, as befits the solemnity of its name, 
and can easily be picked with the fingers from a bending flower. 
I 'ancssa makes its appearance with the first warm March winds, 
a real harbinger of summer days to come, and stays late. A little 
family of six were found the last week in November, nestling 
close together upon a scrap of woolen cloth, trying to keep their 
feet warm. 

'It was a sorry specimen of the Pyrameif atalaitta or the Red 
Admiral, that found his way into our garden. He must have seen 
hard fighting on sea or land, that brave old Admiral, but he still 
wore gallantly his epaulets of red, and though his under wings 
were in tatters, and bore the traces of many battles with the 
winds and waves, he was a gallant fighter, and died hard, leading 
us a long chase up and down the garden before he was finally 
captured in the folds of the white net. Perhaps his diet of nettle 
and hop had tended to make him high-spirited and courageous. 

It was a singular coincidence that on the same day when the 
\dmiral caire to our net, the Silver-spotted Skipper (/:>></ yni.v 
fi/vriw) followed in his wake. Possibly the Skipper and the 
Admiral had embarked on their long voyage together, neyej 
(Continued on f>ti(/c 52) 

tipilio Irnilus might be mis- 
taken for liasilarcliia (top 
of page 30) but for his 

little green cater- 
p i 1 lars, whose 
natural food is 
the clover, are 
among the most 
d e structive of 
the garden pests. 
The Basil - 
arclria astyanax, 
or Red-spotted 
1' u r pie, might 
easily be mis- 
taken for the 
Papilla troilus, 
so similar are 
they in color, 
unless one ob- 
served the ab- 
sence of the long 
swallow-tail ap- 
pendages. The 
upper color is 

A house and its floor plans, showing provision tor a sleeping-porch adjoining two ol the bedrooms, in addition to the glazed-in porch 

on the first floor 

Building a House with a Sleeping-porch 


Illustrations horn the work of Scopes & Feustmann and E. T. Colcman, architects 

THE reasonableness oi the sleeping-porch as a feature in 
country house planning having been firmly established, it 
may be assumed that a brief description of a group of moderate 
cost cottages erected in the village of Saianac Lake, and possess- 
ing such porches, may prove of interest to prospective home build- 
ers in general. While these cottages were designed primarily to 
house patients suffering from diseases of the chest and throat, 
the principles involved are applicable to the planning of any 
home, the surroundings of which will permit the incorporating 
of one or more sleeping-porches. Nor are the uses of the latter 
narrowed down to the purposes just mentioned. As an accessory 
to the sick-room where the convalescent may spend the greater 
part of the day and even some of the milder nights, the sleeping- 
porch must surely appeal strongly to the family physician as a 
valuable adjunct to medical treat- 
ment in a variety of cases. To those 
who know the pleasures of camp life 
and of sleeping under canvas or in a 
lean-to, the sleeping-porch will ap- 

pear as an easy mode of continuing that health-giving pleasure 
amidst the home surroundings. To the commuter of long city 
hours and moderate income, the sleeping-porch offers an invest- 
ment bringing the large returns in the form of refreshing slum- 
bers and of renewed vigor for the tasks of the next day. When 
the sleeping-porch assumes more generous proportions, anywhere 
from ten by sixteen feet and over, then the uses are extended to 
those of an outdoor sitting-room or children's playroom. Here 
we have pleasant suggestions of greater privacy and much more 
freedom from interruption than the usual downstairs piazza, can 
possibly afford. 

A sleeping-porch, to give the greatest possible service, should 
possess as many as possible of tjie following essentials : accessi- 
bility from two bedrooms and, if possible, from the hall ; freedom 

from drafts ; least possible shading 
of room from which it is accessible ; 
greatest possible comfort in the way 
of accessories ; pleasing external ap- 

When the sleeping- porch occupies a free-standing wing as here, sliding sashes should be provided at either end, but ordinarily the whole side 

may be left without them 


JULY. 1911 



This house and the one upon the opposite corner 
show an interesting variation in exterior treat- 
ment, although both are built from the one set 
of floor plans adjoining 

Where the main entrance from the house 
is from the south and only one porch can be 
indulged in, it would seem the most economical 
plan is to arrange the porch in both first and 
second stories in the internal angle of the 
building, as shown in most of the illustrations 
herewith ; but a slight disadvantage must be 
noted in this scheme in the somewhat re- 
stricted view offered the occupant. This draw- 
back is overcome in a house shown below, 
where the porches are carried in 
front of the main line of the 
house. Xot only is the view ex- 
tended in one more direction, but 

The plans show an extremely sim- 
ple and economical arrangement 
of a small house. A north porch 
for outdoor dining is provided in 
addition to the sleeping-porch on 
the south 

It is no easy matter to design a sleeping-porch 
as an integral part of the mass, yet that is one 
of the most important considerations aside from 
the practical ones 

the amount of light finding its way into the 
porch is considerably increased. This cottage 
also has a north sleeping porch so that the 
person occupying the southeast bedroom may 
use either porch at pleasure, according to the 
season of the year or prevailing weather con- 
ditions. When the main entrance from the 
house is from the north, as in the house at 
the bottom of page 32 and in the middle of 
page 33, the best arrangement of the porch is 
in the form of a wing with a 
sleeping-porch above the general 
piazza on the first floor. The 
more the house takes the form of 

One can readily see that the two south porches, one above 
the other, contribute to the unity of the design by their 
treatment as a separate gable 

The first story of the house, to the 
right is a good example of turning 
one's back to the north 

Doors to the sleeping-porch from 
the two bedrooms are three feet 
eight inches wide 

Another type of the sleeping-porch home, where the house faces south and has its main first-story porch along the front. The second floor 

plan indicates also a north sleeping-porch in the eastern angle 

1 34 





the English house of the Eliza- 
bethan or Stuart periods, that is, 
the longer it becomes, the easier 
it is to harmonize this porch ex- 
tension with the balance of the 
structure. The entrance porch. 
found so largely in Kent open 
porch below with an alcove filled 
with mullion windows above 
offers many suggestions whenever 
it is possible to include both 
porches in one wing subordinated 
to the main structure. 

The comfort of the occupant 
being the first requisite of a sleep- 
ing-porch, the question of protec- 
tion from the elements must re- 
ceive early consideration. Where 
the sleeping-porch is situated in 
internal angles, it is sufficient to 
provide against draughts by simply placing sliding or folding sash 
in one end of the porch. If the porches form part of a project- 
ing wing, then this matter is disposed of by placing sash in both 
ends. The writer does not regard it as necessary to provide fur- 
ther protection in the way of sash on the front of the sleeping- 

Where the exterior walls are of stucco, the inside of the 
sleeping-porch is usually finished in the same material, 
though it is cheaper to sheathe it with wood 

porch. If it is to be used as such 
alone, it should be left quite open, 
for, if the plate (the horizontal 
timber supporting the rafters 
above) be of moderate height, six 
feet eight inches or seven feet, it 
is only on rare occasions that 
snow or rain will beat in, and, in 
such cases, a folding screen or 
canvas will be sufficient to protect 
the bed. Should the use of the 
sleeping-porch be extended to 
those of an outdoor living-room 
or playroom, then there seems to 
be greater need of enclosing all 
sides with movable sash. But 
this is largely a question of indi- 
vidual notions as to comfort. The 
best results are obtained at the 
least expense, by the use of hori- 
zontal sliding sash ; these should be provided at the top with 
dowels running in grooves, to reduce the friction, and with brass 
sheaves and track at the bottom. The meeting stiles should be 

(Continued on page 60) 

Achieving Character in Remodeling 



SOME years ago, the rush from the country to the cities left and village we see the neglected houses of the last generation 

many empty farmhouses, and comfortable homes in towns rejuvenated and adapted to modern needs. Some of these dwell- 

and villages. Now the reactionary wave, which is taking place ings have long stood empty, more have descended in the social 

especially among the professional classes, who are on all sides go- scale, and have been loaned or let for a nominal sum and allowed 

ing back to country 
life, is again filling 
these same houses 
and restoring them 
to their former 

Writers, paint- 
ers, sculptors, all 
kinds of workers 
who can do their 
work where they 
will, are extending 
the term of their 
country residence 
until it covers all 
but a few months 
of the year. Many 
who have been for- 
tunate enough to 
inherit or acquire 
places near enough 
to the city for com- 
muting or weekly 
visits, make the 
country their per- 
manent residence. 

In every town 

The removal of a loaded plate-rail and substitution of a soft-toned paper and frieze of 
Dutch blue worked wonders in this room 

to go unrepaired 
and unpainted. 

Visit any country 
district now and 
you will see these 
long neglected 
places taking on 
new life with a 
fresh coat of paint, 
thrusting forth a 
veranda here, 
breaking out a 
door or window 
there, or adding a 
chimney else- 
where, all giving 
token of enlarged 
life and comfort 

In the city, too, 
old houses which 
had perhaps sunk- 
en into slovenli- 
ness are constantly 
being converted 
into apartments 
and the simpler 

JULY, 1911 



office buildings, 
now superseded 
by skyscrapers, 
changed into smart 
studios. And thus 
to the furnisher as 
well as to the archi- 
tect the problem of 
reconstruction is 
being constantly 
presented. And for 
the decorator it is 
a most difficult 
one, for he or she 
is usually expected 
to accomplish the 
task without much 
structural change. 

Let us agree to 
call the r e c o n- 
structing decorator 
she, since it is most 
often a woman 
who struggles suc- 
cessfully with the 
difficult, yet stimu- 
1 a t i n g , task of 
achieving beauty from unlike- 
ly materials. And there is no 
occupation more interesting 
than the rehabilitation of an 
old house that has fallen from 
its original state of magnifi- 
cence or comfort. There is 
the thrill of adventure in seiz- 
ing upon something out of the 
past and fitting it to modern 
needs. When expense need 
not be too carefully considered 
and structural changes can be 
freely made, it is a simple 
matter and one usually put in 
the hands of an architect. But 
often this is not feasible, and 
the house designer is called 
in to see what he or she can 
accomplish by redecorating 
and furnishing alone. 

The house is likely to be- 
long to one of two types, each 
having the narrow hall and 
straight flight of stairs, com- 
mencing discouragingly near 
the front door. The more 
spacious of these houses will 
have rooms on either side and 
a narrow back hall at right 
angles to the front hall and 
opening on to a side porch, 
perhaps with service stairs 
leading from this second hall. 
The house may have the nar- 
row hall on one side and a 
transverse wing with its main 
room, which will be the din- 
ing or sitting room, opening 
directly on to the porch. 

The low frieze was secured by tacking narrow white molding over the papered wall. The 
location of the posters over important pieces of furniture requires considerable study 

An old house that was redeemed largely by the new sta.rcase and 
the changing of dark, gloomy woodwork to the whit, 
ishing. It seems hard to paint walnut, but that is sometimes tl 
only way out of the difficulty 

The first thought 
in remodeling such 
a house is simpli- 
fication. Every self- 
respecting house of 
forty or fifty years 
ago had its parlor 
and sitting-room, 
the former an 
apartment of state, 
however small, and 
in many cases used 
only on occasions 
of ceremony. It be- 
came often a cham- 
ber of horrors, in 
which no one cared 
to sit, a place sug- 
g e s t i v e of wax 
wreaths and funer- 
als. The family 
used the sitting- 
room, or in small- 
er houses, the kitch- 
en, as its living- 
room and the par- 
lor was left in de- 
served abandonment. 

If the house were large, the 
parlor was not closed, but was 
still used sparingly, while the 
library on the other side of 
the hall became the living- 
room, and mother's bedroom 
or the dining-room became 
the romping ground of the 
children, the nursery being al- 
most an unknown quantity in 
the early American house. 
When such a house is given 
to the architect, he at once be- 
gins to knock down walls. 
Several small rooms are 
thrown into one, stairs are 
moved back, generous veran- 
das are added, and a spa- 
cious, convenient dwelling is 

It is often given, however, 
to the house^ decorator or the 
housewife herself to make 
habitable and beautiful, if 
possible, such a house without 
the expense involved in struc- 
tural changes. Can it be done, 
you may ask? 

That it can be, is proved 
by many pleasant homes and 
by the work here pictured of 
at least one woman decorator, 
Miss Edith Van Boskerck, 
who has had unusual success 
in remodeling and simplifying 
the over-ornamented houses 
of one or two decades ago. 

And the means by which 
she does this are few and 


JULY, 1911 

easily used, once they are 
thought out. 

First the house is divested, 
in imagination at least, of 
everything it contains. Each 
room is reduced to four bare 
walls, a floor and a ceiling ; and 
their proportion, lighting and 
material are carefully consider- 
ed. Then comes the study of 
the use of the room, the things 
old or new that it must con- 
tain, of the personality and oc- 
cupations of its probable occu- 

With all these elements sim- 
mering in her mind, the decora- 
tor gradually evolves mental 
pictures of a room in which col- 
or and line produce a harmo- 
nious setting for certain arti- 
cles conveniently placed for 
use, and for certain human 
beings using these things in 
the daily occupations of an 
actual life. 

This method does not pro- 
duce period rooms, though 
the designer must be con- 
versant with the periods 
and able to use this knowl- 
edge to the best advantage. 
but it gives rooms of quiet 
beauty and distinction that 
actually invite one to live. 

If it is not possible or de- 
sirable to take down walls to 
throw together two small 
rooms, try the effect of re- 
moving the door and filling 
in the adjacent corners on 
either side of the door with 
built-in seats which are to 
appear as one partitioned 
into two sections. This door 
will usually be formed about 
three or four feet from the 
end wall, near its windows 
just the place for a comfort- 
able seat. This < is much sim- 
pler of course than taking 
down the partition, since it in- 
volves only cutting through 
some laths and plaster, dis- 
turbing no beams. 

It is almost a truism to say 
that the two rooms should 
have wall covering and hang- 
ings alike and their furnish- 
ings of the same character in 
order to deceive the observer 
into thinkng them one. Per- 
haps seats may not be desir- 
able, and in any case will not 
be needed on both sides of the 
door. The other may be occu- 
pied by bookcases in the same 

Character and cheeriness were given this old dining-room by the 
new white wainscot and the stenciled frieze that has been so 
well handled 

This low-ceilinged bedroom was made to seem higher by the pronounced 
verticality of wall paper and door panels 

New wainscoting in harmony with the old trim, and the plain frieze 
to offset the cornice were the chief features in the redecoration 
of this old dining-room 

way. The cases should be 
built right up to the door cas- 
ing, and a molding line of 
some kind carried around the 
casing to secure the effect of 

We are just beginning to 
realize the value of built-in 
furniture, not only as a con- 
venience but for securing 
special lines. The house- 
keeper knows well to what 
degree it helps in keeping a 
room tidy, and one has only 
to try it once to appreciate its 
value in space saving. Its 
possibilities in correcting bad 
proportions are as great. For 
example, a plan used in 
a studio whose width was 
inadequate to its length, 
was the building in of a 
square cupboard with ca- 
pacious shelves for candles 
and all the painter's tools 
it would do for a clothes 
closet in a bedroom reach- 
ing two-thirds of the way 
to the ceiling, and filling in 
the .remaining space with a 
seat. This entire arrange- 
ment was built quite sepa- 
rate attached and could 
be easily moved and re-ad- 
justed to another room. 

The dining-room on pages 
34 and 35 was the result al- 
most entirely of a process 
of simplification. In a house 
built some twenty years 
ago, it had a plate-rail 
loaded with different ob- 
jects, dish cupboards and 
sets of shelves withou-t 
number and the typical bay- 
window with window-seat 
a useless arrangement, 
usually, for no one sits in a 
dining-room except at meals. 
The plate-rail was removed 
and replaced by a simple 
scheme of moldings, with an 
occasional Dutch poster set in 
to give color and life to the 

The custom of having only 
a few pictures and those fine 
ones is rapidly growing. A 
heterogeneous collection of 
pictures, differently framed is 
always difficult to arrange. 
To have all the frames alike 
on paintings, photographs or 
prints of whatever subject is 
still worse and suggests that 
you have bought up the over 
(Continued on page 64) 

In addition to the cretonne-covered furniture of willow or wicker that has come to be well and favorably known for summer use, there are 
now many new forms of cretonne-covered storage cases, screens, shoe-boxes and other ingenious and attractive pieces obtainable 

Summer Furnishing With Cretonne 

I! Y S A R A II L !: V I! CRN C O E 

CRETONNE has always been more or less in evidence for 
summer furnishings, and even when not particularly fash- 
ionable it can be had in a number of different designs, for it is a 
material that is quite too effective to be slighted, although it may 
be put into the background temporarily. 

For the last two or three years, however, there has been an in- 
creasing revival of its popularity, and it is used not only for 
draperies and hangings, but for covering furniture, or rather for 
making furniture in a style especially suitable for summer bed- 
rooms. Chairs and sofas upholstered in cretonne and screens 
covered with it are as familiar as the time-honored curtains and 
draperies, but the new use of this material is a radically differ- 
ent one. 

The cretonne-covered cabinet or set of boxes is designed with 
special reference to the size and shape of various articles of one's 
wardrobe, and is so arranged that no space is wasted and each 

section or box can be 

doubtless grew out of the cretonne-covered shirt-waist box that 
proved its usefulness long ago. It was found that instead of 
one deep box. several shallow ones would prove more serviceable 
for holding clothes, especially light garments that crush readily, 
and, rather than an unwieldy pile of boxes, a light wooden frame 
with a separate support for each box would be much more 

From this general plan a number of cabinets of different size 
and shape have been evolved, until there is now cretonne box 
furniture to meet all the requirements of an ordinary wardrobe. 
The frames which are substantial but quite light are of white 
enameled wood, and the boxes are of extra heavy pasteboard 
covered with cretonne to match the draperies of the room. The 
boxes fit into the frames just as the drawers fit into a bureau and 
they are pulled out by means of tabs made of the cretonne and 
fastened to the bottom of the boxes, one at either side. A few 
of the smaller and 
more elaborate cabi- 

filled to the best ad- 
vantage. The idea 
for the construction 
of these cabinets 

nets covered 
(Continued on 

An octa 

il shoe-box with uphol- 
stered lid is a new departure 

These seats with cretonne-covered boxes on shelves below 
come in several sizes 

A work-table of enameled wood with 
a cretonne bag set in the open top 


A compact and orderly arrangement securing two doors between 
the kitchen and living quarters at both points of contact 

The refrigerator is built-in, filled from outside. A sliding door to 
pantry is a space saver; cross draught, with four windows 

The Essentials of the Modern Kitchen 

JAMES E A K L E A I i i. L E R 
Illustrations by the Author 

"A Fat Kitchen Makes a Lean \Vill."- 

P^HERE is a growing and altogether proper tendency to 
treat the kitchen as an integral part of the house, which 
was almost entirely absent in English and American houses of 
early times; in fact, until within the last twenty-five years very 
little thought was attached to it. A century ago it was regarded 
advisable to have the kitchen occupy a separate building some- 
what removed from the main building or located at a great dis- 
tance from the dining or living-rooms, ofttimes the whole length 
of the house. The principal reason for this was the primitive 
methods used in cooking and preparing foods which were very 
objectionable at close range. Odors, noises and unsanitary ap- 
pliances made the kitchen a place to be abhored and to be kept as 
far away as possible. The present-day intelligent methods of 
dealing with the kitchen, particularly in America, have effected a 
complete transformation in this old idea. ( )ur modern successful 
architect of the home attaches great importance to the planning 

of the kitchen, with its ad- 
joining pantries, closets, 
storage rooms, etc. ; and 
rightfully he should, as it 
goes more towards making 
for the convenience, help 
and comfort of the up-to- 
date household than possi- 
bly any other feature of 
the home. 

The modern English 
kitchen with its relation to 
the dining-room is interest- 
ing for comparison with 
those here in America, 

For a small house, without pantry, chiefly because the early 
only one stairway is needed English settlers constitute 

the original source from which we obtain our start in house-build- 
ing. The English kitchen's adjuncts practically comprise separate 
departments, such as the scullery, larder, wood, ashes, knives and 
boots, fuel, etc. This condition naturally requires the employ- 
ment of considerable help even in the smaller homes. On the 
other hand, the compactness so noticeable in American homes 
requiring perhaps one-half the space, thus reducing the neces- 
sary help to a minimum and obtaining the maximum of con- 
venience has brought our kitchen to a standard, nearly, if not 
entirely, approaching the ideal. The American architect has 
based his idea for this compactness upon the same reasoning as 
is exercised in fitting up a convenient workshop, for truly a 
kitchen is the workshop of the house. Again, the peculiar cus- 
tom of medieval times in placing the kitchen a considerable dis- 
tance from the dining-room still survives in the English homes, 
while in American homes a marked difference has long pre- 
vailed. The kitchen here is usually placed as near as possible to 

The kitchen end of a double house, where light and air can come 
from but two sides. The rear hall is lighted by a glazed door 


JULY, 1911 



the dining-room, only separated, if at all, by a china- 
closet, pantry, or butler's room. 

Convenience, cleanliness and ventilation are three 
essentials that must be paramount in arranging the 
up-to-date kitchen and its accessories. 

While there may be differences as to minor de- 
tails, the principal features to be obtained in estab- 
lishing a modern kitchen may be found in the vari- 
ous suggestions herein contained : 

ist. The Kitchen should be roomy but not ex- 
cessively large. This applies to any size of house, as 
too large a kitchen is maintained at the expense of 
convenience and labor. An ideal size for a kitchen 
in a house measuring 25 x 50 (containing living- 
room, reception room, dining-room and pantry on 
first floor) would be 12 x 15 feet. 

2nd. The gerteral construction of the interior is 
of the utmost importance. The floor may he of 
hard Georgia pine, oiled, or covered with linoleum 
or oilcloth. As a covering, linoleum of a good in- 
laid pattern, while more expensive than oilcloth, 
proves the best and most economical in length of 
service. In a house where comfort is demanded re- 
gardless of cost, an interlocking rubber tiling is 
suggested. This flooring absolutely avoids noises 

Service wing of a large country house, with every desirable convenience sliding 
doors, built-in refrigerator, clothes chute, dumbwaiter, and a revolving drum 
between kitchen and butler's pantry 

and slipping and is comfortable to the feet, as well as being of an 
exceptional durability. Other floors of a well-merited character 
are unglazed tile, brick, or one of the many patented compositions 
consisting chiefly of cement, which is also fireproof. 

The wainscoting, if adopted for the kitchen, can be of tile, 
enameled brick, or matched and V-jointed boards, varnished or 
painted ; but in any event should be connected with the floor in a 
manner to avoid cracks for collecting dust or dirt. This is ac- 
complished (when a wooden wainscot is used) by means of a plain 
rounded molding which is set in the rightangle formed by the 
junction of the floor with the wainscot. While seldom seen, be- 
cause of the expense, a kitchen completely tiled or bricked on 
walls, floor and ceiling is indeed a thing of beauty and necessarily 
an ideally sanitary room. 

The doors, \\in- 
do\v frames, dress- 
ers and other nec- 
essary woodwork 
should be plain, 
made of medium 
wood and painted 
some light color or 
enameled white ; or 
finished in the nat- 
ural state with a 
transparent v a r - 

The walls and 
ceiling, if not tiled 
or bricked, should 
be finished with a 
hard smooth plas- 
ter and painted 
three or four coats 
of some light color 
light yellow, 
green, or blue mak- 
ing a very agree- 
able color to the 
eye. This manner 
of treatment per- 
mits the walls to be 

There is a large serving-pantry here, with 
the refrigerator set in it a very con- 
venient place 

washed and kept free from dust and dirt, which latter is a dis- 
agreeable feature in the use of wall papers. 

3rd. The proper installation of the various furnishings of the 
kitchen is worthy of much thought and consideration. Of all 
these, nothing is of more vital importance nor appeals more 
strongly to the household than the range. The size of the range 
is largely governed by the size of the house or the number of 
persons it is intented to serve. However, it is advisable to have a 
range not less than three feet square for a seven or eight- 
room house. It should be of a thoroughly modern style, with a 
hood over it, either built in or of sheet iron, an excellent pro- 
vision for drawing away the steam and fumes of cooking. And, 
by all means, the range should be placed so 'that direct daylight 
falls upon it. Most present-day houses also have either gas or 
electric ranges installed in them and these should be' near the 
coal range so as to confine all cooking to one part of the kitchen ; 

and further, espe- 
cially in winter 
when large gather- 
i n g s are enter- 
tained, they fur- 
nish a combined 
service. Some 
large establish- 
ments, in addition 
to the range, are 
especially equipped 
with "warmers." 

The sink, being so 
closely allied in its 
usefulness to the 
range, should be 
placed near the lat- 
ter and under, be- 
tween or near win- 
dows, but never 
where the person 
using it would 
have his back to the 
light. It may be of 
(Continued <>n 
page 74) 


unusual plan, with the service stairs 
built around the chimney 

4 o 


JULY, 1911 

Mr. Bloodgood's house is so situated that no side of it is hidden. The service yard is at the far end, screened by a lattice 

The house has the typical central hall, extending through the house. Upstairs, all bedrooms but one immediately adjoin baths 

New England^p^otypes, the^service end of the house is The entrance is on the north side, the particu.arly graceful porch 

being flanked with large rhododendrons 



j JULY, 1911 


The owner's bedroom a room 17x23 feet in size, with white wood- 
work relieved by cool chintzes 

The wall paper in the living-room is a dull yellow in a tiny lozenge 
pattern, much brighter than in the picture 

The hall from the veranda end, showing the faithful detail of steps In the dining-room a dull gray foliage paper makes a splendid back- 

and balusters ground for the old mahogany 

The hall from the front door. The arch is particularly graceful in The sun room opens from the living room and has its own fire- 

its lines and delicate detail P lace . flanking which are two ivy vines growing in boxes 

THE HOME OF MR. W. D. BLOODGOOD, HEWLETT, L. I./. Acker Hays, architect 


The Editor will gladly ansiver queries perta 

Curtains Made of Japanese' 

"\7ERY attractive curtains for a bunga- 
* low or country house may be made 
out of Japanese toweling. 

Japanese toweling, unlike that we use, 
is made of cotton, and is only twelve inches 
wide, of more artistic value than economic 
use. However, it is with the artistic 
value we are dealing, and the Japanese 
have not failed to make these homely ar- 
ticles of everyday use, things of beauty. 

Almost all of the Japanese toweling 
comes in blue, with the design left white, 
or a white background with a design in 
blue of one or more shades. Morning- 
glories, leaves of trailing design, chrysan- 
themums, pine trees, bamboo, waves, and 
birds and flowers of many varieties, are 
the designs usually employed on these 
narrow strips of goods. 

Where a full curtain is required, from 
two to four widths can be joined, either 
by "whipping"' the widths together, or by 
joining them with a little braid of unob- 
trusive design. 

The towels seem to have been printed 
in double lengths of about a yard each, 
the top of each design coming together 
where the double length is unfolded. For 
this reason where a bird is the motive 
used in the design, each towel length will 
have to be cut and reversed, joining them 
together with a neat seam or with braid, 
otherwise every other heron or crow, as 
the case may be, would be standing on his 

Where the design is a trailing one of 
flowers or vines, this difficulty does not 
arise, for the up-and-down of the design 
will not make any difference. 

If merely a valance and over curtains 
of the toweling are to be used, one width 
of the goods at either side of the window 
will suffice. If the design permits of it, 
one running width may be used for the 
valance. As a rule, however, each repeat 
of the design will have to be cut and the 
lengths joined, a hem being made at the 
top and bottom of the valance. 

These very effective curtains are par- 
ticularly appropriate for a dining-room or 
bedroom. As the color is almost invaria- 

\ng to individual problems of interior decoration and furnishing. When an immediate reply is desired, 
please enclose a self-addressed stamped envelope. 

bly blue, they have to be used where the 
color scheme of the room is blue. 

I have one very charming pair of yel- 
low curtains made from Japanese towel- 
ing, but it is most unusual to find any 
but the blue goods. The design of these 
yellow curtains was made in a most un- 
usual way, and it is worth describing, as 
it show the great ingenuity of the Japanese. 

At regular intervals on the twelve-inch 
cotton strip a little stone was tied, bound 
tighly around with cord. The whole 
length of cloth was then put to soak in a 
brook in which there was a deposit of 

Three strips of Japanese toweling are suf- 
ficient for curtains and valance. The 
flower designs can be used without cutting 

iron. The material was left for some time, 
and when taken out and dried was a beau- 
tiful yellow tone. The cords were then 
untied and the stones taken out. The very 
tight wrapping of the cord prevented the 
water from permeating under the string 
and an irregular wheel-shaped design of 
white on the yellow background was the 
result. Between these wheel-like designs 
were then pressed fresh maple leaves and 
pine needles, which were left until they 
had stained their shape in brown on the 
yellow background. An ingenious method 
of designing, I am sure you will say ! The 
little Japanese from whom I bought this 
toweling told me it was made in a north- 
ern province of Japan. 

Where curtains of Japanese toweling 
are used, the same material may be used 
for the other draperies and furnishings of 
the room. Bedroom, bureau and dress- 
ing-table covers may be made, or a pin- 
cushion and pillows for the couch, and if 
it does not introduce too much of the same 
kind of design a bedspread and shams may 
be made of the same toweling by joining 
several widths together in an effective de- 
sign. Be sure before starting your fur- 
nishing with this toweling to know just 
how much you will need, and have it in 
the house. Otherwise you will run short 
and will be unable to procure more towel- 
ing of the same design. It comes in pieces 
of various lengths, and costs from fifteen 
to twenty-five cents a yard. 

Where Japanese toweling is used for 
the hangings and furnishings of a bed- 
room, I would suggest the furniture be 
white or stained cottage furniture of sim- 
ple design. Some willow furniture may 
be introduced. A Japanese matting, pref- 
erably a plain color, will be pretty on the 
floor. An imitation of grass-cloth paper 
of tan, blue or gray, depending upon the 
color of the furniture and matting, will be 
appropriate as a background for the sim- 
ple water colors or inexpensive prints that 
should be used in this simply furnished 
bedroom. Select a plain paper, as the de- 
sign in the toweling will be ample orna- 
mentation, and other design introduced in 
the paper or floor covering will give an 
overcrowded and confusing effect to the 








To Prolong the Life of Leather 

LEATHER furnishings from which the 
"life" has departed in other words 
from which the gloss and firm texture has 
disappeared will require special care to 
prolong their usefulness. The broad com- 
fortable leather couches, that have become 
more attractive as they have aged, to the 
householder who considers comfort only, 
may become very objectionable to the par- 
ticular housewife who deplores their 
growing dilapidation. 

A little understanding in the way of 
care may give them a new lease of life 
without interfering with their comfort- 
dispensing qualities. The couches and the 
big roomy leather chairs that are in con- 
stant use, need not be allowed to grow 
shabby. Their trimmings may have a 
persistent way of separating themselves 
from wood, but the practical housewife 
will find that they may be securely fast- 
ened by means of a paste made of melted 
India rubber mixed with shellac varnish. 

The leather can be kept from drying 
out and cracking, can be made to look- 
almost like new, and can have its dura- 
bility greatly increased, by being washed 
occasionally with warm milk. A soft 
cloth wrung from a little warm milk- 
only a small portion will be required 
should be rubbed thoroughly over every 
part of the couch or chair, covered with 
leather ; and also over its trimmings. Then 
rub briskly with a dry cloth. This treat- 
ment will keep all leather furnishings pli- 
able and durable. 

Practical Bedroom Suggestions 

T^ABRICS for summer bedroom fur- 
nishings and trimmings need not 
necessarily be cretonne or the popular 
flowered cambrics. Some of the newer 
ideas display attractive and inexpensive 
jute tapestries and durable fabrics of 
striped cotton. These are not only used 
for window hangings and for bedspreads, 
and furniture coverings, as the cretonnes 

Three attractive designs in toweling. The 
right hand pattern is in shade of brown, 
and is appropriate for a child's room 

One of the pretty flower 
designs in which the Jap- 
anese excel. The color is 
blue in varying shades 

are used, but they are also 
mounted as screens, and 
for covering foot-stools and 
shirt-waist boxes. 

A foot-stool in the bed- 
room is a convenience sel- 
dom found even in the 
well-equipped summer cot- 
tage. It is not only con- 
venient as a foot rest, when 
taking one's ease on the Sleepy Hollow bed- 
room chair, but it soon becomes a necessity 
when tested for every day use, in puttng 
on and taking off one's shoes. Then it is 
also decidedly convenient for moving 
about the room, and standing upon it for 
reaching high places in the daily dusting, 
for adjusting window shades and hang- 
ings, etc., etc. The best form is the little 
bench-shaped footstool about twelve in- 
ches high and twenty-four long. With 
the top board brought out flush with the 
end supports, and a narrow wooden strip 
of two-inch width, extending along the 
edge on both sides. The stool may be 
daintily and durably ornamented with the 
jute tapestry stretched over the top, and 
drawn down to cover the wooden strips, 
with a very narrow moulding to fin- 
ish it at the edge. 

A home-made shirt-waist box prettier 
than the average canvass or wicker-cov- 
ered ones bought at the novelty stores- 
may be made of a norrow dry-goods box 
of convenient dimensions. Have the lid 

The animal patterns 
must be cut in the 
centre and reversed, 
with the design up- 

A sea-bird motif in black 
and blue. A beautiful ef- 
fect is obtained by the use 
of gilt on the wave crests 

securely hinged, and after 
placing castors at the four 
corners, cover the wood- 
work with the jute tapestry 
to match the foot-stool cov- 
ering every portion of th* 
wood on top, ends, and 
sides, and finishing with 
the little strip of moulding 
on all the edges. The 
first essential in furnishing the little cot- 
tage bedrooms is to choose the furniture 
in proportion to the size and style of the 
room; to have only the necessary pieces 
for practical convenience, and to have the 
entire furnishing pretty and harmonious. 

A Banister Polish 

A DULL grimy-looking banister railing, 
and nicks and scars along the lower 
sections of the banisters, will quickly give 
the appearance of neglect in caring for 
the woodwork of the home. A careless 
maid will soon get the banisters in an un- 
sightly condition in the weekly sweeping 
and dusting of the stair, unless the prac- 
tical housewife instructs her as to easy 
methods of keeping them attractive. Af- 
ter each sweeping it takes no longer than 
the usual dusting to wipe off the railing 
with a soft cloth wrung from hot suds ; 
and at least once a month, both railing 
and banisters should be wiped with a 
flannel dipped in a polisher made of two 
parts linseed oil and one part turpentine. 

Conducted by 

The Editor will be glad to answer subscribers' queries pertaining to individual problems connected with the 
garden and grounds When a direct personal reply is desired please enclose a self-addressed stamped envelope 


JULY, as far as the garden is concerned, 
is supposed to be one of the least im- 
portant months. In many ways it is a 
crucial one, not that you can do much 
planting or sowing, but it is the turning 
point; either you grow lax in the unin- 
teresting fight against heat and drought 
and dust and insects, and the grounds and 
flower-beds and garden patch begin to 
get weedy and dry up, or else you strive 
your hardest, with both hose and hoes, to 
keep moisture enough in the soil to keep 
things growing; you fight off the insects 
repeatedly until they finally give up in de- 
spair ; and you see to it that weeds are 
pulled or cut out while they are still small 
and die quickly in the hot sun. 

July is the season's turning point. If 
you follow the first cpurse mentioned 
above, the chances are ninety-nine to one 
that it is the beginning of the end of your 
garden's beauty and usefulness for the 
present year. By the middle of August 
things will be abandoned when there 
should be at least six weeks more good 
pleasure and profit in store for you. Keep 
the garden fight up through July, and 
have as sightly and useful flower-beds and 
vegetable rows in September as you had 
in June. 

Hardy Ornamental Grasses 

R our northern climate, the free use 
of the hardy grasses is the nearest 
approach we can have to the tropical beau- 
ty the palms give the warmer places. They 
can be used with good effect in so many 
ways that they should appeal to those in- 
terested in making the home grounds beau- 
tiful and attractive. There is such a vari- 
ety of them that they adapt themselves to 
any situation, either the small home 
grounds or the more pretentious show gar- 

We use them in a mixed border 100 feet 
long and varying in width from 7 to 10 
feet; at irregular intervals we have eight 
or ten clumps of Eualia Gracillima (some- 
times called Japan Rush) and Japonica 
Zebrina. I think I like the former best ; 
it has narrow, bright green foliage, with a 
silver mid-rib and an exceedingly grace- 

ful, drooping habit. It grows about five 
feet in height. Zebrina is six feet and is 
more striking and showy ; the leaves are 
long and broader than Gracillima, and are 
banded across with half-inch bands of yel- 
low. The coloring of Zebrina makes a 
pleasing contrast when combined with the 
prevailing green of other shrubs. 

In the background of the border we use 
the various Spireas, Lilacs, Altheas, Gold- 
en-Leaved Elder, Japonica, Syringas and 
the Hardy Hibiscus. Grouped in front of 
the shrubs and grasses are Phlox, Delphin- 
iums, Columbine and Peonies. Each of 
these, in its season of bloom, furnishes the 
bit of color that is never lacking, from the 
appearance of the Snow Drop and Crocus 
till killing frosts in the fall. The colors 
relieve and bring out the delicate green of 
the grasses which in turn add the one touch 
of near tropical effect. 

The grasses are perfectly hardy and, as 
they are late in starting, we use, close 
around the roots, masses of white and yel- 
low Tulips, both early and late sorts, that 

The long leaves of the ribbon grass make a 
good substitute for the less hardy palms 

the blooming period may be lengthened. 
Near the edge of the border, all kinds of 
Narcissus have a permanent home, white, 
yellow and creamy tints, with Snow Drops 
and white and yellow Crocus, to usher in 
the season. 

As the grasses begin to make a good 
growth, the bulb season ends and is fol- 
lowed by the white, pink and crimson of 
the Peonies which, in turn, are followed by 

the pale blue Delphinium and the double 
white Columbine, with the Phlox season 
following closely in their wake. As the 
season- goes on, the delicate green of the 
grasses fills all the bare places that in early 
spring were white and yellow with Tulips 
and Narcissus. 

After the first of June, we edge the bor- 
der with Cobeus, Salleroy, Centaurea or 
Alteranthus, alternating so that it is dif- 
ferent each year. This edging is all the 
annual planting that is done in the border, 
except an occasional Salvia Speldens for 
late color, the rest remaining from year to 


From the time the grasses- are well up, 
they grow better and better till very late 
in the fall the plumes appear, and in some 
years remain in fairly good condition all 
winter. We leave the tops on the grasses 
until time to uncover the beds and borders 
in the spring, as the old tops protect the 
roots and make a break in the monotony 
of bare shrubs that otherwise fill the bor- 
ders in winter. 

There are a number of annual grasses 
(Pennisetum) that are very ornamental 
for edging Canna beds or shrubbery 
groups ; they do not grow so tall as the 
hardy sorts and feather out earlier ; they 
are quite effective in ornamental bedding- 
with scarlet geraniums ; their light and deli- 
cate green foliage very pleasingly veils the 
strong color and makes a good combina- 
tion. Some of the many good varieties 
should find a place in every garden; the 
taller ones, 12 to 20 feet in height, make 
ideal central figures for large groups in- 
spacious grounds. 

The varieties should be carefully selected 
for the positions they are to occupy; our 
place is small, and six feet is as high as we 
can well use in our border. If the hardy 
grasses are once tried, I feel sure they will 
find a permanent home and be better liked 
as the years go on and they become fully 
established. G. RES. 

A Two Year Garden 

PERHAPS it may help those who de- 
-*- spair of making a satisfactory gar- 
den to know that I have succeeded in a 
small space and with few natural advan- 
tages. I am not strong and the desire to 


JULY, 1911 


get the advantage of outdoor life, coupled 
with the inspiration of some beautiful pic- 
tures in HOUSE & GARDEN, determined me 
to see what I could do. The lot we own 
is 75 x 150 ft., facing east, with the house 
set well toward the front, thus leaving a 
modest back yard of 55 x 40 ft. This 
was my field for experiment and now, 
after two years, it contains about a hun- 
dred and twenty-five varieties of hardy 
shrubs and plants all in healthy and 
vigorous growth. Besides, it has been a 
source of constant pleasure, and a means 
of regaining my health. I never allow a 
man to do any work in it except the heavy 
spading and fertilizing in the fall. The 
rest I have done myself. 

For the contents of this little garden I 
mention first the stately hollyhocks. I 
have them around the edges, south, west 
and north. When a few scattered ones 
come up over the beds I leave one here 
and there, for it seems to me that a stray 
one is always pretty and artistic, even 
though out of line. One portion of the 
garden I call "my park." It is full of 
hardy shrubs such as lilacs, hydrangeas, 
elders, sumac, altheas, snowball, japonica. 
hibisus and spirea. In the beds there are 
many of the well known hardy plants, but 
I always sow some annuals or find some 
have come up from the previous season 
where they have sowed themselves. Thus 
blossoms are there all the season from 
the time the bulbs are in flower until the 
last chrysanthemum is captured by the 

Hardy phlox is my favorite with its 
showy blossoms and it occupies an im- 
portant position for the garden stars. The 
beds I edge with sweet alyssum, and take 
pleasure in making it bloom steadily until 
the fall by careful trimming. Petunias, 
too, are constant bloomers in the borders. 
For the rest, the zinnias, marigolds, ver- 
benas and larkspurs add the charm of the 

It should be of considerable encouragement to the garden beginner to know that this luxur- 
iant .bloom is in the second year since plan ting 

old-fashioned garden to part of our yard. 
One thing that gives success in the small 
garden is constant cutting of the flowers. 
It makes the blf>om twice as vigorous and 
much more brilliant. 

Even with all this there is room for a 
little vegetable gardening which is quite 
sufficient to supply us fresh vegetables for 
the whole season. On the lawn in front 
there is no planting, but instead vines are 
trained on the porch and ferns and palms 
in porch boxes help to decorate. 

D. P. S. 

The Garden Water Supply 

The matter of an adequate water sup- 
ply seems to be more and more import- 

The beautiful effects obtained by using hardy grasses in borders, masses and ornamental 

effects merit a more extensive use 

ant every year. Either the seasons are 
actually changing, or we are at the dry 
point in the weather orbit. But even in 
seasons of ordinary rainfall, there are 
many times when the lawn, flower-beds 
and garden would be greatly benefited by 
a more copious drenching than can pos- 
sibly be given with the lawn sprinkler or 
watering can. In the East, the matter of 
irrigating is barely beginning to be un- 
derstood and its importance to be realized. 

Market-gardeners and others who work 
on a commercial -scale have in isolated 
cases installed irrigating systems, and in 
every instance that has come under my 
notice, with great success. In a small way 
the home gardener will have to follow 
suit. We will not in most instances, of 
course, have enough watering to do to 
justify his buying a steam-pump or a 
gasoline engine and an elaborate sprink- 
ling system ; but he will find room for 
ingenuity in analyzing and solving his 
particular problem, and will earn rich re- 
wards by taking the pains to do it. For 
the benefit of those who have not before 
thought of the importance of this matter, 
I make just a few suggestions to start 
them thinking, and enable them to get at 
least a starting point in devising a home 
irrigating system. 

There are four factors which go to the 
making of such a system, the water 
supply, the power with which to force it 
where it is needed, the means of conduct- 
ing it and the means of distributing it. In 
places supplied with city water, there is 
usually body and force enough to supply 
it to the grounds directly. It will usually 
be found better, however, to apply it 
throjjgh an inch or inch-and-a-half hose, 
thafl to use the common three-quarter inch 
size. Let the water run out, if possible, 
as a stream forced out under pressure is 
almost sure to work some damage among 
(Continued on page 58) 

Ingenious Device 




An Oven Convenience 

N accident was the mother of inven- 
tion of this instance. The oven 
door of the kitchen range, was originally 
fitted with one of the big circular ther- 
mometers, now found in the majority of 
modern ranges. The glass enclosing this 
thermometer was accidentally broken, and 
on examining it for the purpose of replac- 
ing the glass, it was found that the entire 
thermometer plate could be readily un- 
screwed from the inside of the oven door. 
On removing the big circle, with the idea 
of taking it to a repair man, to be fitted 
with glass, it was noticed that the open 
circle in the center of the door gave a 
very good view of the entire oven. 

Immediately the thought occurred that 
it would be an excellent plan to have the 
opening simply enclosed with glass in- 
stead of replacing the thermometer. It 
would then be possible to watch the prog- 
ress of food baking in the oven, without 
allowing the cold air to enter. This con- 
venience would also avoid the necessity 
of jarring, in closing the oven door, after 
examination of the baking the jarring 
which so often proves fatal to delicate 
cakes, souffles and other dishes. 

The home-made invention has proven a 
great convenience, and has made baking 
day a delight. A tinsmith made the little 
case for the glass, so that it would fit 
snugly into the opening originally occu- 
pied by the thermometer ; it was then 
screwed into the door, and the thermome- 
ter was still found useful, as it was ar- 
ranged on the side of the oven interior, 
near the door, where it is possible, to note 
the temperature of the oven while watch- 
ing the process of the baking. 

Since arranging this handy contri- 
vance, it has been learned that it is not a 
strictly new idea, as some of the modern 
ranges of today have been fitted with 
glass-paneled oven doors. But the home- 
made contrivance can be made to meet 
the requirements of the great majority of 
housewives. Not all can afford to install 
the new range for the sake of the glass 
doors, but any one can set in a glass 
panel, or a glass circle, who possesses the 
very common convenience of the ther- 
mometer-fitted oven door. 

P. W. H. 

ered with a layer of tar paper. Then the 
metal roof was laid. The results exceeded 
all expectations; and the cost was very 
little for the great benefit derived. C. F. 

"Knock-Down" Picture Frames 

THE use of a new patented moulding, 
cut in a variety of practicable lengths 
and correctly mitered so that any two 
pieces of the same width will fit together, 
will enable anyone to frame pictures at 
home without the aid of tools other than 
a small hammer. The photograph repro- 
duced here represents a picture framed un- 
der a glass 6 l / 2 x 8^2 in. Below are 
shown the reverse sides of the sections of 
moulding, and the manner in which they 
are fastened together by staples. For this 
frame were used two lengths of 34 in. 
moulding, size 6]/ 2 in., and two lengths, 
size 8 ! /2. The entire cost of the frame, in- 
cluding the glass, was forty-five cents. 
The lengths varv from 3^4 to 30 inches. 

E. F. A. 

A Roofing Suggestion 

I" T is well known how much heat a metal 
* roof radiates in the summertime, and 
this heat often proves very annoying to fhe 
occupants of the dwelling, especially those 
who have bedrooms whose windows open 
on the roof. It is of course necessary to 
have roofs of metal in many instances, and 
the following simple and effective method 
was devised to overcome in a large measure 
the heat radiated. A layer of sheathing 
paper was placed upon the roof and cov- 

The materials and the finished picture frame. 
Four staples like that shown, hold the 
moulding strips firmly together 

T.o Hold China in Place 

r T is sometimes a problem to know how 
* to make plates stand upon a slip- 
pery surface. Plate rails and some buf- 
fets are provided with a little groove for 
holding the china in place be it plates, or 
bowls and cups with the decorations in- 
side, which you wish to show. 

A clever idea is to make a small semi- 
circle with sealing-wax wherever you 
wish a piece of china to stand. This will 
prevent the plate 'or bowl from rolling 
from side to side, as well as making it 
stand in place. 

If the piece of furniture on which. you 
wish to arrange some china be dark or 
light wood you can match its color with 
the sealing-wax so that the little support 
will not be perceptible; white for white 
finished woodwork, dark brown or green 
for weathered oak, brown for golden or 
fumed oak, and so on. 

When you wish to change the position 
of the china it will be easy to scratch the 
wax off with a pen-knife. The wax will 
be so brittle that it can be removed with- 
out the least damage to the wood. 

H. R. M. 

A Home-made Polisher 

AMONG the recent novelties in house- 
hold inventions and time-savers, 
there is a oolishing cloth softer and thin- 
ner than chamois, guaranteed to be very 
durable and especially recommended for 
polishing silverware. It is claimed that 
the fine silver plated ware and the solid 
siiver can be kept bright and shining by 
its daily use, without scratching, and with- 
out the pe-iodical polishing which gradu- 
ally injures the plated knives, forks and 
spoons when used in the form of powder- 

These polishing cloths are supposed to 
be a new invention ; but in reality old-time 
housekeepers, in the long ago, thoroughly 
understood their usefulness. They pre- 
pared their own polishing cloths, as testi- 
fies by some of the good old Colonial re- 
cipes for caring for the numerous silver 
articles, in Southern homes famed for 
their hospitality. 

The old recipe for making these time- 
savers in the form of silver polishing 
cloths was to boil strong soft rags in a 
mixture of new milk and hartshorn pow- 
der, in the proportion of one ounce of 
powder to a pint of milk. They were 
boiled for five minutes, and as soon as 
they were taken out of the hot mixture 
they were passed quickly through cold 
water, so that they could be wrung out 
immediately. The were squeezed only 
partially dry and then dried before the fire. 
It will be possible for any housewife to 
prepare her own polishing cloths by fol- 
lowing this good old rule ; and the writer 
knows from experience that they are a 
great convenience for many uses in the 
kitchen and dining room. After washing 
and drying the silverware, it is briskly 
rubbed with one of these polishers ; and 
there is never a spot or blemish that de- 
mands a special day set aside for polish- 
ing with powder. The bright polish is 
beautiful and lasting, and it is specially 
desirable for the large silver pieces. The 
tea pots, the silver water-pitchers, the old- 
fashioned urns and fruit dishes, with their 
elaborate ornamentation, and many treas- 
ured heirlooms, mav be kept bright and 
shining with little labor; and the cloths 
are easily renewed. P. W. H. 


JULY. 1911 



v , 

Presert/es Roads 
Prevents Dust- 


Meets Modern Road Requiremen t s 

Tarvia is a powerful binder for the surfaces 
and foundations of macadam roads. It fills 
the voids and locks the stone in a tough, dur- 
able, plastic matrix. 

A tarviated surface looks like sheet asphalt 
and is equally dustless and clean. It sheds 
water readily and is dry immediately after the 
rain, so that pedestrians are not inconveni- 
enced. The surface nevergets muddy or dusty. 

On account of the Tarvia matrix, these roads 
will, bear heavy traffic, because the sur- 
face yields, instead of pulverizing under the 
strains. The Tarvia matrix prevents internal 
movement and grinding. The plasticity of the 
Tarvia also makes these roads very quiet. 

Horses' hoofs make almost no sound on a Tar- 
viated road. Tarvia is waterproof, and 
tarviated roads, therefore, are protected 
against damage from torrents on grades. 

Tarvia has no odor except when being ap- 
plied. After it hardens, it has no injurious 
effect on shoes, clothing or vehicles. The cost 
of using Tarvia is not a factor or consideration , 
because it has been repeatedly demonstrated 
that it is cheaper to maintain a dustless road 
with Tarvia than a dusty one without it. 
Maintenance economies more than balance 
the additional cost. 


I -.] 

Booklets on request, 

Address our nearest 


New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston, Cleveland, Cincinnati, St. Louis, 

Kansas City, Pittsburg, Minneapolis, New Orleans. Seattle. London, Eng. 

/< writing to advtrlittri please mention HOUSE AMD 


JULY, 1911 

Asbestos "Century" Shingle Roof^Stable, Theodore M. Davis, Newport, R. I.; Architect, Theodore 
Davis Boal, Washington. D. C. ; Contractors, Simpson Bros., Corp., Boston, Mass. 

For the Sake of Your Building Investment Ask 
These Four Questions About Every Roofing 

1. What protection does it give the building from 
fire, weather and time ? 

2. How long will it last? 

3. Will it need repairs and painting? 

4. What does it cost including up-keep charges ? 

And remember this 


"The Roof that Outlives the Building" 

are the only truly indestructible roof- 
ing known to the building trade. Made 
of reinforced concrete, compacted by 
tremendous hydraulic pressure. 

Fire cannot burn them crack, melt, 
chip or flake them. Rain and moist 

climate make them tougher and more 
elastic. They improve with time. 

Asbestos "Century" Shingles are light 
in weight and are practical. Their 
first cost is just what you expect to 
pay for a first-class roof and they 
need no repairs or painting. 

You can get Asbestos "Century" Shingles in shapes to suit any architectural style in several 
sizes and in three colors: Newport Gray (silver gray), Slate (blue black) and Indian Red. Ask 
your representative roofer about this indestructible roofing or write us. Send for booklet C. 
It will settle your roof problems to your great satisfaction. 

The Keasbey & Mattison Company 


Ambler, Pennsylvania 

Better Lawns, Flowers and Vegetable* with 

She"p Manure 

Wonderful results quickly. No weeds or foreign grasses. 
Economical and convenient to use. Unequalled for lawn, 
flowers, trees, shrubs, fruit, meadows ana grain fields. 
j^ M f*n per bbl. freight prepaid east of Missouri 
QT A till River. Cash with order. Ask for quantity 
tDHb-l-- P rices - Write for copy of booklet *'Lawn 

and Garden." Gives valuable pointers. 
26 union Stock Yards :: :: :: Chicago 

Wizard Brand is handled by first class seedsmen 


Andirons, Fenders, Firetools, 

Fire Screens and Smokeless Gas Logs 

We display a large selection of Period 
Andirons; also an assortment of reproduce 
tions in Old Colonial Andirons, Hob Grates 
and English Settee Fenders in Brass, 
Bronze and Wrought Iron. 

FranK H. Graf Mfg. Co. 

323 Seventh Ave., Cor. 28th St., New YorK 

Sun-dials and How to Make Them 

(Continued from page 17) 

estate of the late Spencer Trask is en- 
graved to better purpose with two varia- 
tions, by Henry Van Dyke, of the Latin 
motto, "Lux et umbra ^^icissim, sed sem- 
per umbra"- -"Light and shadow take 
turns, but love is always permanent." 
One is : 

Hours fly, 
Flowers die, 
New Days, 
New Ways 
Pass by : 
Love stays. 
The other : 
Time is 

Too slow for those who wait, 
Too swift for those who fear, 
Too long for those who grieve, 
Too short for those whorejoice, 
I Jut for those who love, 
Time is eternity. 

The much-used Non mimero horas nisi 
scrcnas "I count only sunny hours"- 
bears repeating, for it echos a sanguine 
sentiment that is peculiarly suitable to the 
sun-dial. Another old-fashioned line 
that lays its stress on the serenity of time's 
march rather than the speed of its flight 
is the simple "So flies Time away." There 
are many apt sayings to fit the dial, and 
the individual can find something pleasing 
in the delightful book, "Sun-dials and 
Roses of Yesterday," by Alice Morse 

As the office of the dial is such a digni- 
fied and lasting one, it seems out of place 
to see it upon a slender wooden pillar 
which quivers or moves at the least foot- 
step. It wants something solid to be prac- 
tical. A brick .or stone foundation ex- 
tending below the frost line should be 
made to fit the base and placed upon this 
a simple column. The large millstone is 
sometimes well used as a foundation. 
Ornate and much carved stone seems to 
detract from the dial itself, and it has 
quite enough beauty to look well without 
decorations, often the expression of arti- 
ficiality. Sometimes a milestone or 
boundary post which has outlived other 
utility can be found to make a very suit- 
able pedestal. The odds and ends of a 
mason's shop or monument maker's yield 
stone newel-posts or balusters sometimes 
of excellent design for this purpose, and 
if the hunt is fruitless, or the cost of 
having a pillar made, too high, concrete 
again makes your dial possible. If you 
mould it yourself, there is the further 
pleasure of handicraft to be gained. In 
many cases, however,. the garden supply 
shops or terra cotta works have much that 
is reasonable and attractive. Sometimes 
a tree stump leveled off, or a large 
boulder, will be just the thing for the 
garden sun-dial and, if this is right at 
hand saves the trouble of looking farther. 
Whatever the style or material, however, 
simplicity and utility should be the first 

With the design and construction com- 

In writing to advertiser; please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

JULY, 1911 



pleted, there are some things to be at- 
tended to in the setting up of the dial. The 
stability has already been spoken of, and 
the next thing to do is to see that the dial 
i^; absolutely level or parallel with the 
plane of the earth. A good spirit-level 
will inform you of the slightest deviation 
from the true line and the dial should not 
become permanent until this is accom- 
plished. The gnomon should then be ex- 
ectly at right angles to the dial face. When 
set in place, the twelve o'clock line should 
run in a vertical north and south plane, 
with the point of the gnomon farthest 
from the dial-face, pointing true north, not 
at the magnetic north. A compass will 
serve to set the dial if the magnetic dec- 
lination for the locality is known. 

If these conditions are complied with, 
the dial becomes a fairly accurate time 
keeper, but it is not absolute, for on only 
four days of the year, April I5th. June 
1 5th, September 2nd and December 24th, 
the sun time agrees with the clock time or 
mean time. The time equation, the mean 
between clock and sun time, found in the 
nautical almanac, can be used to correct 
the dial, and a scale of minutes to add and 
subtract made and attached to some part 
of the dial pedestal. As a time keeper for 
the garden, it serves its purpose well 
enough, for the greatset difference it is 
capable of is sixteen minutes, and when 
one considers that it goes for life without 
winding or setting, it may be considered 
lust as true as many clocks and pardoned 
for the variation. 

A word on the location of the dial may 
be pertinent here. We often think of it 
as situated in the formal garden, but its 
use is by no means limited to that, al- 
though it fits so well there. Often the 
junction of two paths seems to fit it well. 
Whether in formal surroundings or in the 
ordinary garden, a background of dark 
foliage, rhododendrons or cedars, makes a 
beautiful situation for it and reflects its 
beauty and stateliness. When placed in 
the lawn, where it often appears to ad- 
vantage, low-growing plants sometimes 
look well at its base and seem to unite it 
and the surroundings. If a stone or tree 
stump is used for support, planting is nec- 
essary and pleasing. No vines or shrubs 
should be used to climb over the dial or 
render its approach and reading difficult. 
There always ought to be some favorite 
nook in the garden with a bench for rest 
or reading and an air of seclusion about 
it. The best loved flowers should be here, 
and here the sun-dial should preside. The 
thoughts that are associated with it, the 
sage advice of its motto and the sentiments 
it connotes should make such a retreat 
ideal when one wishes to withdraw into 
the spirit of the garden. 

When the dial has become part of the 
garden and the vines have grown about it 
and it seems to be as old as the time it 
marks, then will it be truly appreciated. 
Then the criticism that the use of sun- 
dials is a return to obsolete and supplanted 
objects, cannot hold. Besides, where is 
the clock that stands wind and weather 

A June 

Nabisco Sugar Wafers Play 
an important part during the 
month of brides and roses. 


Sugar Wafers 

served with ices, frozen puddings 
and beverages, add the final touch 
of elegance and hospitality to 
every repast simple 

In ten cent tins 

Also in twenty-five cent tins 


Interior Decoration 

Furnishings of all kinds selected 
and arranged in the most up- 
to-date and attractive manner. 
Out-of-town orders carefully 
attended to. 


Landscape Gardening 

A course for Hotnemakert and 
Gardeners taught by Prof. Craig 
and Prof. Batchelor, of Cornell 

Gardeners who understand up* 
to-date methods and practice are 
in demand for the best positions. 

A knowledge of Landscape 
Gardening is indispensable to 
those who would have the pleas- 
antest homes. 

Prol. Craig 
250 patm Catalog fr*m 

Writ* to-day. 


Dept. 2Ki, Springfield, Mass. 

writing , la advtrtisen pltast mention House AND 


JULY, 1911 

You know 
this as 
well as 
I do 

that the average 

cigaret is not a 
smoking proposition, 
but a selling proposition. 
The Makaroff business is 
different. I started the manu- 
facture of 

Russian Gigarets 

because that was the only way I could be sure of getting the kind o 
cigarets I wanted. It has grown because there are a lot of 
who want that kind of a cigaret. And the number 
fast as people find out what kind of a cigaret 


other folks 
grows just as 

Makaroff is. 

Just let this fact sink into your consciousness and stay there this business 
is and always will be operated to make a certain kind of cigarets not merely to 
do a certain amof of business. I always have believed that if we produced 
the quality, the public would produce the sales. And that faith has been 
justified. Makaroffs are really different from other cigarets and the differ- 
ence is all in your favor. 

You will find that you can smoke as many Makaroffs as you want with- 
out any of the nervousness, depression or "craving" that follows the use of 
ordinary cigarets. 

Makaroffs are absolutely pure, clean, sweet, mild tobacco, untouched by 
anything whatever to give them artificial flavor, sweetness, or to make 
them burn. 

Pure tobacco won't hurt you. You may not be used to it, and you may not 
like the first Makaroff, but you'll like the second one better, and you'll stick 
to Makaroffs forever if you once give them a fair chance. We have built 
this business on quality in the goods and intelligence in the smoker a com- 
bination that simply can't lose. 

No. 15 is 15 Cents No. 25 i$ a Quarter 
Plain or Cork Tips 

I Sl 


Mail address, 18 Elm Street Bos. on. Mass. 





You will fliiil In our books just th design you are looking 


No. 1. 25 designs of residences costing #1,500 to $5,000 - - - 50c 
No. 2. 25 designs of residences costing $5,000 to $20,000 ... $QC 
No. 3. 25 designs of up-to-date concrete residences, costing 

All three books at $1.25. Plans furnished at popular prices. Weiubmit'sketch^s 
?tJS3P *%& ( buildin *- Books sent prepaid on receipt of price. 


It Years' Practical Experience. References. 


Rare China, Pewter, 

Old Lamps, Andirons, Etc 



698 Lexington Avenue 
Cor. 57th Street New York 

and needs no key or winder? The mes- 
sage of the dial, however, is its greatest 
service, especially in a time when senti- 
ment is deemed a weakness, for, to quote 
Lamb again, "It spoke of moderate labors, 
of pleasures not protracted after sunset, of 
temperance and good hours." Surely it is 
not out of place to-day. 

How the Japanese Arrange Flowers 

(Continued from page 19) 
opening the shogi, or rice paper translu- 
cency, he looked into the garden to note 
that the morning-glories were all re- 
moved. Disappointed, he closed the shogi 
doors again. Rikiu, who had watched his 
action with a gentle smile, pointed to a 
tiny vase in the corner of an alcove. It 
contained a single, rarely beautiful morn- 
ing-glory. Said the master of the tea 
ceremony : "This flower is all that is 
needed for external adornment. Now 
concentrate your attention upon the tea." 

The feeling for simplicity and restraint 
that inhibits vulgar display and garish- 
ness in all the domestic arts of Japan is 
nowhere better illustrated than in this 
anecdote of Rikiu, the great promulgator 
of ikcbana. Schools of varying practices 
and methods have sprung up since his 
day, but all are true to the essential prin- 
ciples that beauty should not be sub- 
merged in profusion. 

There are other principles in which all 
the sects of ikebana agree. They unite in 
teaching their followers to avoid what are 
called "the seven diseases of flower ar- 
rangement," prohibitions which forbid the 
crossing of stems, the protrusion of 
blooms in front of calyxes, and other 
technicalities of arrangement. 

On the constructive side every student 
of ikebana learns to employ variations of 
the ten-chi-jin, a triangular scheme with 
symbolical meanings implicit in the ar- 
rangement. In seeking to make flowers 
or foliage conform to this plan every 
Japanese understands that the apex of the 
triangle (ten) symbolizes heaven, the pro- 
truding point (Jin), humanity, and the 
point at which the vertical base of the tri- 
angle is bisected (chi), the earth. Con- 
tours should, if possible, be so disposed 
that earth will seem to look toward man 
and man toward heaven. The ten-chi-jin 
motive is repeated in almost countless 
ways wherever Japanese folk come to- 
gether, and sometimes when some fair or 
manly follower of a cult of flower ar- 
rangement has been particularly success- 
ful in a novel application of the ancient 
convention you may see a whole group 
of people bow down reverently before the 

The lesson for Americans in this artis- 
tic and scientific expression of the Japan- 
ese passion for floral decoration is, of 
course, one of suggestion rather than 
adaptation. The importance attributed in 
Japan to an art that we do not recognize 

/ writing It advertiser! please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

JULY, 1911 


as even a minor art can hardly be com- 
prehended here. Yet not on that account 
is it less vitally significant among the peo- 
ple who practice it. The causes of the 
glorious flowering forth of all the arts in 
Japan during many centuries, and with 
surprisingly few periods of decadence, 
are to be sought in the truth that basically 
all life is art and that this keenly sensi- 
tive people endeavor to make the sim- 
plest, most ordinary arts of living an ex- 
pression of fine art. 

Possibilities in Half-timbered 

(Continued from page 25) 

have been monotonous and weak looking. 
As it is, it seems to be well locked to- 
gether. The horizontal beams on a line 
with the window sills, carried across the 
face of the building, and the horizontal 
beam a little below the overhang in the 
central gable, make a number of small 
square, or nearly square, panels forming 
an agreeable checkered motive. 

Diagonal timbers crossing and halved 
into vertical posts are both pleasing and 
useful. Sometimes diagonals running in 
opposite directions cross saltire-wise and 
make an elongated St. Andrew's cross. 
This device, of course, adds strength and 
materially helps the decoration. In sev- 
eral bays of the Port Sunlight houses 
parallel diagonal timbers, convergent tow- 
ards the central vertical and horizontal 
beams, have been happily used and give 
the whole bay a lozenge-shaped look. Al- 
ternate bays of diagonals interchanging 
with post and panel work extending across 
the face of the building prevent monotony 
and destroy all danger of hardness of 
lines. A still further method of securing 
variety is by the use of a number of 
smaller panels under windows. In the 
Essex Fells house the spaces under a 
number of the windows have been filled 
by small panels in which two divergent 
diagonals and a short upright beam 
spring fan-wise from a common base. In 
the gables of the Stanley house in Ches- 
ter, on each side of the vertical post run- 
ning from the sill of the overhang to the 
peak of the gables, are parallel flamboy- 
ant curved beams springing from the cen- 
tral post and from the sill. The effect is 
airy and wavy. Too many decorative mo- 
tives in timber work should not be brought 
together in the same house or the whole 
appearance becomes macaronic. 

Attention must be called to the pins and 
bolts that fasten the timbers together. It 
is ever the little things that make the big 
things, and we cannot be too careful in a 
nice adjustment of the smallest details if 
we would have the ensemble wholly suc- 
cessful. The treatment of the pins and 
bolts on the Port Sunlight houses well ex- 
emplifies the importance of heeding this 
small matter. 

The Good Road 
For Universal Service ! 

Every man's home faces on a road which 
connects with every other road and leads 
to every other home throughout the whole 

Main highways connect with cross-roads 
so that a man can go where he chooses, 
easily and comfortably if conditions are 
favorable. But the going is not always the 
same; some roads are good some are bad. 

The experts in the South illustrate the 
difference by showing four mules drawing 
two bales of cotton slowly over a poor, 
muddy cross-road, and two mules drawing 
eight bales ol cotton rapidly over a first- 
class macadam highway. 

The Bell Telephone lines are the roads 
over which the speech of the nation passes. 

The highways and byways of personal 
communication are the 12,000,000 miles of 
wire connecting 6,000,000 telephones in 
homeson these highways. Steadily the lines 
are being extended to every man's home. 

The public demands that all the roads 
of talk shall be good roads. It is not 
enough to have a system that is universal; 
there must be macadamized highways 
for talk all the way to every man's home. 
A single section of bad telephone line is 
enough to block communication or confine 
it to the immediate locality. 

Good going on the telephone lines 
is only possible with one policy and 
one system. Good going everywhere, 
at all times, is (he aim of the Bell system. 


One Policy One System Universal Service 


S* Ptrftft 

PRICES marked in plain figures will 
17 always be found EXCEEDINGLY 
LOW when compared with the best 
values obtainable elsewhere. 


43-47 W. 23rd ST. 24-28 W. 24th ST. 



Temptingly dainty creams that melt in 
the mouth, leaving a refresh- 
ing mint flavor. 

inlet only in tin bnxmt. 
never fold in bulk 

We alo manufacture 
U-AIl-No Mint 
Chewing Gum 


463 North 12lh St. 
Philadelphia. U. S. A. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AMD GAIDIN. 


JULY, 1911 







IT means Yale Cylinder Locks and 
Latches, Yale Padlocks, Blount and 
Yale Door Checks, Builders' Hardware. 
It means products that are today 
Standard all over the world wherever 
people live in houses. 

It means the largest establishment in the world 
devoted to the manufacture of Builders' Hardware. 

Any Hardware Dealer can supply Yale Products. 

Let us send you free our book about 
"Yale Hardware for Your Home." 

The Yale & Towne Mfg. Co. 

The makers of Yale Products 9 Murray Street L ^ Offices: Chicago. Boston, 
Locks, Padlocks, Builders' Hardware, * J S a n Francisco 

Door Checks and Chain Hoists New York, U. S. A. London, Paris and Hamburg 

. mx xxx xim xxx mix m* " * 




Landscape Pottery Dept. 
1170 BROADWAY, N.Y. 


interior 2Dccoration 

22 East 34th Street NEW YORK CITY 


A logical and legitimate field for orna- 
mentation in the shape of carving is found 
in the beam ends, corbels and brackets. 
This ornamentation may be simple as in 
the beam ends forming the corbels to sup- 
port the central bay and the brackets sup- 
porting the gable in the house at Abing- 
ton, or it may be very elaborate as in the 
Stanley house in Chester where corbels, 
brackets, console beams and pilasters are 
all richly carved as they also are in the 
shop buildings shown in St. Werburg's 
Street. Good taste alone can set limits to 
the amount of carving to be indulged in. 
Certainly a reasonable amount of it is de- 

The "pugging" to stop up the spaces 
between the timbers offers a chance to dis- 
play originality in its use both as regards 
material and color. In the cottage at 
Lingfield, Surrey, the panels are "pug- 
ged" with brick laid in herring-bone pat- 
tern. Other patterns in brick may be 
effectively used also. Then there is al- 
most no end to the variety to be had from 
different kinds of plaster and stucco and 
even tiles may be requisitioned. In some 
instances the plaster has been roughly 
frescoed. Nearly as much opportunity 
for decorative invention is opened up by 
the pugging as by the timber treatment. 
One caution, however, must be heeded if 
you would avoid disastrous results. See 
that the pugging is most carefully placed 
and due precautions taken to prevent an 
embarrassing and unsightly shrinkage. 
To compass this end the plasterer must 
know his business thoroughly. 


Birds and Butterflies 
Suburban Garden 

of a 

(Continued from page 31) 

dreaming that it should end so disastrous- 
ly for both. The Skipper is a saucy, pert 
little fellow with uptilted wings, dodging 
here and there in a tipsy, zigzag flight 
which makes it almost impossible to catch 
him. Like the Admiral he wears epaulets 
of orange and his somber brown uniform 
bears little else in the way of ornament ; 
but he is decorated with a silver medal, 
no doubt awarded to some far away an- 
cestor for bravery, and cherished and 
proudly displayed by every descendant. 
He does not intend that it shall escape 
your notice for he never fails to carry his 
wings upright to display it in the best 
manner. The wistaria and the locust 
furnish his food in the early stages of 
his existence. 

One of the most interesting of all the 
butterflies, especially to our visitor and his 
friends, was the Grapta intcrrogationis, 
or the Question-sign Butterfly. A subtle 
comradeship seemed to be established be- 
tween this little rover, who bore upon his 
under wings the silver question mark, and 
the lads who were struggling with the 
rules of grammar. He wore a full orange 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

JULY, 1911 


and brown coat, under which his seal 
brown waistcoat appeared, and the cut of 
his garments suggested the curving blade 
of a sickle. The elm tree boughs are his 
swinging cradle, though he sometimes in- 
dulges in nettle or hop, as a bit of a relish. 
About midsummer the parsley had be- 
come the prey of some brilliant green 
caterpillars, crossed with bars of jet black 
and gold ; gorgeous creatures and beauti- 
ful, if one could forget his natural an- 
tipathy to crawling things. However, as 
the parsley was rapidly disappearing 
under the voracious appetites of the in- 
vaders, they were disposed of as quickly 
as possible. Some, however, must have 
escaped, for we found one specimen of 
the Papilio asterias, or common Eastern 
swallow.-tail, and were obliged to confess 
that he was much more attractive in his 
winged form than when gorging himself 
upon our parsley. All black with a 
double row of yellow spots edging both 
wings, and a touch of dull blue and or- 
ange near the swallow-tails, he was one 
of the most conspicuous of the flower 

The Papilio tnrmts was our next cap- 
tive, rightfully called the Lordly Turnus, 
or the Tiger Swallow-tail. His large size 
and his brilliant yellow color, with tiger- 
like markings of black, make him a com- 
manding figure in the butterfly kingdom. 
He must have found his way to our gar- 
den from the park, where alders and 
willows, which are his food, fringe the 
edge of the lake. 

One of the most difficult butterflies to 
classify was the little Batesi phyciodes, or 
Bates Crescent-spot. There are so many 
of these butterflies with nearly the same 
markings that we found it a difficult mat- 
ter to determine where he belonged. We 
found only this one specimen in our gar- 
den, and concluded it must be a rare one, 
since the early stages were said to be 

Of the tortoise-shell butterflies we 
found only one, the Vanessa milberti, 
with his brown shell-like coat and orange- 
red band. A little fellow, resembling 
somewhat the red Admiral, and living 
upon the same sharp food, the nettle. 

With the late fall, when leaves were 
brown and squirrels and partridges were 
out, came the Hunter's butterfly (Pyra- 
mcis huntera) not with gun and shot, 
but sailing upon softly tinted wings of 
mottled orange above, but underneath 
holding a surprise in the soft grays of 
leafless woods and bare branches, and the 
dull pinks of faded leaves a brave little 
Hunter finding only here and there a 
flower-cup of nectar to quench his thirst, 
but facing the inevitable cold and frost of 
winter with dancing wings. 

There were many other tiny winged 
creatures that were caught and studied, 
during that summer vacation ; the dragon 
flies and cicadas and katydids and the 
moths that flew only at night. Only one, 
perhaps, is worthy of mention, the beauti- 
ful Ilia Undcrtving, whose outer wings 
so closely resemble the bark of the tree, 


Is distinguished from the "ordinary" by 
three predominating features: 

Fint lt wlid onitruction, withstanding the 
most strenuous usage. 

Second The simple artistic lino of the designs. 
conforming with ideas of the most discrim- 

Third Custom finishes to suit the individual 
tasle and harmonize with the surroundings. 

No home furnished with "Leavens 
made" furniture can be criticised for 
'lack of good taste or refinement. 

Moderate prices prevail on our entire 
stock. Careful shipments made, insuring 
safe delivery. 

Send for full set of ovel 200 illustrations 

WM. LEAVENS & CO., Mfrs., 32 Canal Street, Boston, Mas*. 







TROY ((ttttt 



CHARM plus 

Send today for 
Tourist Guide O6Opp> 
six cents postage. 



JULY, 1 91 1 

Make your porch a pleasant 
outdoor living room 

Make it a pleasant, shady spot where 
you get the benefit of all the breezes 
that blow, yet the heat of the day is 
shut out. You can do this by using 


Green Painted 
Porch Curtains 

You can see out through them, yet outsiders 
cannot see you you nave perfect privacy. 
Ask your dealer to show you the "Komi" 
Curtains and tell you how little it will cost 
to fit out your porch with them. If your 
dealer cannot do this, write to us for the 
name of a dealer near you who can. 

R. H. COMEY CO., Camden, N. ,J. 
Chicago. 2440 to 2448 Waahburn Ave. 

I (Complete) for $10 

Pompeiian stone pedestal 
and hand -chased brass sundial 

adjusted to latitude of purchaser. 
Pedestal 35 in. high; Dial 8 in. di- 
ameter. Price $10.00, F. O. B. New 
York; or freight paid to any point in 
the U. S. east of Mississippi River 
for $1.00 additional. 

Special offer, mill not b* rtpfalmd 



The Larettl Manujacturtrs of Garten Furniture 
in America 


When you repair the roof, the porch, 
the barn, the fence, or anything else, 





Get your CYPRESS ("and no substitutes'") 
from your nearest Lumber Dealer. 
Write our "All-round Helps Dept." TODAY. 
Tell us your plans and needs and we '11 send 
you at once the Vol. of Cypress Pocket Library 
that fits your case. (/W/O/VALUABLE POINTERS. ) 

So. Cypress Mfrs. Assn. , D Jft New Orleans, La. 

upon which it hides during the day; but 
whose under wings are of the richest 
salmon pink with two broad bands of 
black. If it is true, as the Japanese say, 
that "the gods see everywhere," we hope 
that this beautiful color is not unobserved, 
though hidden from the sight of the day- 
light stroller. 

When our visitor's summer vacation 
finally drew to a close we found that our 
little pool had provided a full season of 
entertainment and instruction. We all 
enjoyed the visits of birds and butterflies 
with their brilliant colorings, and learned 
something of their delightful history. 
Truly our garden ornament was a satis- 
factory experiment. 

Grow Your Own Fruit 

(Continued from page 27) 

be more comfortable. The blackcaps 
(and a few of the reds, like Cuthbert) 
throw out fruiting side branches, which 
should be cut back in spring one-half to 
two-thirds their length. 

Of raspberry enemies, the most trouble- 
some is the "orange rust." It attacks the 
blackberry also. No effective remedy 
has yet been found. Pull up and burn at 
once all affected plants. On newly set 
beds, our old friend the cut-worm may 
prove destructive. Search for him in the 
dirt at the foot of the cut-off canes, and 
serve him wheat bran mash with Paris 
green (a teaspoonful in a quart of water 
with the bran mixed in). In some sec- 
tions the raspberry borer the lava of a 
small, flattish, red-necked beetle does 
considerable damage. He bores in the 
canes in summer, causing "galls" on the 
briars, and finally killing them. Cut and 

The varieties of the raspberry are nu- 
merous, but the following include the 
best. Of the blackcaps, Palmer (very 
early), Gregg, McCormick, Hunger, 
Cumberland, Columbian and Eureka 
(latest). Of reds, The King (extra 
early), Cuthbert, Turner, Reliance, Car- 
dinal (new), and London (late). Yel- 
low, Golden Queen. 


If there is any variation in the soil 
picked out for the berry patch, give the 
driest place to the blackberries, as lack of 
moisture effects raspberries more serious- 
ly. Blackberries do not need the soil quite 
so thoroughly enriched as do raspberries, 
and a surplus of plant-food, especially of 
nitrogen, may keep the vines from ripen- 
ing up thoroughly in the fall, which is 
essential for good crops. If growing too 
rankly, they should be pinched back in 
late August. When tying the vines up to 
supports in the spring, cut back the main 
canes to four or five feet, and the laterals 
to not more than a foot and a half. 

The enemies of the blackberry are not 
often serious, if the plants are well cared 

Distinctive Lamps 

Handel Lamps are striking and artistic 
in design. The colors blend perfectly, 
making the light soft and attractive. The 
entire effect is one of elegance and good 
taste. There is a Handel Lamp to harmo- 
nize with the color scheme of any room. 

CStyle No. 5351, illustrated above, is 
for the burning of oil. It affords the 
mellow glow so characteristic of a per- 
fect oil lamp. It is especially suitable 
for the country home. Price $20 (for 
oil and electricity $5 additional). 
Leading jewelers and lighting fixture deal- 
ers sell Handel Lamps (for gas, electricity, 
or oil). Write us for the name of the Handel 
dealer in your town, also giving your deal- 
er's name. We will send you our handsome 
Catalogue, containing helpful suggestions for 
good lighting and illustrating the many styles 
of Handel Lamps and Fixtures. 


390 E. Main Street Meriden, Conn. 

New York Showrooms, 64 Murray Street. 

Smoky Fireplaces 

Made to Draw 

Your particular chimney problem studied by 
expert!, and estimates given without charge. The 
work it undertaken witn this understanding : 
We will not accept payment unless successful. 

Kitchen rentilating systems, preventing cooking odar. 


215 Fulton Stret. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Ready To Set Up 


so helps the 
appearance of a 
garden, or gives 
the desired char- 
acter to a house 
like a well de- 
signed pergola. 
We ship them 
in crated sec- 
tions with sim- 
ple instructions 
that will enable 
anyone handy with tools to assemble them 
quickly and easily. Planned by an experienced 
architect, they are of absolutely correct design 
and attractive appearance. Price, $40.00 up. 
Our catalog also shows gateways, boundary 
markers, posts, etc. Send for it today. 

The Pergola Company 

923 Association Building, Chicago 

One of our Pergolas at ertited 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

[ JULY, 1911 



for. The most dangerous is the rust or 
blight, for which there is no cure but care- 
fully pulling and burning the plants as 
fast as infested. Another is the black- 
berry-bush borer, whose presence is indi- 
cated by wilting, and a change in color in 
the canes which should at once be cut and 
burned. Another pest which has appeared 
but recently is the bramble flea-louse, 
which resembles the green aphis, except 
that it is a brisk jumper like the flea beetle 
of potato vines and turnips. The leaves 
of infested plants twist and curl up in 
summer, affording protection to the 
enemy, and do not drop off in the fall. 
Early on cold mornings, or in wet 
weather, when the insects are sluggish, 
cut out all shoots upon which any are to 
be found, collect them in a tight bottomed 
box, and burn. 

As with other small fruits, so many 
varieties of the blackberry are being in- 
troduced that it is difficult to give a list 
of the best. Any selection from the fol- 
lowing, however, will prove satisfactory 
for home use, as they are all tried and 
true, Early King, Early Harvest, Wil- 
son Junior, Kittatenny, Rathburn, Sny- 
der and Erie. 

The Dewberry is really a blackberry, 
that can be trained and requires the same 
culture. As the vines are naturally slen- 
der and trailing, in garden culture it must 
be supported. The canes may be staked 
or wired up, as with blackberries, or a 
wooden barrel-hoop, held by two stakes, 
makes a good support. The dewberry 
ripens ten days or more before the black- 
berry, and for that reason at least a few 
plants should be included in the berry 
patch. The varieties are few, Premo be- 
ing the earliest and Lucretia the best 


The two most important of the bush 
fruits, the currant and the gooseberry, are 
very similar in their requirements of soil 
and culture. A deep rich moist soil ap- 
proaching a clayey loam is the best. 
There is no danger of overfeeding them, 
although where manure is used it should 
be well rotted up. 

The long-suffering currant will stand 
probably more abuse than any plant in 
the home garden and is frequently the 
most neglected. Although the currant is 
so hardy, no fruit will respond more 
quickly to good care. Plenty of room, 
plenty of air, plenty of misture, secured 
when necessary by a mulch of -soil or 
other material in hot, dry weather are 
all essential to getting the best from the 
currant bush. 

Four or five feet each way is not too 
much space to give the currant. The soil 
should be manured liberally, and well 
worked befre planting. Do not think that 
you can dig out a little hole just big 
enough for the roots, leaving the rest of 
the ground unturned and unenriched, and 
get good results. Keep the soil between 
the bushes well cultivated. As the hot, 
dry season comes on, mulch the soil if you 
would be certain of a full-sized, full fla- 

To get the best results with your camera, 
it is absolutely essential to equip it with a 



Nothing can equal its all around efficiency its great light* 
gathering power and sharp definition. It helps the ama- 
teur by extending the scope of his work and appeal* 
equally to the man of wide photographic experience. 

Booklet L treats of better photography in an intereatinf 
manner. Write for it today. 

Our name, backed by over half a cen- 
tury of experience, w an all our prod- 
vet* lenses, microscopes, field glasses, 
projection apparatus, engineering and 
other scientific instruments. 

Bausch & Ipmb Optical @. 



Ornamental Fixtures for Country Grounds 

The choice of a fountain 
should be guided by the 
space at your disposal and 
the quantity of water avail- 
able. The illustration shows 
an artistic effect adapted to 
most conditions. 
Our fountains include a wide 
variety of artistic designs. 
We also supply special de- 
signs for all requirements. 

We issue separate catalogues of Display Foun- 
tains, Drinking Fountains, Electroliers, Vases, 
Grills and Gateways, Settees and Chairs, 
Statuary, Aquariums. Tree Guards, Sanitary 
Fittings for Stable and Cow Barns. 

Address Ornamental Iron Department 

J. L. MOTT IRON WORKS, Fifth Avenue and 17th Street, NEW YORK 


JULY, 1911 

Modern Sleeping Porch fitted with Wilson's Blinds- 

Practically makes an Outdoor room of the ordi- 
nary porch: a room at night, a porch by day. 

Wilson's Venetians 

for outside and inside of town and country houses 
very durable, convenient and artistic. 

Special Outside Venetians 

most practical and useful form of 
Venetian yet devised for porches and 
windows; exclude the sun; admit the 

Write far Catalogue "Venetian \o. 3." 

Orders should be placed now. 

Jas. G. Wilson Mfg. Co. 

1,3 AS Went 29th St .New York 
Inside Venetians, Rolling; Partition!, 
Boiling Steel Shutters, Burglar and 
Fireproof Steel Curtains, Wood 
Block Floors. 


For Sash Cord. Will outwear common 
roughly braided cord or metallic devices 
many times over. The smooth, even braid 
minimizes abrasion and prolongs wear. 

For Clothes Line. Will not kink, stretch 
or ravel, or stain the clothes, and is guar- 
anteed to last at least five years even when 
permanently exposed to the weather. Look 
for our trade-mark, the Spots on the Cord. 

Send for samples. Carried by all leading dealers. 

Country Homes 

remote from "town" demand 
every possible protection 
against unwelcome visitors. 

Have you a Smith & Wesson 
revolver in your home? 

We want you to have our beautiful book- 
let. Send for it today. 



420 Stockbridge Street 


vored crop. Two bushes well cared for 
will yield more than a dozen half neg- 
lected ones. The currant suffers from ex- 
cessive heat and dryness, but with proper 
attention a full crop should be secured 
every year. 

As with the other small fruits, a most 
important factor in growing currants is 
proper pruning. The most convenient and 
satisfactory way is to keep it in bush 
form. Set the plants singly, at the dis- 
tance previously mentioned, and so cut 
all new growth, which is produced gener- 
ously by the currant, as to retain a uni- 
form bush shape, preferably somewhat 
open in the center. Another thing to 
keep in mind when pruning is that the 
fruit is borne on wood two or more years 
old, so all wood should be removed either 
when very small, or not until four or five 
years old. All that is allowed to grow one 
or two years and then removed, is just 
that much of the plant's energy wasted. 
Therefore, in pruning currants, take out 
(i) superfluous young growth; (2) old, 
hard wood (as new wood will produce 
better fruit) ; (3) all weak, broken, dead 
or diseased shoots; (4) during late sum- 
mer, keep the tips of the new growth 
pinched off, which will cause them to 
ripen up better, resulting in more fruit 
when they bear; (5) maintain a good 
bush form, go over the whole plant lightly 
in the fall, trimming the desired shape 
but do not cut back more than one-third. 

Under some special circumstances, as 
where space is limited and they must be 
grown close against a wall, it may be ad- 
visable to train to one or two a few main 
stems. This, however, increases the dan- 
ger of loss from the currant borer. 
' The black currant is entirely different 
from the red and white currants. It is 
used almost exclusively for culinary pur- 
poses, or preserving. The plants are 
much larger, and should be put five or six 
feet apart. Some of the fruit is borne on 
one-year old wood, so the new shoots 
should not be cut back. The old wood, 
also, bears as good fruit as does the new 
growth, so there is no need to cut it out 
until the plant is getting crowded. As 
the wood is much heavier and stronger 
than that of the other currants, it is ad- 
visable gradually to develop the black 
currants into the tree form. 

The common green currant worm is the 
worst pest encountered in growing cur- 
rants. His appearance will be indicated 
by holes eaten in the lower leaves early 
in spring generally before the plants 
bloom. Spray at once with Paris green 
in water (i Ib. to 50 gals.) or with arsen- 
ate of lead (2 Ibs. to 50 gals, water). If 
a second lot appear after the fruit sets, 
dust with white helebore. By the time 
the fruit ripens, this will propably have 
been washed off by the rains ; if not, wipe 
from the fruit. For the currant borer, 
cut out and burn every infested shoot. 
Examine the bushes carefully late in the 
fall ; those in which the borers are at work 
will usually have a wilted look, and be of 
a brownish color, readily distinguished. 


* of Coal Bills 


THE most sensible thing to do in summer is to 
get rid of old, unsatisfactory heating sys- 
tems and install one that will not only pay for 
itself but add to the renting or selling value of 
any building. 



Warm Air Furnaces-Hot Water or Steam Boilers 

insure clean, even heat at least con, because the; bum cheapest 
lack and pea or buckwheat sizes of hard and soft coal, which would 
smother fire in ordinary heating plants. Consume smoke. 

//. J. Hanizan, 301 Hazlett Aae., Canton, Ohio, write,: "Have 
aied an Underfeed foe year*. Beit furnace 1 ecer heard of. Cite* 
even temperatare at all limes. We have Jane weather in oar home 
all winter at coalcott that has never exceeded (14 for heating eight 
rooms a// season. " 

Heating plans of our Engineering Corps are FREE. Fillin the 

coupon below and return TODAY lor FREE booklets and 

fat-simile testimonials. 

^ K rwlLLIAMSbN~COr 

I would like to know more about how to cut down the cost of 
my coal bills from 50% to 66%%. Send me-FREE 



_ Name of your dealer. 


Ornamental Foliage Plants 

We make a specialty of 
choice collections for 
Greenhouse as well as 
everything in the line of 
decorative trees and 

Visit our nurseries or 
send for descriptive cata- 
logue of Nursery Stock 
and Greenhouse plants. 
Experienced and 
Competent Gardeners 

Any lady or gentle- 
man requiring their ser- 
vices can have them by 
applying to us. No fees. 
Please give particulars 
regarding place. 

Julius Roehrs Co., Exotic Nurseries, Rutherford, N> J. 

FOB summer resorts which want clean bathing places, 
sporting clubs where weeds interfere with power boats, 
ponds or lakes where ice is harvested or any water 
where weeds are undesirable Zltnen' Submarine Weed- 
Cutting Saw is indispensable. Easily operated from the 
banks or on greater lal:es just as well from boats and ?ery 
large spaces cleared in shortest time. 

Write for illustrated circular which explains how fl 
works and good references. 
ASCHERT BROS., Cedar Lake. West Bend, Wis. 

Have Yon Seen The Latest Garden 

include musical 
Garden ornaments, 
concealed lawn chimes, 
combined rose bush foun- 
tains with chimes wit hot 
without electric illumina- 
tion 1 . Smaller models for 
table decoration. These 
novelties are placed on the 
market this season for the 
first time. These chimes 
can be concealed by flow- 
ers or vines, and the least 
breath of air will produce 
iparantly from ad is- 

ing appan 
full lineo 

the sweetest tone-*, comi 

tance. We alo have a full lineof all'kindsof gar- t 
den furniture, vases, settees, fountains and all Ut " 
other garden beautifiers. Write for Catalogue. 

430 4th Avenue, NEW YORK 

_ A. S. JAKOBSON, Inventor. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

JULY, 1911 



Of the varieties, Red Dutch, while old- 
er and smaller than some of the new 
sorts, is hardier and not so likely to be in- 
jured by the borer. London Market, 
Fay's Prolific, Perfection (new), and 
Prince Albert, are all good sorts. White 
Grape is the most popular white kind. 
Naples and Lee's Prolific are good blacks. 


The gooseberry required practically the 
same treatment as the currant received. 
It is even more important that the coolest, 
airiest location available be given to it, 
and the most moist soil. Even a partially 
shaded location will serve, but in this case 
extra care must be vised in guarding 
against that often fatal enemy of the 
gooseberry the mildew. Summer mulch- 
ing, to retain moisture, is, of course, of 
special benefit. 

In pruning the gooseberry, as with the 
black currant, it is best to cut out to a 
very few or even to a single stem. Keep 
the head open to allow the air to circulate 
freely and reach every twig and branch. 
The extent of pruning, besides being a 
precaution against the mildew, will also 
determine largely the size of the fruit; if 
berries of the largest size are wanted, 
prune out severely. All branches droop- 
ing to the ground, and all which cross or 
grow together, should be removed. 

The enemies of the gooseberry are the 
currant worm, borer and mildew. The 
first two are treated as already described. 
The gooseberry mildew is a dirty, whitish 
fungous growth covering both fruit and 
leaves. It is especially destructive of the 
foreign varieties, the cultivation of which, 
until the advent of the potassium sulphide 
spray, had in many localities been prac- 
tically abandoned. For this spray, use i 
oz. of potassium sulphide (liver of sul- 
phur) to 2 gals, of water, and mix just 
before using. Spray three or four times 
a month, from the opening of the blos- 
soms until the fruit is ripe. 

The native gooseberries are the hardi- 
est. Of these Downing and Houghton's 
Seedling are the best. Industry is an 
English variety which does well here. 
Golden Prolific, Champion and Columbus 
are other good foreign sorts if care is 
taken to successfully fight off the mildew. 

The gooseberry completes the list of 
the common small fruits. If }tour garden 
has heretofore been devoid of them, do 
not fail another season to try them all. 
They are all easily obtained, none of them 
cost more than a few cents apiece, and a 
very small number will keep the family 
table well supplied with healthy delicacies ; 
and you can grow them better at home 
than you can buy them. While the work 
may at present be unfamiliar to you, do not 
be deterred by that. The various opera- 
tions of setting out, pruning and spray- 
ing, will soon be as familiar to you as 
those in the vegetable have become. They 
are really much less complicated than the 
latter. There is no reason why every 
home garden should not have its few rows 
of small fruits, yielding their delicious 
harvests in abundance. 


One is a thing of beauty for a few short months; 
the other, enclosed in glass, is a joy all around 
the calendar. 

Thousands of plants for this formal garden were 
grown in the greenhouse many of them will be 
removed to its protection during the colder months. 
And so in this and a hundred and one other ways, 
is the greenhouse a necessity and an unending 

Hitchings & Company, 

Write to the 

Main Officer and Factory: 
Elizabeth, N. J. 

or call at 
1170 Broadway New York 

This one is located in Tuxedo Park, N. Y. We 
co-operated with Dpnn Barber, the architect, in de- 
veloping and carrying out the scheme. 

If you are interested in having a greenhouse, 
whether large or small, take it up with us. We 
are an old established firm who thoroughly under- 
stand greenhouse designing and building. 

MY celebrated Old Fashioned fireplaces re scientific 
ally shaped and proportioned to absolutely guar- 
antee a maximum heat without smoking. The forms 
are of asbestite slabs easily erected in new or old chimneys. 
Under no circumstances build without them if you truly 
appreciate a fire that warms men's souls. All smoky 
fireplaces cured. Write for sizes and prices. 

My Illustrated Volume, "Rum ford Fireplace, 
and How They Are Mt.ll*," $2.00 

G. CURTIS G1LLESPIE. M. E., Architect 


132 Nassau Street 

New York City 

There's a 
Difference" in 

Garden Hose 

We have been 
manufacturing it for 
65 years. 

Our catalog tells the story about our different 
grades and prices. 

New York Belting and 
Packing Co., Limited 

Sew York. N. Y., 1 93 Chamber! Street; Chl<-n 
111.. 130 W. Lake.Streot; Philadelphia, Pa., 21- 

823 Arch Stm-t; IMtUburg, I'm-. 420 lit Afe. : 
Bt tools. Mo., 21S-220 Chestnut Htreet; Portland, Ore., 40 Pint Street; Ituaton. Mi*.. 82 

Hummer Sl,,,t; In. I ;III,!]H, 1ml., (M Hn. M.-r.lnui StrrH; KiiKlnii.l. 1315 
Southampton Row; Hiwkmne, Wish.. 163 South Lincoln Street. 

A Copy 





JULY, 1911 | 


Has a marked 
quite its own 
be classed with 
which usurp 
can nowise 
in quality or 
These facts 
bath, after 
for general 
poses it is the 
use, if you 
the genuine 


and should not 
cheap perfumes 
the name but 
approach it 
stand after a 
test. For the 
shaving, and 
toilet pur- 
one thing to 
are seeking 
and the best. 


Sample mailed on receipt of six cents to defray 
mailing charges 



We have a select number of 
English Pedestals and Sun Dials. 
We also have a beautiful as- 
sortment of VASES, FONTS, 
and all other ornamental stone 
features for the house and gar- 


Send loc. for booklet 

Francis Howard 

**"*Jrt?**- 5 We.t 28th St., New York City 



haslreen. greatly increased for 

the season! 1911 Sand EOT 
New Catalogue. sfewin.<j new 

designs executed in. strixg,dar- 
c. Ts is s> A C OT TA. . 

Garden Suggestions 

(Continued from page 45) 
the growing plants. If the water has to 
be carried any distance from the faucets, 
it will be both cheaper and better to use 
iron pipe (the same size as the faucet) to 
carry it where it is needed, using only a 
short length of hose to distribute with. 
The pipe is simply laid along the surface 
of the ground or sunk a few inches under 
walks or roads. Second-hand three-quar- 
ter inch iron pipe can be bought for two 
or three cents per foot, and anyone can 
put it together with a couple of pipe 
wrenches. Good hose costs from fifteen 
to twenty cents a foot. The pipe should 
be connected to the faucet by a short 
piece of hose, which can be quickly un- 
coupled and the lengths screwed and 
stored under cover in winter. 

Where the source of supply is a well or 
spring, the problem is not such a simple 
one. A good hand pump if a good hand 
pumper is to be had with it will throw a 
large enough stream for properly water- 
ing the average home garden or grounds, 
but it means double work and tedious 
work. Where the water may, whether by 
gravity or force, be given an elevation of 
several feet above the grounds, a tank 
of some sort will enable the storing of 
enough water for irrigation purposes on 
a small scale. A good wooden, stone or 
metal tank can be had for $25 to $40 ; but 
it is by no means necessary to go to this 
expense if one cannot afford it. Good 
tight pork or pickle barrels can be had for 
about thirty-five cents each, or empty 
liquor barrels for a dollar to a dollar and 
a half. A number of such barrels up to 
12 or 18 of a large amount of water is 
necessary can easily be connected to- 
gether near the bottoms with three-quar- 
ter inch iron or lead pipe. If using the 
iron pipe, "luck nuts" will be necessary 
to get good tight joints; if lead, fit the 
connecting pieces in as tightly as possible 
and protruding about half an inch inside 
each barrel ; then with a cone shaped piece 
of wood ram the ends out and hammer 
them down flat. In this way, for a few 
dollars and a few hours' work, one may 
have a practical tank of a very consider- 
able capacity. If a barn or shed is avail- 
able, the barrels can easily be placed in a 
loft or on a scaffold out of the way and 
out of sight. Such a contrivance will pay 
for itself in one season, even on a small 

Those not familiar with watering in the 
garden on a large scale are apt to make 
the mistake of applying a "shower" each 
day, while the proper way is to give a 
thorough soaking, in which case once a 
week, even in very dry weather, will work 
wonders. The water is best applied on a 
cloudy day, or late in the afternoon, so 
that there will be as little loss as possible 
from surface evaporation. Where water 
can be supplied only in small quantities, 
do not sprinkle it over the surface; with 
a round pointed stick an inch or so in di- 
ameter, make a hole near each plant sev- 
eral inches deep. By pouring even a tea- 

Is it here 

THAT information you've been looking for in regard to 
some particular phase of building? Probably it has 
appeared in HOUSE & GARDEN try this index. 
Copies of these back issues will be mailed at 25 cents each, or if 
you need six. send us a dollar, and they will be sent at once. 

Architect's Fee Feb., *i 
Architectural Drawings 

Jan., 'n 
Architecture, Chicago 

Type Oct., '10 
Architecture, Colonial 

Dec., '09 

Architecture, Dutch Co- 
lonial Feb., '10 
Architecture, English 

Plaster Mar., '10 
Architecture, Half-timber 

Jan., '10 
Architecture, Italian 

May, '10 
Bathroom P r o b 1 e rn 

Jan., 'n 

Bay Windows Feb., '10 
Bedrooms Feb., '10 
Bookcases Feb., '10 
Building Materials Jan., 

Built-in Conveniences 

Nov., '09 
Bungalow Colony Nov., 

Bungalows J u n e, *lo, 

July, '09 

Camps July, '09, Sept., 


Cellar Jan., 'io 
Chimneys Nov.. '09 
China Cupboards, Built- 
in Mar., 'io 
Colonial Detail Jan., 'n 
Contracts A p r., *io, 
Oct., 'io 

Decoration, Indian Art 

Oct., '10 
Decoration, Plaster Castt 

Dec., '10 

English Country Houses 

Jan., 'u 
Entrances, D o o r w a y 

Jan., 'to 
Entrances, Garden Mar., 

Entrances, Service Aug., 

f io 
Extras Mar., 'io 

Farmhouse, Reclaiming 

the June, 'io; July, 

'io: Dec., 'io 
Fireplaces Jan., 'io 
Fireproof House, The 

Jan., 'ii 

Footstools Dec., '10 
Floor Coverings May, 


Floors ^Oct., '09 
Furnishings, P e r i o d 

Oct., 'io; Nov., *io; 

Dec., 'io 
Furniture J n 1 y, '09 ; 

Oct., '10; Nov., '09 
Furniture, A n t i q u e 

Aug., '09 
Furniture, Garden Apr., 

Furniture, S u m m e r 

May, 'io 

Garage Mar., 'io 

Garden Furniture July, 

Gardening, Japan 
Sept., 09: Jan., 'IL 

Gardens, City July, '09; 
Nov., 'io 

Gardens, Formal or In- 
formal Dec., '09 

Gardens, Rock May, 'io 

Gardens. Water July, '10 

Gateways, Colonial Feb., 

German Country House* 

Jan., f n 

Glass, Leaded Sept., 'io 
Ureennouses Nov., '09; 

Aug., 'io; Sept., 'io; 

Nov.. '10 

Hardware Jan., 'u 
Heat, Regulating the 

Jan., 'io 

Heating Nov., '09 
Hedge Apr., 'io 

Kitchens Jan., 'n 

Latticework Aug., *io 
Lawn Apr., 'io; Sept, 

Lighting May, 'io; Dec., 

Lighting Fixtures Jan., 

Mantels Oct., '09 
Mirrors Dec., 09; Mar., 

Ornaments Feb., *xo 
Outbuildings Jan., f io 

Picture Hanging F e b., 


Pillows Nov., f io 
Plumbing Sept., '10 
Portieres Oct., '09 
Porch Apr., 'io 
Porch (and terrace) 

Jan., 'io 
Porch, Enclosed N o T., 

'09; Dec., 'io 
Porch, Sleeping Jan., 'io 
Porch Pillows July, '10 

Remodeling N o T., '09; 

Feb., 'io; Mar., 'io; 

Apr., 'io; May, 'io; 

July, 'io; Nov., 'io: 

Dec., 'io 
Remodeling Farmhouses 

June, io 

Road Making July, 'io 
Roof Jan., 'io 
RugsJuly, Oct., '09 
Rugs, Domestic Oct., f io 
Rugs, Oriental Dec., '09 

Shrub Planting Ocfc, 
'09; Apr., 'io 

Shutters, Outside Jan., 

Site, Choosing a Jan.,'io 

Stairway! N o v., '09; 
Dec., 'io 

Stonework Jan., p ix 

Summer Home July, 
'09; Oct., '09; NOT., 
'09; Dec., '09; Jan., 
'10; June, 'io; Sept, 

Summer Home Furnish- 
ing June, 'io 

Tree Planting Oct., '09; 
Mar., 'io; Aug., 'io 

Vines Apr., 'io 

Wainscoting Mar., 'io 
Wall Coverings S e p t., 

'09; Dec., '09 
Wall Fountains J u 1 y, 
. 'io 

Walls Aug., '10 
Water Supply Jan., '10; 

May, 'io 
Window Shades N o T., 

f io 

Windows Jan., 'io 
Windows, Dormer Oct., 

Wor 9 k 

orkshop Dec., f io 

Address House "Garden Librarian 


In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

JULY, 1911 


cup full of water into this, and covering 
earth over the hole, which can be done 
rapidly with the foot, a crop will be helped 
along wonderfully. 

In connection with the question of ap- 
plying water artificially, the practice of 
surface cultivation to reserve moisture al- 
ready in the soil should not be lost sight 
of. After irrigating, or after every 
shower, go over the flower-beds or gar- 
den with hoe or wheel-hoe and loosen the 


In keeping up the general appearance 
of the place nothing is more important 
than to keep the lawn from getting 
rusty and brown in spots. Such a water- 
ing system as suggested above will go a 
long way toward keeping the lawn even 
and green, but beside water it must have 
food. A top dressing of nitrate of soda 
about this time if possible applied just 
before or just after a rain will make a 
very marked difference in the appearance 
of things. Better than the nitrate alone, 
however, will be an application of nitrate 
bone (or acid phosphate if the odor of 
bone is objectionable) and muriate of pot- 
ash, in the proportion three parts soda, 
two bone and one potash. Sown broad- 
cast in the ratio of about three hundred 
pounds to the acre, this will induce a 
strong and continued growth. Another 
practice in keeping the lawn in first class 
condition that in this country is too little 
known, is that of rolling. English lawns 
are famous the world over, and their per- 
fection, while due, of course, to a favor- 
able climate, owes much nevertheless to 
fiequent and heavy rolling. 


There is one error that most non-pro- 
fessional gardeners make with many of 
the annuals sown from seed. They 
sow them carefully, tend them faith- 
fvlly, and guard them with the greatest 
diligence from any stray dog or other in- 
truder which might perchance break one 
off. As a matter of fact, such a breaking, or 
rather cutting back, is just what they 
need. Otherwise, almost all the strength 
is thrown into the first main stalk which 
produces one large flower or cluster of 
flowers, and thereafter is practically 
worthless. If carefully cut back in time 
when six inches to a foot high, accord- 
ing to variety these plants would have 
thrown out strong flowering side shoots 
and remained in full vigor much longer 
than when growing up to a single main 
stem. This cutting back does for the 
plant above ground what transplanting 
does for the root system. 

Top dressing or liquid manuring of the 
flower-beds to maintain good growth 
throughout the season is another good 
practice seldom resorted to. The average 
home gardener gives his flowers one big 
gorge in the spring if indeed he does not 
neglect to give them anything and never 
thinks of their requiring anything else to 
eat during the remainder of the year. For 
this mid-summer manuring, whether used 


If the idea interests you, why not write and find out more about it? 
We only ask for an opportunity to tell you about our system as 
applied to your own particular requirements. The testimony of 
our users is ample proof of the success of 
our system. List of installations will be 
sent on request with complete literature- 
Just a postal today addressed to 

Brunswick Refrigerating Co. 

New Brunswick, N. J. 


Fence* of all descriptions for City and Suburban 
kHomes. Write today for our Loose Leaf Catalog, 
stating briefly your requirement*. 

tFence Department 


100 Church Street NEW YORK CITY 


Nunmry (grown, mil table for all pur- 
pose*. |i.SO and up prr thousand. We 
have CO million*. Our low price* will 
astonish jou. Also Hardy Forest tret-*, 
Shade, Ornamental and Fruit trees, j 
Shrubs. Vine*, etc. Oar beautiful Oat- I 
alog la crowded with valuable Informa- 
tion. Thli and 60 Great Bargain sheet are Free. I 
Bend for them today . 
O. HILL NURSERY CO., Bo* 301. DundM, 111. I 

... p !,< te I 




A high-clan, modern house, Intelligent service, moderate prices, pleuant rooms, superior culslue. Loaf 
distance telephone In every room. 

Ladles traveling alone are assured of courteous attention. 





The growing grass season 
is at hand and the lawn 
mowers are working. Grass 
should not be left to die, but 
should immediately be taken 

The Triumph Lawn Cart 
with its wide tires to protect 
the lawn is an indispensable aid at this time and saves the lawn, as well as the gar- 
dener's or your own time. 

Send today for our illustrated literature. It's free. 

Triumph Carts are made in a variety of styles and sizes for every purpose. 
Reliable dealers handle the "Triumph," or from us direct. We prepay freight east 
of the Mississippi River. 

No. 8 Lawn Carts 

Removable rack of hardwood strips, 98 x 53 x 8 inches. 

Box 27 x 42 x 1W4 inches. 

Side wheels 30 in., 14 in. spokes, 3 In. rims. 

Built for lawn and garden use. 

Capacity: 14 ton. Shipping weight, 190 pounds. 

PRICE - $25.00 

This Is by far the finest cart of Its kind for the suburban estate. 
Note the wide tired wheels. Rack can be removed In thirty sec- 
onds. Large estates buy these carts In quantities. 


203 Meadow St. Clinton, N. Y. 

Triumph Carts are finished in Dark Green Body with Orange Striping, Red Gears, 
Hardwood Rack and Handles, natural finish. 


JULY, 1911 





JJesigned by 


Send 6 cents for a copy of " 24 CRAFTSMAN HOUSES " 
showing exterior and floor plans of 24 houses thatcpst from Soou 
uptobuild. To interest you inour magazine, THKCBA? = 
MAN." and in Craft articles, we will also send you a beautiiully 
printed 32-page booklet entitled "The Craftsman House. 

If you are interested at all. both of these books will be very 
useful to you. 

"THE CRAFTSMAN IDEA" means r, a l komtf. not mere 
houses- it shows you how to save money on useless partitions- 
how to avoid o* er-decoration. how to get wide sweeps of space 
(even iu a small house), restful tones that match and blend ana 
enables anyone to always have a beautiful and artistic home. 

"THE CRAFTSMAN MAGAZINE" treats on building, 
furnishing and beautifying homes on art embroidery cabinel 
work and kindred topics. 

"CRAFTSMAN HOMES." by Gustav Stickley. 205 pages, 
beautifully bound and printed, treats on home building, home 
making, home furnishings in full. 

"THE CRAFTSMAN" *3~| All for 

"CRAFTSMAN HOMES" - - - - 2 f $* 7C 
Your own selection of 118 House Plan 

Edgar E, Ptill list, Manager Thi Craltsm jn, Room 230, 41 W. 34th St., N.T. 

PROTECT a Y n ou d r f ? r r 

coverings from injury. Also beau- 
tify your furniture by using Glass 
Onward Sliding Furniture and Pi- 
ano Shoes in place of casters. 
Made in no styles and sizes. If 
your dealer will not supply you 

Write us Onward Mfg. Co. 

Menasha, Wisconsin, U. S. A. 

Canadian Factory, Berlin, Ont. 

Beautify Lawn or Terrace 

by owin* the Wizard K A I A K A 
Lawn producer * *-* * " 

Comes up anywhere, all it needs is soil and moisture. 
Seed and fertilizer scientifically mixed to produce mar- 
velous results. Hundreds praise its great efficiency. 
Cheaper, goes further than common seed. Ask for 
FREE Booklet, "How to Make a Lawn." 

The Kalaka Company !&*&&. Chicago, III. 

Insure Against Failure 

Avoid disappointment in your fall planting this 
year by selecting and ordering early. For the 
convenience of our customers, we issue our 

Fall Catalogue 

early. It contains descriptions, pictures and 

prices of all standard and new varieties of bulbs: 

Tulips Crocuses 

Hyacinths Narcissus 

Send for a copy today, which is yours for the asking 

Bridgeman's Seed Warehouse 

Founded 1E24 

RICKARDS BROS., Proprietors 
37 East 19th Street New York 

as a top dressing or for liquid manure, 
nothing is better than well rotted cow ma- 
nure. There is now on the market a brand 
of shredded manure which ought to make 
a good substitute where the real article 
cannot be obtained readily. 

Do not neglect to maker notes of the 
effects in the flower gardering during 
this month where there is too little 
bloom, where colors clash, etc., etc. Re- 
member that while the time to make 
changes in the garden is during spring or 
fall, the time to determine what changes 
should be made is right now. 


Of course, what has been said about 
supplying water and surface cultivation 
applies here as well as to flowerbeds and 

The last sowings of some of the fall 
vegetables should be made remembering 
always to firm the seed thoroughly if the 
soil is dry. Limas, carrots, celery, corn, 
cucumbers, even early potatoes, pole 
beans, beets, swiss chard, cabbage and 
cauliflower may still be planted and 
brought to maturity if they are put in 
promptly. Succession plantings of bush 
beans, cress, lettuce, turnip, radish, en- 
dive, and kohlrabi should be made. 

Now is the time, also, to set out your 
pot-layered strawberries. Take pains in 
doing this work, and if very dry, put 
water in each hole before setting out, or 
shade from the sun from ten to four 
o'clock for a couple of days with news- 

The weeds, too, need careful watching 
in this dry weather, especially purslane, 
which beings to ripen seed almost before 
you know it has begun to grow. Remove 
it from the garden and burn. 

Remember that as you work now. even 
if it is so hot that you can hardly touch 
your hand to the soil, depends the success 
of almost three months of your garden, to 
say nothing of the surplus you should 
have to store awav for the winter months. 

Building a House With a Sleep- 
ing Porch 

(Continued from page 34) 

The general construction of the sleep- 
ing-porch is shown in the diagram on 
page 62 and needs very little further 
elucidation. For the occasional storms 
that beat in, also for purposes of cleaning, 
it will be found convenient to install a 
gutter at the rail with drips to the out- 
side. The latter in all cases should be 
solid. Should the style of architecture re- 
quire the use of balusters or of other de- 
tails depending upon the play of light and 
shade, then removable flush panels should 
be fitted to the back of the rail to satisfy 
the requirements of the design and to add 
to the comfort of the occupant. Porch 
posts and the jambs of the openings 
should be reduced to their simplest terms 
(Continued on page 62) 


A "House Beautiful M illustration greatly reduced 

"THE HOUSE BEAUTIFUL" is an illustrated 
monthly magazine, which gives you the ideas 
of experts on every feature of making the 
home, its appointments and surroundings 

It is invaluable for either mansion or cot- 
tage. It shows how taste will go farther 
than money. Its teachings have saved costly 
furnishings from being vulgar on the other 
hand, thousands of inexpensive houses are 
exquisite examples of refined taste, as a result 
of its advice. It presents this information 
interestingly and in a plain, practical way. 
Everything is illustrated frequently in sepia 
and colors. 

"The House Beautiful" is a magazine which no woman 
Interested in the beauty oi her home can afford to be with- 
out. It is full oi suggestions for house building, house 
decorating and furnishing, and is equally valuable for 
people of large or small income. 

Ex. Pres. Nat. Federation of Women's Clubs. 




Our readers all say the magazine is worth 
more than the subscription price, $3.00. 

But to have you test its value, we will mail 
you FREE, "The House Beautiful" Portfolio 
of Interior Decoration and Furnishing with 
a five months' trial subscription. The Port- 
folio is a collection of color plates and others, 
picturing and describing rooms in which good 
taste rather than lavish outlay has produced 
charming effects. 

Fillln the attached coupon wrap a one dollar bill around 
it mail to-day and the Portfolio will reach you by return 
post. "The House Beautiful" will then continue regularly 
for FIVE months. 

^THE HOUSE BEAUTIFUL, Room 1713, 315 4th Ave. N. Y.~ 

You may send me your Portfolio of Notable Examples of Inexpensive 
Home Decoration and Furnishing FREE. I enclose herewith $1.00 for a 
special rate five-month trial subscription to THE HOUSE BEAUTIFUL. 





Send for Catalogue 
Steveni-Duryea Co., Chlcopee Falls, Mass. 

Can Be Used In 




For flowers and 
vegetables. Used 
as a spray. Get it 
from your dealer 
or write for par- 
ticulars to 

Aphine Mann! adoring Co., Madisen.N. J. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 







THERE is slill time if you have the desire. Last month in this magazine we announced our extraordinary plan for sending some of our sub- 
scribers and readers abroad and to interesting parts of our own country, and within a few days after publication fifty people wrote us 
that they were going to accept our invitation. 

A physician and his wife, in California, wrote to us that they would go abroad on one of the foreign tours, and that the task of getting the 
necessary subscriptions would be an easy one. 

A minister of a large church in Illinois expects also to go on this tour, through the efforts of a committee which his wife has organized. 
Among the church members and various friends it is expected that 100 subscriptions can be readily secured, as each member of the committee 
can easily get a few subscriptions, which in the aggregate would make up the required number. 

Other people are adopting our suggestion of mailing the page announcement of the tours which we send them, to their friends, requesting 
subscriptions, and in other cases we are sending sample copies of TRAVEL and HOUSE & GARDEN direct to the friends of our subscriber, who' 
was planning to follow these people up personally. It is expected that a large number of our subscribers will avail themselves of this un- 

precedented opportunity. 


to go on a trip abroad, all expenses paid by us; or to Yellowstone Park; or to Bermuda; or down the St. Lawrence, visiting Montreal and 
yuebec; or up to the Maritime Provinces? All we ask you to do is to merely co-operate with us in a little summer plan we have devised to 
extend the subscription lists of TRAVEL and HOUSE & GARDEN. The whole thing may mean but a few hours' work to you. If you have a large 
circle of friends you can easily accomplish it by mail. The following are the trips offered and the number of subscriptions you have only to send 
us to secure them. 

A four weeks' trip abroad, visiting England and France, 

sailing Aug. 12th and Sept. 9th 100 subscriptions 

A three weeks' trip abroad, visiting England, returning 

via Montreal, Canada, sailing July 29th 75 subscriptions 

An eleven day trip *- *"-" *~ " -- 

from P ' * 

A ten days' trip t 

to Quebec, with a trip up the Saguenay River, return- 
ing to New York either through the White Mountains 
or by way of Lake Champlain, Lake George and the 
Ausable Chasm 60 subscriptions 

Ltmireai, yanaaa. sailing July zatn 76 suDscriptLO 

en day trip to Yellowstone Park from Chicago or 

Portland, Ore., with a week's tour of the Park.. 75 subscriptio 

ays' trip to Montreal and down the St. Lawrence 

A ten days' automobile tour of the White Mountains.... 50 subscriptions 

A ten days' trip to the Maritime Provinces by Boat from 
Boston, visiting New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince 
Edward Island and the land of Evangeline 60 subscriptions 

An eleven day trip to Bermuda; four days at sea and 

seven on the island 36 subscription* 

A trip to Boton from New York by boat, with two days 
at the hotel in Boston, during which time a trip will 
be taken, visiting the principal points of interest in 
and around Boston 15 subscriptions 


not cost them any more than by sending direct to the publishers in the usual way consequently you do not place yourself under obligation to 
them. We shall be glad also to mail sample copies of HOUSE & GARDEN or TRAVEL to your friends who are not acquainted with them. 


imple one, as 
or perhaps a 

Perhaps you have a friend whom you would like to surprise, maybe the pastor of your church (here the task would be a si 
many of the members would readily subscribe and work with you), or your children's school teacher, or a business associate, 
relative. Get your mutual friends to work with you. 

These splendid tours have been arranged for with one of the lead ing American tourist agencies. They cover every expense, including 
transportation, hotel and the services of a guide. The accommodations everywhere are first-class. Detailed information will gladly be sent you 
about any of the trips mentioned above, such as dates of departure, itineraries, etc. Write us immediately for the reprints of this page (as 
many as you require) and for any additional specific information you wish about this offer or the tours. Your letter will have prompt and 
individual attention. 

McBride, Winston &? Co., 449 Fourth Ave., New York 



JULY, 1911 


2302 Chestnut Street 


of various lengths for the 
garden, to fill in bare 
spaces or set at end of 

Catalogue showing thirty 
different designs on request. 


Philadelphia, Pa, 

160 Pictures 

for 25 Cents 

Copr. I.ifc Puh. Co. 

Makt Your Home More Attractive 

Send twenty-five cents f orLIF E'S 
handsome 130-page catalogue 
showing miniature reproductions 
of pictures for framing, ranging in 
price from twenty-five cents up to 
$2.00. If, upon examination, you 
think the catalogue is not worth 
price, we will return the money. 
Sen 1 in stamps or cash to 

14 West sist St., New York 




For Cooking, Water Heating, 

and Laundry work, also for 


"It makes the house a home" 

Send stamp today for "Economy 


Economy Gas Machine Co. 


'Economy" Gas is automatic. Sanitary and Not Poisonous 


Ornamental, deciduous, shade and weeping trees. Flowering 
shrubs Barberry. Privet, Evergreens, Conifers. Hardy trailing 
vines. Climbers, Fruit trees. Berry bushes. Hardygarden plants.etc. 
TheflntMt (ctlon lor lawn and garden planting In America. 

More than 600 acres of choicest nursery produce. 
We will make a planting plan of your place, selecting trees, shrubs, 
etc.. suitable to soil and situation, and give you the exact cost ot 
planting and proper time to plant. Send far Catalog /'. 
The Stephen Hoyt's Sons Company 
Establisl ed 1848 New Canaan, Conn. Incorporated 1903 




are made seamless, 

of pure wool or 

camel's hair, in any 

width up to 

16 FEET 




and in any length, color, or com- 
bination of colors. 65 regular 
shades any other shading made 
to match. Send for color card. 

"YOU choo it,, Arnold. Constable S Co.. Selling Agents, New York 
colors. wo'ii make Thread 4 Thrum Work Shop. Auburn. N.Y. 

me rug." ^^^M^^^^^^^^^^^^^MO^^^^^^^^^^^HM 

The New Mount Kineo House 

Moosehead Lake, Maine 

THE Mount Kineo House, famous for over half a 
century, has been reconstructed and sumptuously 
refurnished by its new owners, the Maine Central Rail- 
road, and is now under the management of the Ricker 
Hotel Company of Poland Springs. 

With its picturesque environment, Kineo offers an 
unrivalled combination the luxury of a magnificent 
new hotel, gay with social life and the invigorating 
atmosphere of woods and waters. 

THE New Mount Kineo House, with its cottages, 
overlooks Moosehead Lake, while behind it towers 
the mountain with the unbroken forest stretching away 
and away to Labrador. Golf, tennis, tramping, rid- 
ing, boating, famous fishing all doubly delightful 
in the cool, bracing air. A cuisine rivalling that of 
famous metropolitan hotels varied by the wild-woods 
food for which these surroundings create a genuine 
back-woods appetite. 

With its increased facilities the New Mount Kineo House can accommodate over 500 gruests. 
Early reservation, however, secures the choicest rooms and cottages. Write us for rates and 
reservations, and for our superbly illustrated book, full of interesting facts and descriptions. 

RICKER HOTEL COMPANY, 1180 Broadway, New York 

153 Franklin Street, Boston 
1711 Chestnut Street, Phlta- 

(Continued from page 60) 
to render as easy as possible the fitting of 
sash and screens. The floors need have 
but a moderate slope, say one inch in eight 
feet. The most serviceable floor is can- 
vas duck over spruce flooring; the canvas 
should be laid in paint and given two coats 
of lead and oil and one coat of spar var- 
nish; or, if this should prove too expen- 
sive, the canvas might be omitted and the 
joints of the spruce flooring painted with 
lead and oil as laid. This gives a satisfac- 
tory floor for all ordinary purposes. 
Doors to the sleeping-rooms are best sin- 
gle Dutch doors at least three feet eight 
inches wide, to permit the beds (single 
beds three feet wide) to be rolled in and 
out. The thresholds at these doors should 
be rounded. If electricity is at hand, there 
should be at least one ceiling light, one 

Detail section through sleeping-porch, show- 
ing sliding sash arrangement and drainage 
of floor 

bracket near the bed with chain pull 
socket and long chain, and one base outlet 
for reading lamp or electric warming pad. 
The question of design has been placed 
last in the consideration of the essentials 
of the sleeping-porch, but obviously is 
not the least important, for unless the 
porch can be made to appear as part of 
the general scheme, its usefulness will in 
many cases not always outweigh the sac- 
rifice in appearance. The one important 
consideration is that it should not have 
the appearance of an addition ; that is eas- 
ily avoided by giving the sleeping-porch 
its proper place in the general scheme as 
soon as the first rough sketch is attempted. 
Thereafter it is to be treated as any other 
integral part of the structure. Any at- 
(Continued on page 64) 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

JULY, 1911 







A Book for House Builders and Home Makers 


This book has been published in response to an ever-increasing demand for a vol- 
ume of pictures, plans and descriptions of the most charming homes in this country 
not the great estates and show places, but the sort of places that most of us can look 
forward to building, ranging in cost from $3,000 to $20,000. 

The carefully selected contents includes country homes, seashore cottages, alluring 
bungalows, inexpensively remodeled farmhouses, etc. All the desirable architectural 
styles are represented. Chapters written by authorities coverall sides of the fascinating 
problem of house-building, interior decoration and furnishing. The relations between 
the home-builder and hia architect, the matter of plans, specifications, contracts, the 
puiiling problem of extras and how to avoid them all these subjects are clarified in a 
moat comprehensive and interesting way. 

Distinctive Homes of Moderate Cost is the most complete and authoritative 
volume on the subject yet published. It is a sumptuous book, size 10x125$ inches, 
uperbly printed on plate paper, tastefully bound. Price $2.00 net. By mail, postage 
30 cents. 

McBride, Winston & Co., 449 4th Ave., N. Y. 

The Original 

Brick and Cement Coating 

protects concrete or stucco walls, floors and ceilings 
against damage from moisture and does not destroy the 
pleasing texture of concrete or stucco. It has been en- 
dorsed by the National Board of Fire Underwriters as a 
fire retarder; has been applied with great success to the 
exteriors and interiors of residences, hotels, factories and 
mills; when applied on ceilings it does not drop off, thus 
preventing damage to delicate machinery. It is not af- 
fected by acids or smoke. 

For Floors 

It prevents floors from dusting and sanding and is ad- 
mirable for hospitals and similar institutions. Will stand 
wear and washing. Write us for particulars about its ap- 
plication. We can fire you the names of some of the 
best residences and best textile and other mills where 
it has been used successfully under most adverse con- 

Address for descriptive booklet, Dept. 13, mention- 
ing this medium, 


Paint and Varnish Makers and Lead Corrodera 

Expert Assistance in the Selection oi a Country Home or Home-site 



' x :.. v R Ji *. ,!; 

TOWN & COUNTRY, the illustrated weekly paper of the delights and 
pleasures of the Country, has realized the difficulty thousands of 
people have in locating a home or home-site to meet with their re- 
quirements. With the desire to make this paper better known to the real 
estate buying public, real estate agents and owners, the publishers have in- 
curred a large expense to render to the intelligent homeseeker a kind of 
assistance never before offered. They have had Mr. John H. Livingston, Jr., 
make a personal examination and investigation of New York's suburbs, espe- 
cially the developments (there are 126 of them to our knowledge). The 

Town & Country Homeland Bureau 

in charge of Mr. Livingston has on file at our office complete data, including 
photos, time tables, and in addition the opinion of an expert. Our material 
is divided especially in reference to suburban New York, Westchester County, 
New Jersey, Connecticut, and Long Island. If you are seeking a home or 
home-site in any of these localities, and want the advice of our paper, the 
services of the Town & Country Homeland Bureau are at your disposal on 
the purchase of a copy of Town & Country, which is on sale at most news- 
stands, or a copy of our Ideal Homes issue, a special number, will be sent 
you on receipt of 25 cents in stamps ; each copy contains a 


for you to fill out. This Bureau does not sell or show properties, merely gives 
opinions and facts. 

John H. Livingston, Jr. 

Town & Country Homeland Bureau 

W til [M AVIMUK 

389 Fifth Avenue. Cor. 36th Street 

Telephone 3627-2K-29 Madison Sgnare 


6 4 


JULY, 1911 

In the 


General Frederick Funston 

will continue the story of his 


with an account of the fighting before Caloocan and Its 
Trenches. It has all of the qualities of vivid romance 

The eminent historian, James Ford Rhodes, contributes an article about 

The Great Railroad Riots of 1877 
Recollections, Grave and Gay. in h er nn ai chapters 

Mrs. Burton Harrison recalls the charming social life of New York in 
the seventies 

Mary R. S. Andrews, author of " The Perfect Tribute," will be represented 
by a college story 

The Courage of the Commonplace 

that will stir the blood of both young and old 


Charm of Rivers 

By Walter Prichard Eaton 



and Rheumatism 

By Carter Goodloe 

Another remarkable story 

The Wine of Violence 

By Katharine Fuller-ton Gerould 

Author of "Vain Oblations" 

F. Hopkinson Smith's 

beautiful story of the old South 

Kennedy Square 




9uality LA1A/IN /V\O\A/ERS 


>,j For durable painting of all kinds use National 
"jfc Lead Company's Pure White Lead (Dutch Boy 
tti Painter trade mark). Ask for Helps No. 91. Sent 
^5 FREE on request. 

NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY, 1 1 1 Broadway. New York 


Willowcraf t" Furniture 

Ask your dealer for genuine "Willowcraft." Look for the "Willowcraft" stamp 
beneath each piece. Illustrated catalogue, dealers and price list free. 


Box C North Cambridge, Mass. 

(Continued from page 62) 
tempt to give the sleeping-porch an ex- 
pression of its own in the general composi- 
tion by a forced change in the roofing 
scheme, would only lead to difficulties in 
the way of lack of unity, particularly in 
small houses. Considering the sleeping- 
porch merely as an outdoor bedroom, liv- 
ing-room or playroom, which assumption 
is perfectly justifiable by reason of the 
uses to which it is put, then the porch will 
sufficiently reveal its presence by the char- 
acter and treatment of its openings. 

As the love of outdoor life grows 
throughout the country, so will the de- 
mand for the sleeping-porch increase at 
least so far as the country or suburban 
house is concerned. The next step will be 
to extend its usefulness to the city house, 
especially to that type tenanted by those 
who must endure the heat of summer save 
for a respite for a fortnight at most, and 
to whom outdoor sleeping, especially dur- 
ing the heated term, would prove of in- 
calculable benefit. We mean that type of 
house built row after row in most of our 
cities and which has been greatly im- 
proved, at least as far as its livableness is 
concerned, during the past quarter cen- 
tury, by the addition of the front porch. 
Of course the handling of the sleeping- 
porch in these houses of limited dimen- 
sions will prove difficult enough, but that 
will make the problem all the more inter- 
esting to the architectural profession. 

AchievingCharacter in Remodeling 

(Continued from page 36) 
production of a molding shop. The 
choice of some particular kind of pic- 
torial form for each room is a happy so- 
lution of the difficulty. When pictures are 
set in rather than hung, they become 
really a part of the decoration of the 

Japanese prints lend themselves to this 
use most delightfully. Photographs of 
foreign lands, places, or of great pictures 
or statues or works of art we love and 
like to have where we can see them and 
live with them can be made a most sug- 
gestive decoration for a library, a "den" 
or small writing-room. 

One of the greatest trials of the house 
furnisher is the straight stair, springing 
directly from the front door. The first 
thought of a convenient way to get rid of 
this is by turning the stair thus pushing 
back the lower steps and getting rid of 
the long unbroken line. But many times 
this cannot be done on account of the ex- 
pense involved in an alteration of so 
fundamental a kind. If the hall is of 
sufficient width to admit of it, the widen- 
ing of the three or four lower threads, 
with the consequent curving of the balus- 
ter, will accomplish much and costs com- 
paratively little. 

Perhaps the most difficult task set the 
redecorator is the use of old furniture. 
(Continued on page 66) 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 







Many times we can redecorate but not re- 
furnish. Good, substantial pieces cannot 
be sacrificed, and the decorator faces the 
problem of making his rooms fit the fur- 
niture rather than the furniture the 
rooms. If this happens to be of good de- 
sign and harmonious, even if not all of the 
same character, it will not be so difficult ; 
but, again, it may be too ornate or of 
widely differing woods or designs. 

The use of paint on old furniture has 
not yet been given a general trial, but it 
accomplishes surprising results. Much of 
the over-ornate furniture of twenty years 
ago has for its most objectionable feature 
the ornamentation of sawed-out figures 
glued on. This can quite easily be re- 
moved and it often leaves a plain piece of 
furniture with fairly good lines, which 
may be painted and left plain, or, with a 
quaint decoration of flowers and fruits 
stenciled on it, makes charming furniture 
for bedrooms, where light colors are de- 
sired. Or if the furniture be of walnut or 
oak or other handsome wood, removal of 
varnish and the application of a good wax 
finish makes a different looking article of 
the piece once so objectionable or inhar- 

The daintiness of white furniture is 
acknowledged by everyone. And what is 
more appropriate for a young girl's room 
than furniture of pink or blue or laven- 
der? For a boy's room, paint the furni- 
ture black and have plenty of brilliant 
colors about, and you will have a room full 
of character and yet pleasing to the eye. 
One boy's room was made very striking 
by painting the furniture in the orange 
red enamel paint, the color that one sees 
in Japanese prints, the whole being held 
down with gray woodwork, lighter gray 
walls and Russian crash hangings. In this 
room there was not much honorable fur- 
niture an iron bed, a few chairs, an old 
study table and a high, small dressing- 
stand, the chiffonier being built in and con- 
sequently of the color of the woodwork. 
No two pieces in this room were of the 
same kind or style originally, yet the few 
cans of paint made them surprisingly 
homogeneous in effect. While the bright 
red would be too striking for most tastes, 
it exactly suited the room of this particular 

The only large space of the red was the 
table top, which was mostly covered with a 
crash runner and a gray blotter, and racks 
of books at either end. 

With the growth of outdoor life the 
house becomes not less but more impor- 
tant. The more we live in the open, the 
more we demand of light and air in our 
houses. The remodeled house, like the 
newly built one, has fewer rooms and has 
them larger, spends more on large win- 
dows, well glazed and screened, and less on 
elaborate woodwork or ornamentation of 
any kind, and in the made-over house the 
process of elimination is more important 
and often more costly as well than the sub- 
sequent decoration, 


Meurer's Metal, Spanish 
and Mission Tiles 

Residence of W. T. Phillips. San Mateo. C'al. 
Covered with Meurer's Metal Tile 

The Ideal Roof Covering 

made in tin, galvanized and copper 


575 Flushing Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

WORKS, Washington. Penn. 
130 120th St., New York City 



Then let us send you copy of our new booklet, 
H G-6, which tells all about the proper method of 
finishing floors and interior -woodwork. 

Johnson's Wood Dye 

makes inexpensive soft woods jusi ; 
artistic and beautiful as hard woods 
Tell us the kind of woods you will 
use and we will mail yu\\ panels 
those woods artistically finished 
together with our 2^c booklet 
all free and postpaid. 

S. C. Johnson & Son, Racine, Wis . 
The Wood Finishing Authorities 

Garden & Porch 


Rose Temples & 


Sena for new catalog 

Beverly, Miss. 

I Want You to Share My Superb 
Collection of Oriental Poppies 

Acres of glorious Orirntal 
Poppies now in bloom at 
WyumissinK Nurseries inspire 
me, more than ever, with 
the earnest desire to share 

their beauty with you that 
you may know and love them 
too. The Oriental Poppies 

that I (trow here are distinct 
in their splendor huge cup- 
shaped flowers, sometimes 
t'ifilit or nine inches across: 
silvery white, salmon pink, 
scarlet, crimson, orange ami 

Oriental 1'oppies remain 
dormant for just a few weeks 
<Iuring August and if planted 
then they are sure to grow 
and bloom freely the next 
spring 1 . Write 't:<m> for par- 
ticulars, for I want you to 
have some of them next year. 

My new book on Bulbs far 
-ready; I will 

be glad to send you a copy 

A special discount of 10% 

will be given <>n all Bulb 
orders received before July 

Fiirr't \-\\ Hook of 

Haril> I'lmH 

< lull I 

will be rtady about Septem- 
ber 1st. I plan to make this 
book describing my gre"at col- 
lect ion of Popple*. IriM *, 
1' e o n i e s. Delphiniums. 
Phloxes, more complete than 
ever ; as previous edit i< m* 
have brought me a host of 
warm friends it in my sin- 
cere wish that this one mny 
serve to still further add tn 
my comradeship *vith those 
who love growing thinn-"to3. 

HI i: I it \ MI II. FAKR. WyomUslnic Nurseries 

f. i.; F. I'. MM street. Itendloir. Pit. 

A WORD TO THE WISE Buy direct from the 

z^^^z^r^^^^z^^z^^^i^^^^ii^^zz^^rz^ Manufacturer*. 


Size or Seat 20 20 in.. Height of Back 36 in. 
(Shipped on receipt of Money Order or N. Y Draft, F. O. B. New York) 


Lexington Avenue New York, N. Y. 

Between 40th and 41st Streets 



Send for Illustrated Catalogue 

Let ua HELP YOU with your 
Color Scheme 

Whether your HOUM Is half-Umbered, shingled til otr or rough clap- 
boarded. It should harmonize with its lurroundings u well a* being artittlc 
In Itself. Our miniature tuined shingles will enable you to decide, right on 
the ground, which colors are best. 

Dexter Brothers' English Shingle Stains 

do more than beautify they fratttt. adding year* to the life of the wood. 
And the colors wilt not fade. The secret lies In the use of the 1-ett I-njchth 
ground col. rs imvrd in linirrd and our own Dexter frtxm-atnrt fitt. 
Write for booklet and sample miniature ihin.;le* TODAY. 

Dexter Brother* Co., 115 Broad St., Boston, Maa. 
Hr,M-b,, : nil Broadway, N. T. UN Kac* St., Philadelphia, Pa 

AfaJttrs o/ Pttrifax Ctmfnt Coating 

AGENTS; H. M. Hooker Co., Chicago, F. H. McDonald, Grand! 
R ip!<K, M'ch. F. T. Crowe Co., Seattle. Spokane. Tacoma. Wash.' 
and Portland Ore. Carolina Portland Cetnent Co., Birmingham 
anil Montgomery. Ate., TacksonvitK , Fla., Charleston, S. C., New 
Orleans. La., F. S. Coomb*. Halite*. N. S., E. B. Tottra, Security 
Hl'ljf.. St. Loull. Mo. M. D. Francis. Atlanta. Georgia. Sherman - 
Kin.bfil. San Francisco. Cal.. AND DEALERS. 

In writing to advirtiftr* plttt* mention HOUIE AMD GAIDI*. 



JULY, 1911 

Hicks Evergreens to Plant Now 

Evergreens are a delight 
all the year. You can 
plan for them in July, 
and plant the latter part 
of that month, August or 
September. Come to our 
nursery and select some of 
the stock. We have been 
working for many years to 
prepare a stock of nearly 
all the species of ever- 
greens hardy in this cli- 
mate and have many of 
them in sizes up to 20 and 

Isaac Hicks & Son 

30 ft. ready for immediate delivery. 
Is there a disagreeable view you want 
to screen? 

Do it in August with evergreens 
and it is done for all the year Do 
not depend on Lombardy Poplars. 
We tan ship the evergreens from 
our nursery, or from th* collecting 
fields where we have over 1 000 big 
White Pine. Red Pine. White Ce- 
dar, and Hemlock lOto 30 ft. high, 
root-pruned. 1 hey are the cheap- 
est because it has cost nothing to 
grow them. We are offering them 
at prices close to f he cost of hand- 
ling them to popularize an unde- 
veloped branch ol landscape plant- 
ing. Send for " Evergreens for 
August and September Planting." 

Westbury, Long Island 



We will take orders 
{or 125 varieties 


from our Holland Nurseries. Better order all 


FRANKEN BROS., Deerfield, Illinois 


All the drudgery, dust, disorder, inconvenience and labor 
01 removing ashes and garbage is saved by the 


Rotary Ash Receiving System 

Do away with boxes and barrels. All waste material not 
easily burned is held with the ashes in strong galvanized 
iron cans contained in a fire-proof vault. Cans revolve 
easily as filled. Ashes fall naturally away from grates, 
haves grates, improves draft and holds accumulation of 6 
to 10 weeks. I/se one can for garbage 

which' is no efort 
Ion - 

Holds 6 to 10 weeks' . Approved by Health Officers. 
ashes removal of Architects and Heating Contractors. 
' Ea3 7 '? in8ta " cren I* heater is al- 

teady in. Better invrstigate before 
you complete your building plans. 

Write {or free catalog, and 
read opinions of others. Dealers 
and Architects names appre- 


217 PARK AVE. 


A 1 000. Page Plan-Book of . 
Moderate-Cost House* Prlte $1. 


J 500 to (1000 Hone* ZSc 

Hr<.p.j J 1000 to JBO Houses- 25c 
J 1200 to 11500 Houses ' ZSc 

tisoo to tan HOWS - zsc 

Califomli Buneitows - 2* 
Artistic Churches - 25c 
Herbert C. Chlnr* Co. 
1622 Call Bid.. Sin Francisco 


are building a lot of good houses of moderate 
cost. This one is particularly pretty because 
of its nicely grouped casement windows, 
which also make it particularly comfortable 
these warm summer days and nights. 

Our famous Adjusters on the sash work 
easily and securely from inside the screen. 
No flies, no bother, just comfort all the time. 
Our free little book tells why. 




The Essentials of the Modern 

(Continued from page 39) 
galvanized iron, copper, soapstone or 
enameled porcelain, and provided with 
an ample draining-board ; two being much 
preferred. If there is a special sink for 
vegetables required, it should be immedi- 
ately adjoining the draining-board to in- 
sure compactness and convenience as well 
as economy in plumbing. The draining- 
board may be of hard wood or of wood 
covered with copper or zinc. The best are 
made of enameled ware similar to the 
sinks. Draining-boards of copper or zinc 
should be given only a slight slope to pre- 
vent the possibility of dishes slipping there- 

The refrigerator should be built in or 
placed against an outside wall in order that 
the ice can be put in easily from without 
through either a small opening or window. 
If it can be avoided, the refrigerator should 
not be placed immediately in the kitchen, 
but rather in the entry, pantry or enclosed 

The kitchen of the small house which 
sometimes has no communicating pantry 
should have built therein dressers of such 
proportions as will accommodate all the 
necessary dishes, pots, vessels, bins for 
flour, sugar, etc., cutlery, and other things 
essential for obtaining the best results 
under the circumstances. A dresser of 
commodious size is always a blessing. The 
top portion, of plain shelves, should be en- 
closed either with doors or sliding glass 
fronts ; the lower portion, first lined with 
zinc and enclosed with solid wooden doors 
so constructed to fit nearly if not airtight. 
If an exclusive pot closet is desired, it 
should be handy to the range and at the 
same time be under cover for sanitary 

Frequently in a small kitchen a counter 
or drop leaves against the wall are sub- 
stituted for a table, but in most kitchens a 
good-sized substantial table, preferably in 
the center of the room, is found indispen- 
sable. The table should have a smooth 
top that can be easily kept clean. Al- 
though costly, a heavy plate glass fitted 
perfectly with rounded edges makes a 
splendid top for the table. 

The service part of the house, of which 
the kitchen is the central room, should fit 
together just as parts of a machine and 
form a unit in themselves. The pantries, 
store rooms, etc., should be placed so as to 
afford easy access one to the other. 

In a house, which has two or more ser- 
vants, a dining-room or alcove should be 
provided for their use. This may be a 
part of the kitchen or immediately ad- 
joining, and merely large enough to com- 
fortably seat the servants around a table. 

The cook's pantry should contain cup- 
boards in which are all the necessary para- 
phernalia for preparing pastries, puddings, 
etc., such as bins, bakeboards, crockery, 
pans and supplies, and should be lighted 
by at least one window. 

The butler's pantry, or china-closet as 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AfP 

JULY, 1911 


it is often called generally located and 
affording direct communication between 
the kitchen and the dining-room is es- 
sentially a serving-room and should con- 
tain a sink with draining-boards, cup- 
boards and shelves to accommodate the 
fine china, glassware and other requisites 
for the table. With such a plan the door 
between the pantry and kitchen may be 
either sliding or double swinging, but be- 
tween the pantry and the dining-room, 
a noiseless double-swinging door. A 
slide, with small shelves or counters on 
either side, between the .kitchen and pan- 
try, for the passing of food and dishes, 
saves time and steps. It is well to have 
the communication rather indirect through 
the pantry to prevent in a measure the pas- 
sage of odors or a direct view of the 
kitchen by those entering the dining-room 
or seated at the table. This can be partly 
accomplished by not having the communi- 
cating doors directly opposite each other. 

The outside entrance to the kitchen 
should be so placed as to facilitate the 
delivery of provisions, preferably through 
an entry or an enclosed porch. 

The laundry in many houses is com- 
bined with the kitchen or immediately ad- 
joining, in which latter case it often serves 
as an entry and a place to store certain 
articles, such as brooms, buckets and pos- 
sibly the refrigerator. The very best plan 
is to have the laundry in the basement, 
with separate outside stairs. In such a 
case,' a chute for sending soiled linen, etc., 
should run from the kitchen or pantry 
to the laundry. 

The kitchen should above all be well 
ventilated and have plenty of daylight. 
The necessary fumes and heat arising 
from the cooking should be taken care of 
in such a way that none of it is carried 
to the dining-room or to other parts of 
the house. This can partly be accom- 
plished by the hood over the range, but 
plenty of fresh air is required. Generally 
in country homes, the living-rooms are 
given the southern exposur-e, so the 
kitchen usually faces the north. The best 
location is either the northern or eastern 
exposure, as the cooling breezes in the 
summer generally come from that direc- 
tion, especially in this part of the country, 
and combined with the morning sun, make 
the kitchen cheerful and cool. If possible 
there should be exposure on at least two 
sides, opposite, affording cross ventilation 
as well as an abundance of light. All win- 
dows should be well fitted with screens in 
summer to keep out flies and other insects 
attracted by the odors of cooking. 

The best artificial lighting is obtained 
by a reflector in the center of the kitchen, 
possibly with side brackets where neces- 
sary, as at the sink or at the range. 

In a large house the service portion may 
be situated in a separate wing and if so 
the stairs should be in a small hall, cen- 
trally located and near the kitchen, espe- 
cially the stairs to the cellar. This hall 
may contain a closet for brooms and a 
lavatory for the use of the servants. It is 
well not to have the stairway ascending 

The Heart in the Art 
of House Heating 

Has your heat- 
ing plant 
proved fully ef- 
ficient this past 
winter ? 

DUNNING Boilers are the 
culmination of half a cen- 
tury's experience in the 
business, and its claims on supe- 
riority are based upon the metal 
used and 

Its Safety 
Its Strength 
Its Durability 
Its Convenience 
Its Economy in Fuel 
Its Long Fire Travel 
Its Conservative Ratings 
Its Superior Workmanship 
Its Interior and Exterior 
Parts and Fixtures 

And that no expense is be- 
ing spared to make it sur- 
pass its past record which 
has never been equaled. 

IF it has not, would you be in- 
terested in the opinions of 
many other people like your- 
self who have installed the Dun- 
ning System? 

Would you not rather take the 
matter up with us now whilst you 
remember exactly what you want, 
than wait and welcome sickness 
and discomfort in your home 
next winter? 

Write us that we may tell you 
how the Dunning Boiler works, 
of what it is built and why we 
claim it to be the best boiler on 

New York Central Iron Works, 5 Main St., Geneva, N. Y. 


A vetylarge stock of OLD CHINA, Old Mahogany 
Furniture, Sheffield Plate, Old Blue Quilts, Copper, 
Hrass and Pewter, Old Glassware, Brass Andirons, 
Jardinieres. Many Old Prints. Antique Jewelry. My 
New Catalogue contains descriptions and prices of 
hundreds of Antiques, sent free to any one interested. 

Washington Nw Hampihir. 

Deadly Pills Kill Dandelions 

and all other weeds. Puts them permanently out 
of business. No backache. 

500 PilU and "Jabitick" prepaid $1.00 

Money back if you are not saiistiej 


362 West Erie Street Chicago 


1 A r 1 1 s t 1 c Hardwaic and 
Lock* for residence or public 
uiMinf. Many patter i 

hardware Sargent & 


COAL AMD GAS RANGE combines two complete ranges with ovens, gridiron broilers and 
toasters ;md all of the up-to-date appliances. This is but one of the many models we have in 
stock ;it our new display rooms. No. 261 West 36th Street. 

Call or write for catalogue and full information on kitchen equipment. 



w e .t 36th str..t 

New York City 


When usin the ' 'CHICAGO-FRANCIS ' ' Combined Cloth,, Dry*r and Laundry 
Stovt. Clothes are dried without extra expue. a the wat heat from the laundry 
tove dries the clothes. Can furnish stove suitable for burning- wood, eoal or caa. 
Dries the clothes as perfectly as sunshine. Especially adapted for use to Residences. 
Apartment Buildings and Institutions. All Dryers are built to order in various 
sizes and can be made to fit almost any laundry room. Write today for descriptive 
circular and our handsomely illustrated No. D 12 catalog. Address nearest office. 


630 to. Wibith . CHICAGO, ILL, 124 lti!i|t in., liW TDK CITT 

Plant for Immediate Effect 

Not for Future Generations 

Start with the largest stock that can be secured. It takes over twenty years 
to grow such Trees and Shrubs as we offer. 

We do the long waiting thus enabling you to secure Trees and Shrubs that (jive 
an immediate effect. Price List Now Ready. 


WM. WARNER HARPER, Proprietor 


In writing to udrtrtisers fleate mention Hoos AMD GAIDEK. 


JULY, 1911 | 

Write for Our Free Book on 

Home Refrigeration 

Tli in book tells how , 
to select the Home 
Refrigerator, how 
to know the poor 
from the ood, how 
to keep down ioe 
bills, how to keep a 
Ref rigera tor sani- 
tary and sweet 
lots of things you 
nhonld know before 
buying any Refrig- 

It also tells all about 
the "Monroe" with 
food compartments 
made in one piece of 
solid, unbreakable White 
Porcelain Ware, over an inch thick, with every corner 
rounded -no cracks or crevices anywhere, and as easy to keep 
clean as a china bowl. 

S* c Monroe 

The leading hospitals use the *'Moii- 
i roe'* exclusively, and it is found in a 
large majority of the best homes, 

The "Monroe*" is never sold 
in stores, but direct from the factory 
you on our liberal trial offer, 
Freight Prepaid. 

Kns.v Payments We are making 
a radical departure this year from our 
rule of all cash with order, and sell the 
"Monroe'* on our liberal credit 
terms to all desiring to buy that way. 

Just say "'Send Monroe Book" on a 
postal card and it will go to you by 
next mail. 

Monroe Refrigerator Co., Station 16, Lockland, O. 



ilV."."' Statuary and Decorative Marbles 
?"r;:"' Italian Gardens 



The beat, most practical and durable press on the 
market. Unequaled for makine 

Jellies, Jams, Cider, Grape Juice, Sausage, 
Lard and hundreds of other things. 

Every home should have one. Saves 
time, labor and trouble and soon pays 
for itself. 

The Yale Fruit Press is easily used and 
easily cleaned. Clamps to any table or 
handy place. Place cotton bag filled 
with material in colander, fix beam in 
position, attach crank to wheel and every 
pound pulled on same exerts 48 pounds 
pressure on contents. 

Made of steel and iron, plated. 

Four quart size tf> O Q[- 

price only p O.JO 

If your dealer will not supply you, do 
not accept a substitute, but order direct 
of us. Hold on 1 U Darn*' Trial. Hone* l>a<-k 
If not satlsllHl. 

Write today for FRFE booklet - 
"Aunt Sally's Best Recipes"- of interest 
to every housewife. Also givesfull descrip- 
tion and prices of Yale Fruit Presses. 

Patentee!, and Sole Manufacturers 

VICTOR H. UKAlt CO., P-l UUhtml lil.H'k 


Hunt Big Game 

Don't hesitate because inexperienced. Go this 
year, while there are still a few places left where 
you will see game that has never been hunted and 
have your hunting all to yourself. I can show 
you Mountain Sheep, Caribou, Moose, Grizzly 
Bears, in a country where no other white man has 
ever been and the game has not become dwarfed 
from the conditions which always arise after 
hunting is started. I make all arrangements, and 
personally manage expedition, preserve trophies, 
etc., as hunter companion ; advise as to purchase 
of fire-arms and cameras and give instruction in 
shooting and wild game photography. References. 

Address: C. T. S. 

Care of House & Garden 

directly from the kitchen, as it lessens the 
valuable wall space. The rooms directly 
over the kitchen can best be utilized in 
most cases for servants' sleeping rooms, 
as they are often objectionable for mem- 
bers of the household, or guests. 

Getting Acquainted with the July 
Flowers and Seeds 

(Continued from page 22.) 
with maroon or carmine, bearing the gold- 
en stripe down the center to set off the 
conspicuous maroon anthers. Beware of 
this famous beauty, though, for it too 
often repays all your care and feeding by 
dying slowly out. Really the only sure 
way of saving it in bloom is to buy fresh 
bulbs each year and set them either in 
pots in the cold frame or in the open 
ground as soon as it can be worked in the 
early spring. Another lily you should 
learn to know this month is Lilium spe- 
ciosiim, somewhat like the gold-banded 
lily in form, but smaller, with a waxy tex- 
ture, charming fragrance, pure white in 
color with purplish spots on the reflexed 
petals. From three to ten flowers appear 
on a single stalk. Then a neighbor may 
present you to what lie calls the day lily, 
which in reality does not belong to the lily 
family at all ; it's botanial name is Funkia 
subcordata, and it is a tuberous-rooted 
plant bearing many stalks of its long, 
white, funnel-shaped fragrant flowers. 
Then there i.s also a yellow clay lily, in 
bloom before this month (Ilcmcrocallis 
flai'a) , having the same sort of funnel- 
shaped flowers, three to eight on a stalk, 
but of a pale golden yellow color, also 

MONKSHOOD (Aconitum Napdlus). 
During this month and next you should 
make the acquaintance of this princess 
among the too few really beautiful blue 
flowers. In general habit it resembles the 
more widely known larkspur, but with a 
curious hooded flower that gives it its name. 
Unfortunately it is a poisonous plant, with 
some danger to children and those who 
know it not, hence its rather infrequent 
appearance in our gardens. 

PHLOX. You will meet two kinds of 
phlox in your quest, without doubt, for the 
perennial sort, Phlox panicuhita, is one of 
the most common and dependable of gar- 
den favorites. There are all colors to be 
found in the large flower clusters with the 
exceptions of blue and yellow. Of lower 
growth and earlier bloom is the annual 
phlox, Phlox Drummondi, which may be 
found in red, crimson, primrose and white, 
the flowers borne in profusion in a spread- 
ing bushy tuft. 

HOLLYHOCK (Althca rosed) . Few peo- 
ple, even among the garden novices, will 
need an introduction to this old-time fa- 
vorite of vigorous, stately growth and 
luxuriant bloom. The plant is a biennial, 
but perpetuates itself so freely by offsets 
and self-sowing that, once established in 
deep, rich soil, it will hold its place indef- 
initely. By all means note the simple beau- 

ln writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

Tell as your gar- 
dening experiences 

HT FIESE are the days when your garden 
A begins to yield its reward and you 
can watch the growing success of your 
planning. Why not send us your experi- 
ences for publication in HOUSE & GAR- 
DEN? Your success in adding to the 
beauty and livableness of your home will 
help others ; their accomplishments will 
help you. It's the best kind of reciprocity. 

F\ ON'T think you need literary ability 
to contribute ; a real story tells it- 
self, and we're sure yours is very interest- 
ing. HOUSE & GARDEN wants to know 
how you made your home what it is and 
the difficulties you contended with. Write 
up the description about 2,000 words 
and send it along with the pictures. It 
will command our usual rates. Or send 
us what snapshots you have, and if more 
pictures are needed we may be able to 
send our staff photographer. 


An ugly prospect shut out by plants and foliage. 
Making an unattractive building beautiful w 

ith vines 

and flowers. 
Developing some perfect flower types. 
Growing plants where others failed before. 
Using wild flowers to advantage. 
Making my vegetable garden pay. 
Winning out in the struggle against garden pests. 
A record breaking crop. 
My successful hedge. 
The seeds that sprouted first. 
Beating Burbank at his own game. 
My house in the woods. 
A summer that paid for itself. 
The way we conquered the frost. 
How I showed the experts short cuts to success. 
The house we built ourselves. 
Turning a ruin into a home. 
What was done in an hour each day. 
The evolution of the prize garden. 
What was done with a spade and two dollars' worth 

of seeds. 

A child's garden. 
Plants that came visiting. 
My partnership with the birds. 
A living from a back yard. 
What 1 learned from foreign gardens. 
Set-backs that lead to success. 
Six months of bloom. 
A garden in the sand. 
Flowers that flourished in the shade. 
The garden that Nature supplied. 
Making the most of an acre. 
A garden living-room. 
The garden that started itself. 
From a wilderness to a home. 
What my garden means to me. 
A child's paradise. 
How we found contentment. 
The house modeled on an historic home. 
A city man's experiences in the country. 
The little brown house. 
A garden for every man. 
The secret of my success. 
How my garden grew. 
My luck with roses. 
The stars of my garden. 
The most satisfactory plant. 
Flowers I have grown. 
The man who found himself. 
What the seasons brought me. 
The greatest recreation. 
What a year brought forth. 
My garden specialty. 
What I have done with a small suburban plot. 

We know you have a lot to tell, so let 
your enthusiasm run into your pen and 
mail the result to 

House & Garden, E xperience Dept. 
449 Fourth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

JULY, 1911 



The Finest Evergreen 






Hirhi.nd. Nur..ry HARLAN P. KELSEY, Owner 
Carolina Mountains.) Hardy American Plant* 

and Salem Nuraeriea 




Send for catalogue No. P-27 of Pergolas, sun dials 
and garden furniture, or P-40 of wood columns- 


Elston & Webster Avenues, Chicago, 111. 
East, office, IJ23 Broadway, New York City 

Exclusive Manufacturers of 


Suitable for Pergolas, porches and interior use. 

Write for the 

Connoisseur Book 5,7 CUT 




tpOR rent in Pelham Manor for term of years. All 
* modern improvements. Four living rooms on 
ground floor with a fireplace in each. Five master's 
Bedrooms, three fireplaces, two baths, and two large 
rooms on third floor. Large Kitchen and Pantry 
with light, airy cellar under whole. 

Further information may be obtained by calling 
on or writing to, 

E. K. GILLETT, - . 

Pelham Manor, N. Y. 


Cheaper than wood and 
last a lifetime. 
For full description write for 
Folder D, or ask your dealer. 

Milwaukee Steel Post Co. 

Milwaukee Wisconsin 

ty of the single varieties as compared with 
the modern doubles. 

PENTSTEMON. Under its common name 
of bearded tongue you may meet one of 
the several varieties of this native peren- 
nial. P. barbahts is the earliest in bloom, 
appearing in June, its flowers light pink to 
carmine, effective in a mass, but inconse- 
quential when straggling. A blue pent- 
stemon (P. diffitsus) will be found in June 
and July, somewhat lower in growth with 
bluish purple flowers. P. deiistns shows a 
pale yellow flower and P. Cobcca purple to 

BLAZING STAR (Liatris pycnostachya) . 

You may come upon the long, grass-like 

foliage and long spikes of purple flowers 

of this little-known perennial in the light 

soil of a neighboring wild garden. 

I'I.UME POPPY (Bocconia cordata). A 
splendid plant of tall growth that in rich, 
moist soil may become a weed. The 
flowers are pinkish white, borne in fluffy 

BALLOON FLOWKR (Platycodon grandi- 
florum). The largest bell-flower that is 
commonly found, in blue, purple and white, 
one to three feet high, the flowers meas- 
uring three inches across. 

aristata). Another old-fashioned favorite 
that is widely known. The brilliant red 
and yellow daisy-like flowers bloom until 
after frost if the seed-pods are not allowed 
to form. To my own taste the flowers are 
not particularly attractive excepting in a 
few of the na'iied varieties, such as the all- 
yellow Kelway's King. There is also an 
annual sort. '(.',. pulchclla. in yellow and 
rose purple. 


AGERATUM (A. conyzoides). Learn to 
know this best blue hardy annual for edg- 
ing ; its bloom extends over three months. 

SWEET ALYSSUM (-!. maritimum) sure- 
ly needs no introduction. Make a note of 
the fact that by cutting back the plants you 
may induce bloom from July until after 

AFRICAN DAISY (Arctotis gratidis) may 
be readily distinguished from among the 
many other members of the daisy family 
by its steel-blue centre surrounded by a 
narrow gold edging inside of the white 

BALSAM (Imfaticns balsamina) will be 
known by its habit of bearing its red, white 
or yellow flowers in the axils of the leaves 
along the stalk. 

POT MARIGOLD (Calendula offic'malis') is 
the old-fashioned herb that our grand- 
mothers used for flavoring soups. The 
orange and yellow flowers appear over a 
long period. 

CANDYTUFT (Iberis amara). In addi- 
tion to sweet alyssum and ageratum, you 
should know this less showy edging plant. 
It is found in red and white, blooming 
through a great degree of drought until 
after frost. There is also a perennial candy- 
tuft, /. sempervircns, excellent for edging 
or for the rockery, but it blooms in June. 

Dutch Bulbs and Plants 

direct from Holland 

Have you ever seen a real Dutch Bulb catalog 
i catalog of Duuh Bulbs issued by the house 
that grew them ? 

Do you understand the difference In sizes 
and qualities that exist in Dutch Bulbs? 

If you want fullest success next Spring, 
you should make it a I-HMI to 
notr. to plant some of our 
bulbs along with the best 
others you have been able 
to buy. They will prove 
their own we will gut 
oil your future orders. 

ImjH-lled by the increas- 
ing American demand for 
the choicest bulbs 

the largest growers of 

Bulbs and Plants 

in Holland 

will hereafter sell direct to 
the consumer from their 
American Branch House. 

This is the first direct 
branch of any Dutch grower 
in America though the 
same firm has branches in Th Prld.ot Haarlem Tulip, oi.mlny 
other leading countries. ros., on.-nlnth solus) surfse. 

Our catalog will appeal to 

all flower lovers to the man who buys ten tulim. hyacinths or 
daffodili, and the man who buys ten thousand to Uiose who 
want Spring flowering bulbs outdoors, as well as those who 
want the beat for forcing indoors. 

Our shipment of Dutch Bulbs for Fall Planting is now bs- 
ing made up. \Ve suggest that ^ou order early a* it will be 
impossible to fill orders after this American allotment is sold. 
A few prices which show what real first quality bulbs cost 
.vhen bought direct. 
Hyacinths $2.00 fcr too, up 

Tulips Si. oo fcr 100. up 

Narcissus (Daffodils! 7sr per ioo.ii/> 
Crocus toe per 100, uf 

Gt. van Waveren and Kruijff 

loll- 1:11:1.11;. Manager 

American Branch House, 527 Bourse Bldg., Phiiadelphu, Pa., U.S.A. 

Home offices aiul nurseries. Sassenheim. Holland. 

Other bra IK 'hi*, Mosc-ow, Uussia. Leipsic, Germany. 

Buenos Ayrt-s, Argentine Republic. 



Summer cottage on Lake shore, facing mountains; large 
fully furnished; seven chambers, bathroom; hot and cold 
wau-r. spring water; long distance telephone; bathing; 
through Pullmans to Lake; trout, salmon and togue; daily 
mail; rental, four hundred dollars, includes ca*noes, sail- 
boat, ice, fuel, telephone and complete equipment. Refer- 
ences, photographs and particulars. 

I ITTI C f LJ I /"* If C How to Hatch and Rear 
LI I I L.E. \snilsl\a Them Successfully 

A new book that is serring as a reliable ami instructive guide 
to success in the hatching, rearing, feeding, care and develop- 
ment of young chicks, by both natural and artificial means. A 
cumprelifii.siiir work which presents in clear and concise form 

w __^ ___ ^_ ^ ^ Llgtx tlieir 

eral stages "of "development to maturity, la fact, it is a com- 
plete and authoritative text book that eery poultry keepr 
should own. Consists of twelie chapter-fully illustrated. 
SPECIAL OFFKH : For a limited time we will send a copy 
postpaid Including a three years' subscription to Poultry 
Husbandry". America's foremost poultry journal. All for 

United Poultry Publishing Co., Box H, W.terville.N. Y. 

.1 H srrtifl, (Vtloniivl HomMtatd of 14 room*. Inntc hsrn mn<\ r,il-r 
mil linilfiiuK". l^i, nl. -.1 in lii^rt of viHur upptmih' 1'. (I., lihrarv 
nd num.. TnJl..y I-~ door. Prliv. *7ftOO. Ciwll, 4<MIU. 
Plenty of fruit i.d hjul tr*M. Thin w only on* of our ItsricKiris. 
II'RII I I OK l.l.\r 


534 Sins>r Huildini. 1411 It. .....I .. . < . \. Y. C. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 


JULY, 1911 

Automobile Tours to 

Lake George and Lake Champlain 

for those not owning their own cars 

LAST month we announced an arrangement with a well-known tourist agency 
by which we were able to offer automobile tours of New England. The 
announcement of these novel trips met with such an eager response that we have 
arranged for another tour route up through the charming Lake George, Lake 
Champlain and Adirondack country. The route of the tour is from Xew York 

Up the Hudson 
Lake Champlain 
Lake George 
Adirondack Mountains 

The total distance is about 750 miles and the tours cover a period of twelve 
days, entirely by automobile. The same kind of new 1911 high-powered seven- 
passenger touring cars provided for the New England tours will be used. 

Cross Fort Lee Ferry, ascend the Palisades and continue north along the 
ROlltC west shore of the Hudson River past Nyack and West Point to Newburgh, 

through New Paltz and Kingston ; along the eastern base of the Catskill 
01 TOUr Mountains to Catskill ; continue through several quaint old Dutch villages 

past Albany to Saratoga ; along the Hudson to Glen Falls, descending through 
a picturesque ravine and along the west shore of Lake George to Sagamore ; through Hague 
and historic Ticonderoga, all the time along the shores of Lake George and Lake Champlain 
to Westport, continuing north to Lake Champlain on the right to Bluff Point, the apex of 
our Tour; proceed southwest through Ausable Chasm to Lake Placid, through Elizabeth- 
town, following the Bouquet River through Pleasant Valley, past Dead Water Pond to 
Schroon Lake; continuing south through the Adirondack Mountains to Lake George; again 
passing through Saratoga and Cohoes to Albany; returning to New York on the east side 
of the Hudson River through Red Hook,stopping at Poughkeepsie and continuing on 
through Peekskill and Tarrytown. 

Dates Of TOUr Leaving New York at frequent intervals during the 

For full information and folder describing tours in detail with prices, address 



McBRIDE, WINSTON & CO., Publishers, 449 Fourth Ave., New York 


$2,000.00 in Prizes Big Game Fish 


th and 

"America's Magazine for Sportsmen" is offering 203 Prizes for 
the Biggest Fresh and Salt Water Game Fish Caught During 1911 

This $2,000.00 will be. divided into 203 monthly prizes for the biggest fish caught each mon 
grand prizes for the entire season in each class. Prizes include ten silver cups ranging from $150.00 
to $60.00, silver medals, high-class rods and reels, guns and sportsman's equipment. 

If you have caught a "big one" secure a copy of FIELD AND STREAM for conditions and list 
of. prizes and send m your record at once. Whatever you do, don't miss the stories of the prize 
6 ??' A e i!m B JiMM> Jt ,, Wnere and Wlth what Tackle these big fish were caught, published in 

IELD AND SI UK, AM each month, beginning with the July number. Or take advantage of our 
wSSrri R' n t cs Lifi? er of a t" 1 "* months' trial subscription, to f i i r *, ,.-. 

"ELD AND STKKAM, together with the 1911 Angler's Guide, tie All f O f $1 00 
oest book on fishing publisTied, telling How, When and Where to { * ' * UI **V 

J^V ,! n f' uci ' n 8 * he ff*S* Game and * ^w' for 1911 . ^d five I Reo-ular Price $2 00 
foot Split Bamboo Bait Casting Rod. I Regular rrice, ^i.OU 

FIELD AND STREAM PUBLISHING CO., 29 East 21st Street, New York City 

CANNA (C. Indica hybrids) . This trop- 
ical-looking plant probably needs no intro- 
duction, though its frequent appearance as 
the central feature of a circular bed in the 
center of a lawn may have persuaded you 
that closer acquaintance was undesired. 
Properly used, the new hybrids in red, yel- 
low and nearly white, are well worth culti- 
vating. The plant is a tender bulbous one, 
requiring winter storage in the cellar. 

tinctoria) is one of the best annuals for 
cutting. The daisy-like flowers have yel- 
low rays with a dark maroon base. Learn 
to know also the perennial Coreopsis 
lanceolate, blooming next month. 

DAHLIA (D. rariabilis) is a tuberous 
plant that surely is too well known to need 
a formal introduction. By all means learn 
to know all the new improved varieties you 
can find, beginning late this month and 
continuing through October. The man 
who once starts making acquaintances 
among the dahlias - is bound to become a 

GLADIOLUS (G. Gandavensis, Childsii; 
Lemoinei, etc.), the sword lily one of the 
showiest of the summer-blooming bulbs, 
whose pink, red, white, yellow and mixed 
flowers appear in heavy spikes. Make a 
note to plant the bulbs five inches deep 
they are usually set too shallow and the 
weight of the stalk topples them over. 

GLOBE AMARANTH (Gomphrcna glo- 
bosa). A pink button-like flower of the 
everlasting type that, with so many others, 
is often given the name bachelor's button. 
GODETIA (CEnothcra aniccna, (E-Whit- 
neyi). One of the best and most showy 
large-flowered annuals for shady places ; 
in red and white. 

LAVATERA (L. trimestris) may be known 
by its hollyhock-like flowers of delicate 
rose the best annual member of the mal- 
low family. 

and VERBENA are surely too well known to 
need comment. 

NICOTIANA (N. Tabacum) has very long 
red or white flowers that are not otherwise 
showy, among the large leaves on four- 
foot stalks. 

PORTULACA (P. grandiflora) is a low- 
growing plant with brilliant flowers in 
white, red and magenta, found at its best 
in dry places. 

SALPIGLOSSIS (S. sinuata) has tubular 
flowers with large flat expansion, in shades 
of purple and blue, red, yellow, nearly to 
white, veined and mottled. A flower that 
once seen will not be forgotten. 


(S. primatus). One of the best variegated 
annuals in violet, lilac and yellow in com- 

nieri). A low, bushy plant with yellow, 
blue or purple flowers ; a good substitute 
for the pansy in bedding. 

ZINNIA (Z. elegant}. Another of the 
old-time favorites but you will find color 
clashes excepting in the named and well 
isolated varieties. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 



Summer Furnishing with Cretonne 
(Continued from page 37) 

French cretonne and finished at the edges 
with gilt braid have little glass knobs, but 
the more practical pieces are fitted with the 
tabs of cretonne. 

The newest piece of cretonne furniture 
is the seat with boxes underneath that is 
intended to stand in a window or at the 
foot of a bed. It comes in several differ- 
ent lengths and has an upholstered cush- 
ion, kept in place by a little ornamental 
railing of wood around three sides, while 
the space under the seat is filled with 
boxes. The shorter seats have two shelves 
underneath with a box on each, and the 
longer ones have two boxes on each shelf 
with a partition in the middle. As pieces 
of furniture they are decidedly ornamen- 
tal, and the idea of utilizing the lower 
part as a place for storing things is an in- 
genious one, to say the least. 

Another new piece of cretonne-covered 
furniture, while\not of the cabinet variety, 
is pretty and equally useful, and may be 
had in cretonne of any desired pattern. 
This is a case for slippers in the shape of 
a rather high stool, with an upholstered 
top that makes quite a comfortable seat. 
The stool is octagonal, with a lining of 
heavy material in a dark color, and fast- 
ened to this lining are pockets made of the 
same material, each large enough to hold 
a pair of slippers. 

Even work-tables are made in a com- 
bination of wooden frame and cretonne- 
covered box, and follow out the idea of 
many of the old-fashioned models by hav- 
ing a deep pocket of the cretonne at the 
bottom of the box, which is set into a 
white enameled frame on four slender 
legs. The table is so effective, besides be- 
ing light and easily handled, that even 
though there may be no cretonne to cor- 
respond in the furnishings, it is quite suit- 
able and does not seem out of place in a 
bedroom of any description. 

For a room in which these cabinets and 
other cretonne pieces are used, the most 
suitable chairs are of willow, painted or 
enameled in white, with cushions that 
match the furniture and hangings. The 
color and design are a matter of one's in- 
dividual taste, as the furniture may be 
had to order as well as in stock patterns. 
Large-figured cretonnes that are correct 
reproductions of English chintz of the 
1 8th century period are more or less of a 
novelty and quite popular, but however 
appropriate they may be for curtains and 
draperies, they are hardly suitable for the 
box furniture. Small patterns in floral 
effects are more tasteful, and a design new 
this season, that is largely used for the 
cabinets made up in sets seems to have 
just the right proportion of white back- 
ground and colored figures. It is de- 
cidedly conventional, showing clusters of 
leaves intertwined with a heavy cord and 
tassel design, and comes in a number of 
attractive colorings suitable for bedrooms 
and boudoirs, 




You can have electricity in your home for lighting, heating or running 
vacuum cleaners, washing machines, electric irons, toaster, stoves in fact anything 
that operates by electricity. You can also run machinery of all kinds, such as 
pumps, lathes, etc. 

Let us show you one of our electric plants in operation. All of the apparatus guaranteed. 


New York Office : OTIS & WELLS, 2 Rector St., New York 

Inexpensive Homes of Individuality 

THE prospective builder can find no more adequate or valuable 
assistant in determining the style, construction and decoration 
of his home than this book Inexpensive Homes of Individuality. 
It contains plans and photographs of houses moderate in size and 
of greatest architectural merit and is full of just such suggestions as 

the man about to built will appreciate. It offers an opportunity to study in detail 
tome of the best homes in the country of many different styles and varying n cost 
from $2.000 to $8,000. 

Mr. Frank Miles Day, past President of the American Institute of Architects, has 
written the introduction on the choice of a Style for the Country or Suburban Home. 
Within the sixty-four pages there are over one hundred and twenty-five illustrations 
and plans, made doubly illuminating by information pertinent to cost, location and 
details of construction. Printed on coated paper with an attractive art cover design 
in two colors. Price 25 cents, postpaid. 

McBride, Winston & Company, Publisher* 
449 Fourth Avenue, New York 


The planting and transplanting of vegetables are I 

Home Vegetable Gardening to guide you. 

Tin' Landscape Gardening Tiook will rliow you how to plan and plant your 
grounds in such effective ways as this. 


Home Vegetable Gardening 


THERE are many books that treat of vegetable gar- 
dening, fruit growing and the like in an encyclo- 
paedic way. They tell what vegetables there are, 
what pests are liable to attack them, and so on, but they 
usually give far too much information for the man who 
wants to establish a vegetable garden on his own country 
place or suburban plot for. the family use. The author, V. F. 
Rockwell, is a practical gardener himself. He realizes from 
long experience just what the average layman wants to 
know in order to raise a successful and varied crop of vege- 
tables. Exactly this information is presented in this practical 
volume. While not fulsome, this book covers every essential, 
from preparing the soil to the last cultural directions for the 
proper maturing of the crop. The author has treated the 
subject in an amazingly concise and entertaining manner. 

plete yet concise book on home vegetable gardening. It in- 
cludes as well the equally important subjects of growing ber- 
ries and fruit. The book is uniform in size and binding with 
THE GARDEN PRIMER, but with many more ,pages. 

Cloth, 12 mo, $1.00 net. Postage 8c. 

The Landscape Gardening Book 


THERE have been many books published within the 
past few years on the various branches of gardening, 
but most of these have dealt with the cultural side 
exclusively. The larger subject, embracing the whole site 
of the country home, particularly one of moderate size, has 
apparently been ignored. The author of THE LAND- 
SCAPE GARDENING BOOK, a well-known landscape 
architect, has written the one book that solves the whole 
problem of making a home out of a house and plot. The 
book shows just how to plan the home grounds, whether they 
consist of a suburban plot or a large estate how to plan the 
entrance walks and driveways ; how to plant trees so that 
they will give the most value in shade and beauty; how to 
group and plant shrubbery for a harmonious mass as well 
as a succession of bloom ; how to make the grounds attrac- 
tive in winter in short, this is the one essential book for 
the man who would have his home something more than a 
mere building set on the earth. Planting tables, lists of 
plants and cultural instructions are added in condensed form 
at the end of each chapter. The illustrations are superb 
half-tone reproductions of representative gardens and homes, 
together with practical diagrams and planting plans adapt- 
able to any sized place. 

Bound in dark blue cloth, stamped in gold with a garden 
inlay in full color. 8 i'o, $2.00 net. Postage 2oc. 

The Garden Primer 




Indispensable to Every Garden Maker 

CThe Garden Primer, as its title indicates, is a handbook of practical gardening information for the beginner, covering 
every branch of the subject from preparing the soil to the gathering of the fruit and flowers. In it is set forth, without 
any confusing technicalities, just the information that will enable the amateur to grasp quickly the essentials of garden- 
making. The authors in preparing this book have drawn from their long experience, ami in writing it assume no 
knowledge of the subject on the part of the reader. There has been great need of a book of 'this kind, yet, so far as 
we know, no volume has ever been published that treats the subject in this charmingly simple way. While dealing with 
first principles this volume has an equal interest for the advanced gardener, who will find much of value in the experi- 
ences of the authors, and in a fresh presentation of a subject which always abounds in new methods and discoveries. 
CA profusion of illustrations show every phase of gardening, growing vegetables and flowers, fertilizing, pruning, cultivating, spraying and a 
thousand and one helpful and necessary things. Planting tables direct the beginner throughout the year and an index makes the book instantly 
accessible for reference. 



449 Fourth Avenue, New York 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND QARDZN. 

AUGUST, 1911 




are building a lot of good houses of moderate 
cost. This one is particularly pretty because 
of its nicely grouped casement windows, 
which also make it particularly comfortable 
these warm summer days and nights. 

Our famous Adjusters on the sash work 
easily and securely from inside the screen. 
No flies, no bother, just comfort all the time. 

Our free little book tells why. 




Sond 15c. New Booklet. 





S West 28th St. New York 


POR.G H ~ 






Send for catalogue No. P-Z7 of Pergolas, sun dialt 
and garden furniture, or P-40 of wood columns. 


Elton & Webster Avenues, Chicago, III. 
East office, U23 Broadway, New York City 

Exclusive Manufacturers of 


Suitable for Pergolas, porches and interior use. 


ornamental fix- 
tures best adapted to 
your grounds may be 
selected with ease from 
our catalogues. There 
are shown designs for all 
conditions some very 
simple, others more elab- 
orate; all being original 
and of true artistic 

. We issue separate catalogues of Display Fountains, Drinlc- 

merit. ing Fountains, Electroliers, Vases, Grills and Gateways, 

Setrees and Chairs, Statuary, Aquariums, Tree Guards, 
AlJDRESS: ORNAMENTAL IRON DEPT. Sanitary Fittings for Stable and Cow Barn. 

J. L Mott Iron Works, Fifth Avenue and 17th Street, New York 


("Cypress Lasts Forever") 


(A JOKE TO erenYBoor BUT THE OWN**) 



Write our "All-round Helps Dtpt.'* for list of volumr in the famous 
"Cypress Pocket Library." covering J2 uses of WOOD. Sent free by 

1210 Hiberni. Bank Building NEW ORLEANS. LA. 


you will find the 



Each plant designed to meet the requirements of the individual home, and 
guaranteed to do the work that it is designed for. 

A postal mailed today will bring you full information by next mail, or a repre- 
sentative will call by appointment. 

Write for list of installations and if you are not 
convinced on the spot you will at least be interested 
and the game half won. 

Our strongest argument is the testimony of 
Brunswick users. 

It will be worth your while to investigate. 

The Brunswick Refrigerating Co. 

New Brunswick, N. J. ""'I'n'pVim'iJlJ 



"A Mile on the Hudson 

The only development within 
commuting distance of New York 
that has an actual frontage upon 
the Hudson River, 26 miles from 
Grand Central Station. (Tarry- 
town one mile south.) 

Attractive New Homes 

typifying the highest development of 
suburban architecture, may be pur- 
chased on a mortgage basis of 
FULL COST of House at Five 
Per Cent, interest. 

Choice Plots On Easy Terms 

An exceptional opportunity is of- 
fered MOW to secure desirable lo- 
cations at attractive prices. Build- 
ing money furnished. 

All Improvements Installed 

including sewers, water, gas, elec- 
tricity, macadamized roads, side- 
walks and curbing. The new Phil- 
ipse Manor Station is the finest of 
its size in America. Frequent train 
service within one hour. 
Write for booklet and particulars. 

Address Department L. 

Ye Olden Philipse Manor House (Erected 

11683) Now Open. First Class Catering. 

Cooley <QAVest Inc 

Telephone Murray Hill 4470 

331 Madison Ave.. N.Y 


Fine river-front plantations on the James and York 
rivers; 1,212 acres, with old Colonial bouse, $80,000; 
2,200 acres, $60,000 ; 545 acres, $20,000 ; 700 acres, 
$12,000; 200 acres, $12,000; 200 acres, $5,000; 135 
acres, $3,500; also small farms either with or with- 
out water fronts. For particulars, address 


Claremont, Va. 


Splendid homes. Delightful surroundings. 
Convenient to both New York and Philadel- 
phia express train service. 

Rentals $300 to $6,000 a year. Tastefully 
furnished homes also for rent. 

Choice properties in other localities for sale 
or rent, furnished or unfurnished. 

WALTER B. HOWE, Princeton, N. J. 

New York Office, 56 Cedar Street. 


In New Jeney's Most Exclusive Residence Section 

ffl Invigorating mountain air ; broad outlook ; 
^1 pure, unfailing water supply ; all city im- 
provements. Forty minutes, express trains. 

We Build for You 
from your 
own plans, 
or you can 
build for 
Conveni ent 
terms ar- 
Write today. 


Distinctive Houses 
ready and 
Can be 
changed in 
plan and fin- 
ish to suit 
your indi- 
vidual taste 


Broadway | 

New York 
Suite 1303 < 


Have you a WINTER HOME ? 

IF NOT I can sell you Deodora Cottage, routing for S2000. Allten 
IB lh, place for rest, amusement and recreation. Golf, Tennis, 
beautiful drives and electric lights. I have many other attractive 
homes for sale or rent, and I am sure I can suit you Let me 





Sixty acres for sale in lots as the purchaser desires, 
For further details address 

H. A. Wyckofl, 274 Clinton Arenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. 


with Beautiful 


35 minutes to New York 

R. R. Station Port Washington 


{[ The beautiful country, dotted with the fine 
estates of many wealthy New Yorkers in the im- 
mediate neighborhood of "WAMPAGE SHORES" 
the great attraction of the clear waters of the 
sound, the quality of improvements (all wires in 
conduits) make " WAMPAGE SHORES " the 
most ideal home place in the vicinity of New York. 


542 Fifth Ave. Tel. 561O Bryant 

"D&miont Cstatc 'fit scmdait station 

The ideal realization of out-of-town living. A delightful home 
community, for all-year residence. Protected social environment, 
the charm of the country, all city improvements. Immediately at 
station, only 19 miles on Harlem Elec. Div. N.Y. Cent. R.R. Special 
advantages to be secured for those 
building during the present season. 
Write for Booklet A 

J.Warren Thayer. Pres'.' 
Scar-sdate, .503 Fifth Ave 

New York V>wY* rv-' 


but the most beautiful spot in Greater New York City is at Little Neck Hills, with 
its giant old trees, quaint old homesteads, and winding avenues. Its succession of 
beautiful hills slope to the south from Broadway, rising one above another till they 
overlook the far-famed Douglas Manor, Little Neck Bay, Connecticut, across the Sound, 
the sky line of Manhattan and on even to the Palisades across the Hudson. To see 
Little Neck Hills means that you will want your "House and Garden" there forever. 
Our prices are moderate and terms attractive and property perfect. 

Dwight-Murray Realty Co., 47 West 34th Street. New York 



Small estate of 3 acres, beautiful shade trees, 
large vegetable and flower gardens. House of 
10 Bedrooms, 4 baths, large stable and garage. 

This is one of many delightful estates that 
I am offering for sale in beautiful Greenwich. 
Write for descriptions. 

Greenwich Tel. 456 Conn. 

Opp. Depot 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

AUGUST, 1911 





O. Timely outdoor articles, 
splendid photograLphs a.nd 
breezy fiction make the 
AUGUST OUTING, our big mid- 
summer number, the best 
of the season. 

O. There's canoeing and sail- 
ing, bird photography and 
country living, fishing, motor- 
ing and motor boating. Di- 
versity aplenty for everyone. 

it This issue will convince 
you that, more than ever be- 
fore, OUTING should be your 
guide along the various paths 
of the outdoors. 

C Let us make your acquaintance by 
accepting our six-months trial sub- 
scription for $1.00. The yearly sub- 
scription rate is $2.50. All news- 
stands 25 cents. Liberal offer to local 
representatives. Write for terms. 







Round trip tick- 
ets, including 
meals and state- 
room berth on 
Old Dominion 





and return 


Round trip tick- 
ets, including 
meals and state- 
room berth on 
1 d Dominion 




D.C.and return 



Steamei-M are ull equipprtl with the United Wirelena Tel4raph Syatem 
Hot or Cold Sea Water Ilatha may b procured on Steamer without charge 


Tickets and Stateroom Reservations, Pier 25, North River, Foot of North Moore Street, New York 


W. L. WOODROW, Traffic Manager J. J. BROWN, General Passenger Agent 

General Officei, Pier 25, North River, New York 



Fifth Ave. & 30th St. 

Near Underground and Elevated 

Railroad Stations 


As the Center for the Most Exclusive 
of New York Visitors 


appointed to meet the demand of the 
fastidious or democratic visitor. 

Royal Suites. 

Rooms Single or En Suite. 

Public Dining Room. New Grill. 

Private Dining Saloon for Ladies. 

After Dinner Lounge Bar. 


Booklet, HOLLAND HOUSE, 5th Ave. & 30th Si 


On thC Water front, an attractive stucco residence, containing 12 masters' bed rooms, 6 baths, 5 servants' rooms. 

rooms are large and airy, large veranda. Attractive grounds of about 6 acres with lawns and gardens, tennis court, 
garage with living apartments above. Good sandy bathing beach, anchorage, dock, water on three sides. No marsh 
land or mud flats, itf miles from station over good roads. This property has been inspected and is recommended by 

THOMAS N . COOKE, Smith Bldg., Tel. 430, Greenwich, Conn. 


AUGUST, 1911 


^Address ''plllTr^Dc^ envelope. 


We carry the largest stock in America of 
ornamental birds and animals. Nearly 60 
acres of land entirely devoted to our busi- 

Beautiful Swans, Fancy Pheasants, Pea- 
fowl, Cranes, Storks, Flamingoes, Ostriches, 
Ornamental Ducks and Geese, etc., for pri- 
vate parks ard fanciers. Also Hungarian 
Partridges, Pneasants, Quail, Wild Ducks 
and Geese, Deer, Rabbits, etc., for stocking 
preserves. Good healthy stock at right 

Write us what you want. 


Proprietors of Pennsylvania 
Pheasantry and Game Park 

Dept. "H.G." Bucks County, Yardly, Pa. 


Unrivalled Flemish Giant, Angrora, Tan and Polish Rab- 
bits Peruvian and Smooth Cavies for tancy or pets. 
Somo Good Youngster* now for >!, 91.00 up 
ELM COVE RABBITRY. Croat Nojek. I. I. 

Maplecroft Rhode Island Reds 

win at all the leading shows. "It pays to buy 
the best." Stock and Eggs for sale in large 
quantities. SendforCircularandMatingList 
of S. C. Reds. J. G. Dutcher, Prop. Address 

Maplccroit Farms. Pawling. New York 

White Orpingtons 

They lay like slot machines 
Beautiful white chickens 

for the lawn, as useful as 

they are ornamental. 
Lawrence Jackson 

Box H , Haysvllle, Ilightny County, Pi. 

I ITTI F OHIO ICQ How to Hatch and Rear 
LI I I Lt VrniLrl\9 Them Succewfully 

A new book that is serving as a reliable and instructive guide 
te success in the hatching, rearing, feeding care and derelop- 
aunt of young chicks, by both natural and artificial means. A 
eumprehensive work which presents in clear and concise form 
the teachings and experience gained by years of dose study 
and extensive experiments; gives trustworthy information unfl 
advice covering every step of the work from the breeding pen 
to the bringing of the chicks from the shell throufh their sev- 
eral stages of development to maturity. In fact, it is a com- 
plete and authoritative text book that every poultry keepur 
should own. Consists of twelve chapters fully illustrated. 
SPECIAL, OFFER: For a limited time we will aend a copy 
pofltpaid Including a three years* subscription to "Poultry 
Husbandry", America's foremost poultry journal. All for 
1.00. Address 
United Poultry Publishing Co., Box H, Waterville.N.Y. 


Are the Greatest 
Utility Breed 


Th "JM.r 7 * BMk, SO p*r- 

lll.wtrato.1, MHt r**lBWt 

The 1st prize cock 'at 
Madison Square Garden, 
New York; also 1st and 
shape and color special 
at Boston, lull; Is but 
one of many fine birds 
of his same blood lines 
In my yards. 

StocK and EUs for S.le 

fc JOE-PYE1 

fa) South Norwilk, Conn., 

^&> R. F. D. 37 


If you have any prize birds or good poultry 
that you would like to dispose of, place your 
advertisement in this department and bring it 
to the attention of thousands of our readers. 
We are glad to advise buyers of poultry as to 
reliable dealers on request. If there is any- 
thing that you wish to know about poultry, 
their care, feeding, etc., write us and we will 
gladly answer your question. 

Address Manager Poultry Dept. 


449 Fourth Ave. New York 


An unceasing source of 
pleasure and robust health 
to children. Sate and 
ideal playmates Inex- 
pensive to keep. Highest 
type. Complete outfits. Satis- 
faction guaranteed. Illustrated 
calalegue free. 

Box 19, Markliam, Va. 

Baby Chicks of Quality 

Sent by Express Direct to You 

Why bother with eggs ? lean supply you with healthy 
young chicks at once and guarantee them to reach you in 
good condition. Fishel Strain White Plymouth Rocka, 
S. C. R. I. Reds. Prices reasonable. 

Chick Catalogue Free. 
I. C. CALDWELL. Box 1030, tradon. R)H County. Ohio 



Rare Land and 
Water Birds 

Swans, Geese, Ducks, Peafowl, Cranes, 
Pheasants, etc. I am the oldest established 
and largest exclusive dealer in ornamental 
birds in America. 

G. D. TILLEY, Naturalist 


The Best Colony Houses for 

THE main requirements of a good poul- 
try house are good ventilation and 
protection from storms and cold winds. 
Hens will not lay when weather condi- 
tions prevent them from scratching and 
exercising. Many poultry houses have 
failed because the variations in night and 
day temperatures were too great. At 
many of the experiment stations it has 
been found that open-front houses are 
more successful than houses with glass 

J. Dryden and A. G. Lunn, in a cir- 
cular of the Oregon Experiment Station, 
state that ventilation can best be fur- 

The Oregon type of colony house, one end 
of which is open except for a covering of 
burlap or canvas 

nished by leaving one end of the house 
open or covered with burlap or canvas, 
using no glass windows unless necessary 
for light. The idea of building a warm 
house should be abandoned. It is shelter 
that is needed. The house should be 
built in such a way that the fowls will not 
roost near the open front where they 
would be exposed to winds ; nor should 
it face the prevailing winds. A long 
house is more expensive to build, for a 
given capacity, than one more nearly 
square. A long, narrow house is also a 
cold house, having more exposed surface 
for a given capacity than a square house. 
The size of house necessary for a cer- 
tain flock will vary in different sections. 
Where there is little or no snow and where 
the fowls can be outdoors every day in 
the year, two square feet of floor space 
per fowl will be ample. Where the 
climate is such that the fowls will seek 
shelter part of the year, rather than go 
outdoors on the range, considerably more 
space should be provided, say four to five 
square feet per fowl. The idea should 
be not to crowd them so much that their 
activity will be interfered with. Whether 
the shelter is provided by enlarging the 
house or providing cheap scratching sheds 
is immaterial. Two square feet per fowl, 
or even less, is ample for roosting quar- 

W. S. Jacobs, of the Arkansas Station, 
states that roosts should be made low or 
near the ground not higher than 2 feet. 
There are several reasons for this. Fowls 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE ADD GARDEN. 

AUGUST, 191 1 


of the heavier breed can not fly high, and 
those of the lighter breeds frequently 
injure the soles of their feet in jumping 
from high perches. Roosts should be 
made all the same height; for if they are 
made some higher than others the birds 
will all flock to the highest ones and 
crowd, which is undesirable. 

When dropping boards are used they 
should be low down, to permit of easy 
cleaning. They should be made of 
matched lumber and be 20 inches wide 
for one perch and 3 feet wide for two 
perches, the first perch placed at least 10 
inches from the wall. A good roost may 
be made from material 2 by 2 inches, then 
slightly rounded on the edges. 

According to Dry den and Lunn. 
poultry keeping is most successful where 

A colony house showing the arrangement of 
trap nests recommended by the experi- 
ment station 

the colony system prevails. The colony 
system means the housing of fowls in 
small houses, preferably portable, where 
the fowls have free range. The chief 
advantage is that the fowls are more 
active or busier than when confined in 
yards ; second, there is less danger from 
outbreaks of disease, as it is possible to 
keep the houses on clean ground by 
moving them occasionally; and third, the 
fowls require less feeding and care, as 
they pick up considerable food on the 
range. Another advantage of this system 
is that the fowls will rid the farm of many 
injurious insects, such as grasshoppers. 
Then, too, the colony system will fit in 
with crop rotations and for part of the 
year the fowls will live on the stubble 


Poultry Notes 

' HEN fowls are lazy in the matter of 
laying, yet seem otherwise well, an 
excellent tonic is Epsom Salts. Mix the 
salts through the mash, in the proportion 
of one tablespoon ful to every twelve hens, 
and feed three mornings in succession ; 
skip three mornings, then feed again until 
at least three courses of the tonic have 
been taken. You will find an improvement 
almost at once, and eggs will soon be plen- 

A WARM weather brooder for mother- 
less chicks may be made at home 
from a drygoods box. The box may be 
any size desired, but the depth should be 


affords absolute safety 

Not only for the home, but for the 
factory, store-room locker, garage end- 
less number of places where additional 
security or privacy is desired. 

Not expensive, either. 

In fact, a Corbin Night Latch may 
many times be the means of saving you 
hundreds of dollars by protecting you 
from malicious invaders. 

There's a reliable dealer in your city 
who can supply you with the Corbin 
Night Latch. 

Don't you think you had better see 
him immediately. 

An\<u:ay ivnte today lor leaflet 
(O K 32) the Newest Corbin Night Latch. 



P. & F. Corbin 
of New York 

P. & F. Corbin 
of Chicago 

P. & F. Corbi. 

Put New "Atmosphere" in Your 
Hardy Garden with Farr's Splendid 
Irises and Royal Oriental Poppies 

The quaint, dainty Irises of 
\V y o m i s s i n g Nurseries, in 
greatest variety, and my great, 
velvety Oriental Poppies in 
nearly every shade, are through 
blooming and for a few 
weeks may be moved safely. 
If you plan a finer and 
better flower garden next 
year, let me supply particulars, with 
complete lists of varieties and descrip- 
tions. My plants are large and 
thrifty, and with ordinary care will 
steadily increase in vigor and produc- 
tiveness. They assure success for 
many seasons. 

I cannot tell you how bewitchingly 
lovely my Irises, Oriental Poppies 
and I'eonies have been this summer; 
but the camera has helped preserve 
the memory, and my new Hardy 
Plant Book -soon to be completed 
will give jou a faint idea of the 
glorious si owing they made. I will 
gladly semi you a copy. My special 
Catalogue of Fall Bulbs is ready now. 

BERTRAND H. PARR, Wyomi.img Nur.erie. 


Rotary Ash Receiving System 


DOM away with unmchtly m*h harrohi HIP inconvenience n<j 
drudiory nf iwh dipoU. No inline of a*hc un thi< .-tliir floor ~ no 
furnace ilimt in your livirut room. I'riMUiitary mrxjition- rorrwt 
11 wafte tuitltrr in con! niiH-i| iii rciiiovnMr. tntn. iron can* with 
ahM in m cement-lined vault. All odor* mid duat Co up ihe chim- 
ney. Mechanically perfect* practical Mutation of the aah and 
Barbate nuiaance. uarnt*ed to five aatiafartiun. 


The Sharp Itulary Ah HereivJn* Hyatem ran l- iniUllfd HI any 
bull din*, old or llt*w. under any tylvof bouM-h*alin furnace or 
boiler, beforn or after it in in operation. 
Aahea fall directly into atronc iron caJia 
tbat rev4ve easily an filled. 

Rndoraed by Health Officer*. Archt- 
UeU and Heaiinc <'>ntrmi-t..r. Worth 
wbj toinvMticale bafore you complete 
your huildinc plan*. 

Write T4aj lr lil.itri*,1 raUlo* <' 
practical dM**lrll> aad t*llM*laia ._ 
trialin' <! ArrUterU* umt* vpr**-lale<l. 

W. M. Sharp Company noidiTtT 

' ijthm. removal 

21 / Pitt ATI. liighimton, K. T. which u DO effort 



AUGUST, 1911 


The purpose of this department is to give adnce to those niter- 
ested in dogs. The manager will gladly answer any troublesome 
questions. Address "Kennel Department" and enclose a self- 

addressed envelope. 


sent on ten days' trial. Drag packs for hunt clubs a 
specialty; guaranteed to please. Get my liberal guar- 
antee. Also a few coon dogs and several youngsters 
for sale. 

R. F. Johnson, 

Assumption, 111; 

and grown stock. Pedigreed. Prices rea- 
aonable. Also Toy Spitz Pomeranian pups. 
Write your wants. 


Ann Arbor. Mich. 

Boston Terriers 

We have a number of exceedingly 
high-class puppies, sired by "Ch. Lord 
Bell Rock," and other prize winning 
lightweights, for disposal, satisfaction 

For a house dog or companion, the 

Boston Terrier is in a class by himself. 

Prices from $20.00 up. 


119 Winchester St., Toronto, Ont. 

Ch.LORD BELL ROCK, at Stud. fee $iS 

Send your name and address to-day for a 

the oldest, largest and only high-class 

published. Fully illustrated. Printed on enamel paper. 
Beautiful original cover designs. Over fifty pages of dot d- 
Tertisements each issue. 

Price $1.00 a year which includes three premium pictures 
14 i 16 inches, nice enough to frame and suitable for den 
or study. Address 

Battle Creek 




Twenty-two Choice Col'ie Pups, Sire, Ormskirk, 

Artist and other good ones. 
W. H. GRAY, : : Brookville, Pa, 

It You Have a Dog 

You Should Read 


the only weekly in America devoted exclu- 
sively to the dog. Sample and Special 
Trial subscription Offer on application. 

FIELD AND FANCY. 1 4 Church St.. New York City 


Both one full year for 
$1.75, regular price of 
the two $2.50. Send 
all orders to 

Kansas City, Mo. 

In Hot Weather Feed 


The Paramount Dog 
Food. It will keep your 
dogs in condition. 


Spillers a BaKer. Ltd., Cardiff, England 

Send 4c. in stamps for Booklet and set of 
four colored post cards of prize dogs 

BA KORINSIIN&nt ePt- H, 128 Water S.. 
. A. nuDiiiaun a tu., NEW TOEK CITT 

f 1 Illo* Elegant h i g h- 

l_OllieS quality Collie 
luppies, sable and white, from 
.jest strains of blood; have been 
carefully raised, are in perfect 
health. Eligible to registration 
American Kennel Club Stud Book. 
Ready for delivery, shipped on re- 
ceipt of price. We take great care 
in selecting each puppy. We will 
please you. Males $20 each; fe- 
males $15 each. 

Nice grown male Collie $50 
Our booklet sent on receipt of stamp. 

address Pine Grove Collie Kennels, Lake Ronkonkoma, Long Island, NY. 


Beautiful aristocratic Irish Setter Puppies for 
sale, whelped in April. Registered. 

1210 Knoxville St. Peorla, 111. 

(Member Irish Setter Club of America) 


of both sexes. All from the very best 

for particulars address 


West Chester, 


Russian Wolfhounds 

The Best Dog in the world an d 
one of the Rarest Breeds extant- 
Peerless in beauty and reliability 
of disposition. Companions fo r 
gentlemen, ladies or children. 

Mirasol Kennels 

Pasadena, California 


AIREDALE TERRIER, "Colne, The Favorite," A. K. 
C., 143,235. Eighteen months old, weighs 50 Ibs. A won- 
derfully bred one. by Midland Rollo, by Ch. Midland Royal. 
Born and bred in England and won there the only time 
shown ; a good guard and watch dog. safe with children, 
just the dog for a country home. Best price $100. 

Write for complete pedigree, description, etc. 
Frank A. K> tli, 251 So. Main St . Butler Pa. 

Hunt Big Game 

Don't hesitate because inexperienced. Go this 
year, while there are still a few places left where 
you will see game that has never been hunted and 
have your hunting all to yourself. I can show 
you Mountain Sheep, Caribou, Moose, Grizzly 
Bears, in a country where no other white man has 
ever been and the game has not become dwarfed 
from the conditions which always arise after 
hunting is started. I make all arrangements, and 
personally manage expedition, preserve trophies, 
etc., as hunter companion ; advise as to purchase 
of fire-arms and cameras and give instruction in 
shooting and wild game photography. References 

Address: C. T. S. 

Care of House & Garden 

no more than eight or ten inches. First 
nail cleats on the outside of the bottom 
to raise the box from the ground, and cut 
a small door on one side, providing leather 
hinges and a strap for fastening it when 
open. On the under side of the top (which 
is separate from the box) nail strips of 
flannel cloth which has been slashed in 
strips as long as the box is deep ; the strips 
should be set about three inches apart, so 
that they hang down inside the box when 
the cover is in place, so the little bodies 
may snuggle in between the flannel strips 
without being entangled, and thus keep as 
warm as though among feathers. Set the 
box in the sun (or in a warm room) and 
open the door, providing a bridge so that 
they may run out and in as desired. 

M. E. S. H. 

Summer Care of the Dog 

A LTHOUGH these August days are 
** so often spoken of as dog days, the 
name certainly does not represent the 
fact from the dog's standpoint. Indeed 
such treatment is accorded him that the 
hot weather often sees an end to his so- 
journ among us. Sedulous for our own 
comfort we change our diet, clothing and 
manner of living and forget the dog we 
have made to rely so much upon us for 
support. Sometimes his own endeavors 
to obtain relief are thwarted by the chil- 
dren, who alone of all animals seem to be 
oblivious to the scorching weather and 
who seem rendered more active and mis- 
chievous by the very oppression which 
wearies the rest of us. Perhaps a plea 
for consideration will not fall upon bar- 
ren ground ; let us turn a little attention 
from our perspiring selves to our friend 
the dog and keep him from the evil results 
of a heating diet, and torment at the hands 
of his wards, the children. 

The first consideration should be that 
of quenching the dog's thirst. In thou- 
sands of cases he is parched with thirst 
while the dripping ice pitcher stands just 
beyond his nose tantalizing him to the 
point of madness. Provide for your pet's 
comfort as well as your own ; have a bowl 
of fresh water in an accessible place and 
kept as cool as possible. Out of doors 
some arrangement should be made for 
drinking, either a trough or water-pan, 
where the dog can find it, or else he may 
suffer the consequences of drinking foul 
water, which are often disastrous. If you 
have been urged to keep a stick of sulphur 
in the water and cannot resist, be assured 
that it is as harmless as the water itself, 
but has no cooling virtue. 

Sulphur may be used to advantage in 
cooling the dog in hot weather, but it 
should not be used in the stick form. Mix 
equal parts of powdered sulphur and mag- 
nesia thoroughly together and put as much 
as will cover a ten-cent piece in the evening 
meal. Continue this treatment for a week, 
stirring the medicine well into the food 
each night. This will be found to have a 
cooling effect, and will help to keep the 
animal in condition. If your dog is a 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 


1911 i 






little fellow, say, smaller than a fox terrier, 
reduce this prescribed dose by half. The 
skin is the surest indication of the dog's 
condition, and if it feels burning and 
feverish the above method of treatment 
should be resorted to. If the normal 
condition does not return you must look 
for the symptoms of some of the summer 
complaints to which the dog is subject. 

Indigestible food, tainted water, too 
much green food, dirty kennels or a num- 
ber of allied causes may result in diar- 
rhoea. Prevention is the safest and best 
cure and works in keeping garbage, decay- 
ing animal matter and spoiled or stale 
food out of the dog's way. Small doses 
of castor oil will give relief. If the animal 
appears to be in pain give very small doses 
of laudanum. 

If fleas or any other parasites attack, 
be quick to give the dog your assist- 
ance, as he suffers cruelly in this weather. 
If you are partial to a powder rem- 
edy be sure to use it out on the lawn, 
as it often simply drives the fleas away 
from the animal without killing them, and 
they are unwelcome visitors. 

Fits or convulsions, the bane of the 
puppy's life in summer, are often blam- 
able to the master. Teasing, mauling and 
fondling during excessive heat are pro- 
vocative of attacks. But fits are not neces- 
sarily fatal, and they certainly do not re- 
quire shooting. Rest and quiet will do 
more to cure your dog than a thousand 
nostrums. Handle him as little and in as 
gentle a manner as possible. Simply see 
that he does not hurt himself. Keep him in 
a cool, darkened room and when he has 
ceased to tremble and is relaxed, dose with 
from 2 to 20 grains of potassium bromide 
in camphor water. Keep this up for a 
few days and give a very light diet some 
say a milk food only. 

We can order different foods for our- 
self when the thermometer goes up, but 
the dog must take what he gets. His diet 
demands a change in summer as well as 
his master's. Don't keep on giving fat and 
heating foods and expect your dog to be 
healthy. After experimenting at a well- 
known kennel, a diet the main part of 
which was rice proved the most efficacious 
for hot weather. The rice was well cooked 
in a double boiler and mixed with either 
milk, buttermilk, soup or soup meat. It 
must be thoroughly cooked or skin troubles 
result. In the latter part of August cooked 
rolled oats mixed with equal parts of rice 
and hominy worked well, as the small 
amount of corn meal seems very beneficial 
if perfectly cooked. Give these things a 
little of your attention ; see that the dog's 
meat is sweet and clean and his food prop- 
erly cooked or you don't deserve to own 

In general then, give a little care to your 
dog during the summer; he deserves it. 
Don't let him be mauled and hauled or 
made to run and play when he is hot. Give 
him a vacation too, he'll repay you in the 
cool weather, when he can romp and play 
without any of the ill effects. 




r HAT for," you 

ask. tAs a 
matter of pre- 
servation," we answer. 

"But my trees are all 
right," you reply, "so 
why go to any expense 
about them ?" 

"Simply because they 
look all right does not 
prove they are all 
right." is our answer. 
"Only a careful inspec- 
tion such as we give, 
can prove that." 

In that terrific storm 
which swept over so 
many states this June, 
the number of trees 
with shattered limbs 
and split down trunks was most conclusive 
evidence that a tree's weakness is not ap- 
parent to the casual observer. 

Of the hundreds of trees which we were 
called upon to repair, as a result of that 
storm, a surprising number we found were 
being riddled by leopard moths. 

These insects bore into big limbs in such a way 
that they at once seriously weaken them be- 
sides leaving numerous npen doors for rapid decay 
to enter. Many a fine old tree was totally destroyed 
by that storm simply because its trunk was so 
riddled it could not stand the strain. Yet in most 
cases its true condition was a complete surprise to 

This is the leopard moth 
that lays its eirga in 
your finest trees. 

And this Is a life 
size pupa that de- 
velops from those 

The Leopard Mpth 

the owner. By far And this Is an example of 
the result* of the leopard 
moth. It takes two whole 
years of lire wood eating 
to satisfy his appetite. 

the larger number of 
those trees could have 
been saved by giving 
them the prompt at- 
tention which one of our inspections would have 
revealed to be necessary. The cost of such re- 
pairs certainly seems trivial in comparison to hav- 
ing your trees permanently disfigured or totally de- 

The care of trees is our sole business, and has 
been for years. If you value your trees and want 
to make sure of their sound condition send for 
one of our inspectors. Glad to mail you our 
booklet "Trees The Care They Should Have." 

Munson- Whitaker Company 


Boston 623 Tremont Bldg. New York 823 Fourth Ave. Bldg. 
Chicago 303 Monadnock Bldg. 


When using the ' 'CHIC A CO-FKA NCIS" Combined Cloth** Dry.r and Laundry 
Siovm. Clothes are dried without extra expense, as the waste heat from the laundry 
stove dries the clothes. Can furnish stove suitable for burning wood, coal or gas. 
Dries the clothes as perfectly as sunshine. Especially adapted for use In Residence*. 
Apartment Buildings and Institutions. All Dryers are built to order in various) 
sizes and can be made to fit almost any laundry room. Write today for descriptive 
circular and our handsomely illustrated No. L> 12 catalog. Address nearest office. 


630 So. Wibuh lit CHIC100, ILL, 124 ltiinln In., IEW tan CITY 






Layman's Magazine of Jlrl upheld to a professional standard. It treats of Painting, 
Sculpture, A rchiledure, Cioic jlrl, Landscape Gardening, the Handicrafts. 

Sample Copies, 10 cents 

Subscription Price, SI. 50 a Year 



AUGUST, 1911 

Kelsey Fresh Air Heating 


heating plant that's easy to manage and is recommended by 
OTHER SYSTEM without regard to the question of cost, 
you will give careful consideration to the 


A iR 


Residence of Chas. F. Lrfond, Southborg, Mass. 

Heated and Ventilated by the Kelsey System. 

James Pardon, Architect, Boston, Mass, 

Xo matter whether your house may have 5 rooms or 50 or more 
rooms, there's an abundance of evidence from the users that the 

FOR VERY LARGE RESIDENCES the Kelsey Mechanical 
(Fan) System effects a complete change of air all through the house 
every ten or fifteen minutes, if so desired. 

YOU WTI T SOT VF THF if y u>11 onl - v INVESTIGATE and send for the free Kelsey booklets which clearly explain 

WHY Kelsey Heating gives the very best results, without the use of steam or hot water 
pipes and unsightly radiators which warm the same stagnant, unhealthful air over and over. 


Main Office: 56 East Fayette St., SYRACUSE, N. Y. New York Office : 164C FIFTH AVENUE 


HEN you plan a beauti 
tect or painter to "Use 

Vitralite never discolors, never cracks 
like ordinary enamels, but gives a full, 
rick, porcelain-like gloss that remains. 
It flows easily, dries hard and smooth 
witkout trace of brush mark or lap. 

You can use it on all surfaces in- 
doors or out, on wood, plaster or metal. It 

i w\ 

ful colonial entrance, tell your archi- 

Vitralite to make it white." 
forms an absolutely opaque covering on 
all surfaces; you can make anything 
just pure white. 

Vitralite is but one of the 300 Pratt & 
Lambert products typified by the famous 
"61" Floor Varnish, that durable, 
tough coating that makes floors mar- 
proof, water-proof, heel-proof 

>ur booklet. "Decorative Inte- 
rior I'lnlBhlne," a valuable guide to decorating the 
home. If your dealer oan not supply the "P & L" Var- 
nish you want send to 117 Tonawanda St.. Buffalo N Y 
In Canada. 61 Courtwrisht St.. Brid.ebure, Ontario. ' - 




Lest You Forget 

about those TREES, EVERGREENS and 
SHRUBS you intended planting. 

are the best coming months to plant in. 


Bargains at Half Regular Prices 

Large Box Trees 
Large Blue Spruce 
German Iris 


Hardy Vines 

Large Fruit Trees 

Hardy Roses 

and many other varieties 

Special Half-Price Bargain List 
mailed free on application. 

Rose Hill Nurseries 


Plmmim mention House and Garden. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 



C O N T E 



Photograph by Ella M. Boult 

By Grace Tabor 

By Harold Donaldson Eberlein 

By Henry 11. Saylor 


By If 'a/do Campbell Hibbs 


By Florence Bee/with 


By !'. F. Rockwell 


By Louise Shrimpton 


By Laura Balch Carpenter 


By Arthur Herringlon 


By Flora Lewis Marble 


By G. A. Woolson 


Chapman & Frazcr, architects 



Some Suggestions for Old Jars Electrical Helps 

A New Jardiniere 


American-Spanish Pimentos Plant Evergreens Now 

Bulbs for Spring Blooming 


The House Fly The Dog in Hot Weather 

(lathering and Storing Kitchen Herbs 
The Garden on the Small Place 
The Best Colony House for Poultry 

Copyright , 191 1 , by McBridc, Winston & Co. 




Robert M. McBride, President; Robert F. MacClelland, Secretary; Henry H. Saylor, Treasurer. Published 
Monthly. 25 cents per Copy. $3.00 per Year. For Foreign Postage, add Ji.oo; Canadian, 500. Entered u 
Second-class matter at the Post-office, New York, N. Y. 


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August, 1911 

X U M D E R 2 

Water Features on the Country Place 


BY GRACE T A is o R 
Photographs by X. R. Graves. M. II. Xorthcnd and others 

TAKE it whichever way we 
may seriously or as a 

plaything water, in the intimacy 

of the garden, is a constant de- 
light. Yonder by the rambler as 

I write a big, sleek catbird is 

drinking at the concrete basin a 

basin of crudest home construc- 
tion, made from some "left-over" 

building materials that would 

otherwise have been thrown away. 

And here, breathless from the 

vain pursuit around the lawn of a 

distracting big butterfly, comes the 

dog, to stand up and lap greedily. 
How they all enjoy it! And 

how pleasant it is to see things 

enjoyed. Hardly five minutes of 

the day passes without a swift 

flutter of wings toward the bath, a 

busy hopping about on the stones 

which give the water its varying 

depths, and a glad dipping deep 
of little bills and a lifting high of 

little heads, with lingering appre- 
ciation. And in the early morn- 
ing, what a gathering for ablu- 
tions; what splashing and spar- 
kling in the sunlight all for fifty 
cents worth of cement, a little in- 
genuity and a daily pail of water 
brought out and poured in. 

It is a far cry from a bird-bath 
of this kind to the great water 
garden but there are possibilities 
for all tastes, situations and re- 
sources at every step, all along the 
way. And "water, water every- 
where" almost for no effort at all. 
Even a fairly large pool is per- 
fectly feasible without either sup- 
ply or drain pipes, if the work of pumping it out is not too much 
to undertake, when occasion demands ; for a hose will fill it and 
keep it at the required level all summer, goldfish will prevent 
mosquitoes from breeding in it, and sub-aquatic plants like the 
giant water weed (Anacharis Canadcnsia) or eel grass (1'allisncria 

Fortunate indeed is the man who may have a pond of some 
extent and its adjoining moist borders for the irises and 
other water-loving plants 

spiralis) will aerate the water 
and keep it sweet, and its own 
overflow will water the iris that 
naturally will be nearby. 

There are three things which 
make or mar the success of any 
pool. These are its location ; its 
form and immediate surround- 
ings; and the plants which occu- 
py it, if plants do occupy it. A 
pool too thickly planted is like 
no pool at all, so far as effect is 
concerned, for the water is in- 
visible. Never less than two- 
thirds of the total water surface 
should be exposed. 

For this reason a very small 
pool should either not be planted 
at all, save on its margin with 
grass or iris perhaps ; or else it 
should be planted with only one 
small water plant a water lily 
like Nmphaca pygmaca or 
stocked with a floating plant 
which may be kept within 
bounds very easily by simply 
taking some out whenever it is 
necessary. The water chestnut 
or water caltrops Trapa natans, 
which bears white flowers, is 
one of these ; water hyacinth 
(Eichornia crassipes E. speci- 
osa according to some dealers) 
is another. This, by the way, is 
the famous "million dollar weed" 
of the St. Johns river in Florida, 
where it obstructs navigation. It 
has blue hyacinth-like flowers. 
Still another attractive floating 
plant attractive in foliage 
though it has no flowers is 

Salvinia Brazilicnsis. All three of these are annuals, but a clump 

may be carried over indoors during the winter, in an aquarium 

or a jardiniere. 

The form and immediate surroundings of an artificial pool 

will depend of course upon the plan of the garden which it is to 

8 4 






An excellent illustration of a vital principle in planning water fea- 
tures the pools in form and inter-relation are treated just as 
flower beds are in the formal garden 

The two octagonal pools flanking the entrance path are as yet un- 
unhnished. A naturalistic edging would be out of place here 

With a flowing stream the possibilities for softening the edges with 

loving lilies are unbounded 

occupy. Under some circumstances in even a small garden the 
most delightful results may follow a cunningly contrived natural- 
ness, but these circumstances are not common. Where they do 
exist, however, it is decidedly well to take advantage of them, 
for the unusualness of the garden then becomes one of its great 
charms. Pockets among rocks, suggestive of the pools which 
springs form, are perhaps the most successful arrangement along 
natural lines which can be undertaken on a small place but this 
should never be undertaken unless the rock formation is natural 
to start with. A receptacle for water may be made, where it is, 
of concrete worked in among the stones according to .the require- 
ments of their positions. All signs of this, however, must of 
course be hidden by naturally arranged stones which shall cover 
its margins and little pockets of earth among these should fur- 
nish foothold for moisture-loving, rock-loving plants. 

Such a pool is of course not suitable for water lilies, for its 
natural location is at least part in shadow, while all-water plants 
demand the fullest exposure to the sun. But it forms a charm- 
ing focussing point for a garden walk, and the birds and beasts 
will enjoy it to the full. Indeed it seems the natural accompani- 
ment to the true rockery. The inside of such a pool, by the way, 
should correspond to the stony forms around it and not be a 
plainly rounded basin. Rocks and stones laid on the bottom will 
carry out the illusion if they vary sufficiently in size and shape, 
and the bottom itself may be worked by hand into a perfect 
simulation of natural formation. 

But where a pool is desired on what would otherwise be an 
open lawn, it must be a part of some definite, formal design. 
Otherwise it is far better not to have it at all. It is obviously 
artificial and anything that is obviously artificial must have in 
itself sufficient beauty of form and line to be its own excuse for 
being. The artificial things which have not 'are the abominations 
of the earth. This is not to say that such a design need be elabo- 
rate, however, but it must be definite. 

The form of such a pool will of course depend upon the general 
garden design, and upon its place in it; and the design itself will 
in turn depend upon the area which is to be given over to it so 
it is not possible to more than generalize when it comes to the 
matter of form for basins. Generally speaking, however, the 
form that seems to lend itself to all situations most readily, and 
to afford at the same time the most advantageous planting area, 
is the lengthened quadrangle with half- 
circle ends, this half-circle being de- 
scribed with a radius which is a little 
less than half the width of the quad- 
rangle. This requires ordinarily a gen- 
eral garden plan which is longer one 
way than the other. Such a plan is 
usually possible, and always advisable 
when possible. 

For the square garden the square pool, 
the round pool and the modified square, 
with its sides incurved, are practically 
the only available shapes. Very often 
the design for such a space, however, 
may be laid out along one axis in a way 
that will suggest the oblong; where this 
is done the pool need not necessarily be 
limited to these forms, but may be a cres- 
cent form, the half of a circle, or any 
simple shape that lends itself to the lines 
of the design. 

In the water garden illustrated at the 
top of the page the shape of the pools is 
determined by the design absolutely, 
just as the shape of the beds in a formal 
garden would be determined ; and rarely 

reedy grasses and bog- 

AUGUST, 1911 


is anything more beautiful than this form of garden to be found. 
The location of a pool is, after all, the crucial thing which 
must determine its form and everything about it. If its place 
is to be among natural conditions, make it natural ; but unless it 
can be absolutely natural in every respect in its surroundings 
as well as in itself and its planting treat it formally and as a 
part of a composition. Every body of water should be dealt with 

often helps to this end very successfully. Where such an area 
exists, excavation may be all that is needed to turn it into a pool. 
But where there is neither a stream nor a bog, artificial con- 
struction with water piped from the nearest source may of course, 
be resorted to. Here, and here alone, is the "natural" form per- 
missible in artificial construction on a large scale, because here 
all the surrounding conditions are naturalistic. Hut to be a suc- 

The distinctly formal garden can hardly be counted complete without its pool and fountain. In the garden of Bellefontaine at Lenox, Mass. 

Carrere & Hastings, architects 

according to this standard, from the smallest pool occupying a 
dooryard-garden up to the most pretentious. Never place even 
a tiny basin aimlessly in the midst of open lawn, for located thus 
its meaning is lost completely, whereas as the central feature 
the leading note of a garden composition, the tiniest pool takes 
on dignity and interest. 

Attempts to make the form and appearance of a pool of this 
kind anything but formal are foredoomed to dismal failure, the 
result of such attempts being merely a meaningless irregularity 
that is a blatant discord in the harmony of outdoors and that 
deceives no one. For irregularity, alone and by itself, is not 
nature by any means and in any event the natural form belongs 
only to the natural environment. Where the garden affords this, 
the natural pool, artificially made on a fairly large scale, is of 
course delightful. 

The simplest of these is acquired by the damming of a stream 
or brook, and this treatment of a watercourse, especially one 
that tends to dry out during summer, is always desirable. Where 
there is no watercourse, however, it is not so easy to indulge a 
fancy for a "natural" body of water, though a low, bog spot 

cess it must be studied very carefully and worked out with great 
skill ; nature is elusive. 

The contours of the ground for a very great distance around 
must, in the first place, suggest it that is, they must fall gently 
towards it from every direction and the marginal growth must 
also be in keeping with it. Great attention must be paid to mar- 
gins, too. Nowhere do we ever find a natural pond with a stiff 
and sharply defined margin all arotwd it. There are gaps and 
breaks interruptions in the marginal growth as well as inter- 
ruptions in the open spaces that lead right down to the water's 
edge. Take note of these and plant accordingly and never, 
under any circumstances, allow a line of stones or cement or any 
sort of building material to show at the edge of a pond that is not 
of formal design, formally placed. Copy Nature exactly or 
else do not take her for a model at all. I would suggest finally 
that an artificial pool of such elaboration should not be under- 
taken until the cost, in every sense, has been well counted. 

All pools should be in the open, if they dre anything mmv than 
a basin among rocks for the sun should shine upon the water 
and the sky reflect in it. Reflecting light, the water doubles 







An inspiring and particularly well executed rock garden where there 
is absolutely no suggestion of artificiality 

light and the consequent sense of 
cheer all the brightness that a smile 
implies ; reflecting shadow it doubles 
and intensifies it, bringing the gloom 
which shadows symbolize which 
frowns indicate. 

The mechanical essentials of all 
pools are of course that they be 
watertight and frost proof two 
things not difficult to attain, though 
many do seem to fall short of them 
when they undertake to construct a 
water basin. Puddled clay is recom- 
mended by many, but it is not likely 
to be any cheaper than cement and 
concrete and it is not easy to find 
someone who can handle it properly. 
Unless it is very thoroughly and 
carefully "puddled," away it will go 
some fine day and away goes the 
water, too. 

The construction of a cement pool 
is practically the same under all cir- 
cumstances, whatever the size and 
form determined upon. The two 
things which insure its stability and 
resistance are its floor below the 
frost line and its walls sloping out 
on the inside, as they rise. Two and a half feet down is the ac- 
cepted depth of frost according to many builders, but for surety 
three feet is a better standard. This means an excavation three 
and a half feet deep, the size and shape of the proposed pool. 
A footing six inches in depth and as wide as the wall is to be at 
its base, of cement and broken stone, is first put down. Onto this 
the wall of brick, laid in cement, is placed, starting with a width 
of 8 to 12 inches at the bottom and sloping out, on the inside, to 
a width of from 4 to 6 inches at the top. 

Pack the bottom with broken stone and cement to a depth of 
six inches, then plaster bottom and sides with at least one inch of 
Portland cement mortar, nicely smoothed down. Use one part 
of cement to three of sand. Dip or pump the water out in the 
fall and fill with leaves, tramping them down and cover with 
boards or a coldframe sash. It is well, in severe climates, to bank 
over the margin also with the leaves, though this is hardly neces- 
sary unless it projects high above the ground. 

Water lilies should always be planted in tubs or boxes and sunk 
into such a pool. Then they are easily removed in the winter 
or at any time, if necessary, and the water is kept very much 
cleaner than it can be when the earth is free on the bottom, to be 

If you attempt a naturalistic pool, follow Nature's 
models or the result will be most disappointing 

stirred up whenever anything disturbs it. If there is an outlet 
pipe, cover it with screening to keep the fish in as well as too pre- 
vent its being clogged. Two or three fish are sufficient for a pool 
the size of an ordinary tub, and this number may be increased 
proportionately. The fish spawn in June usually, and I have 
known a pair to stock a pond in a season. Some say that the old 
fish will eat the little ones, however, and recommend bringing 
the roots and stalks to which the eggs are attached, into the 
aquarium or a tub, and giving the little chaps a better chance for 
their lives by letting them grow to good size before putting them 
into the pool with the old fellows. 

The soil for water lilies should be a compost of heavy loam 
mixed with one-third thoroughly decayed cow manure. Cover 
with an inch of good heavy sand. The boxes for them may be a 
foot deep and from one to three feet square, according to the 
size of the pool. In natural ponds larger boxes, four feet square 
and a foot and a half deep, are better ; or the lilies may be 

planted in the natural mud bed. 

Dormant rhizomes should be cov- 
ered with only two or three inches 
of water until they have made 
their first floating leaf ; then gradu- 
ally increase the depth of the water 
as the plants grow, by lowering the 
box deeper into the pool. Water 
should always stand some time in 
the spring before the lilies are put into 
it, to warm up and water for lilies 
must be still and of even temperature. 
After the style of water garden 
has been decided upon, and the means 
of water supply chosen, there is still 
the important consideration of keep- 
ing the water fresh not that the 
water has to be changed so very 
often, but a fresh supply should be 
constantly added to prevent stagna- 
tion. The various unpleasant forms 
of plant life which grow so quickly 
will be avoided in this way. Insect 
life, mosquitos especially, find breed- 
ing places in stagnant water and often 
make this form of garden more of a 
nuisance than a pleasure. Fish are 
one's best allies in destroying these 

An odd shape of lily pool and fountain as the central feature of a 
terrace of evergreens. A pool by itself on a lawn would be 

There is a convincing charm in the perfectly simple roof. The ridge 
falls away on either side of the ridgepole and the slope is entirely 
unbroken by dormers. Chas. Barton Keen, architect 

The solid line of windows breaking through the roof on the second 
floor is successful in that they appear to be part of the roof and 
the effect of a one-and-a-half story house is preserved 

The Decorative Possibilities in Roofing 



Photographs by T. \V. Scars, II 1 . 11. S. and others 

WHEN one considers it roofs arc, after all, nothing else than 
house hats. Smile at the conceit, if you will, but if win- 
dows are comparable to eyes and the surface of the walls to skin, 
surely there is no great impropriety in likening the covering of 
buildings to human headgear. There is just as much character, 
too, in roofs as there is in hats, only we are so accustomed to tak- 
ing roofs as a matter of fact, from their very permanence, that 
we never think about it. And like hats, also, roofs by their pat- 
tern can either adorn or mar what is beneath them. A gixnl roof 
may go far towards redeeming an otherwise indifferent structure. 
while a bad roof can spoil a building in other respects beyond all 
cavil. The roof may impart dignity and an aspect of substantial 
comfort and repose, or it may make everything look perky and 
obtrusive and contentious. 

Of course a roof's first business is to afford shelter and protec- 
tion to the dwellers within the house, but for aesthetic reasons 
considerations every whit as necessary to civilized man's happiness 
as the more obviously material it is equally as important that its 
outward appearance should comport with the walls that bear it 

and the manners of the people it covers. It may be childish and 
because of residuary barbarism in our make-up, but, nevertheless, 
we do somewhat gauge a person's station by his headclothcs. The 
distinguishing mark may be the prosperous banker's pot hat, the 
painted savage chieftain's eagle feathers braided in his hair, or 
the bishop's mitre, but a distinguishing mark it is, and we so re- 
gard it. Likewise, consciously or unconsciously, we judge a 
house's worth largely by its roof. The roof is recognized by 
architects as unquestionably one of the principal features in coun- 
try house designing. It can and should be just as expressive of 
the character and purpose of the dwelling as any of its other 
component parts. Furthermore it has its own definite province in 
the ensemble that should be jealously guarded and not en- 
croached upon by the other parts of the building. 

By its texture and harmonious lines the roof is usually the 
most effectual medium of welding the house into the landscape. 
I f it is a bald and staring roof with an uncompromising sky-line, 
we may be pretty sure that the house will always seem de- 
tached from its surroundings in other words, a thing apart that 

A felicitous arrangement of dormer windows so that the line and 
proportion of the roof are not disturbed. Light frames and case- 
ments are unobtrusive and do not destroy the balance 

Great flanking double stone chimneys at each gable end of a 
Colonial house give an appearance of strength and solidity that 
diminishes the importance of the roof itself 



AUGUST. 1911 

The irregularity of the many additions to the English half-timbered 
houses breaks up the mass of the roof but does not destroy its 

will never look as though it really "belonged." Line and texture 
are the two factors of paramount importance in determining the 
architectural excellence of a roof, and it is only by closely heed- 
ing these that a successful result can be achieved. 

No hard and fast rules can be laid down governing the plan- 
ning of roofs, but adherence to certain general principles will 
avoid serious miscarriages and will ordinarily secure a satisfactory 
outcome. There may be a dozen different ways of solving the 
same problem and all of them thoroughly good. One of the chief 
privileges of the architect's profession lies in the large liberty of 
choice and the diversity of right ways for gaining the same end. 
Some peculiarity of local conditions may even cause the architect 
to cast general principles overboard and fly square in the face of 
all accepted traditions, and yet the outcome will be highly pleas- 
ing, all of which only goes to justify Sir Joshua Reynolds' dictum 
that art comes "by a kind of felicitv and not bv rule." Good 

The Dutch gambrel-roof house, with its well proportioned slope and 
modest dormers, is worthy of sincere imitation in the small country 
or suburban place 

taste, and a sense of proportion and architectural propriety must 
be the ultimate arbiters in all cases. This applies as well to the 
layman as the professional. Architecture is not a thing of indi- 
vidual or private concern but a matter of social and public mo- 
ment ; to the force of educated lay taste and discrimination we 
must look for artistic betterment in our building and in no re- 
spect is this truer than with regard to roofs. The urging to lay 
selection, however, does not contemplate license, after the owner's 
wishes have been clearly stated, to hector and hamper the archi- 
tect with all manner of whimsical restrictions and suggestions. 
It is worth while to select a competent architect, explain your 
wishes and then trust him. 

In planning our roofs the prime characteristics to be aimed at 
arc simplicity, congruity and due proportion. Observance of the 
general principles implied in the effort for these qualities, and 
such others as they connote, will at least safeguard us from "grop- 
ing experiments and detached eclecticisms." Combined with 
purity of line nothing can be more convincing than absolute sim- 
plicity. The simplest form of roof (next to the flat and lean-to) 
is the span or ridge, falling away on each side of the ridgepole, 
the pitch of the sides being determined by taste or convenience. 

A striking example of the beauty of this style of roof intelli- 
gently used is shown in the first illustration. The slope is entirely 
unbroken by dormers and has a note of finality and staunchness 
and withal a Johnsonian downrightness that silences any oppos- 

?T v J? n tlus old vir S inia house avoids the effect of extreme 
width by the use of .five narrow dormers. It is suggestive of 
engtn and virility consistent with the hospitality of the time 

The jerkin-head roof is not apt to be successful unless managed by 
very skillful hands, and is to be used when the conditions approx- 
imate those of its original environment 

AUGUST, 1911 



Slates of graduated size and thickness, varying in color, give un- 
limited possibilities for obtaining distinctive character in the 
appearance of the roof 

ing criticism before it can make itself heard. That roof is there 
for an unmistakable purpose. It shelters a household with a 
"rooftree broad and high." More than that, it breathes a sense 
of homelikeness and is a tangible evidence that the good old word 
"roof" is synonymous with home and hospitality. In its breadth 
and sweep there seems to be the motherliness of a brooding hen 
with wings outspread over her vomit;'. Severe simplicity gives 
not a suggestion of austerity and the proportions are so well 
balanced that the bearing walls appear quite sufficiently evident. 
From every point of view the house is dignified, restful and satis- 
fying. And here just a word of practicality. The rather unusual 
height of the ridge gives ample air space and assures a minimum 
temperature in summer in the sleeping rooms. There is room, too, 
for both an attic and a cockloft, which latter old Dr. Johnson 
defines as "the room above the attic" quite forgetting that he has 
already committed himself to the statement that the attic "is the 
topmost room in the house." 

While speaking of the height of ridges, a word of caution will 
not be amiss about the angles of roofs that they be neither too 
steep nor too squat for the structures they are meant to surmount. 
A nice sense of congruity must direct the designer in this matter. 
What would be highly suitable in one case would be egregiously 
hideous in another, showing plainly that the roof as well as the 
other parts of a building must be carefully planned to meet the 
requirements of each individual case. A roof suitable to one 

The charm of the English cottage roofs is due to their unbroken 
surface. Note the difference between the lines of the slate and 

house cannot be adapted to another house of similar style without 
doing violence to the principles of proportion, while the divorcing 
of a roof from the architectural type to which it belongs, and 
clapping it on another with which it has no connection, is almost 
too reprehensible for words. Each type has been evolved in the 
course of years tinder its own peculiar conditions and along with 
it, as an integral part, has grown up its particular kind of roof. 
A great collection of gables on a Colonial mansion would be as 
incongruous as Julius Caesar in a tunic and toga with a beaver 
tile on his head, and a mansard on an old Dutch farmhouse 
would be manifestly absurd. And yet we sometimes see such 
things. In remodeling and alterations architects often accom- 
plish some of their best work by changing the angles and shapes 
of roofs and reconciling previous incongruities. Unfortunately, 
too. it must be admitted that the inexpert sometimes work their 
(Continued on payc 120) 

The spasmodic" sky-line and confusing angles of this collection of 
buildings may serve as an example of what not to do when plan- 
ning a new building if unity and repose are to be obtained 

The softness and flexibility of the thatch roof is sometimes simu- 
lated to advantage by laying shingles wi-h varying but narrow 
spaces exposed to the weather. Albro & Lindeberg, architects 

Learn to know the improved varieties 
of annual asters, such as this quilled 
form, Daybreak 

Getting Acquainted 
With the August 
Flowers and Shrubs 



Photographs by Nathan R. Graves, Charles Jones, the 
author and others 

Pink Beauty, an aster of exquisite 

color. Plan to use asters for bare 

spots of the border between peren- 

IN the July issue I undertook to show that the shortest road to 
a successful garden of flowers lies not through the alluring 
pages of the seedmen's catalogues, but rather through the ama- 
teur's own note book, compiled this summer. The man who 
postpones making the acquaintance of the more important garden 
favorites until next February when the spring seed catalogues 
begin to arrive has lost a year. With nothing but confusing 
names and a few illustrations to guide his choice, the resulting 
order list will necessarily be an envious document indeed. And 
the bloom in his next year's garden will surely be a disappoint- 
ment/excepting to the true optimist. Most of the annuals he 
selects will produce results, of course, providing his enthusiasm 
and his hoe does not lag, but the color combinations and the ar- 
rangement according to height will surely reveal the evanescent 
character of his gardening knowledge. And, worst of all, there 
will be no perennials, in all likelihood, to carry forward the gar- 
den's existence into another year. On the other hand, if the 
novice will systematically undertake to familiarize himself with 
the garden's elements this summer, when he may see the various 
plants and shrubs in bloom, noting their character of growth, 
height, color, flowering period, whether they prefer sun or shade, 
or a little of both, planting time for seeds, bulbs or roots and so 
on, he will save at least one and probably two full years in his 
gardening apprenticeship. 

Occasional visits to neighboring gardens and if possible to a 
nearby nursery will bring a working basis of knowledge concern- 

ing many of the plants that brighten with bloom the months of 
June and July, and are only now fading, as well as concerning 
other plants that have last month or just now come into flower. 

Many of these the most dependable for the garden's endur- 
ing character the beginner will find to be perennial in habit, re- 
appearing year after year from the roots. These may in most 
cases be started from seed this month. Many of them germinate 
slowly and then only under favorable conditions where they may 
be carefully attended. A seed-bed, either in the open garden or 
in a cold frame, where the soil has been prepared with a surface 
as fine and smooth as persistent raking can make it, and where 
the seedlings may be sheltered from a too hot sun by a cheese- 
cloth screen or raised whitewashed sash, will be necessary if you 
aspire to raise your own plants. 

Or, many of the perennials you want may be obtained already 
grown and set out this fall or after their blooming season, in 
time to become well established in their new situations before 
cold weather sends them to their winter's sleep. In the event of 
your raising a successful crop of seedlings these too must be 
transplanted to their permanent places in time to make a good 
root growth before hard frosts. 

If you will do either of these things your next year's garden 
will need no apology for lack of bloom or bare spots where 
"things didn't come up." 

Space will permit of the briefest mention of most of those 
plants that come into bloom this month in the latitude of New 

Make the acquaintance of the French marigolds, with their yellow- 
ish to reddish-brown flowers growing one foot high 

You will need no introduction to the native New England asters. 
Try planting a clump of them with golden rod 


AUGUST, 1911 



Mammoth White cosmos. You must start 
the seeds early indoors in the spring to 
get much bloom before frosts 

Rudbeckia speciosa is of the same family as 
golden glow, but a single flower and of 
lower growth 

The Shirley poppy is a refined variety of 
the corn poppy, with wonderfully beauti- 
ful thin crinkled petals 

York. It must be remembered that the blooming period varies 
by about a week with each one hundred miles, earlier south, later 


is one of the best red-flowering herbs. In damp localities, such 
as beside a brook, you will be most likely to find its fragrant 
foliage, growing to a height of two and a half feet. 

MOLDAVIAN BALM (Dracocephalum Moldavicutn) is another 
moisture-loving plant, with small, short-lived blue flowers. It 
will be found thriving in a shaded, sandy loam, moderately rich. 

HARDY BEGONIA (B. Evansiana) is a tuberous-rooted plant 
producing rose pink flowe/s very freely. Not widely known but 
worthy of a more general cultivation. 

GOLDEN GLOW (Rudbeckia lacinicta) is common enough to 
need little searching for. It grows to a height of six feet and 
produces a wealth of clear yellow flowers (see illustration). 
Once established, it spreads by offsets of the root with amazing 
rapidity. A colony of it may be had for the asking from any of 
vour gardening neighbors, and the roots may be divided and 
transplanted at any time. The red plant louse attacks it, but this 
pest may be kept in check by spraying the plants with soapy water. 

PERENNIAL PEA (Latliynis latifoliits) is another tuberous- 
rooted plant a rampant vine, with many flowers of a rosy ma- 
genta appearing in clusters. Improved varieties are obtainable in 
white, striped and deep purple. 

PHLOX (P. paniculata) was mentioned in last month's list, as 
the earliest varieties appear late in July. Through this month and 
next do not fail to make the acquaintance of all the varieties you 


You probably know these everlasting ui 
straw flowers (Helichrysum bracteatutn) 
of our grandmothers' gardens 

And surely you know the sunflower, but do 
you know the perennial variety as well as 
the common annual? 

Veronica or Speedwell is a dominant 
feature of the New Zealand landscape 
long spikes of flowers in an intense blue 


AUGUST, 1911 

can find, noting the superiority of the 
pure whites, deep reds and salmon 
pinks. Phlox does best when the 
clumps are divided every third year. 

ICELAND POPPY (Papaver nudicaiile). 
As a perennial this splendid low- 
growing plant blooms in April, but as 
it is frequently treated as an annual 
the seed sown last spring will just now 
be producing its characteristic crinkled 
petals in yellow, orange and white. 

SHOWY SEDUM (S. spcctabilc) is a 
splendid hardy succulent plant grow- 
ing two feet high, with flowers rose to 
crimson, three or four inches across. 
It prefers a moist soil. 

SNAP DRAGON (Antirrhinum ma- 
jus) probably needs no introduction. 
Its curious trap-like flowers in red, 
purple and white appear in great 
abundance and keep well when cut. 

(Hcliantlnis muUiflorus. var. plains) 
is another old standby that everyone 
should know. Lower in growth than 
the more common annual sunflower, it 
is one of the best large double-flower- 
ing plants for the beginner's garden. 

VERONICA (V . longifolia, icir. sub- 
sessilis) has a long season of bloom in 
this month and next, producing the 
longest spikes of any autumn flower, purple 
deep, rich soil and full sun. 

Scarlet sage or salvia is very common, but should be 
used sparingly and among white flowers in order 
not to make our gardens appear too hot 

in color. Give it a 


NEW ENGLAND ASTERS (A. X ov<c-Anyliac) . Xo one who lives 
in Connecticut or the states adjoining it can possibly have re- 
mained in ignorance of this magnificent violet and purple flower 
of the late summer fields and roadsides. Particularly in com- 
bination with golden rod it is one of the grandest native flowers 
we have, and it is much improved under cultivation. Give it a 

moist place in your 
garden you may 
transplant it from 
the wild even when 
in bloom. 

MALLOW (Hibiscus 
Moscheutos), with 
rose or white flow- 
ers four inches 
across, is one of 
the best native 
plants for moist 
situations. It grows 
from three to 
seven feet in 

(Helenium au- 
tumnale) is an- 
other moisture- 
loving native, 
growing a foot or 
two tall with the 
best large yellow 
daisy-like fl o w e r 

Golden glow is as luxuriant and easy to 
grow as a weed. Its six-foot height and 
double yellow flowers are very striking 

which blooms late in the summer. 


COSMOS (C. bipinnatus) is the best 
of the tall late-flowering annuals. If 
not sown early its white, pink or red 
daisy-like flowers do not develop in 
time to make a showing before frost. 

EVERLASTING (Helichrysum brac- 
teatum), as nearly everyone knows, 
are the curious semi-double flowers of 
our grandmothers' gardens in yellow, 
dull crimson and white, that last in- 
definitely when cut and dried. 

Ajacis) will be found in many colors 
from white through pink to blue. It is 
lower in growth than the perennial 
sort, usually about eighteen inches 
high, and should be sown indoors in 
the fall for earlier bloom the follow- 
ing summer. 

AFRICAN MARIGOLD (Tagetes erccta) 
needs no introduction, for its rich 
orange globular flowers and the pun- 
gent odor of its foliage are widely 
known. The French marigold is of 
lower growth (one foot) with darker 
foliage and yellowish to reddish brown 
flowers that are very useful for edg- 
ing a border. 

MOON FLOWKR (Ipomoea Bona-no.v) is a white-flowered rapid- 
growing vine. The large flowers open at night. 

CORN POPPY (Papaver Rhocas), a self-sowing annual, growing 
somewhat less than two feet in height, with the characteristic- 
delicate crinkled flowers of pink, white and scarlet. The Shirley 
poppies are refined varieties of it. 

SCARLET SAGE (Sah'ia splcndens), one of the most common 
scarlet flowering plants of suburban borders. Our gardens are 
cooler without it, although planted among white masses of flowers 
it often is necessary for the brilliant co'ntrast it affords. 


D A H L i A s (D. 
variabilis), m e n- 
tioned last 'month, 
is probably the 
most important 
and varied of the 
summer - flowering 
tubers. Make the 
acquaintance of all 
the wonderful 
types and colors 
you can discover. 

(Lilinm s p e c i o- 
asum), one of the 
most dependable 
and easily grown 
of the glorious lily 
family. L. rubrum 
is the favorite 
form, a red lily 

(Continued on Stokes' aster or Stokesia is a foot-high pe- 

,, -. rennial herb with blue flowers. The 

" u y e 12 4) blooms are often over three inches across 

The Trend of Modern Furniture 



THE woman who 
was willing to 
put up with ugly fur- 
niture if it was rest- 
ful and especially if 
it was supplemented 
by that one touch of 
"swellness," a gilt 
chair, should not have 
been laughed at. She 
was vaguely striving 
for comfort and ele- 
gance. The two are 
not incompatible, but 
her knowledge of 
good furnishing was 

There may be among 
us stjll little of that 
culture which permits 
admiration of a thing 
for its intrinsic value 
as an art or craft pro- 
duction, instead of for 
sentiment connected 
with it or the amount 
of gilt on it ; and per- 
haps little knowledge 

The so-called mission style has probably influenced this new phase in furniture, prin- 
cipally in the qualities of simplicity and strength which it advocates 

ties. Yet, with a 
knowledge gained 
from true study and 
an earnest desire to 
produce furniture 
suited to the essentials 
of the American life 
of today, we have 
passed the beginning 
of a new period in 
which it might be said 
that American de- 
signers and makers of 
furniture rank among 
the best. 

A number of con- 
ditions have contribut- 
ed to practicability and 
simplicity in modern 
furniture and fur- 
nishing of a high 
class. Among them 
are the revolt from 
the burden of over- 
ornamented and too 
many household 
things, the evolution 
of the living-room as 

of real assembling. However, as an ever-increasing offset against against the little-used "parlor," and the growth of art influence 

the desire of many for possessions that are considered to indicate in America, which has taken place during the last decade, 
only social standing, and are too often measured in quality by And it is just at this psychological moment, so to speak, that 

cost, there is the laudable ambition to have a thing worth having there appears in the furniture world a new phase, shown by the 

in furnishings if it be best American manu- 

without question suit- facturers. and already 

able to its environment. winning an assured po- 

In furniture each pure sition among purchasers 

fashioning has its pecu- of high-grade and artis- 

liar qualities, w h i c h tic furniture. 

should be understood as The so-called mission 

an aid to proper assem- style (in evolution con- 

bling. Choice of furni- siderably removed from 

ture for the home should its progenitors, the old 

be influenced by more C al i forni a - mission 

than one's own liking, pieces), has probably in- 

Without analysis, we fluenced this phase, prin- 

may assume that the req- cipally in the qualities of 

uisite of practicality is simplicity and strength. 

most important and the But important in it is an 

element of simplicity de- application of old princi- 


pies of practicality that 

Observe how the straight lines of 
these chairs are softened by the 
skillful use of curves at the most 
effective points in the design. Note 
the beauty of the splat 

We are no longer ham- made for the quaintness, 

pered by the egotism that distinction and beauty as 

evolved the monstrosities shown in examples of 

of what might be desig- the Hepplewhite-Shearer 

nated the "American" manner of the eighteenth 

period in furniture. We century, 

still produce monstrosi- Mission and Hepple- 

A thoroughly modern china-closet, 
yet possessing much of the charm 
of Georgian pieces. Its simple de- 
sign makes it an admirable setting 
for the table service 




AUGUST, 1911 

Here is a rocker happily exemplifying one 
of the varieties of the new phase. Note 
the use of curves and the comfortable, 
loose cushion 

whit e-Shearer in 
their best specimens 
are structural and 
logical. While not 
without ornamenta- 
tion, there is in the 
latter no interfer- 
e n c e with line or 
strength ; the best 
phase of the mission 
would seem to be 
without ornament. 
They are essentially 
straight-line styles. 
The one is construc- 
tion-showing in its 
makeup the other al- 
most modern in its 

The new phase, 
however, has none 
of the vagaries of 
the evolution of the 
mission and its con- 
temporaries, or the inconsistencies of the conglomerates and 
'"adaptations" of eighteenth century designs foisted upon the 
American home-maker as "colonial." Its designing and construc- 
tion are the result of thought and skill. It has the certain firm- 
ness of the mission, as well as much of the grace of the Hepple- 
white- Shearer. 

Furniture has seldom borne so close a relation to interior 
architecture as the purist would desire. In America in our day 
this is particularly the case. But comparatively few American in- 
teriors have architectural quality. One reason is that the archi- 
tect was for long an unknown quality in the designing of in- 
teriors, and the upholsterer took his place. The result has been 
the reduction to neutrality of most modern interiors ; not to speak 
of the effeminization of the general rooms of the house. This is 
now being remedied in buildings of importance, and effort is be- 
ing made to change conditions in dwellings of moderate cost. 

Successful furniture, however, is not architectural in the sense 
generally understood by the layman, but structural. Corinthian 
columns are not suitable as legs of sofas, nor broken pediments 
for the backs of chairs. It is not enough to stick a few pressed- 
wood bowknots on a piece of furniture to make it fit a French 
period of architecture. True harmony in spirit and structure 
must there be to effect a proper relationship. Architectural 

This delightful chair, the square-legged 
variety of the new phase, fits snugly into 
a space that a smaller curve-line chair 
would overlap 

quality may be se- 
cured in pieces by 
reliance not upon 
motives of decora- 
tion, but upon pro- 
portion. Such furni- 
ture has been suc- 
cessfully designed 
by architects simul- 
taneously with the 
construction of 
buildings for cor- 
poration uses, nota- 
bly banks, and for 
mansions. But the 
latter for the most 
part are furnished 
with reproductions 
and genuine old 
pieces ; often, it is to 
be regretted, with 
too great freedom in 
the use of styles, but 
often, also, with 
great charm, where the scheme is carried out to the smallest detail. 

Many of those who care greatly for it, do not advisedly become 
collectors of old furniture, if they are true to what they care for. 
One great difficulty in furnishing with the historic styles is that 
many require an environment in perfect sympathy with their 
design and construction in order to be successfully placed. The 
majority of those styles are non-suited, as being too individually 
marked, to the interiors of today. In truth they have no relation 
to the life of today, often, indeed, they may be classed among 
curiosities of a past age. They are therefore undesirable to hosts 
of lovers of good furniture. 

Great numbers of Americans live in apartments or narrow city 
houses so they would better have furniture which, while large 
enough for comfort, is yet compact in design and without pro- 
tuberances in shape or excrescences in carving. Modern carving 
on anything but the highest class of productions is a delusion. 
Whatever one pays for in furnishing that is not either useful or 
at least truly decorative is apt to be wasted. 

The new phase fulfills the requirements above indicated. The 
wood chosen is of handsomely figured mahogany, soft-finished in 
the best work. The pieces are individuals, with much handwork 
upon them, and excellent upholstery. The latter is often of the 
loose-cushion kind, with or without springs. It has long been un- 

Beautiful in proportions, this sofa is deep-seated and high- 
backed. Some of these pieces have companion chairs 
Only the best upholstery should be used 

The dqvenpprt has won its way into the modern home. Observe the severe 
design relieved by the beautiful shoulders. Large, but comparatively easy to 
place in the room 







derstood, notwithstanding the argu- 
ments of the decriers of upholstery, 
that good work of this kind makes 
for comfort as no other accessories 
of furniture-making do. 

There is in this furniture the in- 
troduction of the subtle curves which 
rendered delightful the forms of 
eighteenth century pieces. One of 
the failures of modern designers is 
in the misapplication of the curve to 
straight-line structure. The proper 
use of the curve relieves this straight- 
line style of asceticism. Two kinds 
of supports are used, with due re- 
gard for the forms of the pieces 
the taper and the taper-with-the- 
spade-foot, and the square leg. The 
spade foot was first used to give the 
assurance of strength to a slender 
leg, and the combination is of great 

beauty in finely designed furniture. The value of these forms of 
supports as space-savers is appreciated by the modern house- 
keeper, especially in the dining-room. In some individual pieces 
the effect is enhanced by structural cabinet mouldings of excellent 
proportions, and traditional reedings. 

This piece, made with the ripest knowledge of how to 
make a practical dining-table, shows to advantage 
all the beauty of fine mahogany, placing no depen- 
dence upon carving or inlay. The camera slightly 
distorts the perspective 

Suites of furniture, except when 
based on French formal assembling, 
are not frequently seen outside of 
hotel drawing-rooms, assembly-halls 
and official reception-rooms. The 
average householder is still under 
the influence of the supposedly 
artistic, no-two-pieces-of-a-style ob- 
session, and photographs of in- 
teriors of better-class houses often 
show cabriole-legged Chippendale, 
spindle-legged Windsor, and modern 
willow, all gathered in helpless in- 
congruity, in a strongly accentuated 
architectural setting. The furniture 
we have now become acquainted 
with, after inspection of its chief 
characteristics, and variants, seems 
to present itself as adaptable to 
many interiors, dignifying those of 
, the humbler sort, admirably fitting 

those in which finely proportioned and refined and simple design- 
ing has been made an important factor. The surroundings should 
in no instance be fussy. The possessors of those creators of atmo- 
sphere old china, old plate, and old prints need not hesitate to 
(Continued on page 121) 

Bringing Wild Flowers Into the Garden 


B V F L I ) R K X C K 1 > E C K W I T H 

THERE is great danger that a large number of our native 
plants will, before many years, become entirely exter- 
minated. In fact, in the vicinity of our large cities, many species 
have already become extinct. This is partly because of the de- 
struction of our woods and forests which is constantly going on, 
and partly in consequence of the rapacity of those who wander 
into the country to gather flowers, and who not only pick every 
one they see but often pull 
the plants up by the roots. 

True lovers of nature 
like to seek the wild flow- 
ers in their natural habitats, 
where those which we have 
known for years greet us 
like old friends whom we 
are always glad to see. But 
year by year we have to 
travel farther to find them, 
and often we cannot take 
the time to do this espe- 
cially with the uncertainty 
of being able to find them 
after all our trouble; and. 
if we cannot go at just the 
right time, we miss them 
for the whole year. 

Many species of wild 
flowers, however, take 

kindly to cultivation, and Hepaticas grow just as readily and 
will abundantly repay the woods and well repay the 

trouble of transplanting them. In this way we not only save them 
from the danger of absolute extinction, but we can also have 
them close at hand to enjoy. 

In nearly every yard or garden there is some nook in which 
the wild flowers will grow, and we have only to study them a 
little in their native haunts to determine which species will suc- 
ceed best in the locations which we are able to give them. It is 

often a great surprise to find 
how readily many species 
will adapt themselves to 
seemingly adverse con- 
ditions, thriving luxuriantly 
and blossoming abundantly. 
The hepaticas take very 
kindly to cultivation, grow- 
ing just as readily and vig- 
orously in the garden as in 
the woods, and blooming 
just as freely. In fact, they 
seem to try to repay one for 
the trouble of cultivation by 
growing larger and some- 
times doubling the number 
of their petals. In sunny 
spots the hepaticas will be- 
gin to bloom almost as soon 
as the snow goes off, and 
the blossoms are quite as at- 

vigorously in the garden as in the t r a c t i v e in their way as 

trouble of transplanting those of the trailing ar- 


AUGUST, iqn 

butus, which will not bear transplant- 
ing. The flowers vary in 'color from 
pure white to pink, purple and blue. 
The whole plant is charming, from 
the dainty blossoms to the downy new 
leaves, so carefully folded. The 
bunches increase in size and vigor as 
the years go on, and no wild plant 
better repays the trouble of trans- 

Following closely upon the hepati- 
cas, in fact often blooming at the same 
time in warm, sunny locations, come 
the trilliums. The large white blos- 
soms of the grandiflorum are very 
beautiful, and, as the flowers grow 
older, their gradual change to various 
shades of pink makes an interesting 
study. The deep red blossoms of 
Trillium erect urn make a fine contrast 
to the pure white flowers of T. gron- 

All of the trilliums thrive under cul- 
tivation ; the clumps grow larger 
every year and the blossoms also. 
The writer has a clump which has 
been growing in a garden for several 
years. It has increased from a single 
root to a large bunch and often bears 
over thirty blossoms at a time. When 
they are all open the plant is the pride 
of the garden, as much admired as 
the showiest cultivated flowers. 

Mitella dyphylla, miterwort, or 
bishop's cap, is a dainty little white 
flower which will flourish in almost 
any shady nook. Its cousin. TiarcHa 
cordifolia, the false miterwort. is one 
of the prettiest of our early spring 
flowers. The sprays of foam-like blos- 
soms are airy and graceful and its 
leaves are particularly beautiful. It 
will grow contentedly in the garden 
year after year. 

The bloodroot, Sanguinaria Can- 
adensis, is well adapted to garden cul- 
tivation, and nothing can be more at- 
tractive than its pure white blossoms 
which come out in the earliest spring 
days. The veiny leaf is closely 
wrapped around the flower bud when 
it first appears, as if to protect it from 
the cold. The bloodroot increases 
rapidly and soon forms fine large 

Nearly all species of violets will do 
well under cultivation, and nothing 
can be prettier in their place. They 
like a cool, shady location and if it be 
also a moist one, they will thank you 
and make the most barren spots beau- 
tiful with their clean, green leaves and 
cheerful flowers. Our most common 
blue violet, Viola cucullata, is one of 
the prettiest of all. A comparatively 
rare kind, a white form of Viola soro- 
na, is splendidly adapted for growing 

One really does not appreciate 
the beauty of the wild carrot 
until a closer acquaintanceship 
is established 

in shady places ; its glossy green 
leaves completely cover the ground 
and its pure white blossoms are very 

The wild ginger, Asarum Cana- 
dcnse, has beautiful softly pubescent 
leaves and curious dark brown 
flowers which lie close to the ground 
and often escape observation. It 
thrives vigorously under almost any 
conditions and well repays for trans- 

One of the most graceful of our 
wild flowers is the columbine. It 
grows naturally in all sorts of places, 
sometimes clinging to the sides of 
steep cliffs dripping with water, and 
again flourishing among rocks and 
stones. The whole plant has a strik- 
ing individuality and grace, and its 
brilliant coloring makes it a beauti- 
ful object in the garden. It requires 
little in the way of attention and 
care, and if the seedpods are kept 
cut off, it will blossom nearly all 

Uvularias, or bellworts, do ex- 
tremely well under cultivation. The 
clumps increase in size every year 

The vivid coloring of the cardi- 
nal flower is unrivalled 

The Lady's Slipper lends grace and beauty not surpassed 
by the carefully cultivated hothouse orchid 

AUUUST, 191 1 



and throw up more and more stems 
of the pale yellow, gracefully droop- 
ing blossoms. The flowers seem to 
increase in size by cultivation and 
the plant becomes very ornamental. 

The cypripediums, or ladies' slip- 
pers, make regal ornaments of the 
wild garden. C. spectabilc, the showy 
lady slipper with its large pink and 
white blossoms is the most beautiful 
of the family. It is most often found 
in swamps, but it also grows on 
sandy hillsides and it will flourish in 
the garden as well as in its natural 
habitat if watered enough to prevent 
the soil from drying on top. Cypri- 
pedhtm pubcsccns, the large yellow 
lady slipper, also does well under 
cultivation, even without particular 
care, and clumps of C. parviHontm, 
the smaller-flowered species, increase 
in size as they become established. 

The blue flag, Iris verslcolor, 
naturally grows in wet places, but it 
accommodates itself to circumstan- 
ces nobly and will flourish in the 
wild garden and bloom for a month, 
if it only has occasional watering. 

For vivid coloring no other wild 

Black-eyed Susans grow larger 
and more ornamental each 
year in the friendly situation 
of the home grounds 

Why import the Michaelmas daisy, which is only a 
variety of our wild aster cultivated abroad? 

All the violets will thrive in the 
moist places so hard to fill 

flower can compare with the cardinal 
flower. Lobelia cardinalis. It usually 
grows along streams, but it will flour- 
ish in the garden, especially if it be 
planted where a dash of water can be 
frequently given it. The cardinal 
flower begins to bloom in July, and 
the long spikes of brilliant blossoms 
will continue opening to the very tip, 
lasting until the latter part of August. 
Numerous side shoots spring out 
from the main stalk, thus lengthening 
the time of flowering. 

The various species of wild asters 
accommodate themselves to garden 
privileges with no reluctance what- 
ever ; many of them are very graceful 
and pretty and they adorn the waste 
places where nothing else will flourish. 
Coming as they do late in the fall, 
they lengthen the season of bloom in 
the garden and are useful for decora- 
tion. Under the name of Michaelmas 
daisies, many of our native asters are 
cultivated in Kngland and are often 
imported from that country for our 
gardens. Hut many of the same spe- 
cies can be picked up along our coun- 
try roads without trouble and are 
quite as beautiful as their imported 
brethren. Xo prettier adornment can 
be found for the fall garden, and once 
introduced there they will take care of 

The goldenrods will flourish in the 
town garden, but, for some reason, 
they do not seem to fit in with their 
surroundings quite as well as many 
other wild flowers. Possibly they need 
the environment of green fields to 
show them off to advantage. If you 
like the goldenrods, however, there is 
no reason why you should not have a 
large collection of them, for they have 
no objection whatever to being culti- 

Rudbcckia hirta, the purple cone- 
flower, perhaps more generally known 
as Black-eyed Susan, is one of the 
gayest ornaments of the field, a uni- 
versal favorite with old and young. 
Transplanted to the garden, it phil- 
osophically accepts the situation and 
responds to cultivation with cheerful- 
ness and an apparent desire to im- 
prove its opportunities. The leaves of 
the plant become smoother and a 
brighter shade of green and the blos- 
soms become larger. Once introduced 
into the garden it will perpetuate itself 
ami become more plentiful and more 
ornamental every year. 

Mo>t of the wild (lowers will do 

well if taken up when in bloom. This 

is fortunate, for some of them die 

down after blooming and it is almost 

(Continued on payc 129) 

Fighting the Drought in the Small Garden 


Even in the small garden it is becoming more evidently necessary 
each year to provide against drought, if the best results are 

B Y 

Photographs by E. J. Hall and H. B. Fullerton 

all the damage done to 
our gardens, small and large, by 
insects and by plant diseases, 
there is another enemy whose 
devastations far surpass the 
ravages of all of these added 
together. Not that the actual 
destruction is more, for it is 
not -and for that reason the 
tremendous extent of the losses 
due to partial drought are sel- 
dom realized. To illustrate : 
if one sets out a hundred little 
cabbage plants, and the cut- 
worms get ten of them, and a 
clever, fat wood-chuck ten 
more, and the cabbage mag- 
gots still another ten, and the 
green caterpillars ruin an ad- 
ditional ten, one certainly 
would be justified in raising a 
cry about garden pests, for 
the total loss would be forty 
per cent. But the fact remains that the 
sixty plants spared, in a season of plentiful 
rain, would give a bigger crop than a full 
hundred plants in a dry season in which 
each plant attained only half its normal 

weight. (In this connection it must be remembered that a head 
of cabbage, or a melon or a squash, six inches in diameter, will 
weigh eight times as much as one three inches in diameter.) 
There is not one season in fifty that plants in the open garden 
get all the water they could use to advantage ; and every day 
they go thirsty, even though it is not enough to "check" them, 
means a loss in crops at the end of the season. As this loss is 
not a visible one, it passes unnoticed, and we go on trusting to 
luck and the weather to send us the right conditions for growing 
big crops, and in the meantime have to use twice as much garden 
space, seed and time as would be necessary if we could give our 
plants all the water they could use. 

Another reason why the importance of the water question is 
not realized is that few people understand that plants not only 
need drink, but that all their food must be taken up while held in 
solution in water. Thus it makes no difference how rich we. may 
have made the soil, nor what tempting forms of plant-food we 
may have put into it, so long as there is not enough moisture in 
the ground to carry them up through the peculiar feeding sys- 
tem of the plant. 

Important indeed is the part that water plays in the growing 
of plants, and where it is withheld to too great an extent the re- 
sult is plainly apparent. But it is by the half-water-starved con- 
dition of the garden soil, in which the plants look well enough 
but do not seem to come on as they ought, that the extensive and 
tremendous damage is done. 

What then can we do to fight the great invasion drought ? 

Such measures as we may take are, of course, of two kinds 
preventative and remedial ; and they are, respectively : cultivation, 
special cultivation with drought fighting in mind, and irrigation. 

Now the matter of proper cultivation has much more to do 

F . R o c K w E 

with keeping moisture in the 
soil than most people imagine. 
There is not space here to go 
into the science of the matter 
in any great detail, but a hasty 
common-sense view will tell 
us that the water that falls 
passes from the soil in three 
ways ; ( i ) part of it soaks or 
seeps through the open sur- 
face soil either down through 
a porous (sandy or gravelly) 
subsoil, or to a hard subsoil 
along which it runs to lower 
levels; (2) part of it runs off 
the surface, especially on slop- 
ing areas; and (3) part and 
a large part is drawn up 
from the soil into the air 
again by capillary attraction 
and evaporation. It therefore 
becomes evident that in our 
cultivation we must aim (i) 
to make the soil as deep and 
as sponge-like, or moisture-holding, as pos- 
sible in order that its storage capacity may 
be as great as possible; (2) that we must 
try to keep a mellow surface, into which 
rain will soak quickly where it falls ; and 
(3) that we must keep the water which does soak into the ground 
from rising again to the surface where sun and winds evaporate 
it with tremendous rapidity. 

The first of these conditions is attained by frequent, thorough 
and deep plowing. The majority of garden soils cannot be 
plowed too deeply. (The few exceptions are light, sandy soils, 
lying on open sandy or gravelly subsoils, through which water 
runs quickly; such soils it is well to plow -always at a uniform 
depth, and keep the subsoil as compact as possible). 

It will, however, not do to try to plow ten or twelve inches 
deep on soil that has formerly been turned over to a depth of six 
or eight inches. If it is attempted, the top layer of the garden 
will be largely the c<5ld, undisintegrated subsoil turned up from 
below and not favorable to luxuriant plant growth. A better way, 
'if the time can be afforded, is to plow an inch or two deeper 
every time the piece is turned over. This leaves only a small 
amount of poorer soil mixed with the rich surface soil, which 
will be, if anything, a benefit, and it contains usually generous 
amounts of plant- foods (nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash) in 
forms which will become gradually available. By this method, 
and plowing both spring and fall, two seasons will suffice to 
bring most any field to the desired depth. 

If it is required to increase the depth of the soil at one plowing, 
the best way will be to plow as deep as possible a strong team 
being necessary and then add the manure and "cross plow" 
lightly, so that the newly upturned subsoil is thoroughly mixed 
through the upper four or five inches of soil. If this deep plow- 
ing leaves a remaining subsoil of a clayey nature, follow the regu- 
lar plow with a "subsoil plow," which turns a small furrow in 
the bottom of the regular furrow, but does not lift any soil to the 
surface, simply breaks it up where it lies so that the water may 


AUGUST, 191.1 



percolate down into it, and remain there, as in a vast shallow cis- 
tern, to be drawn upon when needed in the hot drought days. 

All this may seem like a lot of detailed technical information, 
useless to the man with only a small vegetable garden, and a quar- 
ter of an acre of potatoes. 

In proportion to the extent of his operations, it is just as im- 
portant to him as to the man who raises crops by the acre. He 
will find it much less tiresome and expensive to insist on having 
his small garden properly plowed and prepared, and also much 
more effective, than to be driven to the necessity of lugging pails 
of water, evening after evening, and to sprinkling it about the sur- 
face of his garden, when there should be barrels ful stored at the 
bottom of it. 

So much for the first step in preparing for the fight against 
drought. The second is deep harrowing. Too often the only 
thing accomplished in harrowing is to get the surface of the soil 
level and smooth enough to run the seed-drill in. The condition 
of the surface should not be thought of until the tipper four or 
five inches of soil is thorough- 
ly fined pulverized until you 
can stick your hand down in 
it anywhere without encoun- 
tering lumps. Generally speak- 
ing, the disk-harrow is best 
for this purpose. On certain 
soils, the "spading," "spike- 
tooth" or "spring tooth" types 
of harrow may be preferable 
but the man who hires his 
work of this kind done for 
him is not likely to have much 
choice in the way of special 
implements. Whatever sort 
of harrow is used, the ground 
should be gone over until 
there are no lumps or clods, 
and all is fine and mellow. 
The importance of this work, 
as far as drought-fighting is 
concerned, is that there shall 
not be crevices and air pock- 
ets left to aid in drying out 
the upper layer of soil, and to 
prevent the formation of the 
important "dust-m u 1 c h" of 
of which more is said later on. 

The third step, of course, is 
the fining of the surface, for 
which some form of smooth- 
ing-harrow, or a brush drag, 
is used. The surface should be 
left as near the condition of 
ashes as possible, the finer 
the better, provided the 
ground is not gone over so 
frequently as to pack it down 
hard, for we have already 
seen the importance of having 
a soil through which water 
will soak quickly. The finish- 
ing touches are usually given 
with the garden rake. (It is of 
importance that the. piece be 
planted as soon as this final 
working-over is given, and 
while the surface is still fresh 
and moist.) 

It is not an expensive matter to run a line of second-hand pipe 
from the house to several points in the garden; from these a 
hose connection is made 

That answers for the preparation of the land deep plowing, 
deep harrowing and fine finishing. But the condition of the 
land has also a great deal to do with the matter. It should be in 
that shape which tillers of the soil are wont to term "in good 
heart," that is, besides being rich, it must contain an abundance 
of humus, a condition which to the uninitiated may perhaps best 
be illustrated by the difference between a piece of silk and a piece 
of flannel, as regards their capacity for absorbing water. Soil 
containing plenty of humus will absorb water like a sponge ; soil 
deficient in humus will pack and get muddy, and then get lumpy 
and bake. Thus all important humus is furnished mostly by de- 
cayed vegetable matter, either directly by rotted roots and sod, or 
indirectly by stable manure. 

Where land is kept constantly under cultivation, as in the mar- 
ket gardens near large cities, stable manure is an absolute neces- 
sity, not only for the plant-food it furnishes, but for additional 
humus to the over-worked soil. In farm work, and in the home 
garden that can occasionally be shifted from one place to another, 

fertilizers may be substituted 
for manures, at least to a 
large extent. Another source 
of humus, too infrequently 
used in the small garden, is 
"green manuring" or the turn- 
ing under of some green crop 
such as rye. buckwheat, or 
fodder corn. Very often a 
strip of the garden is left to 
barrenness or weeds, harmful 
and unsightly, where a half- 
hour's work and practically no 
expense would have made an 
even, pretty patch of green, to 
be turned under after a few 
weeks' growth. 

With soil in the proper con- 
dition, deeply plowed and 
carefully harrowed, we have 
made every provision for stor- 
ing all the water we can. The 
second equation in the prob- 
lem is to save it. 

In the first part of this arti- 
cle I spoke of three ways in 
which the rainfall was lost, 
by running off either on the 
subsoil or the surface, and by 
being drawn to the surface 
and there evaporated. It is 
the third of these that does 
the damage, for most of the 
water lost in the first two 
ways is merely a surplus that 
we cannot use. The evapora- 
tion, however, continues day 
after day, week after week, 
wasting the reserve supply 
that is so vitally necessary to 
plant growth. Spill a dipper 
of water on the surface of 
your garden some hot or 
windy day, and note how soon 
it vanishes all into the air, 
for examination will show 
that it did not soak down. 
Now if that quantity of water 
(Continued on page 122) : 

Utilizing the Waste Spaces of a House 


A SMALL house at Syracuse, 
N. Y., recently designed by 
Alfred T. Taylor, architect, might be 
regarded as a practical treatise 
on the art of closet building. 
Every inch of what is usually 
waste space in a house is util- 
ized for ingenious cupboards 
or for built-in furniture. 

Photographs by George E. Doust 

In plan the house is nearly 
square, with an entrance 
porch separate from the long 

Dressers, seats and bookcases 
are fitted into the walls or at- 
tached to them, and the archi- 
tect has seized the opportunity 
to carry his scheme to comple- 
tion, building furniture re- 
duced to the simplest terms of 
good proportion and efficiency, 
but made to harmonize with 
other architectural detail. 

The Colonial character 
of the living-room, with 
its fireplace flanked by 
pillared recesses, is ac- 
cented by a small cup- 
board of quaint design, ^ 
one of those convenient 
cupboards that promote 
order in a room by hold- 
ing magazines and music. 
In the bookroom the walls 
are lined by shelves put 
up by the house carpen- 
ter, made of whitewood 
stained a soft brown. A 
desk breaks the bookcase 
line, fitting into its place 
more perfectly than would 
the most expensive fac- 
tory product. 

A problem confronting 
every housewife is the 
proper disposal of her ta- 

ble linen, a problem usually treated in 
inadequate fashion, since ordinary 
shelves or drawers are unsatisfactory, 
especially for small pieces. The 
rack for doilies shown in our 
illustration is a new and feasi- 
ble invention that proves ex- 
tremely practical. Movable 
trays with thumb holes rest on 

A corner of the library. A desk has been built into the line of 
bookcases that encircles the four walls of the room, fitting in 
more perfectly than the most expensive factory product 

Between the dormer windows, as indicated in the second floor plan, the 
has been utilized as shown at the top of the next page 


Closets and sets of drawers 
have been built into the slope 
of the roof, ordinarily waste 

grooved cleats. Each tray holds 
a set of doilies or napkins, and 
is easily carried with its con- 
tents to the serving-table. 
Other space in this carefully 
planned linen closet is filled 
with shelves for table cloths, 
etc., and a rack for table leaves. 
In the culinary department, 
cupboards are designed with 
due regard to the revolu- 
tion that has come about 
of late years in house- 
keeping quarters, now ,o 
much more compact and 
sanitary than they used to 
be. The butler's pantry is 
a model of hygiene and 
convenience. High case- 
ment windows flood it 
with light. In the ledge 
beneath are two sinks 
with reversible faucets. 
Space for glass and china 
in the opposite wall is di- 
vided into low, high and 
medium-high compart- 
ments, so that dishes in 
everyday use are easily 
handled without exposing 
others to dust. Narrow 
cup shelves placed mid- 
w a y between ordinary 


AUGUST, 191 1 



ones are among the fea- 
tures utilizing space to 
the utmost. The kettle 
cupboard, opening from 
the kitchen, is furnished 
with hooks for sauce- 
pans and racks for their 
covers, as well as with 
shelves housing the shin- 
ing aluminum and 
enamel ware that takes 
the place of our moth- 
ers' iron and tin utensils. 
A kitchen wall cabinet is 
another item in the 
architect's scheme, and 
has miniature flour bins 
and cunningly devised 
compartments for spices. 
Altogether the kitchen is 
calculated, through its 
cupboards alone, to cause 
a house mistress to long 
for the usually dreaded 
hiatus between cooks. 

On the kitchen porch 
is a ledge containing 
trap doors lifted by 
sunken rings. Beneath 
is a shelf holding gar- 
bage and paper cans, 
often in unsightly near- 
ness to a kitchen door- 
way. Access is had to 
the cans by service men 
through a latticed cellar 
entrance at one side. 

The saving of floor 
space, more precious in 
a small house than in a 
large one, is carried to a 
fine point in the sleep- 
ing-rooms. Roof spaces 
around dormer win- 
d o w s, neglected ordi- 
narily or furnished with 
low cupboards into 
which the owner must 
dive head-first to find 
anything, are in this case 
filled with chests of 
drawers varying in 
depth according to the 
pitch of the roof. Here 
the clothing of the fami- 
ly is stored, and since 
there is ample room for 
both summer and winter 
\vrar a seasonal over- 
hauling of wardrobe 
space is avoided. In the 
children's rooms these 
b u i 1 t-in cabinets that 
make chiffoniers or 
dressers an unknown 
quantity are especially 
useful, since thev hold 

One of the great objections to the gambrel-roof house is the necessity for sloping ceilings in the bedrooms 
but these may be turned to an advantage as has been done here 

The treatment of the living-room across the fireplace end is rather interesting, leaving the flanking windows 

in small bays 



AUGUST, 1911 

In the linen closet sliding shelves have 
been built rather close together to hold 
napkins and doilies 

small frocks and suits full length 
without folding. The charming effect 
of white paneled spaces given by this 
wall treatment is shown in our illus- 
tration of the owner's room. Wide 
window-seats with box space be- 
neath are also built in some of the 

The linen closet on the second 
floor is a roomy one with a wide 
ledge, drawers below it, and above 
shelves and cubby holes for quilts 
and bed-linen. A trap door in the 
ceiling and a pulley and tackle pro- 
vide for the hoisting of trunks to the 
store room above, without injury to 
stairs or tempers. 

From the cellar with its preserve 
cupboards to the attic with its fur- 
closet lined with tar paper, the cata- 
logue of closets is a complete one. 
Each has its distinctive use and is 
skilfully adapted to it. The size of 
rooms is increased by the utilization 
of waste space, and a comparatively 
small house, costing $8,500, has the 
value and efficiency of a much larger 
place, as well as a decidedly indi- 
vidual quality. 

Besides this, the furniture is of the 
greatest utility, combining all the 
special requirements of the owner's 
taste and particular fancy. 

A very small portion of the dining-room china closet 
was taken to form a music closet and architec- 
tural feature in the living-room 

The Arrangement of Cut Flowers 


Photographs by the Author 

Poppies and candytuft in 
good arrangement 

SOME time ago, a beautiful 
flower arrangement of hardy 
hydrangea and clematis, paniculata, 
remarkably well placed, excited 
my admiration. It set me think- 
ing how seldom we see different 
flowers put together, and what 
chance there is to enlarge on the 
roses and heliotrope, and daisies 
and buttercups of our dear grand- 

The governing factor in select- 
ing one flower to be shown with 
another, is contrast of growth. 
Contrast of color often plays a 
part, but not an essential part. 
For example, in the hydrangea 
and clematis arrangement before 
mentioned, the prettiness of the 
combination consisted in the con- 
trast between the large close 
packed racemes of the hydrangea, 

and the loose, airily constructed, finer clematis. Difference of 
color had nothing to do with it for both were white the hydran- 
gea was picked before any pink tint showed. 

The photograph of -white petunia and achillea affords another 
illustration of two plants of different growth and the same color 
placed together. It is necessary that one flower be more massive 
than the other so that the secondary flower is a kind of foil for 
the heavier one. There is more lattitude when just foliage is 
chosen to put with a flower, but even then we instinctively choose 
a growth which contrasts pleasantly with the blossom's own leaves. 

Poppies and candytuft, salvia and wild carrot, honeysuckle and 
white phlox, roses and pansies, are merely a few of the successful 
combinations that can be made. Wild carrot is charming with 
many garden plants that bloom at the same time. It is also 
usually easily obtained and can be made a garden feature. In a 
very large garden last summer at Lake George I saw a strip of it 
being cultivated for its own lacelike beauty. 

In an arrangement of two or three different varieties of 
flowers, after a decision has been reached as to what subordinate 
will best show off the primary, there is a question of the disposal 
in the vase. Study the growth of the plants for your directions. 
A flower chosen for the secondary one, that is of low growth, 

AUGUST, 1911 



should maintain the same relation 
to the primary in the flower ar- 
rangement as it does naturally. 
The same is true of combinations 
of leaves from varieties of trees. 
In the photograph of autumn 
leaves and cedar, the maple which 
grows to greater height than the 
cedar is so placed in the vase. 

Flowers which seem attract- 
ive together are best arranged 
with an eye for combinations of 
those of the same height, as in the 
picture of salvia and wild carrot. 
Here there is a contrast of color 
as well as the contrast of growth. 
When a vine forms one member 
of an arrangement the effect is 
prettiest if the extra length is al- 
lowed below, rather than above 
the other flower. This was accom- 
plished in the arrangement of the 
morning glory and mignonette. 

In all combinations consider the 
most massive and boldest flower 
the primary, arranging secondar- 
ies above and below as their 
growth suggests. 

After primary and secondaries 
are assigned to their respective 
positions, it seems to me there 
are two distinct ways of placing 
flowers in receptacles, either by 
massing many of the same kind 
together, depending for effect on 
color only, or so disposing a few 
flowers that flower, leaf and 
stem each plays a part in the de- 
sign. By the former method all 
individuality of growth is lost, 
but for a large decoration to be 
seen at a distance, it often seems 
the only practicable way. Imper- 
fect flowers also can be used in 
this manner with 
good effect. Al- 
though some com- 
binations of flow- 
ers may mass suc- 
cess fully, they are 
apt to be spotty 
or so blended that 
the original color 
weakens too 
much. As a rule 
more artistic re- 
sults are obtained 
by sticking to one 
kind only when 
there is enough 
of it. 

The second 
method requires 
few but perfect 
flowers, and the 
larger the space 
to be decorated, 
the bolder the 

A pretty combination of vine and flower, hydrangeas and 
clematis. Be careful to balance masses with masses, and 
not to leave too great a space between flowers 

The lacy blossoms of the wild carrot make 
a fine contrast with the stiffer and differ- 

ently formed salvia 

Morning-glories and mignonette look well on 
the breakfast table. The vine lasts several 
days if picked with buds on 

flower must be. There is more 
room here for the originality and 
personality of the arranger to ex- 
pand. Again study the growth of 
your plants for suggestions. Pre- 
sent their most graceful sides to 
view, show a beautiful curve of 
stem when there is one, and so 
place the sprays in the vases as 
to preserve a look of vitality at 
the base from which they spring, 
assuming that the surface of the 
water is this base. Prevent hav- 
ing too much crossing of the 
stems at this point as it tends to 
destroy the look of life, which is 
so desirable. Then balance the 
masses of blossoms and foliage 
against the spaces between them ; 
for there must be spaces to show 
off the flowers and leaves prop- 
erly. Confusion and overcrowd- 
ing is best overcome sometimes 
by discreet clipping here and 

One of the great principals of 
the art of design is to make 
masses and spaces balance each 
other properly. Why not consider 
your arrangement a kind of ir- 
regular design, as it were, and 
see that your masses of color and 
green, and spaces, balance each 
other, so there are no unpleasant 
holes anywhere and one part of 
your arrangement is not too 
heavy for the other part. "Bal- 
ance and harmony without repe- 
tition, is the governing principle 
in flower arrangements as well as 
other Japanese Arts" says Josiah 
Condor and it is very helpful to 
keep this phrase in mind. 

If we wish we may let our fancy 
play, and ex- 
press consider- 
a b 1 e sentiment 
when planning 
combinations of 
flowers. "There 
is rosemary, 
that's for re- 
membrance, and 
pansies, that's 
for thoughts," 
says Shake- 
speare. Lilies 
stand for purity, 
ivy for f riend- 
s h i p. Grasses 
and wild flowers 
suggest the 
country, sea- 
weed the sea and 
so on. Many 
pleasant times 
spent together 
and feelings of 



AUGUST, 1911 

The governing factor in selecting 
flowers is contrast in growth. 
Marigolds and snow-on-the-mount 

to the recipient the lovely coun- 
try home to which she had been 
asked as a guest. 

Many contrivances are on the 
market for holding flowers in the 
positions desired. Japan furnishes 
turtles with cellular backs, crabs, 
and other devices. There are 
glass shapes with holes in them, 
to hold stems, and heavy enough 
to stay in place in the bottom of 
a vase. Wire gauze covers for 
vases, with different sized inter- 
stices are liked by some people. A 
German idea has been improved 
upon by one of our own Arts and 
Crafts shops, and the result is a 
serpentine arrangement of soft 
metal, which may be bent at will 
into curves for larger or smaller 

hospitality and 
friendship might 
be expressed by a 
combination of oak 
leaves and h e 1 i o- 

A friend of mine 
was sent a beauti- 
ful arrangement of 
roses, pansies and 
grasses. The roses 
and pansies typified 
the love and 
thoughts of the 
giver, and the 
grasses suggested 

in one of our pictures is good for general use, as it is very sug- 
gestive of the straight growth of the stems. 

There are a few general directions too for keeping flowers in 
water which may not come amiss here. Change the water every 
day, clipping off a tiny bit of stem. Several competent authori- 
ties suggest plunging wooded steins, and stems having a sticky, 
milky juice into boiling water after clipping. This method opens 
up the cells and induces a better circulation of sap. Poinsettia 
for instance responds well to this treatment. With most flowers 
tepid water is better than very cold. Having as few leaves as 
possible under water, also helps to prolong life. Indeed the 
Japanese consider any foliage under water a menace to the cut 
blossoms' health, and vigorously strip all stems to the height of 
the vase. 

If opaque receptacles only are used, and so far as I know the 
Japanese always do use them, it is well for us to follow their lead ; 

but transparent vases demand a 
different treatment of the stems 
inside them. We have too many 
kinds of beautiful glass holders, 
and enjoy them too much, to set 
them aside and confine ourselves, 
solely to the opaque. It is better 
to compromise by discreetly clip- 
ping out extra leaves, retaining a 
little foliage to show through the 

As a usuaFthing in this coun- 
try we do not consider one flower 
arrangement in relation to the 
whole room as the Japanese do, 
and again as they do, make it the 
principle point of decoration. We 
select one little spot, like a table, 
piano, corner or window, to dis- 
play our cut flowers, nor is it 
practicable to do otherwise as our 
homes are planned and furnished. 
But it is jeadily seen how close is 
the relation between the chosen 

Phlox and honeysuckle are pleasing together. 
When vines and flowers are used together it is 
best to have the vine drop below the primary 


Personally I have found this the most useful of any of these 
articles. Where opaque vessels are employed, bits of stiff en- 
velopes stuffed in between, the stems and below the top of the 
vase, answer admirably. In shallow china, or very heavy glass 
receptacles, little stones and pretty pebbles furnish a satisfactory 
and attractive method of holding stems in position. 

The Japanese make a short slit in a bit of bamboo of a suitable 
length for a chosen vase, and cut a little notch in one side. Suf- 
ficient spring is thus insured for the bamboo to snap into place ture which its very 
between the sides of the vase. Stems of the flowers slipped completeness 
through the slit maintain upright positions. 

Twigs cut from willow act successfully in straight sided vases. 

There is also much to be gained in flower combinations by jects around it, im- 
choosing proper accessories, just as much as there is when ar- mediately delight- 
ranging plants separately. One's choice of a vase should be, both ing the eye and at 
in shape and decoration, of a kind to set off the flowers, rather once impressing 
than to display itself too prominently. The shape may be sug- the beholder as a 
gested by the flower itself possibly, or the stem or leaf may assist part of the deco- 
in the choice of the receptacle. The plain cylindrical shaped vase rative scheme. 

spot, the vase, and 
plants in it, and 
how much thought 
may be put on the 
reciprocal rela- 
tions. In short, the 
whole thing should 
be a sort of pic- 

forces a little 
ahead of the ob- 

Maple leaves with cedar. The element 
growth determines the disposal here 


Our native red cedar is the hardy counterpart of the south European cypresses that have made us so envious of Italian gardens, 
variable form makes it desirable for all kinds of planting. Chas. Leavitt, landscape architect 


The Four Best Evergreens 


Photographs by Nathan R. Graves and others 

~^HE best evergreen trees for eastern gardens are natives of 
the eastern states and yet ills exceptional to find them as 
a prominent and permanent feature in the planting scheme of the 
average country home. We need them and should plant them 
freely, not merely for the warmth and shelter they impart, but 
especially for their cheery effectiveness in the winter landscape. 

It is strange that our native evergreen trfees have been so 
neglected in this regard, but by sheer force of circumstances we 
will soon be compelled to turn to them and find in them the only 
solution for the difficulties of planting evergreens that endure 
and grow successfully. 

Experience teaches, and some of us have learned a recent les- 
son that cannot lightly be disregarded. The death roll among 
evergreens in gardens and nurseries as revealed to us this spring 
was appalling and certainly most discouraging to many who have 
tried to make the home more attractive with choice plantings. 
The loss has not been confined to recent plantings but many speci- 
mens of large size and groups of many years' standing have suc- 

cumbed to conditions, not to extreme cold ; they have withstood 
many colder winters, but cold drying winds plus a prolonged 
drought proved a combination of conditions that will not have 
happened in vain if we heed the lesson taught. The advent of 
spring made this plainly apparent. Cheapness and availability 
must hereafter be subordinated to other important essentials that 
have not in the past been considered of primary importance. 
What has happened once can, and does, happen again, and there 
should in consequence thereof be a careful revision of our plant- 
ing lists, if the art of good garden planning and planting is to 
be permanently progressive. The prevailing conditions of the 
fall, winter and spring of 1910-11 have unquestionably demon- 
strated that certain evergreens easily raised and quickly grown 
into adaptable stock are, in spite of their natural attractivenesss, 
lacking one all important essential that of permanent stability. 
The losses so manifest this spring may tend to add to the dis- 
like of, or prejudice against evergreens one sometimes encoun- 
ters, unless it can be clearly shown that unsatisfactory result? in 

1 06 


AUGUST, 1911 

The hemlock spruce, Tsuga Canadcnsis, should be used here in place of the English yew. 

and endurance it is unsurpassed 

evergreen planting generally arise from the misuse and inappro- 
priate planting of unsuitable types from Europe, Asia or the Pa- 
cific coast. To cite one common example that of the Norway 
spruce. It would have been better for American gardens had this 
tree never been introduced to the country, yet nurserymen con- 
tinue to raise it in prodigious quantity and planters are annually 
found to take and plant the product. 

Picea alba or Canadensis, our native white spruce, is an in- 
finitely better tree. Why should it be so generally ignored except 
it be on account of its being indigenous to our country? It is 
naturally distributed throughout northern territory from Labra- 
dor to Behring Straits and is especially abundant in Maine and 
contiguous north eastern states. It is unquestionably a good 
permanent tree for gardens and greatly to be preferred to its 
Norwegian relative. In infancy it does not grow quite as rapidly 
as the Norway but this is an additional recommendation to its 
use for gardens of limited area, as it makes a beautiful specimen 
individually. If planted for the purpose of a screen or shelter- 
belt it may be a little longer in furnishing the objective but its 
permanence is undoubted and its density will be retained. It is 
especially bright and cheerful in its leaf coloring and shows_ 
marked variation in this respect from deep green to a decided sil- 
very hue holding its color good throughout the entire winter. It 
can stand exposure in any situation without loss of verdure or 
virility, except that hot summers in New York and southwards, 
sometimes bring attacks of red spider which discolors the foliage, 
but this is only an occasional and temporary drawback. Another 
strong point in its favor is that it is a good evergreen for gar- 
dens on the seacoast. Sea air and saline winds it has long been 
accustomed to along the rocky shores of Maine. 

In spite of all this merited praise of the white spruce those who 
would purchase it for planting in quantity will find the available 
supply exceedingly small, but only because the public has become 
used to buying Norway spruce and the nurseryman is not to be 
blamed for growing most of what is in largest demand. Let the 

For grace 

facts regarding the white spruce 
be known and an insistent de- 
mand arise, someone will meet 
it, for seed in abundance can 
be collected in the national 
northern forest home of this 
tree. , 

Tsuaga Canadcnsis, the hem- 
lock spruce, should be with us 
a full equivalent for the yew 
tree of European gardens, yet, 
what scant attention it receives 
from garden planters? It is 
easily our most graceful ever- 
green tree, yields nothing in this 
respect to the commonly planted 
Rctinispora which apparently 
has no future with us, whereas 
the hemlock spruce will endure 
beyond our time, its beauty in- 
creasing with age and stature. 
When planted as an isolated or 
individual tree it is sometimes 
a little slow growing and seems 
to be retarded or stunted by ex- 
posure, but this can be offset or 
corrected by giving it extra 
treatment in a well prepared 
planting site with an abund- 
ance of good soil. An unhealthy 
or impoverished tree not only 

The white spruce (Picea alba) is infinitely better than the imported 

Norway spruce 

AUGUST, ig i i 


arouses no enthusiasm but it brings about an undeserved dis- 
repute. Undoubtedly the hemlock spruce has failed in hun- 

ever, is one not to be lightly undertaken and carelessly performed 
or the percentage of success will be very small. The density of 

dreds of gardens because it was merely stuck in the ground, not our cedar, the amount of leafage and consequent transpiration 

planted intelligently with due consideration for its needs. A 
tapering pyramid of dense, luxurious yet graceful leafage such as 
it displays must have the wherewithal to grow from and be sus- 
tained and this is to be found in a liberal apportionment of good 

seem so excessively disproportionate to its root system that trans- 
planting this tree needs to be done with special regard to its 
peculiarities. It was thought to be a difficult and intractable tree 
because collectors dug up wild trees in a more or less haphazard 

moisture-holding soil. Given this, no matter what the site and ex- manner and met with scant success. Now with proper appliances 

posure, the tree will 
not dry up and die, for 
in the forest and on 
the exposed mountain 
side we find noble 
specimens braving all 
vicissitudes because 
the fundamental root 
needs are right. 

Great forests of 
hemlock spruce once 
covered our hills 
where now not a tree 
of the species re- 
mains. In our gar- 
dens and about our 
homes we should, as 
far as we can, en- 
deavor to restore the 
lost beauty of this 
tree whose native 
primal beauty has 
been so sacrificed to 
commercial need that 
one has to go far 
from the haunts of 
men to see it in na- 
t i v e surroundings. 
The world can offer 
us no better ever- 
green tree no substi- 
tute ; in fact none half 
so good for Ameri- 
can gardens. It is 
worthy of our best 
efforts to establish it 
permanently as a trib- 
ute to its merit ; not 
alone for the assured 
self satisfaction, but 
for the future perma- 
nency that those who 
succeed us will right- 
fully appreciate. It 
has one other good 
point wherein it re- 
sembles the yew of 
Europe and that is its 

The white pine, the largest of our native evergreens, has an added attraction in that it 
grows well even in thin, shallow soils 

one can go to the wild 
cedar groves and suc- 
cessfully remove trees 
of any age and height. 
It is strange that for 
years we seemed 
blind to the merit and 
varied uses of a tree 
so widely distributed 
unless it was con- 
tempt born of the fact 
of its commonness. 
All kinds of exotic 
evergreens have been 
tried in gardens for 
creating certain form- 
al or architectural ef- 
fects but the very 
best tree for this spe- 
cial work in Ameri- 
c'in gardens is the red 
cedar. Its variable 
form too, gives it a 
wide range of useful- 
ness. There are col- 
umnar types advis- 
able for formal plant- 
ing or to give a pic- 
turesque skyline and 
break up the flatness 
of other planting. 
Some types grow- 
broad and dense and 
make a perfect screen 
planting. In every re- 
spect where it can be 
suitably planted the 
cedar is an important 
tree and nothing that 
we can import from 
other countries excels, 
it in character and! 

Pinus Strobus, the 
white pine, is certain- 
ly the one best pine 
for gardens and! 
grounds in the east- 

adaptability to restricted growth. Given right conditions at the 
root, the hemlock spruce is certainly our best evergreen hedge 
plant and can be grown into a dense and most effectual screen. 
Junipcrus Virginiana, the red cedar, is coming into its own at 
last, as we have come to realize its distinctiveness and adapta- 
bility for special use. In some respects it occupies a unique po- 

ern states. It is also the largest of our evergreen trees, which 
should be borne in mind when planting it so that it may have 
room to develop and throw far and wide its spreading branches. 
It is a rapid grower too, but if allowed plenty of room will retain- 
its lower branches for many years. It can if so desired be kept 
as a dense compact lawn specimen by taking off the tips of the 

sition among evergreens as by and with it we can reproduce young growing shoots in June, but a group or grove of white 
effects that have made us envious of some of the gardens of Italy pines in free, unrestricted growth is a telling feature in all stages, 
with their tall columnar cypresses. Our native red cedar is truly of its growth. Its long flexible branches and long silvery leaves 

the hardy counterpart of the south European cypress and a most 
dependable tree if properly transplanted. This operation, how- 

combine to make it exceedingly graceful ; a feature the more ap- 
(Continued on page 127) 

Making a Garden on a Hilltop 


WHEN a man has built a 
house his first duty to 
himself and his heirs is that he 
should plant trees ; when the trees 
are planted, if he is the right sort 
of man, on his first holiday he will 
lay out a flower garden. 

Rockgirt is a place built on a 
rocky hilltop, where what to plant 
and when to plant it becomes a 
serious study. When the property 
came into our keeping the trees 
were a magnificent monument to 
the builders forethought, but we 
had to look twice to find the gar- 
den. A few uncared-for years 
had brought desolation. They 
always do. That is the pathos 
that strikes .deep to the heart of 
everyone who loves a garden. t I 
have always had the care of a lit- 
tle plot of ground in a town, and 
in idle moments I have wondered 
if I should go away and let the 
plant-battle wage unrestricted, 
which plants among them all 
would own the garden. 

Here is a garden which the 
maker loved and cherished. He 
set it snugly in a hollow of the 
hill, open to the south sun shining 
across the meadow. He hauled 
loads of loamy dirt to make it 
fertile. He sheltered it by clumps 
of pine trees planted to the north, 
northeast and west. Southwest 
a projecting rise in the hill as- 
cends to the house, from which 
place one can look down into the 
garden and from no other point 

Photographs by the Author 

The site of the hilltop garden as it looked after ten years of 


- -. , ' ' 

v - -H A 

.V ~ , 

These were deutzias which were coaxed into bloom the first 


is it visible. As I have come to 
know the garden, its placing is its 
chief charm. To be perfect a gar- 
den must be solitary. 

The first summer that we lived 
at Rockgirt I left the garden 
alone and watched it carefully, 
that I might answer this question 
of the survival of the fittest in the 
war of the flowers. I knew the 
garden was laid out nearly twenty- 
five years ago. I felt sure all the 
good old-fashioned flowers had 
grown there. It had been neg- 
lected for ten years. The question 
of what survived was sufficiently 
interesting to make me delay dig- 
ging until everything growing 
there had had a chance to bloom. 

The garden is fifty-five feet 
square. The paths were easily 
traced because the beds had been 
raised high above them, though 
now a thick sod of wild grasses 
covered everything. There had 
been a round center bed some 
eight feet in diameter with a path 
circling about. Eight beds, com- 
ing from the center one in a star 
shape, filled the remaining space. 
The paths had been about three 
feet wide. As is the case with 
many old English gardens, a 
shrub had been planted in the 
center of each bed. These were 
all alive, though a fire which 
swept across the meadow burned 
them so badly that many of them 
had to be cut back to the ground. 
The shrubs proved to be one white 

Jn the places where the garden joine d the wood where the hepaticas 
grow we planted squills 

The wood was our experiment station. Here we successfully sent 
the crocus back to nature 

AUGUST, 1911 




109 | 

snow ball, vibur- 
num opidus sterilis; 
three varieties of 
spirea-blooming in 
May; a pink 
honeysuckle, loni- 
c c r a tatarica; a 
fringe tree, cltion- 
anthus virginicits; 
a double deutzia, 
a mock orange, 
Philadelphus gran- 
dlfloms - - bloom- 
ing in June. 

About the base 
of the mock or- 
ange, which stood 
over twelve feet 
high, grew a tan- 
gled mass of Sweet 
William of all col- 
ors. I5y the end of 
the summer I 
k n e w that the 
Sweet W i 1 1 i a m 
owned the place. 
Self-sown all these 

years, it grew in thick mats defying even the wild grass. It had 
spread through the meadow and was growing along the wood 
road. Being a hardy perennial which seeds freely it had every- 
thing in its favor. A yellow day lily had thrived as well. It was 
holding undisputed possession of one bed, but its habits of sel- 
dom maturing seed forbade colonization. Resides these an occa- 
sional frail petunia bloomed here and there in the grass, and 
that was all. 

Early the next Spring the man with the hoe was set to work 
in the garden. With a heavy grubbing hoe he removed huge 
clumps of sod, shaking the dirt from the roots before he put 
them into his wheel-barrow. These sods were drawn into the 

Wild asters were transplanted from the road- 
side to the edge of the meadow 

meadow where they 
were piled to rot 
and be used again 
in the garden when 
they become good 
soil. This hand la- 
bor was a slow way 
to get the beds into 
shape, but plough- 
ing was impossible 
without injuring 
the shrubs. It took 
one man ten days 
to clear the grass 
out of the paths 
and beds, and work 
the soil until it was 
mellow. He also 
dug about each 
bush and put ma- 
il u r e into the 
ground at the roots. 
He collected the 
clumps of S w e e t 
William and plant- 
ed them in one solid 
bed and made a 
border about an- 
other bed. He was paid at the rate of $1.75 a day, making the 
cost of reclaiming the garden only $17.50. 

At this time I took up the garden work. The man with the hoe 
has been called out to clean the paths every other week, which 
task has taken half a day each time. The planting and care of 
the beds I have done alone with a wheel hoe. I anticipated that 
this summer would be little but a battle with weedseeds in the 
soil, or grass roots that seemed to appear from nowhere. With 
this thought in mind hardy, sturdy growing plants were sown in 
rows far enough apart to allow of cultivation with the wheel hoe. 
Poppies, zinnias, marigolds, asters, heliotrope, flowering tobacco. 
(Continued on page 125) 

We hoped to naturalize the white boneset in 
the rich leaf mold of the woods 

Sweet William had survived uncared for and 
soon ruled the place 

A garden in the hollow of a hill with woods 
and meadows instead of a wall 

Gladioli were set in trenches and cultivated 
as though they were potatoes 

Summer Ferns for Indoors 


BY G. A. W O O L S O N 
Photos by H. H. Swift, M. D. 

The most serviceable of summer ferns belong 
to the genus Asfidium. Of these, A. spin- 
ulosum intermedium is most satisfactory 

THE fern lover 
who gathers 
a wild garden out- 
side his door is 
sure to take a frac- 
tion of the woods 
inside his home for 
the s u m m e r 
in on th s, that he 
may travel there in 

spirit whenever he longs for sylvan retreats and tinkling brooks 
which he cannot reach. Aside from acknowledged beauty and 
grace, the only attributes visible to the lay mind, the restful charm 
of environment which ferns suggest is greater by far to the genu- 
ine nature lover. They are restful also to the eye. There is, how- 
ever, a practical side to be considered regardless of the senti- 
ment which the presence of ferns induces. 

Comparatively few of our native ferns adapt themselves to in- 
door life, being physically unable to withstand the transition from 
the great out-doors to the dryer air and dewless nights inside. 
Therefore, intelligent selection of species is imperative for suc- 
cessful decorative efforts with these shy wildlings. 

Among other facts demonstrated by long experience is the use- 
lessness of potting immature specimens of the larger ferns; they 
are apt to become distorted in the half-light of shaded houses ; 
therefore, it is better to wait until the fronds are strong enough 
to withstand the disturbance of transplanting and have assumed 
a normal pose. The reverse is true of certain delicate species. 
Longer service may be expected if fructification is not advanced. 

Aside from the selection of service- 
able species a knowledge of the man- 
ner of root-growth is necessary for suc- 
cessful transplanting either out-of- 
doors or in. It is worth while to sacri- 
fice a few plants with this idea in view, 
that others may be taken from native 
haunts without retarding the growth 
of the entire plant or injury to the 
fronds already developed. Ferns from 
the genus Aspidium that grow from a 
central crown are often uprooted with 
the hand alone, others require some 
cutting. Ferns that spring from an un- 
derground branching rootstock that 
sends up but one frond in a place are 
likely to be disturbed unless a section 
of turf is carefully cut and lifted. To 
this cla^s belong the Phcgopteris and 
Adiantum pedatum. 

Unsuccessful attempts to grow ferns 
indoors or out, after proper lifting, are 
often due' to over-zealous efforts. The 
inexperienced culturist is sure to plant 
too deep. No arbitrary rules can be 
given, but nature's methods are safe to 
follow, and these she varies for dif- 

ferent genera, so each species should be observed before planting. 

The most serviceable summer ferns for indoor use belong to the 
genus Aspidium. Of these, A. spinulosum var. intermedium is 
by far the most satisfactory. It is easily uprooted, rarely wilts 
and thrives anywhere if fairly treated ; it excels other species in 
its indifference to change of light. It is a lovely fern, delicately 
cut but of firm texture, but it is no small feat to get a large plant 
out of a wooded swamp unbroken. There is only one way : tuck 
the roots under one's arm, holding the fronds back with the 
elbow, and then go ahead no matter how thick the underbrush 
may be. Superb specimens may thus be secured in perfect con- 

The type of shield fern (A. spinulosum) is beautiful but re- 
quires stronger light, as it grows more in the open than the va- 
riety described. This is equally true of its more imposing var. 
dilatatum, which is big and plumy, very effective in the right place. 

For second choice we have the maidenhair (Adiantum peda- 
tum). Many people consider this the most beautiful of all known 
ferns, far exceeding that of A. spinulosum rar. intermedium, but 
as they are of distinct types, comparisons should not be made. 
The beauty of the maidenhair is architectural, the most graceful 
thing in fern creation. The texture, although delicately mem- 
branous, is very elastic and therefore holds its freshness for a 
longer time than most ferns out of doors or in. If taken up 
properly it grows on with little interruption. 

As an excellent foil for other ferns the Christmas fern (Poly- 
stichum acrostichoides) has no rival, deep green and glossy, too 
well known to need much comment. The endurance of this 
species depends largely upon whether the roots were disturbed in 

The maidenhair, by many considered the most beautiful of ferns, grows steadily and holds its 

freshness for a long time 








transplanting or in the advance of fructification. I never yet 
knew a matured specimen with heavily fruited tips to be of much 
service indoors, but young, sterile plants often remain in present- 
able condition for six or even eight months. 

The narrow-leaved spleenwort (Asplcnium angustifolium) , a 
clear-cut, delicately made-up fern, combines well with the maiden- 
hair; there is nothing in the fern kingdom that looks so cool and 
refreshing on a hot 


day as a mass of 

f, th'.s choice species 

-^ j|AA which we sotne- 

.^S^fi 21- times find growing 

at the base of a 
lofty cliff. It is 

'*/ worth while to try 

it without the cliff 
and it is warranted 
to reduce the men- 
tal temperature of 
over-heated callers 
who are responsive 
to nature's lightest 

A 1 1 h o u g h the 
regal ostrich fern 
( Onoclca Stnithi- 
optcris) cannot be 
recommended for 
general house cul- 
ture- it is, under 
right conditions, a 
great success. Iso- 
1 a t e (1 specimens 
subjected to high 
winds outside or 
strong draughts in- 
doors quickly pre- 
sent an u n t i (1 y 
study in ferns. 

If we wish to drape our walls Cystopteris bitlbifcra. the most 
filmy and graceful of native ferns, adapts itself to our purpose. 
It is equally beautiful in shaded ravines, in the wild garden, or 
spreading its long, lacy fronds against delicately tinted walls. 
This species, if taken up early in the season May or June 
will last the entire summer. The root growth is singularly light 
r.nd requires but a little soil to sustain life. Fronds may die but 
others unroll to take their places. 

Fern growth in the open is governed somewhat by environ- 
ment, therefore it is comparatively an easy matter to select plants 
to fit the place assigned. Ferns hanging over a bank or growing 
over a log or other obstruction are often the right shape for" 
bracket or mantel decoration. One-sided development is prefer- 
able always for a corner situation, while an upright symmetrical 
growth should be used only for a centerpiece of some kind. 

Ferns which naturally grow in swampy lowlands resent stag- 
nant water and sour soil, therefore good drainage is an important 
factor in summer fern culture. Broken crocks or other porous 
matter will answer in punctured flower-pots, but sphagnum or 
other waste moss should be used above this matter in all other 
receptacles, to take up the moisture that cannot be drained out 
without breaking the fern itself. Light porous soil only should 
be used ; oftentimes enough is taken up with the ferns to sustain 
life itself for many months. To prevent too rapid evaporation 
and to give a neat finish mosses of various kinds may be pinned 
down over the soil. Over-watering is to be avoided. On still 
nights, where it is possible, potted ferns may be put out to freshen 
(Continued TH page 130) 

The decorative possibilities of ferns are best 
seen when they are displayed in a glass 
dish lined with a sheet of moss 

The Christmas fern, with its dark green and glossy fronds, makes an 
excellent foil for other ferns 

The narrow-leaved spleenwort, a clear-cut delicately formed fern, 
brings the freshness of the woods with it 

Cystopteris bulbifera is of excellent service in draping walls or in the 
shaded portions of the wild garden 


AUGUST, 1911 

The main entrance and service entrance are at the rear, giving to the southern exposure a long terrace commanding the view. All the 

main rooms of the first story are upon this side 

The introduction of the front corner wings not only gives two 
important rooms where needed, but permits a particularly har- 
monious roofing scheme 


Three of the four large bedrooms have adjoining baths, and the 
fourth has a sleeping-porch. Only the service stairway extends 
to the third floor rooms 

Looking across the south front from the billiard-room corner. The On the north side at the rear corner is a small covered piazza with 
wide brick-paved path is equivalent to a second terrace a pergola adjoining. A plastered wall encloses the kitchen yard 


Chapman & Frazer, architects 

AUGUST, 1911 


The central hall is of generous width and at the far end contains a 
coat closet on one side and wash-room on the other 

Looking across the living-room. At the far corner of the room, 
on the right, are the glazed doors to the billiard-room 

The glazed porch opening from the dining-room is symmetrical 
with the billiard-room opposite. Dark-stained lattice work covers 
the side walls 

One whole side of the dining-room has been treated in an interest- 
ing way by building in two sideboards flanking the central fire- 

- j* * 

The bedrooms are particularly large, and two of them have fire- 
places. The closet doors have th e full-length mirror panels 

A corner of the northwest bedroom, which, like the others, has been 
decorated and furnished in accordance with Colonial ideas 


Chapman y Frazer, architects 


e the nous 

Electric Helps 

PROTECTION from fire may be secured 
by purchasing one or more (accord- 
ing to the size of your house) of the elec- 
tric thermostats, which cost fifty cents 
apiece. It is not difficult to connect them 
with an electric bell, and most household- 
ers can do so in a very short time. A num- 
ber may be connected in such a manner 
that only one bell and battery will be 
needed. ' There are also adjustable ones, 
which may be set to operate at varying 
degrees of temperature, and which are 
very essential for anyone who has an in- 
cubator or greenhouse, as they will sound 
an alarm in case the temperature changes 
to a dangerous degree. They cost some- 
what more than the fire alarm kind, be- 
cause of this adjustable feature, but they 
often save the wages of the man who 
would be necessary merely for the warn- 
ing which this apparatus gives. 

It has been found best by the writer to 
specify a floor push button for the dining- 
room electric bell system instead of the 
"pear" push which is connected with flex- 
ible wires from the leg of the table to a 
socket in the floor, because with the flex- 
ible wire arrangement it is necessary to cut 
a hole in the rug or carpet with which the 
floor of the dining-room is covered. Do 
not allow such a style to be used. It is 
more expensive to start with, and there is 
no difficulty in using the other kind, which 
readily operates from a gentle foot pres- 
sure through the carpet or rug which 
covers it. 

Another attachment can now be pro- 
cured at a small cost which allows the 
street electricity to be used to ring all the 
electric bells in the house, thus dispensing 
with batteries which are so expensive and 
troublesome to maintain. These devices 
will soon pay for themselves. 

A Ten Cent Jardiniere 

PHOSE who must needs furnish on a 
small sum will do well to make pil- 
grimages to the five-and-ten-cent stores, 
for there treasures in the way of accesories 
for the home often may be found. 

The jardiniere shown in the illustration 

was bought for ten cents. It is pleasing in 
appearance and practical in its usefulness. 
The color of the jardiniere is not the terra- 
cotta of the ordinary flower pot, but a light 
pinkish buff that harmonizes effectively 
with the green of the trailing asparagus 
that fills it. The bowl is drained, by three 
little holes, into the saucer, so that any 
excess of water soon evaporates. \Yhen 
the jardiniere was purchased there were no 
wires or chains by which to hang it, but 

It is not always the most expensive that is 
the most serviceable. . A jardiniere which 
may be bought for ten cents 

three holes had been bored in the earthen- 
ware for this purpose. A five-cent pack- 
age of gold picture wire was used to sus- 
pend it. Had brass chains been used the 
effect might have been even more impos- 

Simple little dull green jardinieres can 
also be bought for ten cents. These are 
not of the hanging variety, but are charm- 
ing for use on a dining-room table when 

Prospective purchasers at the five-and- 
ten-cent stores must bear in mind that the 

greatest bargains are not kept regularly. 
However, those who will keep in close 
touch with the changing stock should be 
amply repaid for frequent visits by the 
treasures so often to be found. 

Some Suggestions for Old Jars 

A RAID of tidiness amongst odd cup- 
boards and top shelves is almost sure 
to result in a great collection of old bottles 
and jars. Of course a certain number of 
these will be wanted, and can be put aside 
for holding home-made preserves and 
wines. It is not unlikely, however, that 
there will still remain a surplus stock which 
requires to be disposed of in one way or 
another. Instead of consigning these at 
once to the dust bin, it is worth while to 
turn some of them at least to good account 
after the manner here described. 

One does not readily become overstocked 
with flower holders, and though it may 
seem rather a far cry from a homely jam- 
pot to a vase, yet by the use of a simple 
process or two it is surprising what ef- 
fective results can be evolved. 

Of course it is not possible entirely to 
reconstruct the character of a jar or bot- 
tle or indeed to vary it to any great ex- 
tent. For this reason the vessels chosen 
for treatment should be principaly selected 
from those which have the best outlines. 
-The articles being only roughly moulded, 
it will also be needful to see that they are 
free from flaws, either on the surface or 
in regularity of shape. 

Stone jars may be colored or decorated 
in any style which pleases the taste of the 
individual who handles them. Brush work 
seems to be specially well adapted for car- 
rying out simple designs and patterns. It 
may be quickly done and will give a good 
and clear impression, which will accord 
rather well with the severe lines of the arti- 
cle in question. It is necessary to remem- 
ber that anything involved or elaborate 
would be quite out of place in this connec- 
tion, and the patterns selected, whether 
floral or conventional, should be those 
which are plain and direct in appearance. 

A good enamel, suitable to stand water, 
may be used for the purpose, and the soft, 
clear shades, such as are generally used for 
china decoration, can be readily secured. 

AUGUST, 1911 


Of course the flower holders will not re- 
quire to be washed as frequently as cups 
and saucers, for instance, or the enamel 
might be covered with a coat of clear var- 
nish. The brushes chosen should be good 
ones and well pointed. The enamel must 
not be used too thickly and should be very 
evenly mixed. A medium brush will be 
the most useful for general work, as it is 
not probable that the patterns will be of any 
great size. A small brush or two may 
be kept at hand for the finer details. Each 
stroke of the pattern must of course be 
done in one piece without Jifting the brush. 
Some skill and a great amount of care 
will be required to successfully place the 
sections on the rounded and perhaps pol- 
ished surface of the jar. The strokes need 
to be very cleanly made with a steady hand. 
In order to make quite certain of the twists 
and curves that will best show the outline 
of the pattern, it may first be tried over on 
a sheet of paper. If preferred, the princi- 
ple points can be touched in with a pencil, 
though as a rule the work is done directly 
by eye with the brush only. Of course it 
it necessary before carrying out the pat- 
tern to ascertain exactly its best position 
on the jar, so that it may show to a good 
advantage. Some designs look well ar- 
ranged round the base of the jar, thus 
leaving the remaining surface plain. 
Others may be effectively placed just be- 
low the curve of the neck. Sometimes a 
small all-over floral pattern will seem the 
most suitable, but much will depend on the 
shape of the jar. Possibly it may be 
thought worth while to paint the glazed 
background of the pot entirely in one 
shade. Then when the coat is dry, the pat- 
tern can be worked out in another or a 
lighter color. As a rule, however, the 
original cream or white looks very well as 
it is, especially if the color used for dec- 
oration is a soft china blue. On a rough, 
unpolished earthenware, blue gray or buff 
gives a nice contrast. 

Small pots may be decorated for bed- 
room pin-holders, or made into dainty lit- 
tle corner vases for the table-centre. Any 
odd china lids may also be painted with a 
very dainty effect in shades of blue. The 
idea of these may be taken from old Dutch 

tiles. Ginger or honey jars make pretty 
preserve pots for the breakfast table, and 
they may be painted in colors which har- 
monize with the flower vases or with the 
coffee service. 

Glass bottles and jam pots may some- 
times be varied in shape by the following 
method of treatment. For the purpose 
will be required some olive oil the com- 
monest kind will answer very well and 
a slender iron bar which will yet be sub- 
stantial enough to bear heating to a great 
degree. The bottles selected should be of 
thinnish glass, those with sloping shoul- 
ders being the easiest for manipulation. 
The one under consideration should be 
placed on a perfectly level surface, and 
filled to a height which must be judged by 
individual discretion. The iron bar should 
be placed in a hot fire. The result of the 
experiment will be that the glass will 
break away at exactly the highest point 

A bottle vase made by filling a bottle with 
oil and thrusting a hot iron into it 

Delftware or Dutch tile patterns are attractive when painted on small earthenware pots 

A jam jar simply decorated with a conven- 
tionalized design that is suggestive of its 

that is touched by the oil. Thus the fin- 
ished shape of the vase will depend en- 
tirely on the filling. As soon as the iron 
has been brought to a red heat, it should be 
removed from the fire and at once gently 
lowered into the oil until the bottle cracks 
in the required place. If the rod is rather 
a short one it is a good plan to grasp it 
securely with a pair of pincers to avoid 
any possibility of burnt fingers. The rea- 
son for the breaking of the glass is that the 
heat brings the oil on the surface very quiet- 
ly to the boil and the bottle, being unable 
to expand quickly enough, breaks all round 
at the point where the pressure is greatest. 
The edges will probably be rather sharp. 
To remedy this, stretch a piece of glass 
paper firmly over a block of wood, of a 
size that can be easily held in the hand, 
and rub the border of the glass till it is 
smooth and regular. If desired, the vase 
may be decorated with metallic sealing- 
wax, either gold, bronze or silver, care- 
fully banded round the top. This in it- 
self would of course dispense with the 
roughness of the edge, and it would give 
the vase an effective finish. 

It may be mentioned that the hot oil 
makes a very unpleasant smell, and it is 
better to carry on the operation out-of- 
doors or in a room which can be shut off 
from the remainder of the house. In every 
other respect the process is an extremely 
simple one and can be easily carried out 
by anybody. The oil does not act very well 
after it has become all heated by several 
times of using, but it can soon be cooled 
down again by placing it, in the flask, in a 
pail of ice-water. If there are a number 
of bottles which it is required to shape, it 
is a good plan to use two flasks. 

Useful picnic tumblers can be made 
from ordinary glass jam pots, only of 
course it is necessary to get the edges very 
smooth and rounded so that they may not 
be unpleasant to the lips. Certainly the 
glasses are inexpensive and breaking will 
not matter, which is always an advantage 
for the rough and tumble meals, when one 
is out camping. 

Conducted by 

The Editor will be glad to answer subscriber's queries pertaining to individual problems connected with the 
garden and grounds. When a direct personal reply is desired please enclose a self-adddressed stamped envelope 


AUGUST, with its heat and dust and 
lazy days, invariably brings us to 
the annua'l temptation to let things slide. 
The first and most appreciated of the 
flowers have all gone by; fresh garden 
vegetables have become an old, old story ; 
here and there weeds are getting the upper 
hand in the fight, but then the crops are 
about all grown ; so "what's the use ?" 

Well, there's quite a lot of use. In the 
first place, fully half of the garden's good 
things, and more than half of the flower 
garden's beauty, for this year are still 
ahead of us. In the second place, it's time 
for us to be planning carefully our cam- 
paign for winter and for next spring. 

About the Grounds 

'T'O begin with, then, there were one or 
*- two places we chanced to visit this 
summer that taught us some valuable les- 
sons as to the use of trees and shrubbery. 
These were two or three comfortable little 
homes where the owners had neither 
greater natural advantages nor longer bank 
accounts than ours, but where the judi- 
cious use of a few evergreens and a clump 
or two of shrubbery had us outclassed as 
far as the general appearance of garden 
things went. 

Plant evergreens now. Especially if the 
ground is fairly moist, plant them now. If 
it is very dry it may, of course, be advisa- 
ble to wait until next spring: but in nine 
cases out of ten, this means that they will 
not be set out until next fall, if ever. There 
is not space here to describe the various 
spruces, hemlocks, pines, etc., available, at 
a price within reach of anyone, for beauti- 
fying the home grounds, but further infor- 
mation can be had on page 105 of this 
issue. I do wish to call attention to the 
fact that there are hundreds of small places 
upon which not a tree of these kinds is to 
be found, and where the expenditure of a 
few dollars would in the course of a few 
years, not only transform the appearance 
of the home, but add much to its market 
value. In planting such trees it is all im- 
portant to give them a good start, and any 
extra care taken to make the ground fine 
and rich for two or three feet wide and 
deep where they are set, will be repaid 

richly. If very dry, let several pails of 
water soak into the soil in the hole the day 
before planting. In any case, be sure to 
pack the earth in firmly about the roots, 
using a wooden rammer and the feet to do 
a thorough job. 

Get a few catalogues they are full of 
illustrations and good suggestions and 
look into the tree business. You will never 
regret the time and money spent, for noth- 

Pansies started in a coldframe will pro- 
duce blossoms early in the spring that 
far surpass those grown later 

ing else will give your property as perma- 
nent or as cumulative an improvement. 

Then too, there is the matter of bulbs 
for next spring's blooming it's time to be 
thinking of them. Isn't there a space in 
front of the veranda, or along the front 
walk, where you could use a few dozen to 
good effect? Twenty-five of a sort can 
usually be bought at the 100 rate, and the 
prices are very low. 

There are two other beautiful and easily 
grown flowers which should be better 

known the Madonna lily and the Span- 
ish iris which should not be confused 
with either the popular German and Jap- 
anese iris, as it is very distinct. Both of 
these should be planted just as soon as you 
can get the bulbs, for it is important that 
they start growth this fall, in which they 
differ from most fall planted bulbs. 

In the Flower Garden 

is the time to plan next year's 
flower gardens. Do it while this 
year's objectionable features are still fresh 
in mind, and while new suggestions which 
you may have picked up here and there are 
still to be remembered. Get them down on 
paper. Make a complete and harmonious 
plan, instead of just sticking things in 
where there seems to be most room. Prob- 
ably, to do this, you will have to move 
around some of the hardy things. Well, 
the shift will do them good, and inciden- 
tally a good many clumps can be separated 
into three or four, giving you next spring 
not only more flowers but better, for over- 
crowding always results in poor bloom. 
And then there are next year's perennials 
to be thought of ; you can easily grow your 
own and the advantage of doing this is 
that you can have several hundred just as 
well as a few dozen, which isn't the case 
when you buy them of a florist in the 
spring. Under "Coldframes" you will find 
"a word more about this. 


T T's time to get the new strawberry bed 
* made. And while doing it, why not 
get a few dozen potted plants and try 
growing a few by the method described in 
HOUSE & GARDEN in "Grow Your Own 
Fruit." Set them in good rich soil, plant 
firmly so they will start at once, and keep 
all runners pinched off. Then with proper 
mulching and care, next spring you will 
have some of the finest berries you ever 
tasted. Grapes, too, should be looked after 
at this time. If they are not developing 
evenly it is probably because too many 
bunches have been left on the vines, and 
they should be thinned out. If only a few 
are grown, and if proper spraying has been 
neglected, results may be made certain by 
"bagging" the bunches with manila bags. 


AUGUST, 191 1 


In the Vegetable Garden 

T X the vegetable garden, too, even in 
* this hot, dull month, there are several 
things that should be attended to. First 
of all, care should be taken not to let those 
few weeds which have escaped the numer- 
ous hoeings and weedings remain unpulled. 
It's a big mistake to leave them a minute. 
They are not only maturing thousands of 
weed seeds for the succeeding season, but 
robbing the vegetables of needed moisture 
and food. Keep them cleared out, and if 
they have become so big that they cannot 
be pulled without doing damage, cut them 
off close to the ground. Purslane that 
thick-leaved, watery-stemmed pest of 
midsummer must be cleaned out as soon 
as it appears because it will mature seeds 
long before you suspect it of being ready 
to bloom. One plant, in rich soil, will 
grow as big as a bushel basket, but it ripens 
seeds when only a few inches long. It 
won't die : you must not only pull it but 
take it out of the garden. 

Wherever there is room, late crops of 
spinach, rutabaga turnip, bush beans, early 
peas, radish or lettuce may still be sown. 
If your garden was carefully planned you 
will know ahead of time where all these 
are to go, and be prepared with seed of 
the proper varieties on hand. If not, lie 
sure to make notes for next year's garden. 
It is time to tie up the first plants of endive 
for bleaching, and to begin to blanch or 
earth up the early celery. 

Two Specially Important Things 

HPHERE are two specially important 
-*- things that must be done now. The 
first is to sow pansies for next spring's 
blooming. They can easily be wintered 
with very slight protection some strains 
with none at all. The best way is to start 
them in a coldframe. They should be 
sown between July loth and August 151)1 
before August being better. Make the 
soil as fine and mellow as you can: if dry, 
give it a good soaking the day before plant- 
ing. Sow the seed thinly, and press evenly 
into the fresh soil. Cover with clean sand 
not more than a quarter-inch at most, 
one-eighth is better. Then water thor- 
oughly, being careful not to wash out any 
seeds, and cover up the frame. For five 
or six days it may be kept dark. As a pre- 
caution against the "damping off" fungus, 
dust on powdered sulphur over the sand, 
at the rate of one ounce to a 3 x 6-foot 
sash. No more water will be needed until 
the plants are above ground ; but be sure 
to take off the dark covering as soon as 
they are up. As a means of precaution 
against heavy rains and too hot sun, cover 
the frame with two thicknesses of black 
cloth mosquito netting. The plants can be 
watered through this, and in bright hot 
weather should be given a shower every 
afternoon. In about six weeks they will 
be ready for transplanting, which should 
be done as soon as two complete leave s 
have developed. Set in very rich, mellow 
.soil, six or eight inches apart each way. 
Keep clean, and before severe freezing sets 

in cover with a few leaves and pine boughs, 
or if kept in the frame, cotton cloth, the 
object being not to keep them from freez- 
ing but from frequent thawing out and re- 
freezing. No work you can do this fall 
will pay you such magnificent dividends 
next spring, and April, May and June will 
furnish you a supply of gorgeous blossoms 
that will surpass the ordinary pansy as 
the chrysanthemum does an aster. 

The second thing I referred to is the 
sowing, about August first, of Grand 
Rapids lettuce for growing in the frames 
or under glass, if you have a place. Start 
the plants as in early spring, only in very 
hot weather keep the seed-bed slightly 
shaded. Next month details of trans- 
planting and care will be given. 


LJ(.)\V about that coldframe that you 
A * neglected to build last fall, and didn't 
have time to put up this spring? Don't, 
for your own sake and pleasure, put it off 
longer. Do it yourself, or get it done, 
either way it will cost but a few dollars. 
Why not get it ready now. and have let- 
tuce and radishes until Christmas, and 
everything ready for a hotbed for getting 
a six weeks' head start next month. 

American Spanish Pimentos 

NE of the best of the newer vegeta- 
ble evolutons is a pimento which is 
adapted to the United States and which is 
prolific and hardy enough to be of use to 
the northern gardiner. It masquerades 
under the name of tomato pepper, prob- 
ably because it resembles a tomato in 
shape and color. It is the only member of 
the pepper family which is always sweet, 
the taste of which does not occasionally 
remind one of a pyrotechnic display. 

The fruits spring from the axil of each 
branch, are round in shape, scarlet in color, 
so mild they may be eaten out of hand like 
an apple, mature in succession, ripen earlier 
than any other variety of the family and 
have the true pimento flavor. 

It is now time to plan for the spring bloom- 
ing bulbs. They should be planted this 
fall to appear in season 

These peppers are of extremely simple 
culture. The plants illustrated were trans- 
planted to the garden about May 2Oth 
from seed sown in a hotbed about April 
25th. The photograph was taken about 
September 24th. 

The better plan, however, is to sow the 
seed in a greenhouse bench, hotbed or shal- 
low pans in the house about March ist to 
1 5th. Transplant to thumb pots when the 
second pair of leaves is well matured and 
harden off in the cold frame, transplanting 
to larger pots as necessary. They may be 
transferred to permanent quarters about 
May 1 5th, or any time after danger from 
frost is past. The one great secret of suc- 
cess being frequent, thorough but shallow 
cultivation, keeping all weeds down and 
maintaining a dry mulch. 

American pimentos hardy enough for northern gardens and with the flavor of their Spanish 



WE have for some time past felt the need of a place in the 
magazine for a more intimate form of expression than is 
possible in the articles and departmental notes. In these we can 
but direct toward the magazine's readers the stream of informa- 
tion, suggestion and, perhaps, inspiration that has its source in 
the minds of the leaders and pioneers in home making and gar- 
den craft. In view of the fact that a man looks to HOUSE & 
GARDEN for specific instructions as to when to set out bulbs, how 
severely to prune raspberry bushes or what to do against the at- 
tacks of the curculio, the articles and notes, necessarily, have been 
for the most part of a decidedly practical nature. In our hunger 
for planting information or suggestions upon the choice of hang- 
ings we are apt to lose sight of the broader side of home making 
"we cannot see the forest for the trees." With the idea that a 
step back for a more comprehensive view of the subject as a 
whole cannot fail to be productive of good, we have set aside this 
page. In it we shall try to find space for an intimate discussion 
of some of the many interesting phases of home making in 


NOTHING could be more suitable as an opening subject 
than the encouraging prospect, everywhere apparent, of 
American architecture and interior decoration. Look back, if you 
will, but ten years, and recall the almost hopeless depths into 
which our national taste had sunk. Picture the stuffy, un- 
comfortable, depressing "parlor" of that day, with its lathe- 
product furniture, its sprawling design of gilt encrusted wall pa- 
per, its gaudily colored carpet, its hideous array of mantel orna- 
ments and its rococo gilt picture frames that waged incessant 
warfare with their blatant background. Surely the picture is not 
overdrawn. Compare it with the home of today in country or 
suburbs. Could any prospect be more encouraging than this tre- 
mendous step forward ? 


THERE have been many forces at work assisting in this 
renaissance the material prosperity of the nation, the in- 
creased facility of travel abroad and the advance of our educa- 
tional standards among them, but it seems to us that especial 
credit is due the architects of the past two generations in America. 
Early and late they have labored for better things in American 
art, usually in the face of a lamentable but nevertheless firmly 
established tradition, ignorance, and a national taste that was at 
its lowest ebb. To these men who, by reason of their education 
and reinvigorated taste, strove always for better things, greater 
.credit must be given by reason of the fact that they chose not the 
easier path in their work. It is always easier to make a living by 
giving a man just what he wants in the shape of a house rather 
than, to impress upon him the desirability of spending his money 
for something that as yet he is unable to appreciate. Yet, on the 
whole, that more difficult course is the one the architect has in 
recent years chosen, and is chosing today. 


THE betterment along the lines of interior decoration has fol- 
lowed the lead of our architecture and, particularly in the 
last four or five years, has made rapid strides towards the high 
levels that have been set in certain epochs of the past, when the 
pendulum of artistic appreciation had swung to a high point of 

the arc. It is particularly interesting, and perhaps instructive as 
well, to glance back over the more or less distinct stages by 
which we have reached the point we now hold. As might natu- 
rally have been expected, the increasing efficiency of wood-work- 
ing machinery led the generation or two before us into a veritable 
riot of turned forms, machine-pressed "carving" and jig-saw de- 
tail that had absolutely no excuse for being, excepting that it 
showed how marvelously versatile our machinery had become. 
Satiated to the point of rebellion with this sort of thing, it was 
once more the perfectly natural thing for the public to face about 
and seek relief in the products of hand craftsmanship the furni- 
ture that proclaimed, vociferously at times, by exposed tenon 
and pin, neat mortising and the absence of all curved lines, carv- 
ing and other forms of ornament, its escape from the thraldom of 
the nnchine. Though better than what had gone just before, the 
unnecessary weight and clumsiness of this so-called Misssion fur- 
niture and with it came obtrusively coarse hand-woven hang- 
ings and ornament founded on geometrical forms rather than on 
plant life soon became wearisome. A gradual process of light- 
ening and greater refinement soon began to make itself felt, the 
beauty of the curved line was again recognized and finally a 
feeling after suitable and restrained ornament has started to de- 
velop. Of course there have been other tendencies apparent in 
this evolution our recognition of the beauty of wood and line in 
the furniture and architectural detail of our Colonial ancestors, 
the influence of the art nouvcau that stirred Germany into an 
artistic revolution, and our increased familiarity with the spirit 
and letter of historic styles that have gone through their marked 
cycles of revolt, refinement, decadence and revolt again in France 
and England. An unprejudiced survey of the road over which 
\ve have come in the past decade, however, cannot but be encour- 
aging. We have been sifting out the chaff and, in the main, have 
refrained from straying into side paths that would have led only 
to disaster. 

The progress in furniture is but an index of the advance made: 
in the past decade in other branches of interior decoration. Look v 
for instance, at the wealth of varied design and texture in the- 
fabrics now obtainable for hangings or for furniture coverings 
and these not alone in the more costly forms. Indeed, in the- 
case of fabrics, excellence in design seems to be found, as it should 
be elsewhere, nearly as frequently among the inexpensive stuffs, 
as in those of greater cost. Look, also, at our modern American- 
pottery, the increasing use of simple brass receptacles, the pre- 
vailing higher standards in floor coverings, the notable improve-, 
ment in wall-paper design particularly along the line of restraint 
and better color. Is not all this a most pleasing prospect? 


OUR progress in gardening during the past decade has not 
been so marked as in architecture and interior decoration. 
Or perhaps it would be more nearly accurate to say that the 
advance, while as sure, has not been so apparent because of the 
fact that America as a nation has not yet reached a point where it 
is as much a national instinct to make a beautiful garden as it is 
to make a beautiful home. There is no need to reproach ourselves 
with this fact just as there is no need to reproach a child because 
he can walk but cannot talk. We simply have not arrived at the 
gardening age, nationally. In England, as we all know, even the 
most humble laborer has his dooryard garden he would as soon 
think of dispensing with it as with his cup of tea. The day when 
we, too, will have reached that stage is not yet in sight, but it is. 





_. _L ,..'-"? _-.- '.--- '^_'.^.'. _;.- 

Preserves Roads 
Prevents Dust- 

Eighth Street, Traverse City, Mich., Constructed with Tarvia X. 

Tarvia In Traverse City 


THE problem of finding an inexpen- 
sive, clean, dustless paving for streets 
of small cities has been solved by the 
development of tarviated macadam. This 
differs from ordinary macadam in that the 
voids of the roadway are filled with a 
matrix of Tarvia, a tough waterproof coal 
tar product. 

Tarviated macadam costs but little more 
than ordinary macadam, and costs no more 
in the end because the Tarvia treatment re- 
duces maintenance expense. Its plasticity 
makes it exceedingly quiet. Automobile 
traffic does not damage the surface, but, in 
fact, makes it smoother. 

Traverse City, Michigan, one of whose 


New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston, Cleveland, Cincinnati, St. Louis, 

Kansas City, Pittsburg, Minneapolis, New Orleans, Seattle, London, Eng. 

streets is illustrated above, is one of the 
towns which has found tarviated macadam 
to be the best and most economical solution 
of the paving problem. 

On Feb. 7, 1911, Mr. E. Wilhelm, The 
Mayor, wrote as follows: 

"We have used Tarvia in paving a num- 
ber of our streets with very satisfactory 
results. When properly laid, a smooth, 
elastic surface is produced, and I believe 
that it is equally as durable as some of 
the more expensive kinds." 
Booklets regarding Tarvia will be sent 
free on request. Every property owner 
who suffers from the dust nuisance or from 
high road taxes, should know about this 
new type of roadway. 

In writing to advtrlittrt flean mtntion HOUSE AMD GAKDIH. 

1 20 


AUGUST, 1911 

Asbestos "Century" Shingle Roofs. Five Model Cottages. Esmond Co., Inc., Enfield, K. I. Archi- 
tects, Hilton & Jackson, Providence, R. I. P. Oscar Xordquist, Contractor, Providence, R. I. 


"The Roof that Outlives the Building" 

The average property owner gets bitten in 
selecting his roof. 

He takes too much for granted likes the 
looks of his architect's sketch and forgets to in- 
sist upon durability in the roof. It's only when 
bills for repairs and painting pile up that he 
realizes his mistake. 

Asbestos "Century" Shingles are the 
only roofing in the market that combine 
architectural beauty with absolute and 
permanent protection to the building. 

Asbestos ''Century" Shingles are thin, 
tough and elastic shingles of reinforced 
concrete. They are the first and only prac- 
tical light weight roofing ever made of 
this indestructible material. 

They are proof against fire against 

weather against time. They need no 
painting or repairs. 

Asbestos "Century" Shingles are adapt- 
ed to all architectural styles. 1 hey come 
in many shapes, several sizes and three 
colors Newport Gray (silver gray), Slate 
(blue black) and Indian Red. 

It's worth your while to talk with a re- 
sponsible roofer about Asbestos "Century" 
Shingles or urrite us. Send for Booklet 
C, "Points on Roofing." 

The Keasbey & Mattison Company 


Ambler, Pennsylvania 

"Silver Lake A' 

Braided Sash-Cord 

< Name f lamped on every foot) 

Have^your architect specify it in hip plau. 
It won't cost you any more, but will save 
you loads of trouble. It is solid-braided of 
<-otto:i, .lot waste; can't stretch and is non-in- 
Nrtmmahle. When the windows are being put 
in. or when you have to renew the other cord 
look to see that Silver Lake A Sash-Cor^ is used. 
- ,,^F r ^' ake ' las t)een the accepted standard 
in U.S Government braidea cord specifications 
for 40 years. 


87 Chauncy St. Boston, Mass. 

"nttri a/ Sillirr Latt Solid-Braiiltd CMht.t Line 


Rare China, Pewter, ~, ; . 

Old Lamps, Andirons, Etc 



698 Lexington Avenue 
Cor. 57th Street New York 

The Decorative Possibilities in 

(Continued from page 89.) 
direst mischief upon similar occasions. 

Great flanking double stone chimneys 
at each gable-end of a Colonial house, as 
shown in the photograph, give an aspect 
of strength and solidity that is sure to 
please a taste for robust architecture. The 
whole house has an established look. The 
chimneys with the connecting curtain 
walls would prevent any suggestion of 
angularity even in a steeper roof and have 
almost the effect of battlements. 

The third picture shows a felicitous ar- 
rangement of dormer windows where the 
lines and proportion of the roof are not 
disturbed by their introduction. The 
frames and casements are of such light 
construction and so unobstrusive that they 
do not destroy the balance, and we still 
have nearly the unbroken effect of an un- 
pierced roof. Dormers unless judiciously 
managed can work confusion. A roof all 
full of dormers loses its dignity and calm 
and becomes restless. It is like an unduly 
inquisitive, peeky person whose argus- 
eyed curiosity is always on the watch in 
all directions to see what goes next. Sc 
many of the English cottage roofs owe 
their charm to their unbroken surface and 

Attention should also be called to the 
placing of the chimneys which are so set 
as to break the sky-line agreeably. The 
proper placing of chimneys so as best to 
relieve the sky-line is a subject that can- 
not be too closely studied whether they be 
grouped or built at intervals. 

The small house with the windows of 
the second floor bursting through the roof 
in a solid phalanx is a fairly successful 
piece of work. The effect of the one-and- 
a-half story house has been preserved and 
the windows of the second floor have been 
brought through the roof in such a way 
as to let you feel they are still a part of 
the roof. The gabled sky-line and irregu- 
larly placed chimneys of the English half- 
timbered house denote a steady normal 
growth, here a little and there a little, as 
the needs of each succeeding generation 
demanded. While the irregularity of the 
many additions breaks up the mass of the 
roof, it does not destroy its unity. 

Who can resist the appeal of an old 
gambrel-roofed house? The old Dutch 
house in the picture with its well-propor- 
tioned gambrel, its steeper slope pierced 
by modest dormers and ending in a gen- 
erous outcurved overhang forming a 
porch cover, and last but not least, its 
airy balustrade surmounting the ridge of 
the roof, offers an example worthy of sin- 
cere imitation. It is a type especially suit- 
able for the small country or suburban 
house and offers itself readily to modifica- 
tion. The one great danger in planning a 
gambrel roof is the tendency to make it 
too small. It is perfectly true that a gam- 
brel roof is much better suited to a small 
house than a large one, but for the size 
of the building all the roof surface possi- 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN 

AUGUST, 1911 



ble should be allowed. The balustrade 
does not belong particularly to this style 
but is found in many other instances, no- 
tably around square flat spaces on the tops 
of old hip-roofed houses, where it lends 
lightness and varies the sky-line. 

The old Virginia house is an estimable 
member of a stately race. The hip-roof 
whose five narrow dormers avoid the 
effect of extreme width, is full of strength 
and virility and with the generous throated 
chimneys is expressive of the lavish hos- 
pitality and semi-feudal life that obtained 
there. Of the jerkin-head roof we need 
only say that it is not apt to be the source 
of much joy unless managed by very skill- 
ful hands. Before quitting the subject 
one must advert to an example of what 
not to emulate. The collection of houses, 
shown in an illustration, whose spasmodic 
sky-line and tortured angles present a 
variety of roofing materials, has no co- 
hesion about it. The restless humpiness 
of the roof is simply suggestive of a con- 
glomeration of several buildings every- 
where is absolutely meaningless diversity 
and breaking of lines. In this particular 
instance it has no further pretentions, but 
were unity aimed at instead of conven- 
ience, such construction would be impos- 

Ordinarily sky-line is not profoundly 
affected by the texture of the roof except 
in the case of thatch when unusual soft- 
ness and flexibility are possible. Note the 
difference between the lines of the slate 
and thatch in the illustration. By an in- 
genious device of laying shingles with 
varying spaces exposed to the weather, 
and by furring most of the rafters and 
slightly dropping those at the ends of the 
gable, the effect of thatch can be approxi- 
mated. Slates of graduated size and 
thickness and varying color are being ex- 
tensively used with satisfactory results. 
Tiles of different kinds and all the old ac- 
customed sorts of roofing materials offer 
almost endless possibilities of roof texture 
which deserve detailed consideration that 
must be given at some future time. 

The Trend of Modern Furniture 

(Continued from page 95 ) 
assemble them with this charming style in 
the living-room and dining-room ; and the 
owner of Hepplewhite or straight-legged 
Chippendale, perhaps very restrainedly 
carved, may feel safe in bringing certain 
of these pieces to its companionship. 
Their employment as a style or as a type 
secures oneness of effect not to be gained 
by a miscellaneous use of eighteenth cen- 
tury pieces. 

And we have here, it may be asserted, 
the key-note of future informal furnish- 
ing when rooms will not be furnished 
helter-skelter, nor pictures hung hit or 
miss the assembling in phase or style by 
types. Conglomerate furnishing was a re- 
volt against the equipment of the parlor. 


Sugar Wafers 

The one confection that 
offers unalloyed sweetness 
without cloying the ap- 
petite offering the 
fragile goodness so 
desirable in an 

Sugar Wafers 
are appropriate at 
all times and on 
all occasions. They are 
enjoyed by the little ones 
as well as grown-ups. 

In ten cent tins 

Also in twenty-five cent tins 



Darwin Tulips for the Permanent 
Garden Our Specialty 

There is no better subject for the PERMANENT GARDEN. 
Will last a lifetime ; each year producing finer blooms. 


One l.i. ti ti Varieties <2C Bulbs) Sl.OO 

Catalog further describing these grand Tulips on request. 


Desk A 5 Barclay St., New York 








Before Imperial solid porcelain bath 
tubs were successfully made, enam- 
eled iron was the generally accepted 
material. We make a complete line 
in both Imperial solid Porcelain 
and enameled iron. For the better 
class of work, however, Imperial 
solid Porcelain is undeniably supe- 
rior for beauty, cleanliness and 
durability. Its hard, snow-white 
surface, fired in the kiln at a heat 
which would fuse metal, can be 
kept spotless by simply wiping 
with a cloth or sponge. 






To get a more complete idea 
of the possibilities of bathroom 
equipment send for our book- 
let "Modern Plumbing". It 
gives description and prices of 
the latest types of fixtures in 
both Imperial Solid Porcelain, 
Vitreous Ware and Porcelain 
Enameled Iron. 24 illustra- 
tions show complete model 
bathrooms ranging in price 
from $74 to $3000. Sent on 
receipt of 4 cents to cover 


Boston, Chicago. Philadelphia Pittsburgh, 
Detroit. Minneapolis, Washington, St. Louis, 
New Orleans. San Francisco, San Antonio, 
Atlanta. Seattle and Indianapolis. 
CANADA: 83 Bleury St.. Montreal 


Let Me Build a Fountain 

according to your own plans or design and 
build one to fit your place. 

We also have the Rose Bush Fountains 
(with or without electric illumination) the 
latest and most attractive garden novelty 
on the market. 

Twenty-two years of experience in beau- 
tifying the finest estates has qualified me 
to beautify your place. Don't decide upon 
any type of fountain or garden ornament 
of any kind until you have seen our cata- 
logue, which will be sent upon request. 

Fountain erected by me .t Duke's P.rk, ._ A"f . 

summervaie. N. j. American Garden Beautifying Company, 




Comfort is the desideratum in these 
types. They are like sedate but good-na- 
tured persons, never in the way; they do 
not offend by too vigorous characteristics, 
yet maintain individuality and are far re- 
moved from the commonplace. We have 
here grace with strength, quaintness with- 
out queerness, sentiment with dignity, the 
distinction of the furniture of the olden 
days, the luxury of color in mahogany 
and coverings, the restfulness of the best 
upholstery, and all made practical. This 
is not specifically men's or women's furni- 
ture. Its various designs are calculated 
to accommodate many human forms. It 
is being used in the finest houses, the most 
intimate homes. 

To the student of furniture it is an in- 
teresting evolution. To a gilt-crazed 
American it may be mighty plain furni- 
ture. To the home-lover and the house- 
keeper it is beautiful and economical, of a 
style that can never be "out of style." 

Since nothing is new under the sun, 
why is it not credit enough to the Ameri- 
can maker and designer, that, in addition 
to having admirably reproduced examples 
of the styles historic, they now, under the 
demand for simplicity and utility as well 
as beaut}', evolve from the spirit of the 
past not lifeless adaptations, but speci- 
mens such as these? 

Fighting the Drought 

(Continued from page 99) 
is taken away from a square foot of sur- 
face in a few hours, try to imagine the 
amount lost upon even an eighth of an acre 
in a week of dry weather! And, unless 
you stop it, it will continue to rise from 
the depths of your garden and pass away 
invisibly into the air. 

Fortunately, the way to stop it is simple 
and easy. From the day your garden is 
planted until you can't get between the 
rows, never let a crust form on the sur- 
face. That's the whole story. With iron 
rake and hoe and wheel-hoe keep the sur- 
face inch or two of soil finely pulverized. 
Especially just after every rain go over 
everything as soon as possible. Never 
mind if your garden is dry as ashes all the 
time ; that is the way you want it, on the 
surface. And then, when your neighbor, 
obessed with the foggy idea that the soil 
should not be stirred because it makes it 
dry out, is complaining about dry weather, 
you can scrape down with your fingers 
through the dust and take up a handful 
of good moist soil. 

But times will come, in the driest sea- 
sons, when every precaution that has been 
taken will fail to hold the fort against the 
enemy. Day after day, week after week, 
you watch in vain for the black bank of 
storm clouds in the northwest, or hope for 
the heavy artillery of the heavens that 
foretells at least a temporary relief from 
the prolonged siege. Your water is giving 
out. Even if every possible drop has been 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

AUGUST, 1911 



saved in the soil, growing plants have ex- 
hausted it. You must, after all, lose the 
battle, or irrigate. 

Now, to the average mind that word irri- 
gate means vast reservoirs costing millions 
of Uncle Sam's money, and miles of pipes 
and sluices and ditches and flood-gates 
an undertaking of the titanic West. But 
it need not suggest these things. It means 
simply applying water to your plants in 
such quantity that it will be of some real 
use the ordinary watering is frequently 
worse than useless; for unless enough 
water is applied to soak down into the soil, 
the results are a crusted, packed surface, 
and roots tempted up to the hot top soil. 
With their inexplicable instinct, they will 
turn toward food or moisture as surely as 
a sunflower follows the sun. 

The principle of irrigating involves only 
three factors, and they may be of very 
simple solution. First, an adequate sup- 
ply of water ; second, a suitable means of 
transporting it ; and lastly, some method 
of applying it properly. 

Probably many of the readers of this 
magazine have city water, with enough 
force from their three-quarter-inch pipes 
to run a good stream through an inch hose. 
For them the problem is a very simple one 
unless some day when perhaps a few 
dollars' worth of extra hose is left by the 
department store's wagon, there comes a 
short notice from headquarters stating that 
there is enough water left to last thirteen 
days more, and will every one please be 

There are, however, many houses in 
which the water supply comes through a 
small pipe from a well or spring, and while 
the supply is constant, the amount of water 
on hand at any one time is very limited. 
In such instances some method of storing 
up the water until a suitable quantity for 
irrigating is on hand, becomes necessary. 
Either an open tank, elevated at least sev- 
eral feet above the spot to be irrigated, or 
a compressed air tank will answer the pur- 
pose. Or if the water is in a large cistern, 
or deep well, a good pump will save the 
necessity of a storage tank, the water being 
applied to the soil directly from the supply 
pipe. It may be operated either by hand, 
or a gasoline engine or electric motor the 
system, of course, depending upon the 
amount of water required and other cir- 

The cost of the various items men- 
tioned above is, of course, of interest to 
the persons investigating an irrigation 
system. A metal or wood tank will cost 
from $15 up, according to size. A cheap 
and practical substitute may be had by 
uniting several barrels or hogsheads, 
which can be bought, without heads, for 
from 35 cents to $1.50 apiece. Short 
pieces of iron or lead pipe inserted a few 
inches from the bottom are used to con- 
nect them. The iron pipes are made tight 
by means of washers and lock-nuts, and 
the lead pipes by being driven through 
into the barrels half an inch or so, and 
then reamed out and hammered down 
tight. In this way a tank of considerable 

Fire Fighting and Telephoning 

Both Need Team Work, Modern Tools 
and an Ever Ready Plant, Everywhere 

Twenty men with twenty buckets can put out a 
small fire if each man works by himself. 

If twenty men form a line and pass the buckets 
from hand to hand, they can put out a larger fire. 
But the same twenty men on the brakes of a 
"hand tub" can force a continuous stream of 
water through a pipe so fast that the bucket 
brigade seems futile by comparison. 

The modern firefighter has gone away beyond 
the "hand tub." Mechanics build a steam fire 
engine, miners dig coal to feed it, workmen build 
reservoirs and lay pipes so that each nozzleman 
and engineer is worth a score of the old- 
fashioned firefighters. 

The big tasks of today require not only team 
work but also modern tools and a vast system 
of supply and distribution. 

The Bell telephone system is an example of 
co-operation between 75,000 stockholders, 
120,000 employees and six million subscribers. 

But to team work is added an up-to-date plant. 
Years of time and hundreds of millions of money 
have been put into the tools of the trade ; into the 
building of a nation-wide network of lines; into 
the training of men and the working out of meth- 
ods. The result is the Bell system of today a 
union of men, money and machinery, to provide 
universal telephone service for ninety million 


One Policy 

One System 

Universal Service 

Dexter Brothers' 
English Shingle Stains 

HrniK cut the train of the wood and im>lnmt il* life. 
.">O per cent, rheaprr and far more artinLic than (mini 

The tml [M"v>il.l<- finish for nhinclM, half i < 
rlapboard, ami all oiitMilr woodwork. 

Made of fitiet Kncliah irmuid rolurw. and 
-pit-nil I Viler preset-vine oila. , 

Write fur booklet and nUinrd miniature ahifuilus. 

Center Brothers Co.. 115 Broad SI , Boston, Mass. 


1133 Bioidwir Xtw Tork 211 Rice I!.. Ptillritlphii. Pi. 

Ase ifattn afl'l I Kit J I i / Ml \ 

AGENTS- F. H. M. l),,,,l,l. (iranil It.ix.u. II 
M. H'mker Co.. ChitmMo; K. II. Tolton. Ht IIHR 
F. T. Crowe * Co.. Hmltlo. Hpok.n. '! Txwma. 
Wh.. ml IWII.n.t. Or.- . Mlii-rniui KimUll. Hi, 
KranciKio; HoffKhUier A ('., Honolulu . and 

Stain Paini 
Stain brings out 
the grain, gives 
soft, velvety 
Paint hides the 
grain, spoils the 
natural surface 
of the wood. 

In mritina to adierliiett please mention Housi AMD C.AHDEN. 



AUGUST, 1911 

is the choice of experienced architects 
and builders who take into account 
every quality that building hardware 
should possess: 

Artistic Harmony Sargent De- 
signs include distinctive styles in 
every school of architecture; 

Beauty of Finish obtained by 
most careful workmanship and 
use of fine metals; 

Wearing Quality 
insuring satisfactory wear at the 
vital points such as latches, 
hinges, window fastenings, etc., 
and saving repair bills. 

Safety Sargent Locks are famed 
for security. 

Ask your architect to specify 
Sargent Hardware and aid you 
in selecting harmonious designs. The Sargent 
Book of Designs and Colonial Book will be 
sent free on request. 


14-2 Leonard St.. New York 

Plant for Immediate Effect 

Not for Future Generations 

Start with the largest stock that can be secured. It takes over twenty years 

to grow such Trees and Shrubs as we offer. 

We do the long waiting thus enabling you to secure Trees and Shrubs that give 
an immediate effect. Price List Now Ready. 


WM. WARNER HARPER, Proprietor 

capacity can be made for a few dollars. 
The barrels should, however, be kept un- 
der cover, and never allowed to remain 
long empty, on account of shrinking and 
consequent leaking. Where a consider- 
able amount of ground is to be wet, a 
power pump will be required. A good 
pump capable of throwing 800 gallons an 
hour against no pressure, can be bought 
for $40. Small gasoline engines, of am- 
ple power for operating such a pump, cost 
from $29.50 to $75 or $100 according to 
make. An electric motor will cost about 
$75, but second-hand ones may often be 
had at low prices at receivers' sales, if 
one happens to be within reach of a large 
city. Iron pipe, suitable for water under 
low pressure, can be bought at from four 
to fifteen cents a foot, according to size, 
and whether it is second-hand or new. 

The water may be applied either by an 
automatic sprinkler, a nozzle, or by flow- 
ing from the open hose, where there is 
not sufficient force to wash out the soil 
to an injurious degree. In large market 
gardens, overhead piping systems, so ar- 
ranged that a regular rain may be turned 
on or off at will, are often used, but they 
would hardly pay for the home garden. 

The water should be applied towards 
evening, or in cloudy weather ; never in 
the bright sun if it can be helped. The 
most important thing is to have the 
ground thoroughly soaked. It is, of 
course, possible to overdo it, but one is 
not at all likely to. Water sufficient to 
cover the soil an inch deep that is, equal 
to a one-inch rainfall will not be too 
much when the ground is dry. One good 
soaking a week, or two for such moisture- 
loving plants as celery, cabbage, cauli- 
flower, etc., will be sufficient in ordinary 
dry weather. 

Do not, if you do use irrigation, forget 
the importance of moisture-conserving 
cultivation. Irrigation will not take the 
place of cultivation : it should be used as a 
supplement to it, not as a substitute for it. 

Remember that with irrigation you 
gain control of the most uncertain and 
most important factor 'of outdoor gar- 
dening, the moisture supply. You can 
plant a smaller garden, and make it pro- 
duce surer and bigger results. 

Getting Acquainted With the 
August Flowers and Shrubs 

(Continued from page 92) 
with flowers six inches across. 

GOLD-BANDED LILY (Lilium aura-turn), 
the showiest and largest of the true lilies. 
The flower is pale yellow with a golden 
centre band and crimson spots. Unfortu- 
nately the bulbs die out in a few years, but 
they are well worth renewing even at their 
comparatively high price. 

aloidcs*), a gorgeous plant bearing long, 
erect cones of scarlet and orange flowers, 
one hundred or more to its five-foot stalk." 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

AUGUST, 1911 



You may meet it under the name tritoma. 

I have space for but a mere list of the 
shrubs you should find in bloom this 
month, with color of flowers : 

BLADDER SENNA (Colutca arborescens), 

BLUE SPIREA (Caryopteris Mastacan- 
thus) , lavender-blue. 

macrostachya) , whitish. 

NEW JERSEY TEA (Ceanothus Amcri- 
cantis), white. 

STAGHORX SUMACH (Rhus typliina). 
dense panicles of flowers, followed by at- 
tractive red fruit masses. 

SWEET PEPPER BUSH (Cletlira alni- 
folia), white fleecy flowers, spicy fra- 

HARDY HYDRANGEA (H. paniculate, var. 
grand i 'ft o ra) . white, turning to pink. 

ROSE OF SHARON (Hibiscus Syriacus), 
pink, red and white. 

Making a Garden on a Hilltop 

(Continued from page 109) 
pansies, parsley and even lettuce and a 
few tomato plants found their way into the 
beds. Two beds were bordered with 
gladioli. These were set in trenches ten 
inches deep and cultivated as if they were 

The mid-summer was perfectly dry. 
One month passed with only a single 
shower. Every week I went over the gar- 
den with the wheel hoe. The dust would 
fly under the blade and the work took on 
the character of sub-soil farming. Thanks 
to the deep preparation of the soil that the 
grass roots had made necessary, and the 
constant working of its surface, the garden 
grew in spite of dry weather, and we had 
flowers and salads from it all summer. 
The gladioli were especially fine, much 
better than I have grown from the same 
stock when I have planted them less deep 
and watered ttoem. They grew very tall, 
and stood erect without stakes. The 
flowers were large and perfect. 

When a square garden is set down be- 
side a meadow with pine trees on one side, 
a hillside jutting with rocks and covered 
with daisies on another, and blue moun- 
tains stretching thirty miles away on every 
side, the masses of flowers must be larger 
and the colors more pronounced than those 
of the garden with a wall about it, or one 
that breathes the air of a city or town. 
This garden could never have a wall: its 
charm is its own, that of being able to look 
past the gay posies to a blue mountain 
background, but the step between meadow 
and garden seemed at first difficult to 
make. However, this is what has been 
done. A path three feet wide goes all 
about the outside of the beds. Beyond 
this, on the south, berry and currant 
bushes have been set in rows. All the 
large stones have been piled by the path 
that skirts the rocky hillside, and clematis 



tlinq f< 

wisnmq lor a 


ES, buy one you intend having one some day, 
.so whatever is the use of putting it off year 
after year and missing the hundred and one 
pleasures it makes possible. Whv not do a little 
scheming and if necessary cut something else out 
so you can bring the greenhouse in? For nine solid 
months your greenhouse garden can be in bloom. 
Your out-doors garden will be supplied from it 
with good stocky ready-to-bloom plants that will 
mean at least a month's advance. Hut what is the 
use of dwelling on a greenhouse's advantages? 
Everybody knows how indispensable they are nowa- 

However, before you build make sure of the right 

construction. There are certain logical reasons why the U-Bar should 
have your most careful consideration after that, make your decision. 
Send for our catalog, or send for us or both. 

This is the U-Bar 
The Bar that makes 
U-Bar Greenhouses 
The Famous Green- 
houses they are. 

One of the indUpensable ue of ireenhou.o i* for the protection and keepinf 

fre.h and healthy of >uch ornamental pl.nt are u>ed about 

the toop and (rounds in aurnmer. 




In writing to adrtrtisert pltatt mention MOUSE AND GADE*. 



AUGUST, 1911 


SAriTATION in the modern 
home should not stop at effi- 
ciency alone/ Artistic appearance 
is an important consideration. 

The pleasing designs of 
'Standard" lavatories aid 
greatly in the making of 
the bathroom beautiful. 

The high reputation and in- 
creasing demand for "Standard" 
guaranteed plumbing fixtures 
have led to widespread substi- 
tution of inferior goods. Be 
sure, therefore, that you specify 
"^tatidard" fixtures, not ver- 
bally , but in writing, and. make 
certain that they are installed. 

Genuine 'Standard" fixtures for the Home and 
for Schools, Office Buildings, Public Institutions, 
etc. , are identified by the Green and Gold Label, 
with the exception of baths bearing the Red 
and Black Label which, while of the first 
quality of manufacture, have a slightly 
thinner enameling, and thus meet the re- 
quirements of those who demand 'Standard" 
quality at less expense. All "Standard" fix- 
tures with care will last a lifetime. And, 
no fixture is genuine unless it bears the 
guarantee label. 

Send for a copy of our beautiful catalog "Modern Bathrooms." It will prove of invalu- 
able assistance in the planning of your bathroom, kitchen or laundry. Many model rooms 
are illustrated, costing from $78 to $600. This valuable book is sent for 6 cents postage. 

Standard <$amtarg Iflfe. Co. Dept. 40 


New York ........... 35 W. ilst Street Nashville ........ 315 Tenth Avenue, So. London ........ 53 Holborn Viaduct E C 

" B Y I ......... ;ti| * s , hl . and ? lock Ncw Orleans, Baronne and St. Joseph Sts. Houston, Tex., Preston and Smith Streets 

Philadelphia ........ 1128 Walnut Street Montreal, Can ....... 215 Coristine Bide. 

Toronto, Can ....... 59 Richmond St., E. Boston ... ......... John Hancock Bldg. 

Pittsburgh., .......... 949 Penn Avenue Louisville ....... 319-23 W. Main Street 

n Mrtmnnli. n, i, R i 

o Metropolis Bank 

ashln E t n , D. C ....... Southern Bldg. 

....... - . 

St. Louis ......... 100 N. Fourth Street Cleveland ........ 648 Huron Road. S. E. Toledo, Ohio ............ 311 Erie Stree 

Better Lawns, Flowers and Vegetables with 
WlZard Brand She" J Manure 

Wonderful results quickly. No weeds or foreign grasses. 
Economical and convenient to use. Unequalled for lawn, 
flowers, trees, shrubs, fruit, meadows and grain fields. 

per bbl. freight prepaid east of Missouri 


River. Cash with order. Ask for quantity 
prices. Write for copy of booklet ''Lawn 
and Garden." Gives valuable pointers. 
2* Union Stock Yards :: :: :: Chicago 

Wizard Brand is handled by first class seedsmen 


. ' 

*> . T. 

For Sash Cord. Will outwear common 
roughly braided cord or metallic devices 
many times over. The smooth, even braid 
minimizes abrasion and prolongs wear. 

For Clothes Line. Will not kink, stretch 
or ravel, or stain the clothes, and is guar- 
anteed to last at least five years even when 
permanently exposed to the weather. Look 
for our trade-mark, the Spots on the Cord. 

Sand for .ample.. Carried by all leading dealer.. 


(paniculate) planted where it can grow 
over them. Goldenrod, wild asters, eve- 
ning primroses, wild lilies and wild flower- 
ing shrubs are being massed along the 
other two sides of this outer path to fur- 
ther restrict and frame the garden setting. 

The garden is reclaimed now, and 
from this time on it can receive as many 
and choice varieties of hardy flowering 
plants as my pocketbook can afford. 

Just here let me mention one of the 
chief advantages of growing flowers on a 
hilltop. The frost comes several weeks 
later than it does in the valley. Long after 
the fall flowers in the low gardens are 
dead and gone ours are blooming merrily. 
In the winter the hilltop is several de- 
grees warmer than the valley. Last winter 
on the coldest night the Rockgirt thermom- 
eter registered only eight below zero, while 
in the village in the valley and even just 
at the foot of our hill the thermometers 
went down to twenty-two degrees below 
zero. Such a difference renders it possi- 
ble to winter roses on the hill which can- 
not stand the damper cold of the valley, 
and this has been done successfully by a 
hilltop neighbor of ours. Of course, this 
works the other way in spring. The 
flowers in the valley are in bloom first if 
left to themselves, but our garden, being 
sheltered from wind and open to all the 
sunshine, is only about a week later. 

A garden, to me, is a place apart, a 
place where I can go to be alone. It is 
my first necessity after I have a roof to. 
cover me ; my next is to have flowers about 
the house, sociable flowers that can make 
merry with my friends. For this purpose 
the sturdy, ever-blooming, more or less 
conventional geraniums always appeal to 
me. Shortly after we took Rockgirt, I in- 
vested five dollars in choice varieties of 
ivy and rose geraniums of shades of pink. 
In winter they are kept in the sun-parlor 
and in window nooks. They are slipped 
once a year, the young plants are started 
in sand, repotted" and used for outdoor 
decoration in summer. So the stock con- 
tinually increases. 

I wanted flower beds close to the house 
walls, but this was found to be impossible 
as the house stands literally on a rock with 
only a few inches of dirt to cover it. When 
a workman digs a hole he uses dynamite. 
This seemed a ludicrous way to plant gera- 
niums, so I put them in five large porch 
boxes hung between each post to a plain 
porch railing. With much persuasion and 
top dressing, common woodbine has been 
induced to grow about the porch posts. By 
means of the railing, the boxes and vines, 
a dreary, bare porch that we found at 
Rockgirt has been converted into a cheer- 
ful out-of-door living room at little cost. 
Each spring white heliotrope and petunia 
plants are started indoors to put in the 
boxes with the pink geraniums. The white 
and pink flower clusters are charming be- 
tween the green hanging vines. In the 
winter evergreens are planted in the boxes 
and form a great shelter from the flying 

From the first the woods had received 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

AUGUST, 1911 





It is imposible to hear the flush- 
ing of a 


Noiseless Syphon Jet 


outside of its immediate environment 

If you insist that your plumber install 
a Siwelclo you w 11 be for ever 
free from the embarrassing 
nuisance of the old-style noisy 

Look for this 

Trade Mark clOSCt. 

May we send you Booklet 981 T, giving 
full information? 


Trenton, N. J., U. S. A. 

The Largest Manufacturers of Sanitary Pottery in U. S. 


Fence* of all description! for City and Suburban 
Homes. Write today for our Loose Leaf Catalog, 
tating briefly your requirements. 

Fence Department 



Church Street NEW YORK C 



FIRST: The only Sanitary method 
f caring for garbage, deep in the 
ground In heavy galvanized bucket 
with bail. Odorleaa, proof against 
rat*, cats and doffB, or the smaller 

death dealing pent, the house flj. 

Open* with the Foot Health demands it, 


{3*r* '' 

SECOND: This clean, convenient 
way of disposing of kitchen ashes. 
cellar and yard refuse, does 
away with the ash or dirt barrel 
nuisance. Stores your oily 
waste and sweepings, Fireproof. 
flush with garage 


THIRD: It supplies 
a nafe and unitary Buy to sweep Into 
method to keep your water supply safe from 
pollution. It prevent* the danger from the 
house or typhoid fly, around camp or farm, 
dunemlnatlnc Us poisonous gernu to TOUT 
family. Sold direct. Send for circular, on 
each. Nine years in practical use. It pays 
to look us up. 


2O Fur AT Street, Lynn, 

A Camp Necensity ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

their share of attention. The wood road 
vinding through thirty acres, up hill and 
lown, had become the exercise ground for 
the hill colony. It is understood among 
our friends that no ferns or flowers grow- 
ng within sight of the road shall be picked, 
and all our efforts have been to make the 
roadside attractive. The first year I 
studied its natural advantages. The upper 
road, where the extended view is to be 
had, is too high and dry to harbor spring 
flowers, with the exception of the colum- 
bine which grows there in quantities, so 
seeds of wild aster and goldenrod were 
scattered along the paths. On part of the 
teep hillside below the path, masses of 
white boneset flourished ; this blooms in 
September. As the road winds down the 
hill it comes to "hepatica land." I lere 
anemonies. hepaticas and many varieties 
of violets and ferns are growing. 

The smell of rich brown leaf mold in 
early spring is full of promise. It has 
tempted us to make the woods an experi- 
mental station where every seed and plant 
that can be spared from the town garden 
is tucked in hopes that it may naturalize. 
I have discovered that almost any spring 
flowering plant will thrive in the woods. 
Mid-summer garden plants often find the 
woods too shady after the leaves are 
out. but clematis likes it, and pansies 
will self-sow. The California bulbs that 
can be purchased at moderate cost are a 
novelty in our eastern woodland, and most 
attractive. California adder's tongue, 
dog's-tooth violets (crythroniums) grow 
nearly a foot high, with several flowers on 
a stalk. The different varieties are white, 
pink, purple and yellow. They will grow 
in any spot where our native varieties 
grow. The brodiac Candida, a charming 
light-blue flower has done so well in the 
wild that I am tempted to try every other 
early California bulb. Nemophila macula- 
ta, a small creeping plant with white 
spotted flowers, and the orange-colored 
California poppies are two annuals that 
self-sow each year and bloom for a good 
part of the summer. Many of our own 
spring flowering bulbs like the woods. 
Crocus and squills will do well, I believe, 
in any place where hepaticas grow. I have 
grown them both from seed in the woods. 
It takes three years to mature a flowering 
bulb from seed. A quantity of immature 
bulbs of poet narcissus were moved from 
the garden to the woods and have grown 
and flowered there. Indeed, whenever a 
bulb blossoms and matures seed in the 
town garden, I sow the seed in the woods. 
In this way time will make the wood road 
a joy to those who travel it. 

The Four Best Evergreens 

(Continued from page 107) 
parent because pines generally are charac- 
terized by stiffness and rigidity. One spe- 
cial merit of the white pine is that it can 
be established and will grow healthily and 


Put Hitchings 


On Your House 

THEY are made of cast iron 
in two styles. One forms 
part of the cornice mould- 
ing, the other is the regular half 
round hanging shape. These gut- 
ters will not rust out. Outlast even 
copper gutters. Not affected by 
salt air or acid conditions. Easy 
to put up no soldering necessary. 
Joints are leak tight and stay tight. 
Made for all styles of roofs, no 
matter how many angles and turns. 
These gutters are the same kind 
that are used so extensively in Eng- 
land. Many have been in use there 
over a hundred years. To show 
you their exact size, shape and 
thickness, we will send you, at our 
expense, short lengths of both the 
moulded face and half round gut- 
ters, along with a circular giving 
complete information. 
Write for these samples and circu- 

This is Che moulded face style. It is made in 
lencths of 6 feet and is 5 inches wide and 3 deep. 

Hitchings & Co., 

Write to our General Office 
Spring Street Elizabeth, N. J. 

Write for the 

Connoisseur Book 



Your Soon 
an< i f| oor 

coverings from injury. Alao beau- 
tify your furniture by uiinu Glass 
Onward Sliding Furniture and Pi- 
ano Shoes la place of casters. 
Made in no stylet and sizes. If 
your dealer will not supply you 

Write US- Onward Mfsj.Ca. 

Menasha. Wisconsin. U. S. A. 

Canadian Factory, Berlin. Ont. 

In writing to advertiser} please mention HOUSE AMD GAIDIN. 



AUGUST, 1911 |] 




New York, N. Y., 91-93 Chambers Street Pittsburg, Pa., 933-935 Liberty Avenue 
Chicago, 111., 150 Lake Street St. Louis. Mo., 218-220 Chestnut Street 

Philadelphia, Pa., 118-120 North 8th Street Portland, Ore., 40 First Street 
San Francisco, Calif., 129-131 First Street Boston, Mass., 232 Summer Street 

Indianapolis, Ind., 207-209 S. Meridan St. 

London. England, 13-15 Southampton Row 

Spokane, Wash,, 163 South Lincoln Street 



Have a fine lawn by 
sowing KALAKA, 
the Wizard Lawn 
Producer. Comes up 
like magic. All it needs is soil moisture. Ideal for 
new lawn, terraces or to renew old areas. Grass seed 
and strong concentrated animal manure. Results 
quick, sure. Cheaper, goes further than ordinary 
seed. Try it. 5-lb box for $1.00, express prepaid East 
of Missouri River. Write for free booklet. "How to 
Make a Lawn," it's full of interesting hints. 
The Kalaka Co.. 81(i I-:-haiigi' Ave., Chicago 

Don't Kill all the grass 

on your lawn, but kill each husky weed with a Deadly 
Dandelion Pill applied with a "Jabstick." No back- 
ache. 00 Pills and "Jabstick 1 * prepaid $1.00 

Money back if you are ngt satisfied. 

362 West Erie Street Chicago. 




A high-class, modern house, intelligent service, moderate prices, pleasant rooms, superior cuisine. Long 
distance telephone in every room. 

Ladies traveling alone are assured of courteous attention. 


Have Hitchings Build You a Greenhouse 

These greenhouses of ours are regular joy spots that will give you 
flowers and vegetables all the way around the calendar. Their 

up keep " is almost nil compared with an automobile. 
And by the way, if you have an automobile, then just attach a 
greenhouse to the garage and the heating for one will take care of 
both a happy thought. 

Send for our catalog we have houses from $250 up. 

Hitchings & Company, 

Write to our General Office* 

Call at our New York Office 

fast, in thin, shallow soils overlying sand 
and gravel conditions that would mean, 
failure to other evergreens. As a perma- 
nent screen tree to shut out an undesirable 
view this pine, thickly planted, will soon, 
grow up and accomplish the desire. 

There are other Western evergreens 
from the Rocky Mountains destined to fill 
an important place in our gardens, but the 
four here enumerated are the essential 
ones for bold, free planting and good per- 
manent effects. 

Gathering and Storing Kitchen 

TO those who devote a portion of the; 
garden to culinary herbs, their gath- 
ering and preservation for use during those.- 
months when the taste requires a stimu-- 
lus is is an important consideration. 

Thyme, savory, parsley, sage and sweet, 
marjoram lend agreeable flavors to winter 
roasts and stews. 

Herbs should be gathered just before- 
they flower, as leaf and stem are then ii> 
their best flavor. 

Where the herb garden is in a perma- 
nent location such herbs as basil, marjor- 
am, savory, sage and thyme are ready foe- 
picking in July. If grown from spring- 
sown seed, however, they cannot be gath- 
ered before September. 

The work should be done on a dry day.. 
Gather the herbs by breaking off the; 

The herbs should be spread upon a wire rack 
and dried; the leaves are then picked off,, 
ground, and stored away in cans 

branches of the plants to a length of five 
inches. Cleanse them from dust by rins- 
ing them in cold water. 

There are two methods of drying. One 
is to do the work rapidly over a hot fire j 
the other is a gradual process in the sun- 
shine with a gentle air stirring. There is 
something pleasantly suggestive in the 
thought of herbs dried in the soft summer 
air, but it is sentiment, nothing more. In 
reality they borrow nothing from the 
scented breeze. Sun- and wind have served 
their purpose during growth. The better 
process is that of quick drying. To ac- 
complish this they may be bunched and 
suspended over the stove, or spread upon 
a frame of coarse-meshed wire when the 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

AUGUST, 191 1 



fire is hot and there is no steam, as on 
baking day. A moderate oven serves the 
purpose well if the door is left open and 
the herbs spread upon a wire rack or 
frame permitting circulation of the air. 

When brittle-dry the leaves are picked 
off and stored in covered bottles or cans. 
If so desired, it is an easy matter to pul- 
verize them. Lay the leaves upon a pastry 
board and roll them fine. Sift them 
through a flour sifter. 

Herb powders which blend the flavors 
of several herbs are convenient accessories 
to the kitchen stores; for instance, those 
herbs which are combined into kitchen 
bouquets, favored by cooks, may be pul- 
verized in this way and mixed in the de- 
sired proportions which individual taste 

An agreeable blend for flavoring soups 
or stews consists of one part sweet mar- 
joram, one part thyme, one part winter 
savory and two parts parsley. 

Bringing Wild Flowers Into the 

(Continued from page 97) 
impossible to find them at any other time 
than when in blossom. Those which have 
been named are only a few of the many 
which can be cultivated in the .garden. A 
walk through the woods cannot fail to re- 
veal many which are equally as deserving 
as those to which attention has been called. 

The Garden of the Small Space 

NO one need be deterred from raising 
a few green vegetables by lack of 
space. Many things can be grown on a 
limited amount of ground. The experi- 
ence of one of my friends proves my asser- 

She lived in a house with but a small 
plot of ground around it. One morning in 
the spring when she returned from market 
with six sturdy tomato plants, the rest of 
the family laughed at her purchase. In 
no way discouraged at their jokes at her 
expense, she planted the tomato vines 
close up to the back of the house where 
they could be trained up the wall. They 
responded lustily to her care, and soon 
covered it with green vines and leaves. 
She kept an account and found she had 
gathered one hundred ripe tomatoes. Some 
of them were rather small, to be sure, but 
large enough to count. Besides, she gath- 
ered nearly a bushel of green tomatoes in 
the late fall. She kept the frost from in- 
juring the vines by means of a protection 
hung in front of her vines at night. 

Her success so encouraged her that, this 
year she has tried more experiments. She 
planted lettuce at the foot of her tomato 
vines. By sowing the lettuce seed at in- 
tervals of time, she has had a succession of 
crisp, tender leaves all the season for 

Furthermore, she trained some cucum- 





A stable, for instance, may be ever so well built and 
finely kept r-liil it is a stable, and being such, should 
be screened frnm view. The illustration below shows 
one, before it was screened and after our pines and 
cedars were u ed. The lines of the buildings being 
rather attract! f, the planting wa* done in such a 
way that I he roof lines were not obliterated. 

f laven't yoi some such problem that you want 
solved at one , and overcome a wait of years for 
trees to grow p? Our evergreens of all sizes will do 
it for you. We will do the planning and planting 
if yon wish. If you want a few small evergreen f 
or one or two large ones, \\-|_ p have some of the very 
finest of stock. Good, strong, sturdy trees, every 
one of them. 

If you need 30 good si/til or,es--]ietler ordi r a iar- 


load and we will ship them direct from our New 
England collecting fields. They will cost you, on an 
average, only $17 apiece, planted. You cut out 
double freight and the nursery charges that would 
otherwise have to be added to the cost of each tree. 
It is important t<> remember that August and Sep- 
tember are among the best of months for the planting 
of your evergreens. If there are some trees on 
your place or in the vicinity which you wish were 
in certain locations of your ground, we can move 
them for you. It matters not how big they are, we 
will send a crew of experienced men and special 
equipment for moving trees of even 40 or 50 tons 

Come to our nursery if you can. If you can't, write 
us and we will send a catalog with our reply. 



This outfit, consisting of an Alamo Gasolene Engine and Westinghouse Generator, 
Switchboard and Storage Batteries, will supply your house with electric lights and 
power for water systems and all of the modern household conveniences (vacuum 
cleaners, electric fans, washing machines in fact anything that operates by elec- 
tricity). , 
We also supply water turbines as power for generating electricity, all types ot 
water supply systems and everything electrical and hydraulic for the country home. 
Write us concerning your proposition, and we will gladly advise you and furnish 
estimates on installations. 

OTIS & WELLS, Electrical Engineers 

2 Rector Street. New York City 

/,, writing to idvertutrs flt*tt mtmtio* Hou AMD GADE. 



AUGUST, 1911 


Meurer's Metal, Spanish 
and Mission Tiles 

Residence of W. T. Phillips, San Mateo, Cal. 
Covered with Meurer's Metal Tile 

The Ideal Roof Covering 

made in tin, galvanized and copper 


575 Flushing Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

WORKS, Washington, Penn. 
130 East 129th St., New York City 

Ready To Set Up 


so helps the 
appearance of a 
garden, or gives 
acter to a house 
like a well de- 
signed pergola. 
We ship them 
in crated sec- 
tions with sim- 
ple instructions 
that will enable 
assemble them 

anyone handy with tool 
quickly and easily. Planned by an experienced 
architect, they are of absolutely correct design 
and attractive appearance. Price, $40.00 up. 
Our catalog also shows gateways, boundary 
markers, posts, etc. Send for it today. 

The Pergola Company 

923 Association Building, Chicago 


Sent prepaid 
on receipt of 

Cutting it takes too 
long. You can mow a 
1 3-inch swath, easily, 
quickly, with 


Every movement counts! 
Hedge contractors can 
quadruple their wages 
and profits. Workman- 
ship and material in- 
definitely guaranteed. 


If not satisfactory after one week's trial, can be re- 
turned. Write for booklet. 


Fountain Cutlery Co., 

ny bank in Philadelphi 


YOI 1R Av 

1 V W IX explain tree surgery, ihe science founded by John Oavey. 
TD17ITC Write for them. 

I KUtLJ The Davey Trei Expert Co.. Inc.. 458 'corn St., Kent, Ohio 

fakers and 

s to lose. Get expert surgeons 
:tvise you as to what 'hev need, 
ee butchers. Our free booklets 

One of our many 
models now in 


Call or Write for 
Our Catalog and 
Full Information 
on Kitchen Equip- 

A ( omliiii.'ili n Range 
for Every Purpse 

Good for winter cooking with 
heating; good for summer cook- 
ing without heating the 

Deane Combination 
( oal and Gas Range 

Two ranges in one. Has ovens, 
gridiron broilers, toasters and 
all other up-to-date features. 
Gas and coal can be used at 
the same time when preparing a 
big meal; or separately as desired. 
Don't buy any range before 
calling upon us. 

Bramhall-Deane Company, 
261 W. 36th St., New Tork City 

Cooking jlpparatHs pf All AIM./J 

A Reasonable Suggestion 

Why Not Buy Direct fr.-m the Manufacturers? 


And get the best 
as to price, 
quality and 



(without cushion) 

With Arm Rest 
and Magazine 

Size of Seat. 20 in. x 
20 in. Height of 
Back, 34 in. 

(Shipped on receipt of Money Order or N. Y. Draft) 

MINNET & CO., Manufacturers of Willow Furniture 

. Established 1898 

365 Lexington Ave. (bet. 40th and 41st Sts.) 

Richard M. Archer, Mir. Factory, CarUtadt, N.J. 




Garden Furniture 

T3EAUTIFUL reproductions of famous 
models from th? gardens of Italy. 
\X7E have no competition in the quality 
of our work in composition stone. 
A VISIT to our studio will prove well worth 
your time. 

QUR catalogue L containing more than 800 
illustrations of Benches, Sundials, Statu- 
ary, Pedestals, Mantels, Vases and Fountains 
mailed upon request. 


226 Lexington Ave, New York 

in Marble, Stone 
and Pompeiian Stone 

her vines up an unsightly trellis and has 
raised all the green cucumbers she wanted 
to use. 

So don't be discouraged at your sur- 
roundings. If a tiny bit of soil is to be had, 
you can raise a few green vegetables. 
Where there is a will you can "wiggle out 
a way." 

Establishing Summer Ferns Indoors 

(Continued from page in) 
up in the dewy air but taken in before the 
sun strikes them in the morning. 

In filling large jars and boxes it is often 
necessary to combine several plants of the 
favored variety intermedium or other 
species, but fronds from several crowns 
rarely have the desired pose unassisted ; 
this may be deftly done with heavy wire 
hairpins at the base of the stalk or else 
supported by branching twigs of the pussy 
willow ; the soft gray catkins and richly 
colored bark of the varying species of wil- 
low are highly effective among the fern 
fronds, quite worth while for their beauty 
alone. Ferns of lesser growth which 
droop over and down are always attract- 
ive and often give the needed finishing 

The most attractive indoor window box 
that I ever saw was made an inch or so 
wider than the low sill on which it rested ; 
it was of galvanized iron and bark covered. 
Two magnificent ostrich ferns reached 
almost to the top and nearly filled the win- 
dow ; they were carefully cut out to fit the 
width of the box after they were perhaps 
eighteen inches high as the roots were 
undisturbed the growth preceded upward 
for lack of space to expand in the outdoor 
vase-like way. To prevent breakage be- 
cause of certain inevitable spreading of 
fronds, cramped only on the window side, 
a ribbon guard was tied to brackets half 
way up on either side. Maidenhair, blad- 
der and Christmas ferns with the delicate 
bishop's cap and foam flower filled the re- 
maining space in the box. Pussy willows 
were also on duty for gathering in stray- 
ing fronds. Nothing in the world of plants 
so transforms the plainest of rooms or 
hides as an intelligent and artistic use of 
native ferns. 

For the smaller ferns, especially for 
table or for use in the endless niches in any 
home that needs the touch of a wild flower 
or fern, glass dishes are preferable to all 
others the plainer they are the better ; if 
lined with a sheet of moss over an inch of 
pebbles an artistic effect is obtained. The 
moss keeps the soil from working down 
and the pebbles quickly show an over- 
supply of water which can be drained out. 
The lining moss should be large enough to 
turn over the top and be pinned down 
with invisible hairpins ; this prevents too 
rapid evaporation and makes an attractive 
finish. An eight-inch glass can ouite easily 
carry a tall maidenhair as centerpiece with 
Cysto[>teris bulbifera, small Chr'stmas and 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN 

AUGUST, 1911 


other ferns clustered about it, and each 
with the desired "hang" of fronds. 
Granted that nature is the great artist, she 
is not above taking a hint or two and sub- 
verts with perfect grace. 

A most effective finish is the so-called 
gray moss or even a fluted gray lichen. 
Stiff growth of this sort is adjustable when 
thoroughly wet; just enough should be 
broken away to allow the new fronds to 
push through without scalping themselves. 
Young maidenhair with a touch of the 
Christmas fern above this gray carpet is 
an exceedingly lovely combination. 


Barrier Against Garden Mud 

FHENEVER the weather has been at 
all damp which time is, of course, 
the time when most of the garden hoeing 
has to be done I have met with consid- 
erable objection on the part of my house- 
hold regarding the mud that is tracked in 

Nailed at tht threshold of the garden door 
is the device that keeps peace in the family 
during the garden season 

over the floors. I have finally discovered 
a way of preserving peace in the family by 
means of a combined shoe scraper and 
brush which is attached to the wooden sill 
at the bottom of the cellar stairs. In com- 
ing in from the garden to leave the tools 
in the cellar, where they are kept, it is an 
easy matter to scrape off that portion of 
the garden that has been brought along. 

R. F. 

For a Longer Bloom 

THE amateur gardener may be inter- 
ested to know that a second crop of 
flowers may be obtained from many gar- 
den plants whose season of bloom would 
otherwise be short by cutting away the 
faded flower heads, and not allowing seed 
pods to form. 

Simple in 
construction and 


artistic in 



C.LEAVENS FURNITURE appeals to all per. 
sons of limited or unlimited means, who appreciate 
good taste displayed in their surroundings. 
C. When buying of us you have practically an un- 
limited stock to select from. In an ordinary store 
stock of furniture, the taste and judgment of the 
"buyer" is exercised first, and you see only such 
pieces as were selected by him. With us, you have 
not only the whole output of a factory to select 
from, but in addition you have the choice of a 
large variety of finishes. 

C, The idea of allowing the purchaser to select a 
special finish to conform to the individual taste, is 
original with us and has resulted in many satisfied 
customers. We also furnish unfinished. 
C. Send for complete set No. 6 of over 200 
illustrations, including color chart of Leavens 
Standard finishes. 





\X7"HEN the ball is snapped into 
* * play, twenty-two men leap into 

instant action. Certainly no ordinary camera lens 
could capture a picture of that sort. But look 
at the above photograph, taken with a 



Every detail is sharp, clear, perfect. Even the ball l 
arrested in its speedy flight by this still speedier lens. 
And the Tessar, with its wonderful light-gathering powers, 
has uniform, excellent definition. It is by far the best 
all-round lens ever produced adaptable for all outdoor 
action pictures, landscapes, indoor portraits and so on. 
Our Booklet L gives prices and full information as to the 
best lens for your particular purpose. Sent on request. 

b. Our name, tacked ty over a half a century ofif 
A perience, it an all our frotlncts lenses, mifre~ 
scopes, titht glasses, projection afparatut, 
engineering ,in,l other scientific tmtrumentt. 

Bausch & Ipmb Optical (5. 






AUGUST, 1911 


greatly incneascifor 
the season of 1911 S^nd 01 
New Catalogue s bo win. 3 Em 
execute^ in. stro>n.g,diur- 


Appleton & Sewall Company 


Foresters and Surveyors 
156 Fifth Avenue, New York City 

Practical Methods of 

Tel. 840 (iramercy 

Write for Booklet 


1 RIUMPli 


for Gardeners. Fruit Growers, Dairymen, Country 
Estates, and all outdoors. Made for those who want a 
good, serviceable, always-ready Cart that saves the 
lawn and the gardener's time. 

We manufacture Hand Carts for every purpose. De- 
livery Carts, open and weather proof. 
Booklet illustrating our full line on request. 

From reliable dealers 
or direct from fac- 
tory. We allow freight 
to all points east of 
the Mississippi and 
north of the Ohio 
and Potomac Rivers. 
Write today for free 
catalog. Special prop- 
osition to dealers. 
You should write. 

No 8-I,awn Cart 

Removable rack of hardwood 
strips, 38 x 53 x 8 inches. 
Box, 27 x 42 x io l /2 inches. 
Side wheels, 30 in., J4-in. 
spokes, 3-in. rims. 
Built for lawn and garden 
use. Capacity, l / ton. Ship- 
ping weight, 150 pounds. 


This is by far the finest cart 
of its kind for the suburban 
estate. Note the wide tiren 
wheels. Rack can be re- 
moved in thirty seconds. 
Large estates buy these carts 
in quantities. 

Mfg. Co. 

03 Meadow Street 

Triumph Carts are fin- 
ished in Dark Green 
Body with Orange 
Striping, Red Gears, 
Hardwood Rack and 
Handles, natural fin- 

Notable success may be had with such 
plants as hardy Phlox and Sweet William: 
a new growth quickly follows, and the sec- 
ond crop of flowers is almost as profuse as 
the first. 

The House Fly 

A MODERN human interest story 
should be written, to be read as a 
part of the summer curriculum in every 
home, dealing with the housewife and the 
house fly. In this story the fly should ap- 
pear as the subject of a relentless and end- 
less war of extermination. In real life, 
however, the housewife, together with her 
family, too often plays the role of victim. 
That is the fly's business, and, too general- 
ly, the housewife's fault. 

There are two leading propositions to 
be considered relative to the fly : first, what 
he is and does, how objectionable and dan- 
gerous he is; and, second, how to be rid 
of him. An acquaintance with the first 
should lead you to adopt the means of the 

We have allowed ourselves to compla- 
cently regard the fly as a harmless insect 
that, at most, is a nuisance mostly because 
of his habits and his persistence. He in- 
sists on mussing things up in the house 
when he can get in, and takes an apparent 
delight in keeping us company at meals, 
walking over the table things and crawl- 
ing in and among the uncovered victuals, 
leaving his disease-germed specks and the 
imprints of his butter and gravy feet on 
linen and dishes. 

Beyond that, and the fact that he is not 
an appetizing accompaniment to our re- 
pasts, we have never taken the trouble to 
give him very serious consideration. 

A sweeping holocaust is needed to show 
us flaws of construction, which may lead 
to better fire protection. Nothing less 
than an appalling sacrifice of human life 
seems sufficient to stir the people and the 
authorities to adopt means of relief. It 
required the grievous and calamitous ex- 
periences of the camp life of our soldiery 
of the Spanish-American war to teach us 
the awakening lesson of the fly's fatal, 
disease-spreading habits. 

During that campaign the fly killed more 
of our soldiers than the bullets of the 
Spaniards ; more than all other causes 
combined more to the extent of eighty 
per cent. keeping nine-tenths of the men 
in hospitals, and killing a thousand to 
every dozen men who fell in battle. And 
all this was attributable to the disease 
germs carried by the common house fly 
from excreta and other infected matter, 
to the food in the kitchen tents and the 
mess tables. 

The records of the War Department 
show that of 133,513 men, 22,420 were 
sick of typhoid fever, from which 1,924 
died. The total deaths from all causes 
were 2,197. Most of the deaths from other 
causes than typhoid resulted from dysen- 

Heat A Study 

IJ Every present or prospective home 
owner who is weary of a long effort 
to solve the Heat-Comfort problem 
will find the solution of his difficulties 
in the 38th Edition Catalogue of the 
Dunning Heating Method. 

<I There is no time like now to locate 
the germ that caused you so many 
uncomfortable days last winter and 
to immediately apply the Dunning 

<I Following closely the directions of 
this old practitioner will allay all 
future heating fears and discomforts. 


The Heart in the Art 
of House Heating 

| Is a wonderful system of strength, 
durability and convenience. 



Landscape Gardening 

A course for Homemakers and 
Gardeners taught by Prof. Craig 
and Prof. Batchelor, of Cornell 


Gardeners who understand up- 
to-date methods and practice are 
in demand for the best positions. 

A knowledge of Landscape 
Gardening is indispensable to 
those who would have the pleas- 
antest homes. 

Prof. Craig 
250 page Catalog free. 

Write to-day. 


Dept. 276, Springfield. Muss. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

AUGUST, 1911 



tery and kindred bowel troubles, directly 
traceable in the greater percentage of cases 
to the germs carried by the flies that bred 
and swarmed about the camps. 

Scientists for years had suspected the 
fly as a carrier of disease germs. The 
camp epidemics verified their suspicions. 

Our men were sent into the field with 
every modern device for fighting their 
enemies excepting the fly. He was not 
taken into account. They had to reckon 
with him later ; all because we had not 
then learned the vital necessity of proper 
sanitation to prevent the breeding of flies. 

That the lesson was learned, and well, 
was shown by the six months' camp of the 
23d Infantry at the Jamestown Exposition 
in the hot summer of 1907, with only two 
per cent, of sickness, and with practically 
no flies or mosquitoes, though located on 
swampy ground but ten feet above sea 
level. Intelligent camp sanitation served 
as the preventive of fly breeding, as well 
as avoiding development of poisonous 
germs to be carried by such flies as found 
their way to this camp. 

It was simply an example of the class 
of sanitation that may be maintained about 
very suburban and rural home in the 
country, and that, with proper care and 
attention, would result in a proportionate 
lessening of disease. 

The fly costs this country about $500,- 
000,000 annually ; which does not take 
account of the value of the thousands of 
human lives the fly is responsible for tak- 
ing. ^ As an instance, it may be cited that 
in Xew York City alone there are over 
12,000 deaths each year directly charged 
to the disease-carrying fly. And Xew 
York, except along the immediate water- 
front where sewage abounds and sani- 
tary conditions are below the average, has 
only about one fly per capita to every 
100,000 to be found in the suburban and 
country districts. 

The breeding place of flies is in filth ; 
horse manure, human excrement, decay- 
ing animal matter, rotting vegetables, fer- 
menting garbage and the like. Each pound 
of such material will incubate about 
1,500 flies, repeated every ten days twelve 
times during the season, or a total of 
about 40,000,000 to each ton of filth. 

On 414 flies from dwelling houses, 
stables, pig pens and swill barrels, ex- 
amined between the latter part of July 
and the last of September, there were 
found about 500,000,000 disease germs ; 
an average of about 1,250,000 per fly. 
On 18 flies trapped while feeding about 
kitchen swill barrels the average was 
6,600,000 per fly. 

A number of flies kept and caught in 
a bacteriological laboratory, where cleanly 
conditions prevailed, were found to be 
practically free from disease germs; a 
most conclusive demonstration in favor of 

Perhaps the next fly that falls in your 
coffee may wash off several millions of 
various kinds of disease germs before he 
swims to the edge or drowns. Probably 
he has just been feeding on the rankest 


A Vale Cylinder Lock on a Irunt door A Vale (. vlinder Lock in Night Lalch Kiirm A \ ale L >lmaer l.,.k 111 Padlock Form 

(Door Cut A-.i-ay to Slim' Mechanism] 

YOU may have Yale Cylinder Locks for your house, stable, gar- 
age office, works, the drawers in your desk, the locks on your 
motor-car, your locker at the golf club all "set up" to open with 
your Master Key. Others may have an individual key which will 
only open such locks as you wish. 

When you buy Locks, Night Latches, Padlocks or the Hardware 
for your home or business, remember the security and convenience 
of the Yale Master Key System. 

No product is a Yale Product unless it bears our Mark. 
Ask us for on i- book about J 'ale Products. 

The Yale & Towne Mfg. Co. 

The Makers of Yale Products 9 Murray Street, 



Smntt for Catalogue 
Stereni-Darrea Co., Chlcopc Fll, MM. 

Gold Medal Paeonies 

ON June I Oth the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society awarded me a gold medal for excel- 
lence of cultivation and correct nomen- 
clature in preient and past exhibitions. No one 
can get a higher award, 

All the choice varieties in the world, and cor- 
rectly named. LISTS FREE. 

Wellesley Farms, Massachusetts 

For durabl. painting of all kinds UB National 
*& Lead Company's Pur. Whit. Lead "Dutch Boy 
j5l Painter" (trade-mark*. Ask for Helps No. 91. Sent 

' FREE on r.quast. 

NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY, 1 1 1 Broadway. N.w York 

Can Be Used In 




For flowers and 
vegetables. Used 
at a spray. Get it 
from your dealer 
or write for par- 
ticulars to 




AUGUST, 1911 


Two hundred thousand roots in 
three hundred of the finest varie- 
ties guaranteed true to name. 

We offer one and two year old 
stock; also extra large four year 
clumps for fall planting. 







Cost 2.500 


of the 40 beautiful homes, illustrated 
and described in my new book 

with floor plans, exterior views, and 
accurate cost estimates. Sent postpaid 
for $1.00. Descriptive circular 2cents. 

1234 Williamson Bldg. Cleveland, Ohio 



."'Statuary and Decorative Marbles 
"',',:"."f Italian Gardens 


Smoky Fireplaces 

Made to Draw 

Your particular cmmney problem studied by 
experts, and estimates given without cnarge. Tbe 
work is undertaken witb tbis understanding: 
We will not accept payment unless successlul. 

Kitchen ventilating systems, preventing cooking odors. 


215 Fulton Street. Brooklyn, N. Y. 




Landscape Pottery Dept 


Killed by the 

Brownie Bean 

Send -'.> cents for enough beans for small lawn or 
garden, or $1.00 for carton containing over 500 beans. 


Hardy Phloxes 

are unsurpassed in the garden. I have one of the 
largest collections of over 250 varieties. Every kind 
in the market. I also have some very fine Iris, Del- 
phiniums and Hibiscus. Send for list. 

W. F. Schmeiske, Binghamton, N. Y. 


; AND 


are made seamless, 

of pure wool or 

camel's hair, in any 

width up to 

16 FEET 




and in any length, color, or com- 
bination of colors. 65 regular 
shades any other shading made 
to match. Send for color card. 

"YOU choose the Arnold. Constable I Co., Selling Agents, Dew York 
color., we'll mak. Thread & Thrum Work Shop. Auburn. N.Y. 

the rug." ^_^^^^_^^^_^^^^_^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_ 


AUGUST is the month you MUST sow 
PANSIES to enjoy their rich and glorious 
bloom in your garden next spring. 

'Our "ROYAL mixture" embraces all 
shades from white to black. We can send 
you all colors, mixed or separate. Large 
packet 10 cts.. small packet 5 cts. 

CLUB together and get Vt oz., which 
wlli furnish about 20 ten-cent packets, 
and will only cost you $1.00. 

Plant "Roman Hyacinth*" in Augus} 
if you wish them in bloom for Thanksgiving; 
1 12 100 

Large bulbs 08 $.75 $5.00 

EXTRA size buibs. .10 1.15 6.00 

Ready about August 15th. Price includes delivery. 
DO NOT FAIL to send for our Fall 1911 Catalogue. 
IT IS FREE. Address 

H. H. Berger & Co., 70 Warren St., Hew York 


is different from any other willow furniture. There is no "just as good as." The 
lines are original, cleverly artistic; the material and workmanship insure a life- 
time of service and comfort. "Willowcraft" is imitated but never equalled. Look 
for the "Willowcraft" stamp under each piece of the genuine. 

If your dealer doesn't carry the genuine, send for names of "Willowcraft" 
dealers, illustrated catalogue, and price list. 


Box C North Cambridge, Mass. 

filth he could find in stable, sewage or 
swill barrel. 

You don't want that coffee now ! Rather 
an unpleasant thought. 

And is it not more disgusting to have 
these same flies, after their repast of filth, 
drown in the milk pitcher, drop their 
specks on the frosted cake, leave a reek- 
ing trail over the bread or wipe their slimy 
feet on the lips of the sleeping baby or 
tne nipple of the nursing bottle? 

Screen the doors and windows of your 
home against the fly, and protect your food 
so he cannot get to it with his filthy, con- 
taminating feet. 

Remove, cover or destroy all the gar- 
bage and decaying matter about the prem- 
ises not less than once a week, so prevent- 
ing the maggots of the fly to develop. 

Where there is no dirt or filth there 
will be no flies. That fact is well worth 
remembering and putting into practice. 

At a little summer resort in the moun- 
tains, where it was closed during the win- 
ter all flies were frozen out during se- 
vere weather, it is a fact that there were 
no flies at the opening of the season, and 
not until a few came up with the horses 
that brought the summer parties. Not- 
ing this, these few flies were killed and all 
sewage, garbage and refuse was disposed 
of or treated with chemicals to destroy the 
means of breeding, and thereafter that 
place has been absolutely free of flies. 

If you and your neighbors will adopt the 
same methods you may be practically rid 
of them. If your house is not clean a fly 
will know it by the odor ; and he can de- 
tect an odor of filth for miles. Their dis- 
like for clean and pleasing odors is such 
that it will drive them away. 

Should it be impossible to remove or 
destroy garbage and excreta at least once 
a week, then keep the vault, manure heap 
and refuse piles covered with chloride of 
lime or frequently sprinkle with strong 
solutions of lye, blue vitriol or crude car- 
bolic acid. 

To kill flies in the house, heat a shovel 
and place thereon 30 drops of carbolic 
acid ; the vapor will kill the flies. Or, dis- 
solve one dram of bichromate of potash 
to each two ounces of water, add a little 
sugar, place in shallow dishes and dis- 
tribute throughout the house. The cheap- 
est and surest exterminator, however, is 
prepared by placing a spoonful of formalin 
in a quarter pint of boiling water for each 
room. The fumes will quickly kill all the 
flies therein. 

But first clean up the premises, inside 
and out. Then effectively screen the 
house. There is more health insured by 
a well screened house than by many a doc- 
tor's visit. 


An Experience in Remodeling 

HP HE house. with the "Pine Tree" in the 
July number of HOUSE & GARDEN is 
so like one which it became our fortune to 
own and remodel that we venture to tell 
the story of how we met the problem. The 
house when acquired had little to recom- 

In writing to advertisers blease tncntinn 

AUGUST, 1911 





You will fliul In our book* jut tin* dcnlKii you are looking 


No 1. 25 designs of residences costing 11.500 to J5. 000 SOc 

No. 2. 25 desisns ol resiliences costing J5. 000 to |2u,000 - - - SOc 
No. 3. 25 toirn, o. up-to d*e conc, .csMenccs, coai^ ^ ^^ ^ 

AIlthrbooksat1.25. PUns furnished at popular prices. We submit Sketches 
on request lor anv rvpe ol building. Books sent prepaid on receipt of pru e. 


15 Years Practical Fxperirnce. References. 


Interior ^Decoration 

22 East .'Htli Street NEW YORK CITY 


Garden & Porch 

Rose Temples & 

Sena for new catalog 

Beverly, Hiss. 

Ellen Shipman Garden Expert 
Cornish Hills - New Hampshire 







For Cooking. Water Heating, 

and Laundry work, also for 


"It makes the house a home" 
Send stamp today for "Economy 

Economy (ias Machine Co. 


'Economy" Gas ia automatic, Sanitary and Not Poisonous 

Why Not Spend Next Summer 

With Your Family On a Farm? 

For Sale- Commuter's Farm 

Bcrnardsville. N. J., less than two miles 
from station. Twenty-six acres delightfully lo- 
cated, gardener's cottage, barn, garage and out- 
buildings, beside ten-room old-fashioned 
house ; all in good condition. 

Artesian well supplies house and barn with 

running water. Fruit, nut and shade trees. 

For price and further particulars address : 

Farmstead, care House & Garden 

mend it to the casual eye. Built perhaps 
sixty years ago on semi-colonial lines, the 
interior was found with the exception of 
the wing to be in fairly good condition. 
The wing was entirely remodeled. 

The dining-room, which was the most 
dismal feature of the house, is now the 
most attractive. It extends across the 
wing and has windows at both ends of the 
room, east and west. 

Back of the dining-room is a butler's 
pantry, kitchen and storeroom and at the 

The small Colonial entrance porch was 
joined to the veranda and the household 
comfort was thereby greatly increased 

rear of the kitchen is a screened porch 
which serves as work room and also din- 
ing-room much of the summer. 

The small windows in the upper story 
were cut down and reach nearly to the 
floor. They give plenty of air and ventila- 
tion. The front door opened on to the 
customary small porch, which had neither 
dignity nor comfort. It was replaced by 
the veranda, as is shown in the picture. 

To the present occupants of the house it 
is the most enjoyable part of it. An un- 
kept yard and a berry patch have given 
place to a lawn, shrubbery and a garden 
but that is another story. 

MARY E. Donr.ic 

The Best Food for Ferns 

POT ferns in old, rotten stump dirt, if it 
is possible to obtain it from the 
woods, for this is their natural soil. Keep 
them damp most of the time, leaving them 
continuously in a place where they get no 
wind and but little direct sunlight. Then 
about once in two or three weeks water 
with this solution: A half-teaspoon ful of 
niter of potash dissolved in a gallon of 
water. (A smaller quantity may be made 
in the same proportion.) Put this around 
the roots rather than on the green fronds 
as it would scald them if too strong. This 
is the solution used in greenhouses, and 
nothing is better, according to florists. 

An Oversight 

DUE to a mistake, no appropriate credit 
was given Mr. Lawrence Visher 
Boyd, the architect of the "House in the 
Peach Orchard." which began the July 
number. Mr. Boyd's work has appeared 
in HOUSE 6- GAROKN from time to time, 
and we regret that readers were not ap- 
prised of the fact that this house was also 
his work. 


^ 12Day v c n $60S? 

^ % Berth and Meals Includ- 
^ ed (First Cabin) To 

HALIFAX N n s r tia 
^ ST. JOHN'S ~<n. n d 

Offered by the 


- !*, Old World Scenes and Ex- 
.^ periences in North America, 

JTJ Novelty, grandeur, delightful 

t climate, charming sea voyage, 
absolute comfort and economy 
are combined in this cruise 

^f no hotel expenses, changes or 

3 transfers; you live on the ship; 

"75 it is your home for the trip. 

y. The splendid large and power- 

i fulS. S. Stephano (new) and 

*^ popular S. S. Florizel (incom- 

mission) give the tourists seven 

*9~ days at sea and five days'in 

** port (2i in Halifax and 2\ in 

Si St. John's). 

fc" These new steamships are re- 

*. markably steady at sea, haoe 

Q every modern equipment for fafety 

-^ and comfort, sail every Saturday 

^= at 1 1 A. M. during summer 

3C and fall. 

" We alo offer a booking from New 

^J York to Montreal. Thence via Black 

^- Diamonds. S.Linedownthewonder- 

^2; ful River and Gulf of St. Lawrence. 

__at stooping at Quebec. CharloHetown. 

^E P. E. I., and Sydney. C.B.. thence to 

^P St. John'.. N. F.. and back to New 

^ York via Red Cro Line, at SS.SOip. 

*^ Send for handsome 

^T illustrated booklet 



BOWRING4CO., 17SttSt., New York 


Containing a mixture of the finest KTBMM: Quart JSC. 
a quart* 45C. 4 quarts Soc. Sent prepaid by mail to 
any addrtw la the United State*. Dcpt. 2. 

J. M. THORBURN & CO., 33 BarUy Street 

New York 

Ornamental Foliage Plants 

We make a specialty of 
choice collections for 
Greenhouse as well as 
everything in the line of 
decorative tree* and 

Visit our nurseries or 
end for descriptive cata- 
logue of Nursery Stock 
and Greenhouse plants. 
E i per ienced and 
Competent Garde :en 

Any lady or gentle- 
man requiring their ser- 
vices can have them by 
applying to us. No feet. 


Julius Borhrc Co., Kiollr Nurseries, Riiihriford, N. 1. 

1 136 


AUGUST, 1911 


So Perfecf 

So P*trlt33 

PRICES marked in plain figures will 
r always be found EXCEEDINGLY 
LOW when compared with the best 
values obtainable elsewhere. 


43-47 W. 23rd ST. 24-28 W. 24th ST. 



is a delicious confection at any time- 
pure, fresh, dainty no mint 
candy is so grateful to 
the palate. 

Sold only in tin bnxe* 
Never in bulk 

We also manufacture 

U- All-No 
Mint Chewing Gum 


463 North 12th St. 
Philadelphia, U. S. A. 

" The most interesting romance for Americans is 
America's own story." 

A History 
Of the American People 



Ph.D., Litt.D., LL.D. 
Former President of Princeton University 

DO you know that Woodrow Wilson has 
written the most SL-holarl.y and most 
readable narrative History of the 
United States that our country has yet 
produced ? 

The History is in five volumes, is profuse- 
ly illustrated with maps, plans, pictures, 
etc., anct is written with such delightful 
gracility of style that, with all its authority, 
it reads like an enticing romance. Woodrow 
Wilson put half a lifetime of research into 
this great work ; and the result is a wonder- 
ful picture of the growth of our country 
from the days of Columbus to the 
accession of Theodore Roosevelt. 

The object of this advertisement is to 
make to you a special half-price offer. You 
may have the books at just half the regular 

price; you may send them back to us if you don't like them, and you may 
have a year's subscription to Harper's Weekly (or Harper's Magazine) 
included without any additional payment. " 

The price is $12.00, including the periodical, and the entire five 
volumes come to you as soon as you send us $1.00. It's a 
^. great chance. 

Gentlemen: Please send ^Ov ^ 

The most perfect series of maps in color ever published, showing the territorial 

JCAN PEOPLE Five Volumes "Vv Kru . wtn ' Political changes, and general development of the United States. There 
Cloth BindiiiK, subject to ten days' ^^v ' S " .* "!'' p:l S e Portrait of every president from Washington to Roosevelt, fac- 
approval, and also enter my subscription ^^v simile reproductions of rare manuscripts, state papers and governmental 

records, together with numerous illustrations by Pyle, Remington, Fenn, 
Chapman, Christy, and many others. The books are bound in a man- 

HARPER'S ^^^ ner befitting the importance of the work. A high-grade paper has 

for one year, for which I enclose $1.00 and a ree to v ^. been used and no expense spared, 

send you $1.00 a month until the total price, $12.00. is ^^v 

paid, if the books are accepted by me. ^^^ ^ NEW EDITION IN 



Prepared with a view to popu- 
larizing this great work. 

The Planting of Large Trees 

The planting of large trees has 
been done more or less for years, 
but the result has not been alto- 
gether satisfactory. For the last few 
years the demand for large trees has 
been increasing, especially where one 
wishes immediate effect, so that for 
shade, screening and barren places, 
it has made the demand for large 
trees much greater. 

Before entering into this branch of 
the work, we looked carefully into 
all the different appliances and ma- 
chines for moving the large trees, 
and, after seeing the work of the dif- 
ferent machines, and watching the 
result of the transplanting, we found 
that the Ryder Machine is the best 
in every respect.- 

The secret of success in large 
tree-moving is to move the tree as 
quickly as possible, with the proper 
amount of dirt on the roots, in pro- 
portion to the size of the tree. This 
our machine does, whether the earth 
is frozen or not. 

We are not the inventors of this 
machine, but have adopted this one, 
as we found it the best. 

It is much easier and cheaper to 
remove the dirt from the roots, but 
it is not successful. We_are pre- 
pared to furnish estimates on mov- 
ing or furnishing large trees. The 
price for moving or furnishing these 
trees varies from $50 up, according 
to the size, location, how far they are 
.to be moved, also the condition of 
the ground. 



Interior Decoration 

Interior decorations of all descriptions 
planned and executed. Single rooms 
or whole houses furnished, and wall 
coverings, hangings, rugs, furniture, 
etc., selected to suit any scheme. 
Out of town orders carefullyattended to. 
Lamp and candle shades. Stenciling. 






This Pompeiian stone fountain designed and erected t>y 
us in the formal gardens upon the estate of Mr. J. B. 
Van Vorst, Hackensack, N. J., represents the character 
of artistic work we are doing in marble, stone and 
Pompeian stone. 

Our catalogue S, containing more than 800 illustrations 
of fountains, benches, sundials, statuary, pedestals, 
mantles and rases mailed free on request. 


226 Lexington Avenue New York City 

Factories Astoria, L. I. ; Carrara, Italy. 




For Cooking. Water Heating, 

and Laundry work, also for 


"It makes the house a hom" 

Send stamp today for "Economy 


Cconomv Gas Machine Co. 


"Economy" Gas is automatic. Sanitary and Not Poisonous 

"The Standard 

of Proper Style 

So That Everyone May Buy 


_ NLW 
^ <^YORr\ MAKL- ,, 



High Quality i ^ '*" 

Good Value' 


(Established 1878) 
(a) Forward Freight Free to any Point in the 

United States, prepaid purchases amounting 

to twenty-five dollars or over, or 
(6) Give free seat cushions for chairs with all 

prepaid orders; freight charges to be paid by 

buyers, or 

(c) Ship on receipt of five dollars, money order 
or N. Y. dralt, the McHugh Bar Harbor 
Cushioned Arm Chair, or 

(d) Mail for ^5c. in stamps (allowed on first order 
placed for McHughwillow Furniture) the full 
Portfolio of Pen Sketches and fixed Pricelist, or 

(e) Send postpaid without charge, the Illus- 
trated Booklet and loose leaf pictures of the 
McHughwillow Furniture in grouped effect. 

^Correspondence is Cordially Invited. 

9 WEST 42o ST., at FIFTH AVE. 

Opposite the New Public Library, 


(Only Address Since 1884) 







Get your CYPRESS ("and no substitutes.'") 
from your nearest Lumber Dealer. Write 
our "All-round Helps Dept." TODAY. Tell 
us your plans and needs and we'll send 
free at once the Vol. of Cypress Pocket Library 
that fits your case. (Fulloj 'VALUABLE POINTERS. ) 

So. Cypress Mfrs. Assn.',",''; New Orleans, La. 


"Do you like this style of a. home instead 
of a Bungalow? Then Let's Get It!" 

PLANS KUttiFREE in Vol.29 


Write our "All-Round Helpn" Manager for It TODAY 

So. Cypress Mfrs. Assn.^ New Orleans, La. 


Write Quickly for Vol. 18 of the famous A 

Cyprrn Pocket Library \vithcomplete Speci- ^*^ 
fications and \VorkinK I'luns (that you can 
build fromjof this J3.000CYHKKS8 HOME. , 
" Build of Cypress and you build, but once. ' 


faent tree by our "All-Round Helps" Manager. 

So. Cypress Mfrs. Assn. \' 1 ?, New Orleans, La. 



U. S. Gov't Kept.. Bulletin 95, June, 1911 

Complete Specifications 
and Working Plans of 
Five -Room, 11650 
FREE on request. 

Write TODAY 

just any 
you'd like 

personal advice if you write "All-Round Helps." 



Wend fur it t'-day and read Its intureatlng history of thi* 
charming style i-om the 15th Century to trie ore* nt time. 

It illustrate* orer 300 patterns of our Hollami-Diitcn Art* 
& Crafts and "KUmierV Furniture, and shows with colored 
plate* of model Arts A Crafts rooms, what tasty and har- 
monious effects can be obtained at small expenditure. 


bte electing any more furniture it will show yon Inat 
what you wantfurniture that U artistic and cooifurtable. 
and made BO well that it will serve seyeral generation*. 

Ask your local dealer to show you 'Limit*?* Art* & 
and see our trade-mark branded into the wood. 
If be cannot supply you. send ua his name and we will send 
you the address of our associate distributor nearest you. 

CHARI.KS P. i i M 1:1- i: i COMPANY 

<.,,...! K .i.i'U Mi. l>. li.-nr. K 1 1. ,11,,..,!. Ml, I, 


The Real Estate Department of House ( Garden will be glaU to advise its readers in regard 

This service is given without charge. Address Real Estate 







Will buy a Farm of 46 acres, one mile from Greenwich 
Country Club, over good road. Land consists of meadows, 
pasture and woodland with natural site for lake. There are 
other distinct elevations for building sites, with excellent 
cross country view. 

Select Country Homes Shore Fronts Acreage and Farms 


Telephone 430. 



An exceptional opportunity to purchase a well- 
built home on a beautiful, tree-shaded, quiet street 
in the best residence section. The house, on a 
plot 40 x 105 ft., has nine rooms, bath, pantry and 
store room. Heated by hot air. Unexcelled 
water. Fine schools and neighbors. Has been oc- 
cupied only by owners and is in first-class condi- 
tion, with good wall papers and garden border. 
Peach and cherry trees. Fifty trains daily to New 
York, ferry or tube. Price $7,500; easy terms. 

For further information address H. H. S., House and Garden, 449 Fourth Ave., New York 


A beautiful farm 3i miles from Binghamton, on Conklin 
Road, farm consists of 40 acres River flats, has an 
abundance of pure water. A young orchard of fancy fruit 
of all kinds, is one of the best market garden farms in 
Broome County , or would make an elegant country home. 

MBS. C. B. Weld, E. F.D.I, Binghamton, N. T. 


Fine plot 75x100 Lake Section of 
Brightwaters, Bayshore, Long Island. 

For Particulars Address, 
Cleveland N. SWEET New Yo rk 


"The town 

The ideal home town no manufacturing, no objec- 
tionable features. Handsome residences, beautiful 
landscape. Convenient to both New York and Phil- 
adelphia fast trains. 

Rentals $300 to $6,000 yearly. Furnished homes 
also for rent. 

Town and country properties furnished or unfur- 
nished for sale or rent, in other desirable localities. 

WALTER B. HOWE, Princeton, N. J. 

New York Office, 56 Cedar Street 

u 4Ebffem0nt<e0tate"Jlt Scarfialt Station 

ine ideal realization of out-of-town living A delizhtftil 1. 
community, for all-year residence. Protected wciS "" rom. 


advantage* to be secured for thm> 
K during the present season. 
Write for Sooktt, A 

J.Warren Thoyer. P 
Scarsdale, .503 fifth e 

New York New York Cit 

Why Not Spend Next Summer 

With Your Family On a Farm? 

For Sale Commuter's Farm 

Bernardsville, N. J., less than two miles 
from station. Twenty-six acres delightfully lo- 
cated, gardener's cottage, barn, garage and out- 
buildings, beside ten-room old-fashioned 
house ; all in good condition. 

Artesian well supplies house and barn with 
running water. Fruit, nut and shade trees. 
For price and further particulars address : 

Farmstead, care House & Garden 


New York 

R. R. Station Port 
35 Minutes from 

<J Plots i acre up, with every possible 


*J A beautiful Homeplace, the equal of 

which does not exist nepr New York. 

Sold at not too great cost. 
9 Write for illustrated booklet. 
Tel. 5610 Bryant. 542 Fifth Avenue 




Ladle* traveling alone are assured of courteous attention. 


In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 


^nd Rent 


to the purchase, sale or rental of country and suburban real estate in all parts of the country. 
Department, House & Garden, 449 Fourth Avenue, New York City. 



For Sale or to Rent, at a very reasonable price, a delightful estate about one 
mile from the Greenwich Station, commanding a fine view of the Sound. 5 
acres of land, with lawns, gardens and shrubbery, in choicest section of town. 
The house has 6 master's rooms, 5 servants' rooms and 4 baths, with every 
modern improvement. Excellent Stable and Garage, with accommodations for 
coachman and family. For further particulars, address, 



Opposite !S. V.. N. II. Depots 


^K 41 /I 1C 4 The Wizard 

IV faL.fllY.ri LawnProducer 

Mixed oeud and fertilizer that cornea up where everything 
else failed. All it needs in mail and moUbure. Cheaper than 
common aeed. -") lt>. box expreatt prepaid eiat of Missouri river 
$1.00. or west of the river for SI. 25. Our inatructivp booklet, 
"How to make a I-awn." FRKK. Written by experts; solves 
every Kraft* problem a big help. Send for it tonight. 

The Kalaka Co.. V^^?*?"-' Chicago, I II. 

Don't Kill all the grass 

on your lawn, but kill each husky weed with a Deadly 
Dandelion Fill applied with a "Jabstick." No back- 
ache, coo p||| s and "Jabstlek" prepaid 11.00 

Money back if you are not satisfitd. 

362 West Erie Street Chicago. 

Old Point Comfort, Virginia 

September is a most delightful month here 

If your vacation has been delayed till now, All attractions golf, tennis, fishing, dan- 
here is an ideal place to spend it. The even cing choose your favorite recreation en- 
climate of Old Point guarantees freedom j oy it to the full under ideal conditions, 
from cold, damp nights, which at this time 

of the year mar the evenings at most moun- The Chamberlin is situated right in the 

tain and lake resorts. centre of military and naval activities at 

No flies no mosquitoes. At The Cham- Hampton Roads and Fortress Monroe, nd 

berlin you will enjoy Autumn's splendors in the very heart of a section teeming with 

without Autumn's discomforts. historic association. 

Special Low Summer Kate* still in force. 
J'or Booklets and full information, address 

GEO. F. ADAMS. Manager. Fortrei. Monroe, Va. New York Office, 1122 Broadway 


In New Jersey's Most Exclusive Residence Section 


fti. Invigorating mountain air ; broad outlook ; 
Ji pure, unfailing water supply ; all city im- 
provements. Forty minutet, express trains. 

We Build for You Distinctive Houses 

from your 'affak. ready and 


own plans, 
or you can 
build for 
terms ar- 
Write today. 




Can ~b e 
changed in 
plan and fin- 
ish to suit 
your Indi- 
vidual taste 


| Broadway 

New York 
I Suite 1303. 


rd location 
on North 
8hore of 
LOOK 1m- 
land, cloee 
to snd over- 
look) oc the 
wstor. with 
fine view of 
Hay and 

Thirteen inil..* from IVtirmylvania Terminal. Huuiw- him ten ruonia 
tN>mdfl BattmBM Hall, I.aun<lry. Hantry, 3 baths. I.'. clowU. 3 open 
fireplace*. Thr Colonial ittylr IIBM h.-.-n maintained throushout the 
interior, and tht> dpiiiRn.coiiiilrui-tioii and fiuwti throughout are equal 
to the I..-I dan of reaidence work. Will veil cheap. 

A. F. EVANS 125 E. 23rd Street 

Hunt Big Game 

Don't hesitate because inexperienced. Go this 
year, while there are still a few places left where 
you will see game that has never been hunted and 
have your hunting all to yourself. I can show 
you Mountain Sheep, Caribou, Moose, Grizzly 
Bears, in a country where no other white man has 
ever been and the game has not become dwarfed 
from the conditions which always arise after 
hunting is started. I make all arrangements, and 
personally manage expedition, preserve trophies, 
etc., as hunter companion ; advise as to purchase 
of fire-arms and cameras and give instruction in 
shooting and wild game photography. References. 

Addre**: C. T. S. 

Care of llouac & Garden 




The purpose of this department is to give advice to those interested in 
poultry. The manager mil gladly answer any troublesome questions. 
Address "Poultry Department" and enclose a self-addressed envelope. 


We carry the largest stock in America of 
ornamental birds and animals. Nearly 60 
acres of land entirely devoted to our busi- 

Beautiful Swans, Fancy Pheasants, Pea- 
fowl, Cranes, Storks, Flamingoes, Ostriches, 
Ornamental Ducks and Geese, etc., for pri- 
vate parks and fanciers. Also Hungarian 
Partridges, Pheasants, Quail, Wild Ducks 
and Geese, Deer, Rabbits, etc., for stocking 
preserves. Good healthy stock at right 

Write us what you want. 


Proprietors of Pennsylvania 
Pheasantry and Game Park 

Dept. "H.G." Bucks County, Yardly, Pa. 



Rare Land and 
Water Birds 

Swans, Geese, Ducks, Peafowl, Cranes, 
Pheasants, etc. I am the oldest established 
and largest exclusive dealer in ornamental 
birds in America. 

G. D. TILLEY, Naturalist 




ion New Yorker' 
rizo Cock at 
i Sq. and Boston 


Are the Greatest 
Utility Breed 

To make room for growing stock 
I wil. dispose of this year's breeders 
at very attractive prices. 

Now is the time to arrange for 
your next season's Pens I have 
quantities of exceptional chicks to 
choose from. 

Stock and Eggs for Sale 

South Nor walk, Conn., 
R. F. D. 37 

Baby Chicks of Quality 

Sent by Express Direct to You 

Why bother with eggs ? I can supply you with healthy 
young chicks at once and guarantee them to reach you in 
good condition. Fiahel Strain White Plymouth Rocks, 
S. C. R. I. Rede. Prices reasonable. 

Chick Catalogue Free. 
B. C. CALDWELL. Box 1030, Lyndon. Roi s C ounty.Ohio 


Unrivalled Flemish Giant. Anjora, Tan and Polish Rab- 
bitsPeruvian and Smooth Cavies for fancy or pets. 
Some Good Youngsters now for sale, 91.00 up 

Maplecroft Rhode Island Reds 

win at all the leading shows. "It pays to buy 
the best." Stock and Eggs for sale in large 
quantities. Send forCircularand Mating List 
of S. C. Reds. J. G. Dutcher, Prop. Address 
Maplecroft Farms. Pawling. New York 

White Orpingtons 

They lay like slot machines 
Beautiful white chickens 

for tue lawn, as useful as 

they are ornamental. 
Lawrence Jackson 

Boi H , Haynllle, Allegheny County, Pi. 

DON 1 


A $40.00 HOUSE 

You can buy better, cheaper, more complete ready (factory) made hen-houses, 
roosting and nesting fixtures, coops, etc., from Potter & Co., because they have 
been making these goods for ten years and know how. 

Potter Portable Houses and Fixtures have these good points, as thousands of users 
testify. Potter goods are Ai in quality and low in price. They are made for a 
purpose and save you time and labor in your poultry work. 

Satisfaction Guaranteed 

when you buy our goods. They are made 
right and do please our customers. No lice and 
mites when you use our vermin-proof roofs 
and nests. For your own pleasure and profit 
and for the sake of your hens, you cannot 
afford to be without Potter fixtures. 

OUR Two CATALOGUES (136 pages, 150 il- 
lustrations) on portable houses and coops, fix- 
tures, feed hoppers, trap nests, feeds and sup- 
plies of all kinds at lowest prices, will interest 

A $5 Hennery Outfit 

Potter Portable Poultry Houses 
Style "A" 5 8xio foot house, 
complete with 8-foot Potter out- 
fit, $40. Many other styles and 

you. Mailed for two red stamps to "cover postage^Wr^loda/'and'be convinced 
that Potter Poultry Products are for particular poultry people. We also make 
portable auto houses. Catalogue mailed on request. 


Box 77, 

Downers Crova, Illinois 

No. 1 6, s-foot two-perch Potter 
outfit, price $5. Made in 12 sizes. 

Getting Rid of Poultry Lice 

A N extra effort should be made to rid 
*"* the poultry house of lice before the 
cold weather sets in, for the gray louse 
red when filled with blood is one of the 
worst of the poultry vermin, and spends its 
time on the hens in winter, instead of seek- 
ing refuge under the roosts, as is its habit 
throughout the summer. While the 
weather is warm these lice prey on the 
birds only at night, allowing them to re- 
main in comfort during the day, but in 
winter they are always at work. For that 
reason it is well to remove the roosts in 
September and saturate them thoroughly 
with kerosene, having a care that the 
liquid penetrates every crack. The kero- 
sene should also be used on the supports 
which hold the roosts, as well as in the 
nesting boxes. One of the liquid lice kill- 
ers may be used in place of kerosene. 

The white lice, which swarm all over the 
poultry house if not held in check, and 
which often get on the attendants, are best 
exterminated by using whitewash or by 
spraying the house with kerosene or a lice- 
killer with a spray pump. A pump makes 
it possible to drive the liquid into all the 
cracks and corners. When whitewash is 
used, it should be very thick and is best 
applied with a broom, for even the roof 
should not be neglected. Crude carbolic 
acid half a cupful to each pail of the 
mixture will make the whitewash bath 
doubly efficacious. 

There is one other kind of louse, a long, 
yellow fellow, which remains on the hens 
all the time. As a rule, this louse does not 
multiply very rapidly and causes little 
trouble if the hens have an abundant op- 
portunity to dust themselves in dirt or 
ashes, the latter only when loam or sand is 
not available. Loam is preferred by the 
hens to light sand. Persian insect powder 
may be dusted into the plumage if these 
body lice seem numerous. E. I. F. 

The Causes of Shelless Eggs 

VX/'HEN shelless or very soft-shelled 
eggs are found under the roosts, it 
is well to examine the latter to make sure 
that they are as wide as they should be. 
If so narrow that the hen has difficulty in 
maintaining her balance, shelless eggs are 
often laid as a result of the bird's strug- 
gles to keep her position. The roost 
should be flat, two or three inches wide, 
and slightly rounded on the upper corners. 
Soft-shelled eggs often result from im- 
proper feeding. The daily rations should 
include green food of some kind and grit 
as well as oyster shells should be supplied 
if the birds are kept in confinement. If 
running at liberty, they probably will get 
enough grit. Indeed, hens on range sel- 
dom lay shelless or soft-shelled eggs. Con- 
diments or other stimulating foods tend 
to cause the laying of imperfect eggs, as 
does a ration which causes an accumula- 
tion of fat, although this explanation is 
more often to be looked for in the case of 
hens one or more years old than in that of 
pullets. Pullets, when frightened, lay 
shelless eggs. E. I. F. 




Hyacinths, Darwin and other Tulips, 
Narcissus and Crocus, Easter Lilies 
and hardy Japan and Native Lilies. 
English, Spanish and Japan Iris. 
Freesias, Calochortus and Trilliums, 
and all other Native and Foreign 
Bulbs and Roots in endless variety. 

The Largest Assortment in America 



33 Barclay Street Box 2 New York 

Appleton & Sewall Company 


Foresters and Surveyors 
156 Fifth Avenue, New York City 

Practical Methods of 

Tel. 840 Qranercy 

Write for Booklet 

SO -I M l I I. A < 11 I I I. CAN OPERATE IT 



Do away with unsightly ah barrels the incovenience 
and drudgery of ash disposal. No piling of ashes on the 
cellar floor no furnace dust in your living rooms. All 
waste matter is contained in removable, strong, iron cans 
with the ashes in cement-lined vault. All odors and dust go 
up the chimney. Mechanically perfect a practical solution of 
the ash and garbage nuisance. Guaranteed to give satisfaction. 


The Hharp Rotary Ah Recoivins Hystem can be installed in any 
buildina. <ll or n*w. under any atyle of Houac-Heatins Furnace or 
Boiler, before or after it ia in operation. Aahea 
fall directly into etrona iron cana that revolve 
eaaily an filled. 

Endorsed by Health Officer*. Architect! and 
Hrntiriff ( ontraotom. Worth while to inveati- 
at- before you complete your buildinc plan*. 
Write Today for illustrated catalog 
of practical demonstrations and 
testimonials. Dealers' and Archi- 
tects' names appreciated. 


iinn M. V. which in nn effort 



The purpose of this department is to give ad:iee to those inter- 
ested in dogs. The manager will gladly answer any troublesome 
questions. Address "Kennel Department" and enclose a self- 
addressed envelope. 


Encliflh Toy Spaniel*. Prince Charles. Kubya. Blenheims 
From Priw WinninK Stock- Ix>w to close 


and grown stock. Pedigreed. Prices rea- 
sonable. Also Toy Spitz Pomeranian pups. 
Write your wants. 


Ann Arbor. Mich. 


of both sexes. All from the very best 

For particular* address 


Wast Chester. 



sent on ten days' trial. Drag packs for hunt clubs a 
specialty; guaranteed to please. Get my liberal guar- 
antee. Also a few coon dogs and several youngsters 
for sale. 

R. F. Johnson. 

Assumption, III; 

Boston Terriers 

We hare a number of wtceediruili 
high-class puppies, sired by "Ch. Lard 
Bell Bock," and other prize winning 
lightweight*, for disposal, satiif action 

For a house dog or companion, the 
Boston Terrier is in a class by himself. 

Prices from J20.00 up. 


119 Winchester St., Toronto, Ont. 

Ch.LORD BELL ROCK, at Stud. fee >is 

Pointers and Setters 



K. 9 Kennels, Marydel. Md. 

A GENTLEMAN going abroad wishes to 
dispose of 2 champion bred imported 
Airedale bitches imported at a great expense. 
7 months old; if sold at once will accept 
$30 each. Apply 


Massillon, Ohio 

Send For a Sample ! 


The Paramount Dog Food. It con- 
tains all that is necessary for condi- 
tion, stamina and the greatest 
nourishment for every type of dog. 



Address Dcpt. H 


An iitv easinz source of 
pleasure and rolmsl health 
to children. Safe and 
Ideal playmates Inex- 
pensive to keep. Highest 
type. Complete outfits. Satis- 
faction guaranteed. Illustrated 
catalogue free. 

Box 19. Mark ham. V. 

AM BOOKING orders now for an 
^ elegant litter of puppies whelped 
July 19th. 

Peoria, 111 

(Member Irish Setter Club of America) 

Russian Wolfhounds 

The Best Doe in the world and 
one of the Rarest Breeds extant. 
Peerless in beauty and reliability 
of disposition. Companions tor 
gentlemen, ladies or children. 

Mlrasol Kennels 

I-M-. 1. 1. 11 . California 

Sale of Pekingese 



Reds, Sables and Parti - colors. 
Also Brood Matrons and Adult 
Dogs. Price from $50. Must be Sold. 

AI-GEE KENNELS Hartsdale, N. Y. 
Phone, 1031 White Plains 


Twenty-two Choice Collie Pups, Sire, Ormskirk, 
Artist and other good ones. 

W. H. CRAY, : : Brookville, Pa. 

FOB summiT resorts which want clean bathing place*, 
sporting clubs where weeds interfere with power boats. 
ponds or lakea white Ice la harvested or any water 
where wer.1. are undesirable- Ilenjsen'e ubit>rl. Weed- 
CvHIni taw fa indispensable Eanily operated from the 
banks nr on greater lakea Just as well from boats ami ri-ry 
large stares cleared in shortest time. 

Write for illustrated circular which aiplalni how f 
works and good references. 
ASCHERT BROS., Cedar Lake, West Bend, WIs. 








will soften bare 
angular lines of 
porch and house 

Why not do away with costly beds of tender flowers about porch and house foundations, by planting 
dwarf Evergreens that will permanently hide these bare unattractive walls? Besides abolishing the cost 
trouble of putting out tender plants you have an attractive all year decoration that doesn't pass away with 
the coming of Winter or need renewing with the advent of Spring. Think this over now as your flowers 
are about to be nipped by frost and write us about an Evergreen planting that will be permanent. 

Evergreens are one of our specialties. We have 300 varieties and over 100 acres devoted exclusively 
to this type of trees. We have sizes from i to 20 feet and no matter what the use you have for Evergreens 
whether for hedging, windbreaks, groups or individual planting, it will pay you to see what our -collection 

The Wm. H. Moon Company 




Snfenor ^Decoration 

22 Eut Mth Street NEW YORK CITY 


Rare China, Pewter, 

Old Lamps, Andirons, Etc. 



698 Lexington Avenue 
.or. 57th Street New York 


HERE is just a suggestion of what it 
will do for you. On one side bench 
you could have tomatoes trained up 
the roof on the other side, cucumbers. In 
the center bench, half to butter beans and the 
other half to strawberries in pots. And then 
there are the flowers the countless flowers 
you could have. There's an indoors garden 
plot for you that means much lip smacking. 

And you can have any of them practically 
any time of the year that's the beauty of 
gardening under glass. This house is made 
of our Iron Frame Construction because it's 
the most satisfactory way. Lasts longer 
grows better plants. Send for our catalog 
which gives a detailed description of this 
house and some fifty others. 


Write to our .-., i' 7 nr*'r>ii i 

General Office.: ELIZABETH, N. J. 

%. a w Vork ou o,fice : 1170 BROADWAY 

Opens with the Toot 


FIRST: The only Sanitary method 
of earing for garbage, deep In the 
ground, In metal receiver, hold- 
ing heavy galvanized bucket with 
ball. Odorless, proof against 
rats, cats and dogs, or the small- 
er death dealing pest, the house- 
fir. Health demands it. 


SECOND: This clean, convenient 

way of disposing of kitchen ashes, 

t-ell a r a ml yard refuse, does 

away with the ash or dirt barrel 

nuisance. Stores your oily waste 

and sweepings. Fireproof, flush 

witli garage floor. 

THIRD: It supplies 
a safe and sanitary 
1 method to keep your 
water supply safe 

from pollution. It prevents the danger 
from the house or typhoid fly, around 
camp or farm, disseminating its poison- 
ous germs to your family. Nine years 
in practical use. It pays to look us up. 
Sold direct. Send for circulars on each. 

20 Farrar Street, Lynn, Mass. 

A Camp Necessity ^S^^^^B*^^^^^^^^^^^*^^"^^*^^^^* 

Easy to sweep into 

Samson Spot Clothes Line 

Strong, Durable, Flexible 

Will not kink, stretch, ravel, nor stain the 
clothes. Guaranteed to last at least five years, 
even when permanently exposed to the weather. 
Can be distinguished at a glance by our trade- 
mark, The Spots on the Cord. 
Send for sample. Carried by all dealers, or write to us. 

Ornamental Ullage Plants 

We make a specialty of 
choice collections for 
Greenhouse as well as 
everything in the line of 
decorative trees and 

Visit our nurseries or 
send for descriptive cata- 
logue of Nursery Stock 
and Greenhouse plants. 
Experienced and 
Competent Gardeners 

Any lady or gentle- 
man requiring their ser- 
vices can have them by 
applying to us. No fees. 
Please give particulars 
regarding place. 

i iiliu- Boehrs Co., Exotic Nurseries, Rutherford, N. J. 




Send for catalogue No. P-27 of Pergolas, sun diali 
and garden furniture, or P-40 of wood columns. 


EUton & Webstef Avenues, Chicago, III. 
East, office, H23 Broadway, New York City 

Exclusive Manufacturers of 


Suitable for Pergolas, porches and interior use. 






Why are you continually embar- 
rassed by your noisy toilet when 
your plumber can free your home of 
this nuisance by installing a 


Noiseless Syphon Jet 


Its flushing is so perfect it cannot be 
heard outside of its immediate 

Send for Booklet No. 98 IT 
It shows just why this is 
possible in the Siwelclo and no other. 


Trenton, N. J., U. S. A. 

Tht Largest Manufacturers of Sanitary Pottery in U. S. A. 

Look for this 
Trade Mark 

Florida Water 

Is unique inequality and uni- 
versal in popular 

be replaced by 
tators. For the 
ter shaving, as a 
e x e r c'i s i n g , 
eral dressing- 
matchless. Its 
delightful and 
and during 
L a n m a n ' s 
is truly a 

ity. It cannot 
any of its imi- 
bath, for use af- 
rub-down after 
and for gen- 
table use, it is 
fragrance is 
hot weather 
Murray & 
Florida Water 


Sample mailed on receipt of tix centt to 
defray mailing chargei. 

LANMAN & fBr, 


* , 



New York. N. Y., 91-93 Chambers Street Pittsburg, Pa., 933-936 Liberty Avenue 
Chicago, 111., 150 Lake Street St. Louii, Mo., 218-820 Cheitnut Street 

Philadelphia, Pa., 118-120 North 8th Street Portland, Ore., 40 First Street 
San Francisco. Calif., 129-131 First Street Boston, Mass., 232 Summer Street 

Indianapolis. Ind.. 207-209 S. Meridan St. 

London, England, 13-15 Southampton Row 

Spokane, Wash.. 163 South Lincoln Street 

"Willowcraft' Furniture 

represents a step in advance in Willow furniture. The high character 
of material and workmanship insures a lifetime of unimpaired service. 
"Willowcraft" is preferred where beauty and utility are considered 
essentials, whether for use in winter homes, bungalows or camps. 

If your dealer doesn't carry "Willowcraft" furniture bearing the 
"Willowcraft" stamp, send for names of dealers who do, also illustrated 
catalogue and price list. 



When using the ' 'CHIC A GO-FRANCIS" ComhintJ Cloth** Dry*r and Laundry 
Slav*. Clothes are dried without extra expense, as the waste heat from the laundry 
stove dries the clothes. Can furnish stove suitable for burning: wood, coal or gam. 
Dries the clothes as perfectly as sunshine. Especially adapted for use in Residences. 
Apartment Buildings and Institutions. All Dryers are built to order la varhntt 
sizes and can be made to fit almost any laundry room. Write today for descriptive 
circular and our handsomely illustrated No. 12 catalog. Address nearest office. 


63'i So. Wabash *>r .. CHICI80. Ill . 124 Lulngton In , HEW TOM CITT 


Two hundred thousand roots in 
three hundred of the finest varie- 
ties guaranteed true to name. 

We offer one and two year old 
stock; also extra large four year 
clumps for fall planting. 






144 . 







AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER arc the best months for doing this work. But to insure successful 
results and the life and growth of your valuable trees, they should be entrusted only to skilful 
and experienced hands. 
We have been doing large landscape work for years. Our success and experience are measured by the 

many fine estates we have designed and planted. 

& We have skilled landscape architects to work with you in planning your place, and the most 
efficient mechanical equipment obtainable; while our nurseries (planted for more than half a 
century) enable us to furnish choice trees of any size and species, either for large 
plantings or to match trees already in place. 

Let us tell you the story of the interesting planting below one of many 
"carried out 'successfully by us during recent years. 

Inquire for Catalogue D 


' Eatablishcd 1848) 

New Canaan, Coon. .^^Bl 

I Incorporate! 1903; 

Do Not Go Through Another Summer 
Without Trees and Shrubs 

Suffering from the heat because of a lack of pleasant shade and comforting 
shrubbery isn't necessary. The trees and shrubs are ready for you -after years 
of patient growing. It is your fault if they are not about your home, for you 
could have them placed there. Life is too short for one to set out a twig, 
after his home is built, and wait for it to become a tree Nature works too 
slowly for that. But you can secure trees and shrubs that are large enough 
to give you a landscape without waiting. 

The Growing of Trees is an Art Transplanting Them is a SCIENCE 

Swain Nelson & Sons Co., engaged in raising and transplanting trees and 

shrubs, have been in business for a long time. They understand the art of 

growing things, and they transplant scientifically. All of their stock is carefully 

grown. Attention is paid to root development, to shape and to vigor. The 

soil in which the plants are started is important. The protection the young 

plants receive is MATERIAL. The manner in which they are transplanted from 

time to time, so they will adapt themselves to changed conditions, is VITAL. 

All these things have been properly looked after in Nelson's Glenview Nurseries. 



Something more is involved than digging a hole and setting a plant. Swain 
Nelson & Sons Co.'s experts visit your premises if desired, determine the size 
and character of trees and shrubs best adapted to the place, select the proper 
location for them, remove them from their great nurseries and place them 
where they will shelter you and add beauty and value to the home. Fine, 
large specimens are always chosen. A business reputation stands back of every 
transaction, and the company cannot afford to make a failure. Nothing is 
undertaken that cannot be successfully carried out, and no contract is too 
large for execution. Handsome Book, "Landscape Without Waiting," explain- 
ing many points in landscaping and tree planting, will be sent free on applica- 
tion to any home owner within 500 miles of Chicago. To others fifty cents, 

which will be rebated on first order. 
Write us today for the book. 


Marquette Bldg., Chicago, III. 


If the iridescent beauty of the 
Iris makes you a dreamer of far- 
away things, that of the Peony 
awakens you to the joy of life and 
the glory of June. 

Everybody loves the Peony only 
a few really know how beautiful are 
the modern ones, "The Aristocrats 
of the Hardy Garden ." For twelve 
Junes I have lived with my Peonies, 
each blooming season filling me 
with a new wonder and admiration 
for-their glorious flowers. All the 
Junes of a lifetime are too short to 
intimately know them all. 

Nowhere in the world is there 
such another collection of Peonies. 
So large that it includes almost 
every distinct variety of merit from 
the oldest to the newest; so small 
that there is no room for the com- 

My New Book ol Pewiies, Irises and Hardy Plant Specialties 

is unique, in that the Peony list has been entirely written to conform to the 
official descriptions of the American Peony Society, the notes being prepared 
in the field while the plants were in bloom, and the colors were accurately de- 
termined by the Society's official color chart. In short it tells you in con- 
densed form all that is known about Peonies, and will guide the beginner in the 
selection of a few varieties for a small garden, as well as the connoisseur in 
filling out his large collection. 

This book is free on request from all interested in a hardy garden, though 
too expensive for promiscuous distribution. Send for the book now, for you 
should plant early, so that the roots will make a fall growth, thus gaining 
a year's time and producing blooms next June. 

I know every inch of the amateur's road, and can be of practical help 
to you if you write me freely about your gardening troubles, for the famous 
collection of plants comprising Wyomissing Xurseries, are but the outgrowth 
of a tiny "Boy's Garden" in the West a hobby developed into a business. 


In writina to advertisers blcase 



Oswald C. Hering, architect 


Photograph by Nathan R. Graves 

Photograph by H. H. S. 


The Home of Ernest Guilhcrt, Forest Hills, N. J. 
By P. .-J. Huntington 


By Henry //. Saylor 


By Katharine AYtiV'o/rf Birdsall 


By Dorothy and I.ois ll'illoughly 


By Robert Allistcr 


By Lydia I.e Ranni 'il'alker 


B\ .!/. Roberts Conoi-er 


THE SIMPLE ARTS OF BUDDING AND GRAFTING ..................................... 

By Claude H. .Miller 

A REVOLUTIONARY IDEA IN FLOORING ................................................. 166 

By J. C. Taylor 

WHAT TYPE OF HEATING? ........................................................... 168 

By Charles K. Farrington 

GROWING THE MILKWEED FOR FOOD .................................................. 169 

By Grace Asfiinu-all 

A BULB THAT WILL PROLONG THE FALL GARDEN ..................................... '7 

By Florence Rcckuith 

A COMBINATION HOTHEAD AND STORAGE PIT .......................................... '7 1 

By Richard Maxwell IVinans 

INSIDE COLONIAL DOORWAYS .......................................................... '73 


By George E. IValsh 

THE HOME OF RUFFIN A. SMITH, RIVER EDGE, N. J .................................... 176 

John A. Curd, architect 


ABINGTON, PA ................................................................ 1 77 

O.m'ald C. Hermg, architect 

INSIDE THE HOUSE ................................................................. 178 

Brittany Pottery Suggestions to Users of Electricity Care of Screens 

GARDEN DEPARTMENT ............................... .............................. 180 

Shrubs Making the Garden Path House Plants 

EDITORIAL PAGE .................................................................... 182 

Poultry Roosts Buying the Dog 

What to do for the, Lawn in the Fall Care of Cut Flowers 


Copyright. 1911, by McBride, Hast & Co. 





Robert M. McBride, President; Condi Nait, Vice-President- Robert F. MacClelland. Secretary; Henry H. Saylor, Treasurer. Published Monthly. 25 cents per Copy. $3.00 
per Year. For Foreign Postage, add $1.00; Canadian, joe. Entered as Second-class matter at the Postoffice, Xew York. N. V. 

The home of Mr. Ernest F. Guilbert, Forest Hill, N. J. Guilbert & Bettelle, architects 

It is seldom indeed that one finds in a modern home of comparatively moderate size a room of such magnificent proportions. The 
rough, dull warm gray of the plaster walls above the wainscoting forms an ideal background for the tapestries and old velvets that are 
hung upon it. 


September, 1911 


Homes That Architects Have Built for Themselves 


I! Y P. A. [ [ I' X T I X 

C. T () X. 

Photographs by II. H. S. 

[The charge is frequently made that the layman when building his home is timid regarding the incorporation of features that would give his 
house individuality, preferring rather to hold to the conventional thing in the fear that he will get something bizarre. In houses that architects build for 
themselves we should see the results of unhampered design. This is the first article in a series: other examples will appear in future issues. EDITOR.] 

I HAVE very much the 
same feeling in seeing 
a new house that is arous- 
ed by meeting a stranger. 
In either case there is the 
first rapid appraisal of the 
subject as a whole, then 
the sharp lookout for those 
features, mannerisms or 
idiosyncracies that go to 
make up individuality. Just 
as one type of man leaves 
an absolutely colorless im- 
pression on one's mind, 
without the least desire to 
meet him again, so does a 
house fail to awaken the 
faintest flutter of interest 
in the mind of the visitor. 
The pity of it is that the 
vast majority of houses fall 
into this class, lacking even 
a simple feature that would 
serve to show a personality 
behind the design or the 
furnishing. And for this 
very reason the prevalence 
of the commonplace a 
house that really has some- 
thing to show you, some 
expression in materials that 
proclaims an idea or an ideal 
that house arouses in you a 
feeling of appreciative satis 
faction very similar to 
that resulting from a meet- 
i'l.y with a man like Theo- 
dore Roosevelt, Thomas 

size nor expense seems to 
have anything to do with 
the matter. Frequently, in- 
deed, you will find the 
costliest materials used with 
the worst possible taste, 
or, on the other hand, the 
least expensive woods given 
a treatment that indicates 
the fullest appreciation of 
their particular sort of 
beauty, lifting them high 
above the plane of ordinary 

While, as I have said, 
you need not expect to find 
houses of character in any 
one class, there is no 
doubt whatever that if you 
wanted to find one in a 
hurry you would save time 
by looking up first the 
homes that architects have 
built for themselves. The 
chances are that you will 
find what you are seek- 
ing before you have look- 
ed through many of 

Of course, the reason is 
not far to seek. In de- 
signing his own home the 
architect is hampered in 
no way unless it be on 
the score of expense in 

The exterior is of the pliable Dutch Colonial type, the broad gambrel carrying o u t the ideas 
roof coming down to the top of the first-story windows 

Edison, Gilbert Chesterton, or any other man of strong per- 

And, fortunately, these houses of distinct individuality are not 
confined to any one class, locality or size. You may find one at 
Lenox, stately in its broad acres, but you are just as likely to 
come upon a far humbler sister in a little country lane. Neither 

that his training and ex- 
perience have shown him 
to be most desirable. Probably he has a number of pet 
schemes up his sleeve that have been worked out for past 
clients who have been too timid to allow anything out 
of the ordinary to appear in their future homes. At 
the same time, the architect, if, as is most likely, he is a 
man of refined tastes, will have no desire to produce a 




... fy' w r 

. dtL. . 

The narrow gallery leads to the two 
guest rooms on the second floor 

house that is merely a curiosity 
a house to be pointed out with 
a shrug and a smile by all the neigh- 

Probably the architect will, at 
the outset, look for a piece of prop- 
erty that, because of its steep 
grade, or other ap- 
parent difficulties, 
has remained un- 
sold, though in a 
good locality. There 
are opportunities of 
this kind in every 
town, and the archi- 
tect, by reason of 
his knowledge that 
such difficulties are 
easily overcome, is 
quick to see that he 
is not only securing 
a bargain, but also 
one of the most im- 
portant elements to 
give his home in- 
dividuality an ir- 
regular site. 

Mr. Ernest F. 
Guilbert's house, in 
Forest Hill, N. J., 
is one that i m - 
presses upon you 
its individuality as 

The great living-room, 21x31 ft. without the bays, and 
18 ft. high, is the focal point around which the whole 
house has been built 

In approaching the house one comes up a rather steep hill and passes the side of the 
house before turning a corner at the right to find the entrance at the far end of the 
plot on the side street. The large opening in the near corner indicates the tile-paved 
porch which is screened in in summer and glazed in winter 

One of the two large "guest rooms" 
may be adapted to use for billiards 

soon as you get the first glimpse 
of it, up under the shelter of its 
great trees, on a steep hill. There 
is a house you want to know 
intimately, and which, once known, 
will have a lasting place among 
your house friends. 

Mr. Guilbert's de- 
sire was to have a 
large living room, 
but otherwise to 
keep the house as 
small as possible. 
The property is 
level -- 100 x 117 
ft. is from eight 
to fifteen feet 
above the sloping 
streets. The en- 
trance was there- 
fore placed on the 
less important 
street to minimize 
the steps, also to 
allow the principal 
frontage to be 
occupied entirely 
by the dining-room 
and the large 
family porch open- 
ing upon the lawn, 
as will be seen 
in the accompany- 

Mr. Guilbert has indicated in a little pencil sketch the treatment of 
a property adjoining his own house 

In another sketch the garage appears at the right-hand side just 
beyond the entrance steps and joined to the house by an arch 





ing plans. The reception 
room is very small, with a 
low ceiling, and from this 
room an entrance to the 
living room is made inter- 
esting by descending five 
steps through a deep re- 
cess. You find yourself in 
a room eighteen feet high. 
This Jacobean room is 
very simple in design, ex- 
cept that it contains an or- 
namental gallery of the 
English baronial halls, 
which serves as a corridor 
to reach a portion of the 
second floor bedrooms. The 
ceiling falls slightly from 
the center to the side walls 
and is divided into large 
panels, with small moulded 
beams. The seven-foot 
wainscoting is framed in 
a way that avoids the ex- 
pense of panel construc- 
tion, showing a very ef- 
fective use of inexpensive 
materials. At one corner 
of the room is the great 
fireplace, seven feet across 
the opening, nearly six 

feet high and about four I* ' s m l ^ e g" 3 * living-room that one feels most strongly the individual appeal of Mr. Guilbert's home. 

At the far end may be seen the gallery, which is patterned after the musicians' galleries of English 
feet deep. The brick baronial halls 

hearth is four inches above 
the floor. It is interesting 
to note that this great cav- 
ern requires a flue more 
than two feet square, and 
on a cold winter night, 
with a half dozen four-foot 
logs, well burned to coals, 
gives a cheer not hard to 

The woodwork of the 
room is chestnut, stained 
a warm, dark brown, and 
waxed. The floor, of oak, 
is a little darker than the 
chestnut. On walls and 
ceiling the plastering, to 
imitate the old work, is very 
rough, being done with a 
small, round-edged trowel. 
It is painted in water color 
a dark, warm gray wall, 
with a light gray ceiling, 
affecting age rather than 
color. Needless to say, 
this makes a splendid back- 
ground for the tapestries. 
The chandeliers are of old 

In the dining-room, the 
color scheme is in old, delft 

blue and yellow, with a red 

A long row of casement windows, and the wide seat, occupy almost one whole side of the sunny aming- w-icti r. .arrw il flr A 
room. Beyond lies the tile-paved porch, which is reached also from the living-room 



The fireplace at one corner of the great living-room is large enough for one 
to walk in under the Tudor arch. The flue necessary to make it draw 
properly is over two feet square 

long row of casements and a seat, nearly occupy one long side of the 
room. From this, and from the living-room as well, opens the family 
porch, about fifteen feet square. It faces the best view, is exposed 
to the prevailing summer breezes, is far enough from the entrance 
to be private, and is fifteen feet above the street, therefore as se- 
cluded as could be desired. 

There are four bedrooms on the second floor and two baths ; on 
the third floor, a large bedroom and billiard room, also two servants' 
rooms and bath, and large stock closet. 

The basement contains a laundry, vege- 
table room, photographic dark room, fur- 
nace and coal storage space. 

The kitchen, pantries, rear hall, etc., are 
ample, and are provided with a red compo- 
sition floor that is ideal for such quarters, 
being very sanitary and easily cleaned. All 
the service portion of the house is in white 
wood, natural finish, while all the master's 
portion, except the living-room, is in cream 
white, with single-paneled doors, in dark 

One will notice the hardware particu- 
larly, the old-fashioned thumb-latch handles, 
placed rather higher than the usual knob 

All windows are casements, opening out, 
with screens on the inside. A lever oper- 

is " Stairs leading down from the re P- 

, is a great leaded glass window reaching almost to the eighteen-foot ceiling 

The individuality of Mr. Guilbert's home 
extends even to the cement sidewalk 
with its border of brick 

ates the window from inside the screen. 

That most interesting and pliable style, 
Dutch Colonial, marks the exterior of the 
house, with low walls and gambrel roof. 
Twenty-four-inch shingles are used as a 
wall covering, laid eleven inches to the 
weather and dipped in white shingle stain, 
afterward brush-coated with the same 
stain. The roof shingles are stained a dark 
gray-green that soon turns to a color that 
looks like a very old shingle. 

Mr. Guilbert feels that his efforts have 
been best complimented by a stranger, an 
old gentleman, who told a neighbor that the 
house was "all right, but too old fashioned.'" 

A Round-up of the 

Best Peonies 
to Plant Now 


BY HE N R V H. S A V 1.0 K 
Photographs by N. R. Graves, Chas. Jones and the Author 

ONE frequently conies upon the statement that if such and 
such a person were to be exiled to an uninhabited island 
for the remainder of his life he would choose to take with him 
such and such a book. Merely as a form of emphasis, and trust- 
ing that such a choice will never be thrust upon me, under the 
same circumstances I believe I should choose, among the thou- 
sand and one flowering plants, the peony. Admitting the diffi- 
culty of a choice between this and the rose, I hold that the scales 
would turn in favor of the former, for on an uninhabited isle 1 
should have far too much to do to find time to keep up the neces- 
sarily incessant warfare against the rose's many enemies. The 
peony, on the other hand, by reason of its freedom from disease 
and the attacks of insect pests would bring only the rewards of 
its wonderful beauty and fragrance. 

It should need no argument to convince anyone who has had 
even the least experience in trying to obtain presentable borders 
or masses of planting around the house, that the great bulk of de- 
pendence should be put upon the perennials. It is merely an ag- 
gravation to spend hours in planting seeds of annuals in carefully 
arranged plots, only to find, in midsummer, that many of them 
have not come up at all and that others have brought clashes of 
color into the scheme that should never have occurred. On the 
other hand the perennials, such as the peony, foxglove, larkspur, 

phlox, and such 
other old stand- 
bys, may be de- 
pended upon ab- 
solutely to come 
up year after year 
in the same place 
and in the same 

Admitting the 
superiority of the 
perennials, w h y 
should so much 
stress be laid 
upon the peony ? 
It is a difficult 
task to hold a 
brief for any one 
flowering plant : 
there are so many 
others that may 
lay claim to supe- 
riority in one or 
more particulars. 

two-year-old dormant root ready to go u WO ,,1H he fool 

into the ground. The pinkish eyes are 
barely visible at the top ish, therefore, to 

Marechal MacMahon, a deep rich red, illustrates one of the most 
beautiful types a cup-shaped bloom with broad guard petals 
forming a saucer. The white bloom is Festiva Maxima, probably 
the most popular white, with carmine edges on the central petals. 
Incidentally, it is also one of the cheapest to buy. 

advocate the use of any one flowering plant to the exclusion of 
others, but what I do want to do is to emphasize as strongly as 
possible the fact that the peony is something without which you 
should not attempt to make a garden. 

In the first place the peony is very easily grown; second, when 
well established it is a permanent feature of the garden ; third, the 
peony is perfectly hardy wherever apples can be grown ; fourth, 
the blooms are extremely large, showy and in a variety of colors, 
from white through pinks and reds to purple; fifth, most varietie> 
are fragrant : sixth, the plant has practically no enemies, so that 
neither spraying nor hand-picking of insects is necessary ; seventh, 
as a cut flower the peony is as valuable as it is for landscape 
effects in the garden. Surely this is a formidable array of advan- 
tages to be placed over against two very small disadvantages: 
the peony multiplies rather slowly ; and, second, many varieties 
produce such large blooms that the slender stems are not strong 
enough to stand erect and the bloom is beaten down to the ground 
and ruined by rains. 

The latter fault of the peony may be overcome or avoided in 
two ways: first, by the selection of varieties that are notably 
strong in stem ; second, by some mechanical device or support 
such as a wire hoop on three legs, similar to the supports that are 
sold for tomato plants. 



Some peonies hold their stems stiffly erect even under the weight of a large bloom, as in this 

French propagating field 

Other varieties are weak-stemmed and need mechanical support to keep the blooms 
from being beaten down into the mud 



t* '*" 

For some reason the single varieties of peonies have been less widely 
grown, but no collection is complete without them 

As to soil, the peony is not at all par- 
ticular in its choice. It may be safely 
said that a garden that will grow vege- 
tables will produce satisfactory peony 
blooms. The plant prefers a medium 
heavy soil that is neither distinctly 
clayey nor sandy. The peony is very 
much like the rose in this respect, hav- 
ing a fondness for a fairly heavy, rich 

Because of the slowness of propaga- 
tion, gardeners will always procure their 
peonies as mature plants of one year, 
two years' or three years' growth. After 
the blooming period in May, June and 
July, the peony presents a luxuriant 
growth of foliage until late in the sum- 
mer ; this then begins to dry and finally 
entirely disappears with the early frosts. 
This habit of growth indicates that the 
plant is in a dormant state in fall and 
winter, so that the time to plant is from 
the middle of September until the first 
of November. 

The plants are secured from a nurseryman 
who may be depended upon to supply varieties 
that are really true to name, in the form of 
dormant roots, such as the one illustrated here- 
with. These roots will show at that time a num- 
ber of pinkish eyes, from which the next year's 
growth starts very early in the Spring. 

While peonies have successfully been trans- 
planted in the spring, it is, to say the least, an ex- 
tremely difficult task and one that is usually sure 
to cause the loss of some of these delicate succu- 
lent shoots, which are at that time of the year 
pushing up through the ground. 

In planting the roots in the fall they should 
be set in carefully prepared soil which has been 
dug deeply and well enriched with very old pul- 
verized manure. Here again the peony is very 
much like the rose in its dislike of having manure 
directly in contact with its roots. For this rea- 
son the manure must be thoroughly incorporated 
with the soil by continued forking before the 
roots are set. The roots are then placed so that 
the upper eyes are not less than three inches be- 
low the surface of the soil, and they should be set 
from two to three and one-half feet apart, whether in 
rows or groups. After planting it is a good thing to cover 
the ground with a good heavy mulch of manure as an 
added protection to the roots although probably not a 
needed one for that reason and to serve as a further en- 
richment of the soil. 

In the spring it would be well either to remove this 
mulch very early or else to allow it to remain until after 
all of the shoots have come up through it. Do not at- 
tempt to remove it from about the shoots themselves for 
this is sure to result in damage. 

The first care the peony may receive in the spring is 
not a necessary one. After the dark red shoots have ap- 
peared and have unfolded the leaves and branches, there 
will appear several buds at the end of each stem, in some 
cases five or six. It is impossible for the peony to bring 
all of these to maturity, so that to make the most use of 
the available energy it is a common practice to pinch off 
all but the largest bud, which will probably be the 





central one. When the buds are at- 
taining a very large size, just before 
unfolding, it may be noticed that ants 
are running up and down the stems 
and over the buds and leaves. There 
is nothing to be feared from this inva- 
sion, as the ants do absolutely no harm 
at all. They are merely seeking the 
sweet, gummy substance that exudes 
from under the edges of the bud's unfold- 
ing petals. 

The peony may be depended upon to 
produce luxuriant blooms of very large 
size without further attention. If you are 
like most garden amateurs, however, you 
will not be satisfied with this, but will 
want to find some way to produce extra- 
ordinary blooms. An application or two 
of liquid manure, after the buds have be- 
gun to swell, will contribute to the size of 
the flowers. The peony is a gross feeder 
and cannot easily be overfed. 

In the case of certain varieties, the be- 
ginner may be puzzled and discouraged to 
find that the buds formed the first year after planting will fail to 
develop, but will turn black and finally fall off. Unless this hap- 
pens again the second year there is no cause for alarm. It simply 
indicates that the peony has not become sufficiently well estab- 
lished in its site to nourish properly the buds that have been 
formed. In case this blasting of buds occurs the second year, it 
would be well to investigate the matter of soil or situation. The 
soil is probably unfitted by reason of its clayiness or lightness, or 
perhaps the plant does not receive sufficient sun, which the peo'ny 
must have. 

In cutting the blooms it is well to pick them off in the early 
morning just as the bud is starting to unfold, plunging the stems 
at once into water and thus preventing air from entering the stem. 
The flowers will then last for several days or perhaps a week in 
water indoors. 

Assuming that you are convinced that your garden should not 
be without peonies next year, the very important question arises : 
what varieties should be selected from 
the almost innumerable ones catalogued 
by the nurserymen ? It may be well here 

A light pink bloom of the "bomb" shape 
type, where the doubling is very pro- 
nounced and the form large and globular 

to draw attention to a most important 
principle that should govern the selection 
of varieties of any flower. It is this : a 
variety appears in the horticultural world 
always as a novelty. It is offered in 
glowing terms usually in one or two 
catalogues, necessarily at a high price. 
It may turn out to be a great improve- 
ment on all earlier varieties, or it may 
turn out to be practically worthless with- 
in a year or two. In any event a variety 
that has proven itself fit to survive will 
in time be offered in many of the nur- 
serymen's catalogues. In this way it 
may be recognized as a standard tried- 
and-true sort. For instance, Festiva 
Maxima is probably considered by the 
majority of peony growers, whether 
amateur or professional, as the finest 
white to-day. It was introduced by Miel- 
lez in 1851 and has held its own against 
all aspirants since that time. 

I have asked a number of men who 
really know peonies and make a business 
of growing them, to name the ten most satisfactory varieties for 
the amateur gardener. These lists follow. In the same way that 
Festiva Maxima recurs continually through these lists, you will 
find several others that have received almost as marked recogni- 
tion. Couronne d'Or appears often white with yellowish reflex 
petals and carmine edges. Duchesse de Nemours is another 
standard favorite, a sulphur-white with greenish reflex. Others 
that appear in several of the lists on the next page are: Modeste 
Guerin, a bright rose pink with purplish cast in center; Marie 
Lemoine, a large sulphur-white, shaded with pink and chamois 
very late bloomer; Felix Crousse, a brilliant red, late mid- 
season ; Eugene Verdier, a flesh-pink, cup-shaped flower, shaded 
with yellow and salmon ; Delicatissima (also known as Floral 
Treasure), a clear, delicate pink, lighter at center; and Mons. 
Jules Elie (see il- 
lustration), a glossy 
flesh-pink, shading 

Monsieur Jules Elie, another excellent 
example of the cup shape with broad 
guard petals, like Marechal MacMahon 

In the "bomb" shape the flower is so fully 
doubled that the outer petals are forced 
back close against the stem 

La Tulipe, a white resembling Festiva Max- 
ima in the carmine stripes of petals, and 
particularly beautiful when fully open 

! i 



to a deeper rose at base. I can give no 
better advice to those who are going to 
plant peonies this fall than this : Pin your 
faith to these thoroughly established vari- 
eties they cannot possibly fail, and the 
results will naturally lead you into the en- 
joyment of trying out the year's novelties 
next seson. 
Beaute Francaise 
Couronne d'Or 
Duchesse de 

Festiva Maxima 
Lee's Grandiflora 

Modeste Guerin Madame Crousse 
Jeanne d'Arc Madame Geissler 

Mons. Jules Elie Mme. de Verneville 

Prince Imperial 
Mme. Lebon 
Mme. Ducel 
Mme. Coste 

Festiva Maxima 
Alba Sulphurea 
Jeanne d'Arc 

Marie Lemoine 
Felix Crousse 
Modeste Guerin 
Tri d'Ex. de Libbe 
Prince de Talindyke 

Eugene Verdier Madame Geissler 
Alice de Julvecourt Modeste Guerin 


Couronne d'Or 
Duchesse de 


Andorra Nurseries. 

Edouard Andre 
Festiva Maxima 
Jeanne d'Arc 
Ne- Modeste Guerin 



Festiva Maxima Felix Crousse 
Mons. Jules Elie Marie Lemoine 
Duchesse de Ne- Livingstone 

mours Edulis Superba 

Modeste Guerin Delachei 


Festiva Maxima 

Felix Crousse 
Marie Lemoine 

Felix Crousse 
Festiva Maxima 
Edulis Superba 
Madame Ducel 

Festiva Maxima 
Couronne d'Or 
Aladame Chaumy 
General Grant 


Edulis Superba 
Festiva Maxima 
Mad. Ducel 
Modeste Guerin 
Madame Calot 
Marie Jacquin 

Marie Lemoine 
Glorie de Chas. 


Richardson's Grand- 
Officinalis Rubra 

Fl. PI. 

Grandiflora superba 
Victoria tricolor 
Thos. Meehan & Sons. 

La Tulipe 

Marechal M a c- 

Jeanne d'Arc 
Couronne d'Or 

Fair Lawn, X. J. 

Festiva Maxima Claire Dubois 
Mme. Crousse Richardson's Grand- 

Avalanche iflora 

Couronne d'Or M. Krelage 

M. Jules Elie Felix Crousse 

Eugenie Verdier 


Chicago, 111. 

Festiva Maxima Felix Crousse 
Marie Lemoine Delachei 

Mons. Jules Elie Delicatissima 
Richardson Rubra Giganthea 

Superba Lime 


Livingston Seed Co. 

Mme. de Verneville Georgiana Shaylor 
James Kelway Le Cygne 

Lady Alexandra Le France 

Duff La Lorraine 

Theresa Mont Blanc (Le- 

Rosa Bonheur moine) 


Mr. Shaylor adds that if the amateur 
cannot afford these varieties, here is an- 
other list of lower cost : 
Festiva Maxima Mons. Martin Ca- 
Aurore huzac 

Baroness Schroeder 

Eugenie Verdier Mme. Jules Dessert 
Soulange Venus 

Mme. de Galhan 

Milton Hill 

New Ways of Controlling Electricity in the Home 


i; Y KATHARINE N E w is o L D B i R D s A L L 

THE new house that is not wired for electricity bears the same and would there not be the same groping as for that elusive 
relation to up-to-date home convenience that the old- fash- match-box? 
ioned cistern with pump does to the modern method of plumbing. The greatest objection, if one can call it such, to electric lights 

That electricity is a necessity and a con- 
venience nowadays more than a luxury we 
find proven on every side ; the depths of its 
luxuriousness have so far been only faintly 
sounded although we hear now that mi- 
lady has her desk supplied with an elec- 
trically heated monogram stamp, which, 
pressed upon the sealing wafer imprints 
her crest upon the seal without the trouble 
of lighting a candle, and with no smoke 
to blacken the die or the sealing wax ! 

Everyone who uses electricity realizes 
well the joy of a matchless light; to take 
the time to find and to scratch the match 
for a gas illumination, seems a relic of the 
dark ages to one who is familiar with elec- 
tricity. Even the possession of an electric 
spark-lighter for igniting gas does not re- 
move the inconvenience of gaslights, al- 
though it perhaps minimizes the danger 
from setting fire to other objects with the 
flying match-head or the burning match. 
But, granted the possession of such an 
electric lighter, would it be any more of a 
stationery fixture than a box of matches 

The arduous task of cleaning and polishing 
silverware is made a matter of a few 
minutes' work with electric heh> 

in the home, has been that of the con- 
sumption of power, with only one degree 
of light ; the light was either turned on 
in its full power, or the room was in 
darkness. Now, however, the invention 
of several economical devices which may 
be attached in a minute to all fixtures, 
enables us to have a dim light or a me- 
dium light, like that of turned-down gas, 
as well as the full blaze. The devices 
work either with a chain or a cord, or 
merely in the turning of the bulb by 
hand. The turning down can also be ef- 
fected at a distance, which is convenient 
for those of us who have the bad habit 
of reading in bed. 

One economical house owner has had a 
switch put in his dining-room which con- 
trols the four center lights, so that one 
or four lights may be turned on or ex- 
tinguished. When the maid sets the 
table, the button is given one turn, which 
lights one bulb, giving sufficient light for 
her work. When time to serve the meal, 
a second stop on the switch lights the 



cluster, making the room brilliant. A third stop in the switch 
turns out the brilliant lights, leaving only the one to enable the 
maid to "clear off." The last light is the same as the first, dim, 
but sufficient for working purposes. 

In some small houses the buzzer which summons the maid from 
the kitchen to the dining-room is distinctly heard when there is a 
lull in the conversation. This annoyance may be prevented by 
having a tiny red light instead of a buzzer, placed in so conspicu- 
ous a place that the maid will constantly keep her eye upon it. 

Electric table lamps are now provided with a dimming switch 
which increases or diminishes the illumination, giving varied qual- 
ity of light and making for economy. This device effects an 
economy in the light consumption of from 30 to 80 per cent. 

No one objects to economy which affects either a gas or an elec- 
tric lighting company, nor does the company object. The more 
convenience they can supply to their customers, the more the cus- 
tomers' pleasure ; also the more investment in the delightful de- 
vices which save trouble and use greater quantities of power ! 

A reading lamp should be most carefully selected ; a scientific 
lamp is of nearly as much value as scientific eye-glasses. Xo di- 
rect rays from electric light should be allowed to meet the naked 
eye. The reading light should be diffused by proper scientific- 
globes, which will also control the light rays, so that the greatest 
efficiency may be secured without loss of artistic effect, and with 
no shadows. 

All that is necessary for the installation of proper reading 
lamps is a small switch connection with the main feed wire which 
may be made from either ceiling or floor. 

Where a bedroom is provided with center lights, or with wall 
brackets which do not suit the positions of the furniture, it is ad- 
visable to have removable brackets fastened to either side of the 
dresser or bureau with thumb screws, connected with a cande- 
labrum switch and wires to the nearest baseboard receptacle. These 
candelabra will throw a splendid light on the glass and upon the 
person before it. It is also a great convenience to have a portable 
electric candle installed on the writing desk. 

A little ingenuity exercised when wiring a house will result in 
the introduction of single useful lights in various places that have 
heretofore been neglected. Why should the garret be dark? Why 
should the cellar be comparatively dark ? Why should you carry 
a candle to your closet or storeroom ? There may be a connection 
in every dark closet, which will turn on the light when the door is 
opened. This is accomplished by the switch being set in the back 
of the door hinge ; as the door opens wide the hinge presses the 

Ironing holds no terrors when it may be done outdoors with an 

electric iron 

button, keeping the light full till it is closed or partially closed. A 
switch of this sort in the door of an unlighted garret, as well as in 
closets, would be a boon. The installation is simple and any good 
electrician can do the work. A tiny light inside the medicine 
closet and on the old-fashioned wardrobe, would also be a great 

Who has not had trouble with finding provisions in the icebox, 
because of the dimness of the light ? A small electric light so ar- 
ranged that it will light the whole box, can be connected with the 
door, as above described. 

Two lights in the bathroom, one on each side of the mirror, are 
possible with only one outlet, concealed by one of the fixtures. The 
extra light is provided by a wire run under the mirror to its op- 
posite side. 

Reminder lights are valuable in certain parts of the house. Take, 
for instance, the cellar. Most cellar illumination is controlled 
from the kitchen ; but the light consumption is in the control of 
the person who forgets or remembers to turn out the cellar light. 
Coming upstairs in a hurry, the cellar door is closed, and a flood 
of light is perhaps left below to burn all night. To guard against 
this waste, a small red light is set in the kitchen in series with the 
(Continued on page 184) 

The extent to which the use of electrically operated devices are used in the home is i 

machine and drying room 

by the motor-driven wringer, electric washing 

Three Experiences with Lily Pools 


B Y 


A LILY pool is the very cen- 
ter and life of a garden. 
A garden without a pool is like a 

'tis rs^:oi fi c h 

refl c on of he sky and of the surrounding flowers in a pool of 
green water. The fishes dart gaily about. mosquito eggs 
here, gulping a bug there, and 
jumping for their food when- 
ever the spirit moves them. 
Then at last they settle down 
under a big white water lily 
for a long, drowsy nap. 

The different colored lily 
leaves as they open up in the 
water, so placid and restful, 
hold your attention, and noth- 
ing is more beautiful than the 
Nymphaeas as they slowly un- 
fold and as slowly fall to 
sleep again. 

Many people think it quite 
impossible to become inter- 
ested in gold fish, but these 
pool dwellers are not monot- 
onous as they imagine. Gold 
fish can be taught to feed 
from one's hand, and if fed 
regularly, soon recognize the 
approach of the one who feeds 
them. Then, too, it is excit- 
ing sport to see them fight for 
a bug that comes within strik- 
ing distance, so you see there 
is much that is interesting be- 
sides their brilliant colors. 

A friend of the writer's, 
whose childhood was spent in 
the country, has never forgot- 
ten the delights she experi- 
enced at meandering about in 
a big swamp. Here the rain? 
formed numerous pools, 
around which clustered the 
blue flag and cat tails, tower- 
ing far above her head. Here, 
too, was a colony of famous 
frogs. It was a most wonder- 
ful playground. 

After her marriage she 
went far away, where swamps 
and cat tails were almost un- 
known. But her heart 
yearned for the pool and she 
went to work to make one. The 
result was most gratifying and 
she soon had duplicated some 
of her favorite haunts in the 
old swamp. The way she did it 
may prove interesting, and 
these are her instructions: 

Photographs by the Authors 
and see the 

The first pool was inspired by some of the corners in the 
swamp where the bullfrogs lived among the water lilies 

Dig a hole if it happens to be 
in clay soil, so much the better 
starting with a depth of one foot 
and gradually sloping to three 

feet in the center. If the pool is four or five feet long, it should 
be two and one-half feet deep in the center. For a larger pool 
three feet is better. Wherever the lay of the land permits, it is 

well to let it follow its nat- 
ural lines. However, the pool 
can be made any shape one 
wishes, round, oblong or of 
geometrical design. 

If there is a beautiful tree 
in the vicinity, dig the lily 
pool near to catch the reflec- 
tion in the water. The tree 
also serves as a windbreak. 
Dogwood and hardy shrubs 
can be added, but remember 
that the lilies must have full 
sun for at least half of the 

After the pool is dug it 
should be thoroughly tamped 
down, stamping it hard with 
the feet and then with a pole 
or stump, so as to make a firm 
bottom that will hold water. 
For a natural pool this is all 
that is necessary. In ordinary 
weather the rains will keep it 
well filled and the soil will 
drain it. 

Plant the lilies in a tub. 
Put four inches of well rotted 
cow manure, well pressed 
down, in the bottom of the 
tub, and cover with six inches 
of soil. The soil from a 
swampy place is ideal for 
water lilies and should be used 
if possible. If not, use a good 
rich soil mixed with rotted 
cow manure. Place an inch 
of sand and gravel on top. 
This will prevent the dirt from 
washing away from the lily 
roots and keep the water clear. 
For a water garden of this 
kind the hardy varieties of 
Nymphaea (water lily) have 
been tested and found the 
best. They are the least ex- 
pensive, costing from 50 cents 
to $i a plant, and one is sure 
of their blooming the first 

Gladstoniana is a robust 
white *lily with flowers from 
6 to 8 inches in diameter. 
Marliacea is another vigorous 




The second experiment was along more formal lines than the first 
and was planted with numerous moisture-loving plants 



variety, which comes in white and a beautiful soft flesh pink. 
The W. B. Shaw, a superb early blooming pink water lily, has 
leaves 8 to 15 inches across, and flowers 8 to 10 inches in diameter. 
There should always be some night blooming lilies. These 
open soon after sunset and do not close until nearly noon the 
following day. The Dentata, one of the best night lilies, has 
flowers measuring from 8 to 12 inches in diameter. Plant with 
this the blue Zotuibarifnsis lily. All of these varieties re-open 
from three to five successive days. 

Around the edge of the pool plant freely iris of all kinds Jap- 
anese, German and Spanish; common blue flag, marshmallow, 
meadow beauty and all kinds of narcissi. And don't forget the 
pickerel weed. This native plant with its pale blue flowers is 
very beautiful under cultivation. Like the water hyacinth, how- 
ever, it needs restraint to keep it from becoming too luxuriant. 

With these preparations completed, put in the fish and plant 
seaweed for them to nibble. This can be bought at any place 
where fish are sold. 

In the city garden a concrete basin formed her pool and it was graced with little box trees in decorative pots suggestive of Italian gardens 

Another attractive flower for the pool is the water hyacinth. 
However, be careful to start with only one plant or at the end of 
the season the pool will be crowded full of hyacinths. This plant 
can be kept intact by building a little wooden floating frame 
around the bulb which will not be noticed in the water. 

When the flowers are planted, push the tub down until it is 
securely settled in the bottom of the pool, and fill in the water 
with a hose. Every day put in a bucket of water for evaporation. 
This will gradually change the water and keep it from getting 
stagnant. To change the pool entirely, simply let the water run 
and flush the pool. You can have a drain by making a gutter 
and always keeping the water at a lower level until you want to 
flush the pool. But as the fish eat the mosquito young and keep 
the water clean, this need not be done until the end of the season 
when the pool is drained and cleaned for the winter. 

When it comes time to put the hardy Nymphaca into winter 
quarters, drain the pool of all the water. Then put leaves 2 or 3 
feet deep around the roots, entirely covering the bottom of the 
pool. On top of this lay a few branches or sticks to keep the 
leaves from blowing away. 

The tender Nymphaea, the Zanzibarifnsis and all night bloom- 
ing lilies, must be dug up. leaving as much soil around the roots 
as possible. These should be placed in a flower pot which will 
hold enough water to keep them moist. The water can be cold, 
but must not freeze. 

Greatly inspired by the success of her effort, the woman built 
herself another pool. This garden was made of three half hogs- 
heads sunk until the open heads of them were flush with the 
ground. The soil was prepared the same as for the first water 
(Continued on page 185) 

The venerable John Burroughs, a frequent visitor at Yama-no-uchi, has hit the spirit of the place in his remark: "I come here to find 

myself; it is so easy to get lost in the world." 




B Y 

Photographs by Helena D. Van Eaton 


U finer compliment was ever offered to a 
human habitation or to any spot in this 
broad country, than that voiced by John 
Burroughs as he sat in this log cabin in the 
midst of these old American hills. 

"I come here to find myself ; it is so easy 
to get lost in the world." 

And so they engraved the words in cop- 
per and set the tablet into the gray stones 
of the chimney. 

One day a visitor, pausing in his journey 
into the further Catskills, looked over the 

stones and timbers and remarked : "I live in an old house myself. 
It was built in 1730." Not an awkward tribute to a cabin scarcely 
three years old ! 

The cabin crouches like a big black hen on the brink of the val- 
ley. There is a splendid swirl of country all about it. The rise be- 
yond is gentle. The dip below is sharp, shadowy, sunlit, all patches 
of light and shade, rise and fall, rock and fern-dell, softness and 
sharpness, the big range of hills on the other side of the valley 
looking strangely remote in shimmery weather, stalwart and im- 
posing when picked out with snow. 

Down in the immediate hollow are the trout ponds, five of them, 
one emptying into the other and spilling over at last into the 
stream that turns a picturesque wheel, ducks under an arching 
Japanese bridge and ends, you never find out just where, among 
stepping stones, orchid-spotted dim places and rocky vistas of 

sunlighted currents. Midway is the tea house, that might have 
been lifted out of Nippon making you think that the Indian 
Napanoch of the village might have been Nipponoch the Jap- 
anese stables that remind you of the way the Tokio castle lifts 
itself beyond the bridged moat; the hatchery by the middle lake 
and the trout man's .cottage a pole-length away. The sound from 
below is the mutter of a waterfall, a busy tumble of water that in 
winter builds fantastic castles of ice. 

If you come up directly from the ponds you mount by irregular 
stones that seem to have happened, but which tell of that subtle 
Japanese ground art in which not a chip of stones goes unnum- 

Think of it as just the opposite of the Italian notion in which 
garden beauty is art cut out with a knife. Your Japanese thinks 
that in landscape nature's way is a good way and must not be 
spoiled. Nature's way is imitated in his art, and if you guess the 
device too quickly it is bad art. So that here in this American 
version every little splash of moss, or turn of path, or glimmer 
of wood flower must seem to have been discovered and not in- 
vented. In the large it is nature arranged, and the nature of this 
region, rather than nature bedecked or disfigured. 

It is here in this garden spot, that we shall ultimately see a true 
Japanese house a house of which the stables, the water-wheel, the 
bridges, and the fairy tea house are prophetic a true Japanese 
house in the vestibule of which, if you please, you shall remove 
your shoes before entering the prim, paper-screened rooms with 
all of their straight beauty, all of their intellectual nicety and 



classical simplicity of line, and always eloquent harmony of color. 

Therfe are two gates. One, the Japanese gate, true to the Jap- 
anese 'way, and a very awesome affair if you meet it in a dim 
light, leading through a leaf-hung labyrinth which in the fair sea- 
son is flecked with spots of lantern light. At the upper gate you 
meet the sign of the Black Hen (which explains the hut simile) 
and drive past the brooder houses and hen mysteries of the upper 
farm, to the cabin itself. 

The log cabin is not Japanese. Frederick Remington decided 
that it was "Just plain North American," and the description fits 
all that you will find on this busy and blossoming level. Yes, we 
have come up out of the little Japanese paradise for the moment 
to a region of native lines and native ideas. I shall tell you in a 
moment some things that will suggest how the Japanese theory of 
things, like an aroma from the out-spreading garden below, has 
been able to invade and, to my thinking, transfigure for the time^ 
certain nooks of this sternly North American abode. Just now, 
let me supplement the picture which you will have already looked 
at, by saying that the cabin seems to grow out of the soil. The 
boulders of the chimney begin in a heap, rising casually in the 
earth as if debating whether they would be a chimney. Once they 
make up their minds, the chimney gets down to business and be- 
comes the real thing in chimneys. There is another one beyond, 
heaped in the heart of the house the one with the Burroughs 

Bigger boulders fringe the brow of the hill and mark the edge 
of the terrace. Your path from the carriage-way twists over 
broad slabs that again seem like a happy accident in nature's 
architecture, until you find yourself under the wide overhang of 
the roof. You tether your hat on a peg. If you have any senti- 
ment you will not hang it on Dr. Hornaday's peg, or Frederick 
Remington's or Ernest Thompson Seton's or James T. Powers' 
they are all labelled just as yours will be labelled, a wide row of 
them. Artists, writers, publishers, travellers, captains of industry 
there is a long list of foreign and native notables, and a sprink- 
ling of plain folks. 

Then the stained chestnut half-door, studded with metal, swings 
to your welcome and you step into the full shelter of that long, low 
roof. Oliver Wendell Holmes once remarked that "the hat is the 
vulnerable point of the artificial integument." The roof is the hat 
of a house. And it is the vulnerable point. To produce the right 
ensemble in a house, first catch your roof. Let us not be bigoted. 

The Japanese gate, an awesome affair in a 
dim light, leads into a wonderfully beauti- 
ful drive up the hill, now past a mass of 
rhododendrons, now following the brook 

The log cabin is "just plain North American" and seems to grow 


There are many 
sorts of proper 
roof. But the line 
of this one, follow- 
ing the slow slant 
of the big hills, 
not affronting the 
storm, wide in its 
shadows for the 
torrid days, snug- 
gling close to the 
ted plateau, surely 
has a consistent 
and enduring 

The logs of the 
cabin end uneven- 
ly at the notched 
ends. I can fancy 
the first dismay of 
the native builders 
when the designer 
insisted on the 

rough realism of these uneven ends. There are other things here 
that must have puzzled these native builders, who certainly 
imilded better than they knew. The inset wood designs in these 
straight, heavy, impanelled doors, for one thing, must have 
seemed more than a trifle eccentric to the country carpenter 
and he had to be the country carpenter, for it was part of the plan 
of the designer (who sat near the workmen, her drawings in her 
lap. and forgetting them frequently, I fancy, in impromptu crea- 
tion) that every stone, stick and hand should represent the region 
in which the house was made to grow. 

But you are looking at the broad living-room fireplace with its 
big crane, transplanted from some venerable hearth, and its cav- 
ern vast enough to give elbow room to the husky oak from the 
wood-box rising head-high on the right hand. Along the edge of 
the shelf under the Burroughs tablet, runs a whimsical line from 
the "Book of Tea" and if you have not read the "Book of Tea" 
you have missed one of those enchanting book-excursions which 
only happen to the most vagrant of us once in a long while. 
When you come close enough to the mantel, you 
read : "Let us linger here in the beautiful fool- 
ishness of things." 

If you miss the philosophy of that line, I'm 
afraid that you will miss the philosophy of the 
cabin, you will miss a feeling of something fine, 
quaintly done, in everything about you. 

And yet the oddest things about this living- 
room have a reasonableness when you become 
conscious of them, that might well illustrate 
some of the deeper meanings of that debated 
word Art. The wide-silled windows looking out 
upon the valley are as logical as a log, if it 
comes to that. The curtains of unbleached linen 
seem as inevitable as the golden brown of the 
ammonia-fumed natural wood a superb hue, 
by the way, a background fit to set off a Japan- 
ese lily or any splash of color that chances near. 
The bookshelves yes, there are many books, 
and books again ; books that range the world, 
that ransack the arts and sciences, that ransack 
life. There are big chairs in which to read 
them, chairs that gather you up while you "lin- 
ger here" and "find yourself." Barbaric blan- 
kets the Navajoes made, some of them from 

right out of the 

1 60 



The trout pools spill over into the stream that 
turns a picturesque wheel 

the famous Har- 
vey collection, 
cover the couches 
and mark out 

spaces on the dull Indian red of the floor. Your eye may chance 
to discover other artistry of the red men (and red women) in 
two or three mellow-hued baskets near the rafters. A very giant 
of a moose's head, crowned by a superb pair of antlers, once 
laid low by the host's rifle, looms against the timbers of the far 
wall, and peers in the twilight as once you might have seen it in 
the far northern woods. 

Add a few rifles and trout rods to the walls, a few souvenirs of 
travel, and you begin to have something of the simple surround- 
ings. An electric wire creeps covertly into this North American 
haunt. It performs an artistic service, for at the rising hour it 
sets Paderewski to playing a soft bit of Shubert on the piano 
which stands cheek-by-jowl with the chimney. 

For the moment, we seem far from Japan, but it is just at this 
juncture that the poetic Nipponesque philosophy reappears. In 
the Mikado's country, you will remember, the greeting of the 
guest is a delicate, an extremely subtle art, 
perhaps we ought to say religion. Not 
only is the single spray of flowers in the 
bare, the exquisitely bare, Japanese room, 
a mystical homage to you and the season, 
to the thing your coming stands for, some- 
thing not to be said by any other flowers 
at that moment, but the single vase shin- 
ing on the raised piece of floor at the al- 
cove is a symbol chosen from out the 
treasure in the "go-down" outside the 
house, to say something in silent art lan- 
guage to you and for you on that particu- 
lar occasion. If you came again, you 
would see another single symbol, just as 
you would see another flower, that would 
touch the dominant note of that hour. I 
cannot pretend to expound, because I can- 
not pretend to understand, the full beauty 
. of this symbolism. I mention it simply by 
way of suggesting how the hostess, who 
has sat at the feet of Japanese nobles, and 
who knows as few who are not Japanese 
are permitted to know, the deep meaning 
of these things, has applied the idea in this 

The late Frederick Remington and 
Homer Davenport on the terrace 

The kettle hangs from an ancient crane beneath 
the motto from the Book of Tea 

Big boulders fringe the brow of the hill 
and mark the edce of the terrace 

North American 
log cabin. 

For example, 
of a m o r n i n g 

you will notice that the three or four objects of pewter on the 
mantel are not the copper or old Chelsea that you saw there the 
night before. To-morrow morning, you will catch the different 
hues of Wedgwood or pink lustre, and the next morning a Co- 
lonial setting will start your suspicion of a vast "go-down" or 
some ample China Room, a suspicion that will be confirmed by 
the happenings of the table itself. At each meal the dishes 
change, day after day, like the clouds or the shadows in the valley, 
and with them, always in an amiable harmony, the hand-woven 
runners or Colonial covers. Napkins follow suit. In the design 
of some of the Newcomb pottery as well as in the linen itself, ap- 
pears the Japanese characters for "Yama-no-uchi." 

"Yama-no-uchi," the name of this picturesque estate, is some- 
thing of a mouthful if you take it suddenly. It was a bit puzzling 
at the last Madison Square Garden Poultry Show where the 
"Yama" Black Minorca hen took first prize but that is another 
story. Marquis Ito gave the place its 
name, and the Marquis gave the transla- 
tion with it as "The Home in the Moun- 
tains," so there you are. The hieroglyphs 
are good to look at. You are glad to 
meet them again and again in unex- 
pected ways and places. 

At the table, they add a little of the 
exotic to an effect that is usually not 
exotic at all. For here hundreds of Co- 
lonial pieces come and go I ought boldly 
to have asked to see the China Room. 
I should like to know what the Japanese 
butler thinks of these Washington plates ; 
and for that matter, what the Japanese 
maid thinks of those old American cov- 
erlets and patriotic pieced quilts which 
deck the Revolutionary mahogany in the 
sleeping rooms, and which displace one 
another in some daylight hour when you 
are not looking. If you are a collector, I 
can fancy your feelings. The oriental 
mind has a different perspective and 
might well be perplexed by this log cabin 
glimpse of the West touched bv the pene- 



161 ] 

The stained chestnut half-door, studded with metal 
welcomes you into the shelter of the long, low roof 

trating symbolism of the far East. 

The sleeping rooms, by the way, 
have a manner of seeming to be rus- 
tically primitive while meeting you at 
the essential points with the proffer 
of a modern luxury which most of us 
are weak enough to welcome even in 
a log cabin. There is no litter of 
things, no restless clutter here or 
elsewhere, to produce the effect blunt- 
ly described by the artists as "noisy." 
The peaceful brown of the logs that 
make the main walls is punctuated by 
a fragment of illuminated text that 
is a low-voiced greeting to you. It is 
a little matter, but when on another 
visit the low voice sounds the differ- 
ent note of another day, you have a 
deepened sense of Kipling's "magic 
of the necessary word." 

From the windows of this side op- 
posite the valley, you look out on a 
thousand apple trees, a thousand cur- 
rant bushes, two thousand raspberry 
bushes and a kitchen garden spread 
with the varying greens of every- 
thing that will grow in this climate. 
The upland is otherwise alive. Wu, 
the reticent Japanese dog, has learned 
to take peacocks, partridges, squab 
and guinea hens as much for granted 
as blue Andalusians or Rhode Island 
reds. Wu, indeed, produces the 
effect of being past astonishment. 
Also, like every other living thing 
here, he is well fed and content. 

In the clothes-presses of this cabin 
are peculiar treasures that play a part 

in the charm of life as the hostess guides it captivating kimonos, 
sashes, sandals and fans of the unvarying Nippon fashion, as 
well as a score of Yankee gowns dating from the days when we 
were imitating the Empire and St. James. 

Of an evening after one of those brief mountain twilights, 
these silken things are likely to come forth to transform the com- 
pany, and a strangely fascinating scene they make of it. Shades 

The sleeping-rooms have a manner of seeming prim- 
itive while meeting you with the proffer of luxury 

of Dan'l Doone and Davy Crockett! 
What a fantasy in the light of the 
roaring hearth ! 

I remember one night when the 
host and hostess and men and women 
guests all were called to appear in 
true Japanese garb, and were sup- 
plied with the wherewithal to obey 
the command. I remember Rin, the 
little Tokio maid, down before the 
charcoal burner fussing deftly with 
the tori-nabe, her ceremonial proces- 
sion through the kneeling group, the 
awkward efforts of the inexpert in 
disposing of their heels, the solemn 
efforts to respond properly to the 
deep salutation of the maid, herself 
as graceful as a geisha, and the but- 
ler, wearing a wonderful blue, stand- 
ing at the back, only his emotionless 
face caught by the firelight. I re- 
member Rin's epic song, weird and 
strident, full of a strange dramatic 
passion, the guttural twang of the 
samisen, the odd thrill of those East- 
ern dissonances, and the hush that 
fell upon us to the close of the recital. 
At the end, we took our candles 
and filed away, leaving only Wu, 
blinking on a Navajo blanket. And 
the cabin, like a great black hen on 
the brink of the wide darkness, closed 
its eyes until the dawn. 

A whimsical poet who has felt the 
spell of Yama-no-uchi ends his screed 
with these stanzas, which may serve 
the same purpose for me : 
"And so, thou Yama fair, I guess, 

We'll count thy beauty wise, 
And all thy rare No-Uchi-ness 

Religion to the eyes. 
For Beauty finds its proof in Peace, 

And here the sign is sent. 
May fortune grant thee lasting lease, 

Thou Cabin of Content." 

The office, chicken houses and tro 

are built 

would build in our climate and with our materials 

as they 

The tea house that might have been lifted out of Nippon is exact 
in its fidelity to the Japanese type 

The Prophet's Chamber 



Photographs by the Author 

THE accommodations of a house are not necessarily in pro- 
portion to its size ; and there is a kind of economy which 
consists not so much in curtailing as in expanding the facilities 
one possesses. These reflections were suggested by a very simple 
room in a New England home, which the clever little hostess 
picturesquely termed "The Prophet's Chamber." The idea em- 
bodied in that characteristic bedroom is at once so pretty and so 
practical that it may prove interesting to many other housewives, 
wherever they may be. 

Before entering into any details of the nature and furnishings 
of this interesting chamber it will be appropriate to lead up by 
referring to the genesis of the idea in its modern application. 
From these words the reader will probably jump at the conclusion 
that the thought is not new, and this inference will be both right 
and wrong. That is to say, the accommodation is so old as to be 
new. It is too old even to be a revival. It is simply a hint taken 
after the lapse of ages from what was hardly more than a casual 
suggestion made by a hospitable woman of Old Testament times 
when she was anticipating that a certain prophet would pass that 
way. To refresh our memories we may recall that the good wom- 
an said to her husband: "Let us make a little chamber, I pray 
thee, on the wall ; and let us set for him there a bed, and a table, 
and a stool, and a candlestick ; and it shall be, when he cometh to 
us, that he shall turn in thither." Without feeling competent to 
indulge in any learned commentary on the curious words "on the 
wall" as they occur in the text, we may satisfy ourselves with ob- 
serving that this prophet's chamber was, at least, in some out-of- 
the-way place. It was not one of the familiar and accustomed 
rooms, utilized in the ordinary round of domestic life. It was an 
odd room, a sort of extra that was always to be ready for the 
passing guest. And this pretty piece of thoughtfulness is wafted 
to us after all these centuries like the odor of flowers that have 

long since faded. 

The central 
thought of such a 
room now would 
not be essentially 
different from that 
which inspired the 
old room referred 
to in the book of 
Kings. It is for the 
passer by, the 
chance guest, the 
visitor for a night, 
who needs hardly 
more than a restful 
chamber into which 
he may retire and 
feel at home before 
he starts again 
upon his way. The 
chamber is not one 
where a visitor 
would be installed 
who was going to 
remain for any 
great length of 

A low cot by the window invited rest. The 
ancient slat-back chair, a cherished heir- 
loom, was drawn up comfortably near the 

There is little beside the bed, table, stool 
and candlestick of the biblical description, 
but there is a subtle charm about the 
Prophet's Chamber 

time. The accom- 
modations would 
be too limited, and 
possibly the loca- 
tion of the room 
not sufficiently con- 
venient for a n y- 
thing like perma- 
nent occupancy. 
The furnishings 
too, are of the 
simplest character, 
hardly differing 
from those enum- 
erated in the quaint 

and ancient description. A K-ci, a table, a stool, a candlestick, 
such were the simple items. Theie was enough to meet the re- 
quirements of necessity, and the v ery simplicity of the place 
would not be lacking in certain elements of taste ; but there was 
nothing superfluous, nothing for display or empty show. It was 
a temporary abode rather for wisdom than for fashion, though 
one might imagine its occupant sleeping peacefully within its 
quiet enclosure. Its very atmosphere seems to breathe peace. 

The conditions of life probably do not vary so much as we are 
apt to fancy in the different epochs of time. The women who 
lived 900 B. C. had problems similar to those confronted in this 
year of grace ; and we are solving them well or ill as they solved 
them well or ill. Every housekeeper now has her occasions in 
the round of the year when informal hospitality is to be extended 
to some good friend of the house. It cannot matter that the so- 
called spare room is occupied, there must be some cozy corner 
that will show a welcome even if it show little else. And prob- 
ably in almost every house there is some out-of-the-way room 
which a resourceful woman can adapt to the purposes here out- 
lined. It may be off in the third story, former abode of trunks 
and boxes. If these can be disposed of elsewhere, the room may 
be converted into a Prophet's Chamber. Or it may be some hall 
room so small that one hesitates to put into it anything much 
larger than a cradle or a sewing machine. Yet if it seems ex- 
pedient, even such a cubbyhole can be transformed with the ex- 
ercise of a little taste, though the quarters be close. One point 
that should be observed is that wherever the location of the room, 
however limited its dimensions, and however simple its furnish- 
ings, it is associated with a certain respect which appears in this 
designation as a Prophet's Chamber. Its occupant need not feel 
in any way slighted, but quite the reverse. In that room he is, as 
it were, admitted in a special way into the intimacy of the house- 

The room of the New England hostess was small, as befitted 
its character. It was furnished as the description indicated. A 
low cot bed by the window invited rest. The ancient slat-back 
chair, a cherished heirloom was drawn up comfortably near the 
bed. On the broad sill a bowl of blossoms bespoke thoughtful 
expectation. The floor was bare save for a home-made braided 
rug. The mahogany table in the corner had two drawers, which 
supplied in a measure the lack of a bureau. In one drawer were 
tucked away a few accessories such as pin cushion, hand glass, 
(Continued on page 186) 

Not all the vegetables need be limited to the very short season when they may be picked ripe; if properly stored you can prolong their 

period of freshness 

Storing Vegetables and Fruits 


li Y M. R O n K K T S C O \ (I V E R 
Photographs by S. \Y. Fletcher and others 

THE preservation of fruits and vegetables is difficult only 
when heedlessly attempted or when one lacks the right 
equipment. After breaking contact with the soil or the parent 
plant, winter vegetables must be subjected to certain changes to 
render them proof against decay for a time at least. The meth- 
ods of preserving raw products either deprive the product of heat 
above a certain temperature, or of moisture in a warmer atmos- 
phere, according to the requirements of the fruit. In the case of 
apples and pears, the low temperature retards the ripening proc- 
ess thus postponing decay, but with certain classes of vegetables 
the ripening must be perfected by heat and the absence of mois- 
ture thus toughening the outer skin so that it protects the flesh. 
All fruits and vegetables must be so handled that no bruises are 
made on rind or skin and no injury by sun-scalding or by freez- 
ing. One storeroom cannot meet the needs of all fruits and vege- 
tables. The attic will house strings of peppers and bundles of 
herbs, but it is too variable in temperature for fruits on tubers. 

The root cellar is ideal for barreled apples, Irish potatoes, carrots, 
beets, etc., but too damp for sweet potatoes. The warm dry air 
of a storeroom over the kitchen, where fire is kept the winter 
through, will preserve sweet potatoes, squashes and pumpkins. 
It is a fact, however, that no matter how careful the storage, 
vegetables will fail to keep where the preliminary steps were care- 
lessly taken. For instance, winter apples and pears should have 
attained full size, but in favorable localities should not have 
ripened when gathered. The snappy weather accompanying frost 
retards the ripening process and favors the ultimate keeping of 
the fruit. After hand picking, apples and pears should be kept 
as cool as possible in a building if possible. After several days 
they should be sorted, boxed or barreled and stored where the 
temperature will not fall below 32 nor rise much above 38 in 
the winter. 

Squash and pumpkins, cut from the vines and left lying on the 
(Continued on page 188) 

A cellar built into a hillside. Its walls are air spaced and by 
keeping things dry, cool and well ventilated decay is prevented 

The root cellar is ideal for apples, Irish potatoes, carrots, beet*, 
etc., but is too damp for sweet potatoes 

The Simple Arts of Budding and Grafting 



Photographs by Charles Jones 

THE possibilities of pleasure as well as profit in the home 
fruit garden are greatly increased if its owner understands 
the art of grafting and budding. Both of these processes are ex- 
tremely simple and require but little skill or dexterity. The gen- 
eral rule of professional fruit culturists is to propagate the stone 
fruits by budding and the seed bearing fruits by grafting, but 
these laws are by no means as inflexible as those of the Medes 
and Persians. 

In recent years great progress has been made in both of these 
methods of raising fruits true to name. Most of the nut trees, 
chestnuts, hickory nuts, pecans and so on, that we now obtain 
from the nurseries are from grafted stock. In passing it might 
be said that when the student can successfully graft a shellbark 
hickory scion on a wild pignut sapling he is ready to graduate. 
A beginner had better confine his efforts to fruit trees such as 
peaches, plums and apples before attempting nut culture. 

Budding is easier than grafting. The latter is usually done in 
the spring, just before the buds begin to swell, but budding can 
be practiced at any time when the bark is loose enough to peel, 
and is usually done in mid-summer because at that time well-de- 
veloped buds can 

be secured. To go ^ ^_ _ _ ^__ 
back to fundamen- 
tals, the principle 
of both budding 
and grafting is to 
unite to a young 
growing tree of 
some unknown or 
undesirable variety, 
a small portion of 
the bark or twig of 
a desirable 'sort so 
that the two will 
unite to form a 
new branch which 
can be trained to 
form the head of 
the tree. It is one 
of the mysteries of 
nature that al- 
though the stock 
upon which the 
graft is made may 
be a comparatively 
large tree, and the 
bud or scion which 
is grafted no larger 
than a pin head, 
the ultimate tree 
which will grow 
from this union 
will possess the 
qualities of the tree 
from which the 
scion or bud is 

taken and not hr , P 1 , 11 tr f ee graft as it The T-shaped 

looks before insertion sertion of 

influenced at all by the stock upon which it grows after budding. 

The practical value of propagating fruits in this way instead 
of by growing from seeds is due to the fact that if we attempt 
to grow a tree by planting the apple seed for. instance, we can not 
be at all sure that the tree which may grow will bear fruit at all 
similar to the kind which bore the seed. It all depends upon the 
kind of pollen the bee was carrying that effected the fertilization 
of the blossom. It thus becomes pure guesswork and absolutely 
unreliable. Seeds from the most lucious greening or pound-sweet 
may produce a tree which will bear only the meanest little apples 
in no way resembling their parent. It is necessary, therefore, 
if we wish to propagate fruit trees of known varieties to resort 
to a method more certain than growing from seeds or pits. 

The parent stock, that is, the stock upon which the budding is 
done, is usually a seedling tree two or three years old. All we 
shall need for an outfit for budding is a sharp knife, some raffia 
and a "bud stick." August is in most cases 'the best month to prac- 
tice budding, as at that time well developed buds may be secured. 

We must first of all have seedlings upon which to bud. These 
should be transplanted into nursery rows after the first season's 

incision for the in- 
the bud or graft 

The graft is fitted tightly into the cut on 
the parent stock 



165 1 

growth. If we have them in quantities we are ready to go into 
the culture of fruit extensively. Usually, however, the amateur 
fruit grower will only have a few trees to practice upon, and will 
use for his parent stock the seedlings that have come up along 
the road or garden edge. While budding may be practiced at any 
time that the bark peels readily, it is commonly clone in August for 
most fruits and September for peaches. The latter may be budded 
on seedling stock that has been grown from a pit the same year. 

A few days before budding it is customary to remove the leaves 
from the stock to a height of several inches from the ground. 
This will have a tendency to make the bark more firm when it is 
ready to receive the bud. "Bud sticks" are secured from the ends 
of bearing branches on desirable trees of known varieties. The 
bud itself is found at the base of the leaf petiole. In most kinds 
of fruit it is a tiny thing not much larger than the head of a match. 

The buds must be well developed. Those near the ends of the 
shoots are the least desirable. The bud is removed from the 
stem by cutting off an oval shaped piece of bark. Use a sharp 
knife. The stem of the leaf may be used as a handle for the bud. 
It is better not to leave any wood attached to it. If cut carefully 
only the inner and outer bark will remain. 

To bud a tree we first make a "T" shaped cut in the bark of the 
stock to be budded. This cut should go through the bark into the 
wood. Then peel the edges of the bark back and roll them slight- 
ly. The bud is inserted into this cut and firmly pressed against 
the peeled wood. After which it is securely bound in place with 
soft twine, strips of cloth or raffia. The latter is the best. 

The bud will not make any growth of consequence the same 
year it is inserted, but if it does not shrivel, but remains green. 

It is often advisable to cut back a tree and 
make terminal grafts 


Though twine and cloth may be 
used, raffia is best for tying in 
buds and grafts 

The union of stock and scion is 
made complete by covering over 
with clay 

after a few weeks 
we may be reason- 
ably sure that it is 
alive and will suc- 
ceed. The next 
year when all the 
buds spring into 
g r o w t h, all the 
other leaves from 
the parent stock 
should be rubbed 
off and everything 
done to stimulate 
its growth. 

In view of the 
fact that budding 
is such a simple 
process and one 
without any mys- 
tery or hocus pocus 
it is surprising how 
few gardeners un- 
derstand it. There 
is no plant wiz- 
ardry about it. 
Anyone of average 

intelligence should learn how to bud in a few minutes. The whole 
secret is to secure a point of contact between the green or cam- 
bium layers of scion and stock, to use healthy, vigorous buds, and 

do the work neatly. 
Although graft- 
ing proper is done 
in the spring, this 
season is the time 
to prepare for it. 
The principle of 
the operation is 
just the same as 
that of budding, 
but twigs are used 
instead of buds. 
These twigs, how- 
ever, are selected 
for the vigor of 
the buds and usu- 
ally are three buds 
in length. Ordi- 
narily only the pre- 
vious year's growth 
is used. These 
scions must be kept 
dormant, and to ef- 
fect this may be 
stored in sand, moss 
or sawdust in a cool 
cellar. Where they 
are to be used for 
top grafting that 
is where the tree 
is cut back and a 
new head growth 
planned the scions 
may be stuck in the 
ground beside the 
tree. In the spring 
they are used in 
cleft grafting. 

Sometimes cleft grafting with two 
scions is made; only one i* 
allowed to mature, however 

The herring-bone pattern of laying floors may be used to good advantage when the units are of narrow widths and somewhat longer than 

usually seen 

A Revolutionary Idea in Flooring 


Photograph by Leon Dadmun 

FLOORING, like many other details in house designing, is 
more or less an unsolved mystery to the average individual, 
and some of the confusion about it is directly traceable to the fact 
that ordinarily when a magazine or technical journal goes into 
the subject of flooring the discussion is given over to the highly 
artistic and expensive type of floor. Sometimes the average 
reader concludes from this that the ideal in flooring is too expen- 
sive, and at other times the conclusion may be drawn from read- 
ing details of the care involved in keeping a highly polished floor 
in order, that it would be an uncomfortable thing to live on and 
would require rubber heeled shoes and rubber tipped furniture to 
keep it from being scarred tip. 

Some people may want floors of this kind, and everybody may 
occasionally long for an artistic floor of this high order on some 
special occasion, but the average house owner wants a floor that 
will give both satisfaction and service and leave him feeling com- 
fortable in the matter of cost and care. 

He can have it, too. It is much easier, in fact, to have a floor 
that is pleasant to look at, and at the same time is serviceable and 
comfortable, than it is to have some of the over-elaborate floors. 
It will give more satisfaction in the end and cost so much less that 
the only wonder is that more people have not heretofore gotten 

entirely satisfactory floors by seeking utility rather than ornament. 

The secret of satisfaction in a floor is small units. That is, nar- 
row widths. Back in the pioneer days of lumbering and building; 
flooring boards were made 8, 10 and 12 inches wide. Finally, 
when machine planing came in, the width was reduced to 6 inches 
and then to 4 inches, and finally to 2^2 inches. 

Meantime the hardwood flooring industry developed and 
brought with its development still narrower units. This is really 
a part of the explanation of the success and the improved appear- 
ance secured by the use of hardwood flooring. It was the intro- 
duction of narrow units and the elimination thereby of unsightly 
cracks. The units were reduced down to 2% inches and 2 inches 
on the face, after being finished, and now there is coming a new 
era with still smaller units. 

The popular width in flooring today among those who have fol- 
lowed it out to a logical sound basis, is i l / 2 inches wide on the 
face. This is to be had right along in oak flooring, and soon it 
will likely be available in practically all woods. When it is, every- 
one can have a satisfactory matter whether it is made of 
oak, maple, beech, pine, fir, gum or other wood. A floor made 
up of narrow strips carefully put together cannot .shrink enough 
in any one given strip to cause unsightly cracks. Consequently, 

Floor patterns need not be elaborate or involved in design to be attractive. Simplicity serves here as well as in other decoration 





The long and narrow units give an opportunity for distinctive design and refute the general statement that they cannot be handled for bor- 
ders or irregular floors 

it can be finished off with varnish and either used bare or with 
rugs, and it can be made cheaply enough that if desirable it can 
be covered with carpet in the winter. 

Carpenters and builders do not as a rule advocate these extreme 
narrow units in a floor. It is not to their direct interest to do so, 
because it takes more nails and more time to put the floor down, 
but eventually they will have to come to it ; besides where the 
flooring is rightly made and is end-matched, the joints can be 
made anywhere regardless of whether they are over a joist or not, 
and in this way it does not require a great deal more time or even 
as much waste in lumber to lay a floor as with 4 inch stock. 

In building a new house one of the best plans is to lay all the 
plain floors of standard thickness, 13/16, up-stairs and down, with 
stock only i l / 2 inches wide. This gives a neat appearance and 
safeguards against unsightly cracks. If it is a floor that is sim- 
ply to be painted over, it needs no further treatment than just 
painting, but if a more artistic finish is desired it can be gone 
over with a smoothing plane or a scraper and then filled and var- 
nished, and it makes a very attractive floor no matter what kind 
of wood is used. 

The writer has just been through some experience with flooring 
in the building of a new house in which the original intention was 
to make the up-stairs floor of comparatively narrow widths in 
pine, and the down-stairs floors in oak. Half of the down-stairs, 
the library, kitchen, and side hall was to be finished with plain 
thick oak of common grade, and the parlor and dining room with 
thin oak flooring laid on top of a sub-floor with a striped border 
and rug effect, and the front hall with parquetry and borders. 

The up-stairs floor of <2 l / 2 inch pine was laid first. Then, the 
plain oak floor down-stairs was laid with No. i common i l / 2 inch 
oak 13/16 thick right on the joists. 

After figuring it up and looking at it when finished the pine 
floor which had looked fairly well at first was decidedly disap- 
pointing as compared to the oak floor in narrow strips, because 
after the heat had been on in the house for awhile it showed 
cracks, whereas there is hardly 
a crack visible in the oak floor. 
What made it all the worse, 
too, was the discovery on cast- 
ing up the figures that the 
pine floor had cost exactly as 
much as the oak. It had taken 
a little more time and trouble 
to lay the oak, but the cost of 
material was the same in each 
case. Therefore, if it were to 
be done over again all the 
plain floors up-stairs and 
down would be laid in No. I 
common oak 13/16 of an inch 
thick and scraped and finished 
with a filler and varnish using 

The wide cracks in the old-fashioned floors, which one was so accus- 
tomed to see when the twelve inch boards of pioneer days were 
used, are obviated by the use of narrow widths 

a special varnish on the kitchen floor to stand mopping with water. 
After this experience when it came to finishing up with the 
porches there was involved about a thousand feet in porch floors. 
This instead of being made of pine, cypress, or even of concrete, 
was made of the same stock used in the kitchen and library, \ l / 2 
inch face 13/16, No. i common oak, and painted. 

It would be in order to digress for awhile here on the sub- 
ject of porch flooring to say that for a porch that is up off of the 
ground and can be mounted on piers and the air allowed to cir- 
culate underneath, a good wood floor is much more satisfactory 
than one of concrete. It is healthier and really looks neater. 
Aloreover, it will last if kept painted. That is the secret of wood- 
work exposed to the weather ; keep it painted. Renew the paint 
on it every year, and it will last indefinitely. And in this way a 
good solid wooden floor with air circulating underneath will per- 
haps last as long in a porch as a concrete floor. 

Where a man does not intend to go into artistic borders and 
rug effects in his floors he can get a neat floor that will justify 
finishing off with varnish and wax by using \y 2 inch stock. If 
he has a new house he can use it in standard thickness without 
a sub floor by having it end matched and let the joints come 
wherever they will. If it is in an old house and it is desired to 
put the floor on top of an old floor take a thinner stock, take fa 
inch strips i l / 2 inches wide and he can get border effects. 

It is the original floor construction particularly in mind now, 
however, and one strong point it is desired to emphasize is that it 
need not cost any more to get a floor that you can be proud of, 
than it does to get an ordinary floor that you have to cover up 
with carpet. Go to your planing mill or lumberman and insist on 
getting narrow stock. It doesn't matter whether it is oak, pine, 
maple or beach, you should insist on the narrow units just the 
same, as this is the secret of getting artistic effects in an ordinary 
floor. It is the one thing that eliminates the unsightly cracks and 
makes the floor attractive. 

The oak floor, where it can be had at anything like reasonable 

prices, is more durable and 
more satisfactory generally, 
and if you are anywhere near 
the oak territory you can get 
what is called the No. i com- 
mon grade of oak at about the 
same price you can get good 
common pine. This is a grade 
that has sound knots, some 
small worm holes, and little 
rough places in the flooring, 
and some bright sap, but by 
throwing out a few pieces and 
selecting and fitting your stuff 
up carefully you can get a 
floor that when filled and fin- 
(Continucd on page 187) 

What Type of Heating? 


THIS is the problem that faces every house builder, and also 
any owner who must replace a worn-out furnace. Each 
of the three forms of heating most used at present, hot water, 
steam and hot air, has its enthusiastic adherents, but there are 
some special cases in which each system appears to have argu- 
ments in its favor over the others. 

A man whose business was building houses and then renting 
them told me that he would not use steam or hot water in any of 
them. This was not because he did not 
THE HOT AIR highly value these forms of heat, but he 
| FURNACE had found by costly experience that ii 

, these systems were carelessly or improp- 

erly managed (as is too frequently the case in rented houses), 
they would be damaged far beyond that which hot air plants 
would be under similar misuse. Here a certain heat seems best, 
not because it is considered superior, but on account of local con- 
ditions ; and in any home where no thought or supervision can be 
given the furnace by the occupants whether they be the owners 
or not, by all means put in a hot air heater, of sufficient size to 
properly heat the house. By this I do not wish to give the im- 
pression that there is anything difficult or complicated in the man- 
agement of a steam or hot water heater, for this is far from being 
the case, and anyone can easily learn to care for them, but their 
construction is such that if they are misused, they will be much 
more likely to be injured than will a hot air one. For example, 
the writer knows of a hot water furnace which has an automatic 
attachment for opening or closing the draft and damper according 
to the state of the fire. But the occupant of the house (who was 
also the owner) would on cold winter days detach this arrange- 
ment and open the draft wide, and also a large door underneath, 
which was only intended to be used for taking out the ashes. This 
he did simply because he desired as much heat as possible in a 
hurry. Such treatment was very injurious to the heating system, 
and warnings had to be given him that a continuance of such 
practices would be likely to prove costly. I have seen steam fur- 
naces which were abused in a similar manner, and have known 
fires to be lighted in both steam and hot water heaters with no 
water in the boilers. But where steam and hot water heaters are 
managed with a small amount of care, -they are very desirable for 
house heating in the average home. 

It is well to use a hot air heater when a sufficient supply of fresh 
air cannot easily be obtained from outside. This is a strong point 
in favor of the hot air system, as it constantly supplies fresh air 
without bringing the chill of outdoors into the house. 


We will now suppose that a person decides to use either a hot 
water or a steam furnace ; what are their good points ? It is pos- 
sible to heat a house well with steam no 
matter how cold the weather may be, if 
the heater is large enough, and it will also 
heat up rapidly in the mornings after the 

fire has been cleaned, and the draft and damper adjusted ; but a 
steam heater requires more attention than a hot water furnace 
does. I have found from careful observation that it is necessary 
to coal a steam furnace on an average of every two hours when 
heat is needed in cold weather. This is caused bv its construc- 

tion; for you cannot obtain steam without draft, and when you 
have the draft opened you must burn coal in large quantities, and 
yet it is not possible to put a large amount on at one time, for if 
you do you will cause the steam pressure to fall ; so the only prac- 
tical way seems to be to put on coal in moderate amounts at fre- 
quent intervals. With a hot water heater, it is possible to put on 
a far greater quantity at one time, and as heat is obtained without 
having so much draft on the fire, it can be coaled every five or six 
hours, even in cold weather. It would be beyond the scope of this 
article to enter into a technical discussion as to why this is, but I 
will give an illustration which can be understood by every house- 
wife. When you have a low fire, with all draft closed below in 
your kitchen range, you can still obtain some hot water in the 
boiler. But when you have the draft opened as is usual on ironing 
days, do you not often have to open the hot water faucet in the 
sink to allow the steam which is then generated to pass off? Now 
apply this reasoning to a steam furnace ; if you have a low fire 
without the draft being opened in it you will obtain no heat in 
the radiators, in fact you might as well have no fire ; and before 
steam can be raised you must have a good fire with plenty of 
draft. As everyone knows, water must be heated to 212 degrees 
before steam can be generated. But in a hot water heater if the 
water is heated to only 80 degrees you will obtain some heat in the 
radiators, and if the system is well designed and sufficiently large, 
140 degrees will heat a house well, even on a cold day. So re- 
membering this we simply use a very large heating surface in the 
radiators, and also a heater of large enough capacity always to 
supply them without being forced. 

An important consideration is the size of the radiators. When 
you figure the heating surface of your radiators be sure and have 
them large enough. Do not be afraid of 
RADIATION your being too warm. You can easily 
SURFACE and economically regulate this at the fur- 

nace by having a large or small fire as 

required. When you have figured the total heating surface of the 
radiators add twenty-five per cent, for the heating surface of the 
pipes leading to them, and also twenty-five per cent, for a mar- 
gin of safety on the side of excess heat. So many people do not 
figure this last item, and so obtain an outfit which will never be 
satisfactory. They may be able to heat the house if the fire is con- 
tinually forced, but only by burning a large amount of coal. Let 
me give the following examples : 

Well Designed Heating Plant. Poorly Planned System. 

Heating surface radiators 800 feet 800 feet 

" mains. 200 " 200 " 

" Margin of safety excess heat 200 " none allowed ooo " 

1200 ' 1000 ' 

So for the first example a heater supplying 120x3 feet would be 
required ; but let us suppose that the nearest size made to this was 
1150. Then by all means use the next size above. Always be on 
the safe side as regards excess heat. The slightly additional cost 
of the heater will soon be made up in the coal burned. But so 
many plants are figured according to the second method shown, 
and they are invariably disappointing. It must be remembered 
that in a well designed plant it is planned to heat the house by hav- 
ing a large heating surface in the radiators heated by moderately 
hot water. This allows you to have a much smaller fire than 
(Continued on page 189) 


Growing the Milkweed for Food 

Photographs by the Author 

WE are constantly adding new food- 
stuffs to our list and one of the 
newest is milkweed. It has proven itself 
so delicious and healthful that we can only 
wonder at our long neglect of a staple left 
to grow wild in pastures and roadsides. 

Milkweed is now being cultivated for 
the market and, by proper planting, the 
tender shoots are to be had into October, 
whereas in the wild state they are past 
their tenderness in June. 

The flavor of the milkweed is almost ex- 
actly like that of asparagus ; a blindfolded 
person given it to eat would pronounce it 
asparagus. It is, however, an even richer 
vegetable than the asparagus, as its stalk 
and leaves are filled with a thick milk that 
is exceedingly nutritious when cooked, or, 
for that matter, when eaten raw as a salad. 
which many people prefer, only the tips 
being used in this case. 

For many years farmers' wives in the 
country have always mixed a few milk- 
weed stalks with the mass of mixed greens 
which they delight to gather dock, dan- 
delion, mustard, etc., but they rarely use it 
by itself, which is after all the most de- 
licious way, for when cooked with other 
greens the delicate flavor is lost. 

The milkweed which is now being culti- 
vated in gardens from seed, grows several times larger in the stalk 
than the wild variety, and the stalks in some cases are as large 
around as a quarter of a dollar ; when cut for cooking about eight 
or ten inches of stalk are cut, with the large tender thick leaves on 
it. These stalks are cut into inch or inch and-a-half lengths and 
cooked for about the same time as asparagus, and served with 

Anyone who desires to cultivate milkweed in his garden can do 
so very easily by simply 
planting the seeds very early 
in the spring. They will grow 
and flourish in the most bar- 
ren soil and without any at- 
tention, but if one desires 
giant stalks and leaves and 
an added tenderness and suc- 

Seed-pods of the 
which when cult 
cellnt green for 

culence, one had better fertilize the soil 
and weed and hoe the young plants. 

The lady whose picture is given here 
has made a great success of cultivating 
not only milkweed but dandelions, yel- 
low dock and several other weeds, for 
which she finds a ready market among 
her friends. She was led to the work 
through ill health. She was aenemic and 
no medicine seemed to do her any good, 
so on the advice of an old country doctor 
she went into a little Connecticut farming 
town in the spring and lived on tender 
greens and dairy products. She ate milk- 
weed, dock, dandelion, plantain, tender 
young horseradish leaves, wild mustard 
and nettles, not to mention clover, both 
tender leaves and blossoms, which she ate 
as salad and found them very peppery ; 
in fact clover leaf salad eaten in a large 
quantity will take the skin off the throat. 
All these wild weed foods strengthened 
her so quickly and so perfectly that she 
made a study of cultivating them. She 
declares that we are just beginning to 
learn the wonders of weeds, for about 
our door-yards and pasture fences are to 
be found no end of delicious materials for 
tempting dishes. 

All these things may be kept at the ten- 
der age for the table by different planting periods, just as peas 
and string beans are. 

Although the milkweed is so common it may be well to state 
here that the variety Cornuti is understood in this article as the 
milkweed for cultivation. Its leaves are broader and softer than 
other kinds and its flowers a dull purple in large nodding umbels. 
The swamp milkweed (incarnata) is useless as a food, as its 
leaves are tough. It may be differentiated by its rose purple or 

flesh tinted blossoms, and 
lanceolate instead of oval 

Just try milkweed next 
spring and see for your- 
self how delicious it is. You 
will grow a plant that is dec- 
orative as well as useful. 

despised milkweed, 
ivated makes an ex- 
cooking or for salad 

The stalks are cut when 
young and tender 

Under cultivation the milkweed, like most other wildings, thrives like 
the proverbial bay tree 

A pan of the stalks and tender 
leaves for a salad 


Colchicums make a very effective display when grown in masses and will do very well in a grass lawn if it is not mowed too frequently 

A Bulb That Will Prolong the Fall Garden 



Photographs by Nelson R. Graves 

PLANTS which prolong the blossoming season and tend to 
adorn the garden in autumn are generally welcomed by all 
flower lovers. The colchicums most emphatically possess this at- 
tribute. Once planted they never fail to present themselves, and 
their delicate but cheerful coloring is very attractive. Much is 
said of the desirability of planting the crocus to brighten the gar- 
den and the lawn in the early spring clays, but the colchicums, al- 
though equally desirable for the fall garden, receive but small at- 
tention. They are perfectly hardy and once introduced can be de- 
pended upon for a fine showing year after year, through all 
vicissitudes of fortune and even utter lack of care. 

One pretty garden, of which the owner was justifiably proud, 
had a bed of these flowers. Circumstances required the surren- 
dering of the garden and removal to the city. A visit, after fif- 
teen years had passed, showed the colchicums still living, though 
they were all that remained to tell the tale that a garden once 
flourished there, and they were growing in the grass in the hard- 
est of soil. 

In another garden some colchicum bulbs were taken up to be 

planted in another location. It was supposed at the time that all 
were removed, but small ones must have been left in the ground 
which later was set out to raspberries. The colchicums, however, 
did not propose to yield their right of previous possession and 
every fall bloomed profusely around in the grass among the berry 
bushes. The pinkish-lavender and pure white flowers made a 
very pretty show in the grass, and the bulbs seemed to blossom 
earlier and more profusely than those in the garden beds ; the 
flower stems, too, were longer than the ordinary ones. 

The colchicums make a very effective display when grown in 
masses, and they can be recommended for growing in grass if it 
is not often mowed. When once established they should not be 
disturbed for years, unless necessary, or unless the flowers show 
signs of deterioration. 

The manner of growth of the colchicum and the way in which 
the seed is produced are very peculiar. In September the buds ap- 
pear and the flowers are soon in bloom without a green leaf to 
protect them from the winds and storms of Autumn, which they 
bravely face and from which they never seem to suffer harm. 





The flowers are much like the crocus, 
varying in color; some are white, some 
pink and others checkered lilac, purple 
or white 

In October the blossoms die down, leaving no 
trace of the plant. There would be no time for 
seed to ripen, and, by a curious provision of na- 
ture, these are buried all winter within the bulb. 
In spring a fruit stalk with lily-like leaves ap- 
pears. This makes a rapid growth and the seeds 
ripen about the first of June, after which the 
plant again dies down to be resurrected in Sep- 
tember in the pretty, lavender and white flowers. 

In form the blossoms are like the crocus ; in 
color they vary; some are white, some a pale 
rosy pink or pinkish lavender, and others are 
curiously tessellated or checkered lilac-purple 
and white. Each bulb will produce a number of 
flowers, often six or eight in succession. The 
bulbs are so determined to blossom that if taken 
up just before blooming and placed in pots or 
baskets of moss, they will go on flowering as if 
nothing unusual had occurred, and will even 
produce flowers if the bulbs are not planted at 
all. The single forms are more commonly culti- 
vated, but there are very pretty double varieties. 

One plant which produces double flowers has 
(Continued on page 191) 

A double form was found to bloom 
somewhat later than the single varie- 
ties. Its first blossoms were purple, 
but the later ones were white 

A Combination Hotbed and Storage Pit 


BY RICHARD M A x WELL \V i x A x s 


WHEN we built the combination bed and pit shown in the ac- 
companying drawings, we found that while our original 
intention had been considerably more than met in the design, later 
developments demonstrated that supplemental uses were of even 
greater practical value. 

The plan was conceived in an emergency as an expedient to 
save a valuable lot of large plants of various tender vegetables 
which, because of an unusually backward spring, were being 
crowded to death in the limited confines of the hot-house. That 
emergency was a blessing in disguise, since it has enabled us to 
so greatly profit by the resulting invention. 

Our first frame was built to accommodate tomato plants 
bloom, together with 
eggplant, p e p p e r, 
muskmelon and cu- 
cumber plants ready 
for the field. When 
the weather permitted 
their removal to the 
open there was no 
further use for the 
bed and a suitable 
number of plants of 
each were left in the 
bed, where they were 
forced to fruit days 
in advance of those 
transplanted to the 
field. After that we 

A cross-section through the structure, giving the more important 
abbreviations are referred to in the text 


the purpose of fruiting such vegetables under glass, and we have 
yet to record a single failure. 

As our experience with this frame progressed we found it ad- 
mirably adapted to other uses. Aside from serving the purpose of 
a cold frame, in which lettuce, radishes, spinach, young onions, 
etc., may be grown in late fall and early spring, it is a forcing 
bed par excellence for growing and fruiting such plants as toma- 
toes, eggplant, cucumbers, etc., far in advance of those grown in 
open culture. And as a true hotbed it seemed so much better than 
the ordinary "single-run" bed that we at once abandoned the 
old type. 

The main advantage for all of these purposes is the increased 

amount of air space, 
the possibility of se- 
curing a freer circu- 
lation in ventilation 
during the day and 
the confinement of 
a greater volume 
of heated air during 
the night, together 
with the advantage 
of the ample head- 
room of a small hot- 
house, in which la- 
borers may carry on 
the work of trans- 
planting, weeding, 
etc., during the 
roughest weather, 
having the sash 

dimensions. The 




closed tight against influences of rain or wind. 

Then, too, unlike the ordinary hotbed or cold 
frame, it need not be idle through the severe win- 
ter months, for by removing the glass sash and 
substituting boards lengthwise on the rafters to 
hold a covering of litter and earth, it is converted 
into a practical and convenient storage pit for all 
sorts of root crops, potatoes, onions, cabbage, 
celery, apples, etc., that is more satisfactory than 
a cellar and much better than trenching or bank- 
ing, since one may have ready and easy access to 
the contents in any and all kinds of weather with- 
out disturbing or exposing more than the qualities 
or varieties desired. 

It was left to a neighbor, however, to adapt this 
frame to a use which has the distinction of being 
at once unique and profitable that of raising hot- 
house spring broilers. Having in mind the possi- 
bilities of protection and warmth of 
this bed as a nursery, brooder and forc- 
ing house, the first broody hens were 
encouraged to set and the resulting 
broods at once put under cover of the 
glass roofed frame. 

The result was that they had broilers 
ready for the table about the time 
others were beginning to arrange to set 
their hens and start their spring incu- 
bators. This scheme for raising hot- 
house broilers worked so successfully 
that they have increased their beds each 
year and are now profitably growing 
extra early broilers for market ; a mar- 
ket among a class willing to pay fancy 
prices for such choice specimens, the 
demand for which they have never 
been able to meet. 

In a similar manner late fall broods 
are handled in these frames so as to 
produce broilers for use up to the 
Christmas holidays. 

Another practical advantage of this 
frame is that when built in one long 
section the most desirable form it 
may be divided into subdivisions or 
compartments, of such size as desired, 
for the purpose of maintaining various 
temperatures, or for different purposes, 
such as coldframe, hotbed, vegetable or 
poultry forcing house, etc. For ease in 
handling these partitions should be 
built in two sections of matched lum- 
ber, to permit of being readily placed 
or removed. 

This combination frame may be built 
of any length found desirable or con- 
venient, from one to accommodate 



I. P. 


Fipure 2. 

Detail section at top of 
walls, showing rafters 
and rafter rail. These 
are dropped below the 
top of wall to let the 
sash project 


Section through ridgepole showing how 
rafters are notched in and wired 



The top member of ridgepole is notched to re- 
ceive the rafter ends, a bent wire holding them 



Figure 5 

one to accommodate a 
few hotbed sash to a bed two hundred 
feet long or 
longer. The pru- 
dent builder will 
locate his bed or 
beds so they may 
be added to in 
length as required. 
Convenience to 
an abundant sup- 

The sash guide strips attached to rafters are 
saturated with linseed oil and painted before 
put on 


A device to cover top of 

For weeding the beds and such work, a movable frame slides 
along on the benches 

ply of water is one of the first considerations in 
selecting a location, which should be a site having 
good natural drainage. The bed should be, al- 
though not necessarily, set to run north and south, 
to permit the sun to reach every portion of the bed 
soil at some time during the day. It is well if the 
location is sheltered from the north winds. 

Because of the width of this bed, when built of 
any length, the earth removed in making the exca- 
vation may be loosened with a plow and taken out 
with a two-horse slip scoop or wheel scraper. 

The best time to build the frame is in the fall or 
after the season's work is well over and men and 
teams are somewhat idle ; or any other time during 
the year when the ground is not frozen solid. 

Having determined upon the number of sash to 
be used, and, therefore, the length, lay out the 
ground lines fifteen feet wide for excavation. Al- 
though bed is only about thirteen feet 
over all, free room is desirable for set- 
ting and lining posts without crowding 
the banks of trench. 

A depth of not less than three feet is 
advised, especially where tomatoes are 
to be fruited in the frame. The sides 
are to extend about eighteen inches 
above ground level, which will allow a 
soil filling of eight to twelve inches in 
the coldframe or forcing bed, or a good 
depth for fresh manure when making 
up hotbed. 

The floor of the bed should slope 
from sides to center but be level the 
length way. Since it is absolutely es- 
sential to have a dry floor when the bed 
is used for storing crops we found it 
necessary to dig a ditch in the center 
lengthwise and lay a three-inch tile in 
fine gravel for drainage purposes. 

The inside of the bed is eleven feet 
six inches, and posts are set to allow for 
the thickness of inside boards or plank- 
ing, i. p. The outside, o. p., may be 
covered with any old plank or boards 
available. To insure a perfect align- 
ment the posts, s. p., should be sawed, 
at least on the inside face, and set at 
least three feet deep to secure perma- 
nent rigidity, and if "puddled" tamped 
all the better. 

The inside alignment of posts must 
be absolutely perfect, or there will be 
trouble with rafters bucking or drop- 
ping, from the very beginning. 

Aside from the material for the walls 
the lumber for the skeleton of frame, 
the rafter rail, guide strips, ridgepole, 
ridge boards and center posts must be 
of thoroughly 
seasoned s t u ff 
with straight 
edges and free 
from warp. 

The rafter rail, 
r, s., is of 2 x 2 in. 
(Continued on 
page 191) 



The form of the broken pediment over this 
doorway lends dignity to the apartment 
by the use of simple lines. There is little 
detail work here 

The reeding and detail around this door 
are typical of the best Colonial work. 
The garlands were seldom carved, but 
were of papier mache and very lasting 


The spider-web fanlight is often used by 
modern builders. It gives a lighter effect 
than the imposing pediment in the first 

All the decorative effect of the wood 
texture in this mahogany door is set 
off by the white framework 

Such treatment as this successfully shuts off a room 
from the hall without the disagreeable or dark- 
ening effect of solid doors 

The slight decoration in this transom 
adds the note necessary to complete 
the impression of a Colonial room 

Facts and Figures in Connection with Outside Painting 


Photographs by P. H. Humphrys and others 

WITH every recurring season the question of painting the 
house causes more or less concern among house owners 
who wish to keep their place in good repair at all times both for 
looks and protection. No hard and fast rule can be laid down as 
to how often the exterior of a house should be painted, for that 
is something decided largely by climate, the condition of the paint, 
and the thoroughness of the last job. In high and dry climates 
paint retains its color and usefulness longer than at the seashore 
where the disintegrating effects of salt and moisture are always at 
work. Some houses need repainting every second or third year, 
while others may not require it oftener than every third or fourth 

The early fall of the year is considered by most architects and 
painters the best time to paint the house. October is one of the 
best months, for it is a quiet month, with few heavy winds to 
blow up dust, and most of the insects of summer are dead or 
hibernating. There is little danger of heavy frost to injure the 
paint. One paints his house to protect and beautify it. The se- 
lection of colors must therefore be a matter of individual taste, 
but to protect the woodwork there must be good paint material 
and good workmanship. 

The composition of colored paints, however, should be under- 
stood in a general way by the owner of a house. The white paints 
consist of white lead or oxide of zinc, and combinations of such 
inert materials as barytes, gypsum, whiting and silica. The only 
durable black pigments are lamp black, gas and bone blacks. The 
red pigments consist chiefly of the iron oxides and red lead, but 
often the coloring of these are heightened by mixing some of the 
aniline dyes with them. The aniline dyes are misleading, for they 
give an artificial brilliance to the color of the paint, but they 
quickly fade and cause disappointment. The yellow pigments 
are the chromes and the ochres. The former are the brighter in 
appearance, but not so durable in effect. Aniline dyes are some- 
times mixed with the yellow paints to add to their brilliant lustre, 
but they should not be accepted for permanent work. Blue paints 

are made from the Prussian blues and the ultramarines, and the 
greens from combinations of Prussian blue and chrome yellow. 
The brown paints get their colors from the umbers, siennas, and 
the so-called mineral browns. They are all very durable. 

Pure linseed oil should be used for mixing and emulsifying the 
paints. A good many cheap substitutes are used, such as pe- 
troleum oil, cotton-seed oil, rosin oil and fish oil. None of these 
gives the same permanent results as pure linseed oil. No known 
substitute has ever been found to take its place and give the same 
excellent results. Turpentine and benzine can be used in the 
paints in small quantities to reduce the thickness of the pigments 
to good working condition without any particular harm. They are 
also used sometimes to hasten drying and to secure the "dead- 
ness" of surface. Both the benzine and turpentine are volatile, 
and they disappear and do not remain in the dried coat of paint. 
But even their use should be limited to actual needs. 

In painting a house contractors usually figure that the cost of 
the labor represents from two-thirds to three-fourths of the whole 
cost of the job, and where there is a good deal of cornice, sash 
and ornamental painting to be done the cost of the labor even ex- 
ceeds this proportion. So the paint after all is not the all-import- 
ant part, and one should therefore insist upon the best and also 
upon good careful workmanship. The covering capacity of a 
gallon of paint is a matter that depends a good deal upon the con- 
dition of the house to be painted. On a new house the wood ser- 
vice absorbs the paint much faster than on a surface that has al- 
ready been treated. If ten pounds of white lead will spread over 
221 square feet of surface, the usual estimate, the same amount 
of material in a second coat will spread over 324 square feet. A 
painter under average conditions figures out the total surface area 
to be painted in square feet, and then divides this by 18. That 
gives approximately the number of pounds of white lead in oil 
that will be needed to do a good three coat job. For a two coat 
job divide the number of square feet by 200, and the result will 
give approximately the number of gallons of white lead paint 

Paint is not only an insurance against deterioration but is a certificate of good standing. These houses of similar style owe their different 

appearance to the fresh painted boards of the house on the right 




needed under ordinary conditions to finish the work satisfactorily. 

But this quick method of computation is misleading unless the 
condition of the wood is considered. Some very porous, knotty 
wood will absorb paint to an alarming extent. In order to prepare 
such a surface properly all 
knots, cracks, and nail holes 
must be puttied up. A painter 
who intends to skimp on his 
job can easily spread goorl 
paint over a much wider sur- 
face by thinning it with tur- 
pentine or benzine. It is in 
this work that the use of these 
two ingredients can be made 
harmful and injurious. While 
they do not dry in the paint, 
they spread it over so thinly 
that the wood ha? little pro- 

Parts, if not all, of the ex- 
teriors of many modern 
houses are stained or finished 
off in the natural woods to- 
day, and this naturally in- 
creases the difficulty of mak- 
ing proper estimates on the 
cost. Most woods need some 
treatment to alter the color, 
and the process of deepening 

the grain or changing the color without injuring the grain or 
raising the surface is a somewhat delicate one. There are many 
kinds of stains used for exterior and interior work oil stains, 
water stains, alcohol or spirit stains, acid and alkali stains, pig- 
ment or wiped stains, wood 
dyes and the fuming process. 
Most of these stains are for 
interior work alone, but many 
of them are used for piazzas 
and porches. Oil stains are 
really nothing more than thin 
paints mixed from colors that 
have a transparent nature 
such as sienna, umber, ochre. 
Vandyke brown or the lake 
colors, which are of vege- 
table or aniline origin pre- 
cipitated on a base of whit- 
ing. Many varnish stains 
consist simply of varnish 
mixed with ground dry pig- 
ments, and they are entirely 
unsuitable for the finish of 
houses inside or out. They 
may do for touching up fur- 
niture, but not for house trim. 
Another class of stains con- 
sists of varnish colored with 


With a good white paint upon the walls and a good green on the 
blinds, this house is not only kept in good condition but it reflects 
a cheery, welcoming atmosphere 

In contrast to the similarly built house above the stained and 
weathered walls with bleached blinds here give the impression of 
desolation and poverty. Painting has been put off too long 

aniline dyes. They may have 

their usefulness, but not for house painting or staining. The 

colors soon lose their brilliant tone. 

Exterior stains and varnishes must all be of a durable nature, 
and the best are none too good. For porch columns, outside door, 
window sash and the like only good spar varnish should be used. 
A good spar varnish costs from four to five dollars a gallon, 
while interior varnishes may be had for two or three dollars a 
gallon. To use the latter for exterior work is waste of time and 
labor. It is economy in the end to use only the best spar varnish 

for all woodwork exposed in any way to the weather. In the 
carriage trade they have evolved what they call coach varnish, 
and sometimes this is recommended for exterior house work ; but 
while superior to the cheaper inside varnishes it is not nearly 

as satisfactory as a fine grade 
of spar varnish. This coach 
varnish applied to porch col- 
umns will begin to check and 
crack within a few months. 

No matter how good the 
varnish is, it cannot be ex- 
pected to last on an exposed 
piazza, except on the ceiling 
or protected sides, much 
longer than eighteen months 
or two years without renewal. 
A good many property 
owners appear to be ignorant 
of this fact, and when the 
varnished surface begins to 
wear off after a year and a 
half they blame the painter. 
One should face this fact at 
the beginning. A varnished 
exterior surface will need re- 
touching after eighteen 
months as a rule, no matter 
how good the material origi- 
nally applied. Most var- 
nishes dry too quickly for permanence. They dry by the oxida- 
tion of the oil in them, but they also perish by rapid oxidation 
and lose their lasting qualities. 

Wherever varnish is left exposed to the weather it should not 

be rubbed down to deaden the 
gloss. It must be left bright, 
for rubbing down cuts 
through the varnish film and 
permits the air to get inside 
and disintegrate it rapidly. 
The dead effect of varnish in 
exterior work is obtained 
quickly enough by the action 
of the weather and it should 
never be artificially hastened. 
Where several coats are ap- 
plied, the first two may be 
slightly rubbed down to se- 
cure a smooth surface, but the 
last one should be left glossy 
and bright. 

One may make a rough es- 
timate of what it would cost 
to paint his own house or to 
have it done by a professional 
painter. Contractors gener- 
ally have their own way of 
figuring the amount of sur- 
face space to be covered and 
then set their prices per square yard for the work. Their esti- 
mate of surface area is based upon the general character of the 
house. Thus on clapboarded walls they estimate the number of 
square feet and then add one square foot to each square yard to 
allow for under edges of boards. Cornices are measured by 
length and breadth, and then one-half more added to make al- 
lowances for the under surfaces of curves and edges. Outside 
blinds have their height multiplied by twice the girth for sta- 
(Continticd on page 193) 

i 7 6 



Mr. Smith's home is a charmingly informal one that is based on no distinct architectural style. It is another object lesson in favor of a 

perfectly straightforward development of the plan in simple materials 


O Yo-d 

Brick Ter'r&ce. 



-J -^ 






John A. Curd, architect. 


t, __ 


The first floor plan is exceptionally compact, 
with its simple staircase and no waste hall 

Lavatories are provided for two of the bed- 
rooms an instance of foresight that is far 
too uncommon 

In the living-room, with its simple dark woodwork and rough, warm gray plaster walls, the paneling of the lower part of the walls merely 

by the use of vertical strips from baseboard to plate-rail, is particularly interesting 




The spring-house as it was 


Oswald C. Hcring, architect. 

Above and to the left is shown an old 
stone spring-house that stands on the 
edge of a pond. There is a very fine 
swimming-hole nearby, so the upper 
portion of the old building is now fitted 
up with dressing-rooms for the bathers 

The other two pictures and the cover of 
this issue show the transformation of 
an old srnoke-house into a picturesque 
and comfortable studio 

The smoke-house as it was 

The Editor will gladly answer queries pertaining to individual problems of interior decoration and furnishing. When an immediate reply is desired, 

please enclose a self-addressed stamped envelope. 

Willow Seats for Steps 

SMALL willow scats designed espe- 
cially for the stoops of city houses 
or for piazza steps are among the newer 
conveniences that promote outdoor com- 
fort. They are as substantially woven as 
are the willow chairs, and are like an or- 
dinary footstool in shape, except that they 
have legs at but one end. These legs rest 
on the lower step and support the front 
of the seat so that a firm level surface is 
had, and the seat fits snugly over the step. 
They are decidedly more comfortable 
than the straw mats sometimes used on 

The small willow seats are as substantial as 
chairs and yield as much comfort without 
taking up as much space 

steps and much cleaner than porch cush- 
ions, which are bound to collect more or 
less dirt. Several sizes are to be had with 
slight differences in the height of the legs 
and the depth of the seat, so that steps of 
varying width may be satisfactorily fitted. 

Their most attractive feature is that 
they are practically indestructible and can 
be used season after season. When soiled 
or worn looking they can be made to look 
as good as new with a coat or two of stain. 

As pieces of furniture they are, of 
course, useful only during the warm sea- 
son, for their unusual shape does not per- 
mit of any indoor service, but they occupy 
so little space when stored away that they 
are of slight consideration when the dis- 
posal of the piazza furnishings for the 
winter is undertaken. 

Care of Screens 

THE durability of screens may be 
greatly increased by a little care. 
Store in a dry place the attic is much to 
be preferred to the cellar under most cir- 
cumstances and always clean thoroughly 
before putting away. Brush off all dust, 
repair any breaks, and if paint or varnish 
is required for the frames it is better ap- 
plied before storing for the winter. When 
this is thoroughly dried, brush over both 
wire and frame with kerosene. Frequently 
through the summer give them the same 
treatment it may be quickly done with a 
broad paint brush and a small can of kero- 
sene. This cleans the wire of all dust and 
grease, prevents rusting, and proves dis- 
agreeable to flies as well. 

Brittany Pottery 

npHERE are some charming peasant 
-*- potteries to be had that are very 
unique, and for the housewife or hostess 
who wants something unusual nothing 
could be prettier for a breakfast or lunch- 
eon service or for an afternoon tea set. It 
might be possible even to collect a variety 
of pieces, enough for a dinner set, but one 
would experience some difficulty in doing 

The peasant potteries, of which the 
Brittany ware is perhaps the most charm- 
ing, are made by the peasants of various 
countries when the cold weather forces 
them to abandon their work in the field or 
on the water. The making of these pot- 
teries not being the principle occupation 
of the people and the time which they de- 
vote to its manufacture short, the quantity 
made is necessarily very limited. But even 
if little time is spent in the manufacture, 
none of them is without a certain beauty, 
which though crude is not without its 
artistic value. 

The headquarters for the manufacture 
of Brittany pottery is in the locality of 
Quimper, in the department of Finisterre, 
northwestern France. 

Brittany pottery has a high glaze, is 
made of heavy earthen ware and comes in 
various odd shaped pieces as well as the 
conventional plates, cups and saucers and 
bowls. The peasants originate new shapes 

each year, so that it is wise in buying to 
get all that one is apt to need at one time, 
at least of such pieces as cups and saucers 
and bowls, for the next season's output of 
what is supposed to be the same thing may 
vary greatly in size and shape. 

Although all dishes which we consider 
necessary to a dinner set arc not made in 
the Brittany pottery, there is quite a 
variety of dishes from which one may 
select those best adapted to one's needs. 
There are plates of various sizes, charm- 
ing little cups which could never tip over, 
they are so squat. These have the quaint- 
est of designs: yellow flamingos, yellow 
birds, blue birds, roosters, quaint little 
ladies in full peasant skirts and peasant 

"Mr. and Mrs. Quimper" dressed in their 
quaint Brittany costume may be had on 
many of these pottery pieces 

caps, and little gentlemen in full breeches 
and broad brimmed hats. Each piece is 
signed with the initials of the artist and 
the name of the place where it is made, 
H. B. Quimper being a signature that is 
often seen. The signature often forms 
part of the design, and being placed under 
the little lady and gentleman, as it fre- 
quently is, it appears as if it were their 
name. I call them "Mr. and Mrs. Quim- 

Though the design on each article varies, 
many arrangements of line convention- 
alized flowers, birds and people being the 
motifs all harmonize, for the same gen- 
eral style of design is followed in each. 
Blues and yellows are the predominating 
colors, with reds, greens and oranges. 
Some are very vivid in coloring and others 
are soft in tone. Blues, yellows and reds 
for the colors of a breakfast or afternoon 



tea set seem rather startling, but they are 
not at all barbaric. 

This peasant pottery is so unusual and 
so quaint that it is somewhat difficult to 
supply the demand for it, now that it is 
becoming known. The dealers seem not 
to have discovered it as yet, or else the 
amount that is made is so limited that the 
importers do not care to handle it. A 
few of the studio shops, however, have 
discovered it, and appreciating its charm, 
import each year quite a quantity of the 
pottery. One artist dealer goes each year 
to Brittany to select his stock, for, like 
most things, there is a choice to be made. 
The shapes of some pieces are better than 
others, and the dealer has confided to me 
that unless a careful selection is made of 
the colorings, some of them are rather too 

Besides the plates, cups and saucers 
and bowls, of which there are plenty to be 
had, the peasants make such pieces as soup 
toureens, salad bowls, even an oil and vin- 
egar cruet, salt cellars, egg-cups, cream 
pitchers and sugar bowls. Amongst the 
prettiest pieces are the little two-handled 
porringers which are shown in the illus- 
tration. These are made in four or five 
different si^es. The larger porringers 
have two little holes in the base of the 
standard and by passing a wire through to 
make a loop by which to hang them, they 
can be arranged in groups of two or three, 
or more, on the dining room wall. Hung 
in this way they are very effective. 

There are bread and cake plates, some 
round, some square, and of these there is 
usually but one design of a kind. Xext 
in size are very large plates, twelve and 
fourteen inches in diameter. In the ab- 
sence of platters these, can be used nicely. 

As useful as these plates may be at the 
table. I think their decorative value is one 
of their best features. On china closet or 
buffet or mantel they add charm hard to 
be surpassed by other wares. 

Probably each piece of pottery costs in 
Brittany but a few centimes, but by the 
time the packing express charges and 60 
per cent, duty, which is levied on china, 
is paid, the price is advanced very consid- 
erably. However, the small porringers 
cost from 35 cents to 50 cents each, cups 
50 cents, small plates 35 cents to -75 cents, 
and the larger pieces, such as large plates, 
salad bowls, etc., $1.50 to $2.50 and $3.00, 
making the cost not very great for set of 
dishes which is really unique and never 
fails to please the guest who has tea or 
luncheon served to them on china so truly 
novel. Several of my friends have made 
wedding presents of small services, and 
the gift has never failed to please the 

Suggestions to Users of Electricity 

users of electricity know the dif- 
ference between the two systems in 
general use ; also about different voltages. 
Fan motors, sewing-machine motors, cook- 
ing apparatus, etc., made for direct current 
will not operate on alternating current. 

Also the voltage of any piece of apparatus 
must correspond with that of the system 
supplying the electricity. If not, a fire 
may result, or the device be rendered in- 
operative until repaired. The following 
example will tell what is the proper way 
of ordering or determining in case you are 
offered the loan of any piece of apparatus : 

"Alternating current; voltage 110; arti- 
cle, electric sewing-machine motor." 

Dangerous results (a costly fire narrow- 
ly prevented becoming dangerous) sug- 
gested the above hint. Often house- 
wives will lend each other different devices 

An Efficient Alarm 

A VERY inexpensive and satisfactory 
device is one that may be placed un- 
derneath a rug. mat, or even under the 
stair carpet and which when stepped on 
will sound an electric bell at any desired 
point. They are made by a number of 
electrical supply companies and make a 
very satisfactory alarm. If used at night 
a switch may be placed at any convenient 
point, and the device rendered inoperative 
in the daytime by simply turning it. All 
materials for an ordinary system of this 
kind can be purchased for about $1.75, and 

The designs are various and admit of a wide choice, but all are on the same general 
color scheme and decoration, and it is not necessary to have exact designs to harmonize 

such as have been mentioned above, with- 
out knowledge that what worked on one 
system of electricity will not work, in fact 
is very dangerous to attempt to operate, on 
another. This is especially true when one 
moves from one town to another. The 
direct system may have been used where 
the owner first resided, the alternating in 
the place he moves to. The voltage may 
also vary. 

an ingenious householder can install it in 
a very short time with little labor. 

This form of alarm is simpler than some 
of the old types and has the advantage of 
being in an unlocked for place. Skilled 
second-story men often have found no dif- 
ficulty in avoiding the door and window 
alarms, but this type may be an absolute 
guard for every floor no matter where the 
house-breaker effects his entrance. 

Conducted by 

The Editor will be glad to answer subscriber's queries pertaining to individual proble ms connected with the 
garden and grounds. When a direct personal reply is desired please enclose a self-addressed stamped cni'dope 


FT seems quite natural to consider Sep- 
* tember as the close of the gardening 
season. A far better way, however, is to 
think of it as the beginning the beginning 
of next summer's plans for grounds and 
garden. The intermission of winter will 
make all this year's mistakes and good 
resolutions fade into the indistinct past, 
and you will start next year's work and 
problems from practically the same point 
as you did this year. Instead of such a 
happy-go-lucky system, or want of one, 
you should certainly utilize this year's ex- 
periences, and build them into the founda- 
tion of the coming season's work. Have 
you any definite plan for doing so? Or 
are you trusting to that most fickle of as- 
sistants memory? Why not do as HOUSE 
AND GARDEN has so often urged you, in 
your own interest, to do : make a sketch 
of the grounds and jot down improve- 
ments you could make? 

A Garden Path 

For instance, is there not some track 
across the lawn, leading to a flower bed 
or a shady spot, where a neat path would 
look much better than an uneven bare 
track? Why not put in a narrow gravel 
path? You can either do the work your- 
self or supervise some unskilled laborer. 
There is no nd of calling in the assis- 
tance of the profession of landscape gar- 
dener or florist. First mark it out, with 
string if a straight path, or if it is to have 
a graceful bend or two use a number of 
small stakes, that can be moved in or out 
at will until you get your curves just 
right. Cut out the edges evenly with an 
edger or sod cutter and remove the sod 
and soil. This, by the way, will be ex- 
cellent for the compost heap, or for some 
bed that could be raised a little. The 
width of the path will depend, of course, 
on what it is to be used for and its har- 
monizing with the other features pi, the. 
place. V 

Into this excavated patff' put .coarse 
gravel, coal-ash clinkers or any other very 
coarse material which you can easily ob- 
tain, filling it within -about two inches of 
the top. Tread or pound down very 
thoroughly and then fill in with small 

gravel or screened coal ashes, a little above 
the surface of the lawn, and well round- 
ed up in the middle. If possible, it will 
be well to let the lower layer stay awhile 
and settle before putting on the top one, 
but the other should be in place, trodden 
down some time before the ground freezes. 
The great advantage of making paths and 
walks in the fall is that they have a chance 
to work down into a permanent position 
during late fall and early spring. 


This is a good time also to pick out 
those places on the lawn where shrubs 
or trees would add to the general effect 
of the place. Stand on your porch or ve- 
randa and in your mind's eye fill in the 
empty and thin-looking spots. Is there 
an open vista to the left, terminating in 
your neighbor's unsightly chicken yard? 
Can you not imagine the improvement a 
good thick horse chestnut, or clump of 
spirea, with its dense mass of graceful 
sprays, or even a shapely pine or hemlock 
from the wild woods, would make? Per- 
haps a few flowering, low-growing shrubs 

would break the monotony of trees plant- 
ed in straight lines, or at regular intervals. 
Your place is the exception indeed if no 
improvements suggest themselves to you 
as you look out across the lawn. Make 
them this fall. The trees are not expen- 
sive, and you can have the nursery man 
deliver them in proper time for setting in 
your locality. Many, such as pine, hem- 
lock, spruce, birch, maple, cedar and 
others, may be had in many sections sim- 
ply for the trouble of digging them up. 
It is, of course, more difficult to trans- 
plant such trees than those grown in the 
nursery, where previous transplanting has 
caused the formation of a dense mass of 
roots, in place of the long main tap-root 
which trees dug from the woods usually 
have. However, with care the unculti- 
vated trees may be brought through ; even 
if some of them die, those remaining will 
repay the trouble of securing and plant- 
ing them. Always take up as much earth 
as possible, cut off cleanly all broken or 
bruised roots and firm well when setting 
out. If the soil is so dry that water must 
be used, put it in the bottom of the hole. 

A garden path leading to a flower bed or across the lawn where the grass is always tracked 

down, will add much to your place 





Plants of Merit 

A plant which, although popular, is 
not in such universal favor as it should 
be, is the peony. It is a robust grower, 
and free from practically all the diseases 
and insects attacking many other orna- 
mental plants, but it needs a deep rich 
soil to do its best. If you have plants old 
enough to divide, attend to it by the 2Oth 
of this month. One good strong bud is 
enough to put in a place. Most sorts will 
do best when put three to four feet apart. 
If you are going to set out new plants, 
perhaps it will be safest to wait until next 
spring, but get the bed ready now ? Make 
it rich, with manure if you can get it, and 
plow or spade it up deep and rough on the 
surface. The old peony bed should be 
mulched with manure, and if the soil is 
very dry, kept watered. Remember that 
the peonies, like many other hardy plants 
which make a very quick growth in the 
spring, store up energy and food in the 

Geraniums such as these may be had all 
winter if started from cuttings now 

crown of roots a year ahead. You will get 
returns for any care given now in next 
spring's beautiful foliage and enormous 

Another flower that is an old popular 
favorite, but by no means universally seen, 
is the larkspur. The colors are wonderful. 
Set plants or sow seed now, or divide your 
own roots later in the fall when all growth 
has stopped. 

It is also time to sow petunias, phlox, 
Drummondi and other small growing an- 
nuals for winter blooming indoors. The 
secret of starting small seeds at this time 
of the year is to have the soil thoroughly 
moistened the day before sowing, and to 
choose some place that can be sheltered 
from too much direct hot sun, and heavy 
rains. A coldframe with finely pulver- 
ized and prepared dirt, that can be cov- 
ered with a sash of protecting cloth, will 
be as good a place as may be had. The 

best plants will be had by transplanting 
once just as soon as possible, before put- 
ting into the boxes and pots for winter 

While speaking of sowing seed, do not 
overlook the possibility of having earlier 
and better sweet peas than your neigh- 
bor's. How? By planting them this fall. 
Prepare your trench, unless it is on ground 
that you know is thoroughly drained by 
a sandy subsoil, by digging out to a depth 
of twelve to eighteen inches, and put in 
the bottom coarse coal ashes or gravel. 
Cover this to within four or five inches of 
the top with soil that may be made as rich 
as one-half manure. Do not use fresh 
manure, which might heat and cause the 
seed to sprout. The idea is to keep the 
seed dormant until spring. For this rea- 
son the planting should not be done too 
early, thus allowing the seeds to start and 
be frozen back. Wait until cold weather 
is at hand, two or three weeks before you 
may expect freezing. 

The House Plants 

A job which should not be put off, is 
the preparing of your winter plants for 
blooming and decoration indoors. The 
ideal way of getting a flowering plant, 
such as a geranium, ready for winter 
work is to start it from cuttings or 
seed, in early summer. Keep them grow- 
ing on in pots plunged up to the rim 
in soil, and turned every week or so to 
keep them from rooting through. They 
should be re-potted when necessary, and 
all buds kept pinched off before bloom- 
ing, so that their full strength may be 
saved for blooming indoors. Where these 
preparations have not been made, however, 
one can still have a supply by getting to 
work at once. Select a few of the best 
formed plants, preferably of small size, 
and if the soil is dry, water thoroughly 
for several days. Cut them back severely 
two-thirds to three- fourths of the new, 
rapidly made growth. After the cuts have 
healed over, pot them in good rich porous 
soil (mix with it swamp or- sphagnum 
moss, leaf-mold or chip-dirt, to one-half 
its bulk if necessary). Pot them firmly, 
water thoroughly, and keep in partial 
shade for a week. From the new growth 
which will rapidly develop you will get 
good results. From plants too large and 
old to bring in, take cuttings. This is the 
most favorable season of the year for 
rooting cuttings, and with clean, coarse 
sand, and carefully selected ripe wood, 
you ought to get very satisfactory results. 

In the Vegetable Garden 
Lettuce and radish may still be sown, 
and spinach, onions and borecole for win- 
tering over. Try also parsnip, carrot, 
peas, to be planted now, just too late to 
germinate this season. The seed costs 
but a few cents, and it's well worth taking 
the chance, which is by no means too big 
a one, that they will come through all 
right, as far north as New York. The 
advantage of fall sowing is that seeds can 
begin to grow before the soil is dried out 

A typical geranium cutting should be care- 
fully selected for good ripe wood 

enough to work in spring; besides which, 
of course, it relieves the spring rush. 

All the onions should be ready for har- 
vesting this month. In very dry seasons, 
sometimes before. September i. As soon 
as the tops die down and wither pull them 
even if small. Later rains, instead of 
making them larger, will ruin them entire- 
ly. Pull and pile up in windrows, three 
to five rows in each, according to the 
weight of the crop. They should not be 
piled up much. Turn with a wooden rake 
two or three times that they may dry off 
evenly, and then spread out as thinly as 
possible under cover, but in an airy place, 
as they must dry out a good deal more be- 
fore being stored for winter. This must 
be done previous to severe freezing. 

Keep an eye on the weather to prevent 
losing your squashes. A few days before 
frosts are to be expected, cut them with a 
few inches of vine to each (never break 
off the stems), and turn over to expose 
the under side to a few days sunlight, 
then carry in and pile, being exceedingly 
careful not to bruise, where they can be 
covered with bags or mats from the first 
light frosts; store in a safe dry place as 
soon as possible, as it takes but little frost 
to spoil them. 

This is the most favorable season of the year 
for rooting cuttings. Take them from thi 
portion of the branch and trim off the 
lower leaves 



LIKE a breath of spring on a March day comes a letter today 
from a man who has gone back to the land. 

"I'm dead broke, but I own a farm. I'd rather be broke and 
own a farm, than not be broke and not own a farm. 

"I have been camping in the orchard in a tent and having the 
most glorious time. I have spent weeks under an old apple tree 
with a saw and a pruning knife, looking for that 'ideal' that 
HOUSE AND GARDEN says is the requisite for a successful trimmer 
and pruner. Bang the editor's head ! There isn't any ideal ! He 
is just talkin' hot air. Send him up to me and I'll pound his head 
and then show him deer that watch me bathe in the morning, a 
mother partridge shooing her brood from under my feet, the 
scarlet tanager that greets me from a nearby tree, the baby birds 
that swing in nests in every other apple tree. I'll show him the 
miniature brooks and the valleys and the hills of this farm. I'll 
let him look at a landscape that cannot be beaten. All these 
things are worth more than 'ideals' anyhow. Why, I don't be- 
lieve the editor would know an ideal if he met one walking up 

Probably not, but if we wanted to find one in a hurry, we would 
take the first train for that farm in the glorious old hills of 

It is amazing, the widespread extent of this desire to get out of 
the wearing struggle of city life back to a way of living that 
agrees so infinitely better with our calm reason. No, it is not amaz- 
ing, on second thought, for it is such a perfectly natural reaction 
from the life we have gradually been speeding up to. Looking 
at the movement for it is strong enough to warrant that name 
in an absolutely disinterested way, it betrays the fact that it is a re- 
action rather than a logical forward development, in that it is mak- 
ing itself felt almost exclusively about the greater cities. That is 
to say, there is no reason to believe that we as a people are going 
to become more of a farming people than we now are. There is 
too much restlessness, too much nervous energy leavening the 
mass for that. The distinctly American trait of an abiding lust 
for power, for influence, for the acquisition of wealth, is too 
strong to be swept aside by the less blatant attractions of a more 
contemplative mode of living. All of which is not going to dis- 
turb for one moment the serene joy of the man who has -decided 
to make the break and get back to the soil. What does he care 
about the stock market, the subway problem or the latest restric- 
tions on the building of tenement houses? Other problems are 
his the selection of seed corn that will produce a few more ker- 
nels to the ear, the diverting of that spring on yonder hillside to 
feed a new irrigation system, the oiling of that shotgun up on the 
wall pegs, in preparation for a day after quail. Life with him 
flows as a slower stream and the cup he quaffs from it is a deeper 
one. Probably he is never going to accumulate a "fortune," in 
the accepted meaning of that most elastic term, but the land is 
going to give him enough and to spare in return for his labor, 
and his life will be really worth living. 


N editorial in the New York Sun recently complained bitterly 
that the landscape gardener, in spite of the widespread in- 
terest in this work, still seems to be only a luxury for the posses- 
sors of great country estates. The point was made that the poor 
man or the man of moderate means had no such expert to aid him 
in the task of laying out the garden in accordance with the best 
ideas along these lines. 

In all humility, we venture to say that this is precisely what 
HOUSE AND GARDEN is trying to do, just as it is trying to show 
the man of moderate means what is best in architecture and in- 
terior decoration, without necessitating too great a cost. 

The phenomenon that the Sun complains of is not in any sense 
restricted to landscape architecture, or in the more humble term 

. gardening. The man who has three to five thousand dollars to 

spend upon his home, faces the same problem that of building 
well and beautifully within his means. In many cases he feels 
that the services of an architect would add expense without justi- 
fication, failing to realize the indisputable fact that the few hun- 
dred dollars he would pay for the architect's services would be 
saved twice over in securing proper construction and the effective 
use of inexpensive materials. 

Unfortunately these small problems are not attractive to the 
architect. His expenses in drawings, writing specifications and 
supervising the erection of a house costing $5,000 are practically 
identical with his expenses in performing the same services in 
the case of a house costing $10,000, yet his reward in the second 
case is double that of the first. This of course is due to the 
existing system of architects' charges being based upon the per- 
centage of the total cost of the building. The system is not ideal, 
but the experience of many years has shown that it is the most 
practical working system thus far devised. Of late years archi- 
tects have expressed their recognition of the greater cost of time 
and labor involved in a small house by increasing the percentage 
rate below $10,000 or $7,500. This is only fair, and the results 
from a practical as well as an esthetic viewpoint are well worth 
this higher fee. 

The case is identical with the gardening and landscape side. 
People who have not thought deeply in the matter are far too apt 
to feel that they can readily dispense with the services of the 
skilled landscape gardener, when the work is not extensive in its 
scope. Then too, on the face of things the man is apt to think 
his own knowledge concerning planting is sufficient for all prac- 
tical purposes on a small place. The only solution of the problem 
that we can think of is the same for both cases that the prospec- 
tive maker of a home investigate the matter fully enough to 
satisfy himself that the services of both an architect and a land- 
scape gardener are not only advisable, but true economy, and that 
he be willing therefore to pay the price. 


IN a nearby grocery store there is a small tray divided into per- 
haps twenty compartments, each containing packets of seeds 
lithographed in gay colors. On the under side of the lid, which 
is hinged and held at a convenient angle with chains, is an inspir- 
ing garden scene and the legend, "\Ve can highly recommend 
these seeds." To our certain knowledge that tray and most of its 
contents has been in that store for three years, brought forth each 
spring into a prominent position to tempt amateur gardeners. 
The packets of peas, beans, lettuce, and so on, bear no seedman's 
name a fact that mutely testifies to his business sagacity, for 
when seeds fail to sprout the amateur gardener has an unerring 
memory regarding the name the packet bore. When one con- 
siders for a moment the relative values of the seed and the labor 1 
that go into the making of a garden not alone the labor of 
making ready the soil and planting, but the season's work in cul- 
tivation, transplanting and fertilizing it would appear that the 
very best seed obtainable is none too good on which to base the 
hazard. If we were casting about for the most common causes 
of failure in gardening, one of the first to hand would be cheap 








World's Choicest Nursery and Greenhouse Products 

August and September Planting 

Tin: proper way to buy Is to see the material growing. We shall gladly 
give our time and attention to all Intending purchasers visiting our 
Nursery, and inylte everybody Interested in Improving their grounds to 
Tlslt us. Our Nursery consists of upwards of 3fH) acres of highly cultivated 
land, and Is planted with a choice selection of Ornamental Nursery Products, 
placing us ID a position to complete plantings and nil orders of any size. 

Boxwood. We grow thousands of plants 
In many shapes and sizes. Every- 
body loves the aroma of old fash- 
ioned Boxwood. 

Bay Trees. Our display of these fns- 
clnating trees Is larger thin season 
than ever. We are growing many 
hundreds of perfect specimens. 

Decorative Plants. We have 250,<HjO 
square feet of greenhouses in which 
we grow Palms for conservatories, 
house and exterior decorat ions. 

Hardy Trailing "and Climbing Vines. 
We grow in pots quantities for all 
kinds of planting. 

Plant Tubs and Window Boxes. Ask 
for special lists. 

Hardy Herbaceous Plants. We have 

thousands of rare, new and old fash- 
ioned kinds. Our Herbaceous grounds 
are especially Interesting at this 
time. Special prices on quantities. 

Evergreens and Conifers. More than 
75 acres of our Nursery are planted 
with handsome specimens. Our plants 
are worth traveling any distance to 

Tree Peonies. In all the leading va- 

Pot-grown Strawberries. Pan Ameri- 
can and French Four Season. Ask 
for special list. 

Bulbs and Roots. Wo import large quan- 
tities of Bulbs ninl Roots from Japan, 
Holland and other parts of Europe. 
Our Special Autumn Bulb Catalogue 
will be 11111 iled upon request. 

Our New Giant- Flowering Marsh Mallow. This is the florlculturnl marvel of the 
age. Everybody interested In Hardy Old-fashioned Flowers should visit our 
Nursery and see this wonderful plant now In bloom. 

Our Formal Rose Garden. This formal rose garden is now a permanent feature 
of our nurseries. We claim it to be the only commercial rose garden in the 
country laid out on so comprehensive a plan and established as a fixture for ex- 
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have many thousands In bloom in several hundred varieties. Do not fall to 
Inspect our entire collection while visit. rg our Nursery. 

Our Illustrated General Catalogue No. 40, will tell you about the al>ove and 
all our other products for Lawns and Gardens. 

We plan and plant grounds and gardens everywhere 
We Can Make Old Gardens New and New Gardens Old with Our World's Chokest 

Nursery Products 

Visitors take Erie Railroad to Carlton Hill, second stop on Main Line 
Tli Tee minutes' wa Ik to N u rse ry 


Nurserymen, Florists and Planters RUTHERFORD, N. J. 

Lamps that Beautify 

Any room in your house will be 
enriched in charm and beauty 
when lighted with a Handel 
Lamp. The soft, mellow light 
shows every detail of the fur- 
nishings to the best possible 

Handel Lamps and Fixtures are 
expressions of the highest art- 
istic skill and originality. The 
form and proportion are fault- 
less and the color harmony is 

The reading lamp here illustrated 
is style No. 5357; it is made for elec- 
tricity, gas or oil. Base is hand- 
wrought cast metal, handsomely fin- 
ished. The shade is a beautiful design 
in blown glass Teroma, made by our 
cameo etching process which gives an 
exquisite blending of colors and pro- 
duces a soft, rich radiance. 

Handel Lamps 

and Fixtures are sold by leading jew- 
elers and lighting fixture dealers. We 
will gladly tell you the name of the 
nearest Handel dealer and we will 
assist you to select a lamp especially 
suited to your requirements. 

Our booklet, "Suggestions for Good 
Lighting," shows many interesting 
possibilities in artistic lighting effects. 
It also illustrates the leading styles 
of Handel Lamps and Fixtures. 

Sent upon request 
to anyone interested. 


Handel Company 


New York Show Rooms 
64 Murray Street 

You Need This 
Book to Help 
You Decorate 

Are you planning a new 
home, or about to decorate 
your present one ? Then 
this book, 

Interior Finishing, " 

will be of great assistance 
in suggesting color schemes 
and in advising as to the 
best way to finish your 
woodwork. It's free. 

Send For It 

It tells, also, about the 


We make over 300 kinds, so that every condition that your 
finishing requires will be fully met by a varnish made especially 
for that condition. Behind each varnish is an experience of 
62 years making varnishes the best they can be made. 

If you would guarantee to yourself lasting satisfaction, see 
that the varnish your architect specifies or painter uses bears 
the Pratt & Lambert label and that it is the kind we make 
especially for the purpose you have in mind. 



will enable you to secure the purest permanent white effects. It never 
discolors, cracks nor chips. Flows easily and dries hard and smooth, 
without a trace of brush mark or lap. That is why it is so easy for any- 
one to apply it successfully. It is proof against weather conditions, anil 
is unexcelled for interior or exterior work on wood, plaster or metal. 
Your bathroom, kitchen and at least one bedroom should be finished 
with Vitralite. Vitralite enamels white makes rooms cheerful 
and bright. 

Sample Panel and Vitralite Booklet Sent Free 

The question of floor finish is settled by "61" Floor Varnish, the 
one varnish made especially to withstand the hard usage all floors receive. 
"61" is mar-proof, water-proof, heel-proof. 

Send for Free Sample Panel finished with "61" 

Stamp on it and prove you may Jcnt the ivoo,/ but the 'varnish 'won't crack, 
You'll find our free book, "The Finished floor, " valuable. Send for it. 

If your dealer cannot (jive you the "P & L" Varniih you want, 
end direct to us at 11 1 Tonawanda Street, Buffalo, New York 

In Canada, 61 Courtwright Street, 
Bridgcburg, Ontario 



^"i't^Krr ESTABLISHED 62 YEARS '":*A. r "V.";" 



Asbestos "Century" Shingle Roof Residence of George Jacka, Calumet, Michigan. 


"The Roof that Outlive* the Building" 

EVERY cent you put into an Asbestos "Century" 
Shingle roof buys wear and service protection 
against fire and weather insurance against bills 
for repairs and painting. 

You can't say as much for any other roofing on 
the market. 

roofing and there's the end of the 


No repairs no painting. 

You can get Asbestos "Century" 
Shingles in three colors Newport 

by weather and time. Fire cannot Gray (silver gray) Slate (blue black) 
burn them, melt, chip or flake them, and Indian Red in numerous shapes 
Their first cost is about what you 
would expect to pay for a first-class 

Asbestos "Century" Shingles are 
practical, lightweight shingles of re- 
inforced concrete made of hydraul- 
ic cement reinforced with interlacing 
asbestos fibers. 

They are absolutely indestructible 

and sizes. Write for booklet "Points 
on Roofing." 

The Keasbey & Mattison Company 


Ambler, Penna. 

Branch Offices in Principal Cities of the United States, 
and London, England. 

Plant for Immediate Effect 

Not for Future Generations 

Start with the largest stock that can be secured. It takes over twenty years 

to grow such Trees and Shrubs as we offer. 

We do the long waiting thus enabling you to secure Trees and Shrubs that give 
an immediate effect. Price List Now Ready. 


WM. WARNER HARPER, Proprietor 

New Ways of Controlling Elec- 
tricity in the Home. 

(Continued from page 155) 
cellar light or lights. While the cellar 
lights are burning the red light in the 
<itchen burns, serving as a reminder. The 
red light should be set where it will di- 
rectly confront the person who mounts the 
cellar stairs. The cellar light that is con- 
trolled from the kitchen is the only worth- 
while light, for it need not be turned out 
downstairs while you grope your way tip 
in the dark, nor need a streak of candle 
rease bear testimony to the use of a light 
in the hand. 

An adaptation of the door-hinge idea 
lias been 'worked out by an out-of-town 
house owner. His place is surrounded by 
a fence with a gate. When he opens the 
gate on his arrival at night, the switch set 
at its hinge turns on the light on the 
piazza., enabling him to plainly see his way. 
This light may be turned off at the house 
when desired ; but the approach of a caller, 
or anyone who opens the gate, will serve 
to turn on a welcoming light. In the case 
of a tramp or other undesirable, the magic 
light will probably serve as a watch-dog 
and repel rather than invite advance. 

This convenience could we well adapted 
to city houses where on opening the area 
gateway one is confronted by abysmal 
darkness. Suppose the opening of the 
gate turns on a light in the areaway ; it 
would serve not only as a help to the new- 
comer, but would enable the person who 
opens the door to see what manner of man 
desires admittance. Lights of this sort 
would also be a valuable aid to the police. 
Nowadays a large public building not 
equipped with electric fire signals is an 
anomaly. For private house use these 
annunciators have not had sufficient atten- 
tion. The country house should be pro- 
vided with an annunciator connected with 
the stable, with an outside gong to sum- 
mon neighborly help, with the fire depart- 
ment, or at least with a loud gong to warn 
all the inmates. These annunciators re- 
quire the breaking of their glass covering 
with sharp blows, which breakage releases 
the spring controlling the connections. 

The instantaneous electric hot water 
supply for the bath room, kitchen or laun- 
dry is a newly perfected apparatus which 
will supply hot water in small or large 
quantities as desired. The most improved 
connection provides for the passage of 
electric current through cold water, the 
water being automatically turned into the 
heater as the electricity is turned on. This 
provides against overheating the carbon 
rods before the water comes in contact 
with them, doing away entirely with the 
danger of steam explosion. 

The man-of-the-house need not growl 
over lack of warm water and good light 
for shaving, if his house be wired for elec- 
tricity. A portable shaving glass ar- 
ranged with a movable shade and diffused 
electric light underneath, throws a good 
light upon the face, without shadows. A 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 



wall mirror could be made to serve the 
same purpose with small stationary lights 
around it, half shaded so that no shadows 
fall upon the face. The electric shaving- 
mug holds a half pint of water quickly 
heated from the device at the bottom of 
the cup when attached to any incandescent 
bulb socket. 

That the hot water bottle is to be rele- 
gated to the past, and to those not progres- 
sive enough to use electricity, is demon- 
strated by the electric warming pad a 
thick pad apparently made of eider-down 
flannel. The heating element is concealed 
in the center; and when attached to a 
socket one has all the delight of a hot- 
water bag with the knowledge that it will 
retain its heat indefinitely. The warming 
pad is also usable with a small storage 
battery for carriage, sleigh or car travel, 
and for use where a house is not wired. 

The portable electric lighter has many 
uses. In a home where gas is used for il- 
luminating and for cooking, this lighter, 
attached to a common dry battery, is guar- 
anteed to furnish thousands of lights at 
less than the cost of a box of matches. It 
may be used for anything that requires a 
light lamps, cigars, fires and its safety 
is assured. 

The various electric culinary helps now 
flooding the stores are enough to make our 
great-grandmothers turn in their graves. 
Think of cooking one's whole breakfast, 
including griddle cakes, on the table, with- 
out the aid of a match, but with an electric 
coffee-pot, and an electric griddle and 
toaster, hot at a moment's notice. Think 
of the sick-room convenience in heating 
food on the spot. Think of doing one's 
washing and ironing by electricity. Think 
of cleaning one's curtains, chairs, pictures, 
woodwork, mattresses, carpets, floors by a 
simple electric suction process. And all 
this in addition to general water and heat 
supply secured by electric motor. 

A general utility motor is now installed 
as part of the paraphernalia of progressive 
housewives. These small motors are used 
for running the sewing machine, polishing 
biass and silver, chopping, washing, and 
freezing ice cream. The friction will bur- 
nish brass and silver without paste or 

Surely the question of domestic service 
is fast reaching its solution in the genii of 

In installing electric connections it pays 
to see that most careful insulation is made. 
Economy in electric installment is like 
economy in plumbing a saving at the 
spigot to spend at the bung. 

Three Lilly Pools 

(Continued from page 157) 
garden, and then the barrels were filled 
with water. 

The pool was at one corner of the gar- 
den, with a background of shrubs and 
lilacs. Water lilies one the Odorata 

It is now 

customary at afternoon 
teas and luncheons to serve 


Sugar Wafers 

as the crowning touch with 
tea or chocolate. 

In ten cent tins 

Also in twenty-five cent tins 



Meurer's Metal, Spanish 
and Mission Tiles 

Residence of W. T. Phillip*, San Mateo, Cal. 
Covered with Meurer'i Metal Tilt 

Th Ideal Roof Covering 
made in tin, galvanized and copper 



575 Flushing Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

WORKS, Wellington, Penn. 
I JO 1 .it 120th St.. New York City 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GAIDEN. 

1 86 




Little Things Jell 

The hardware on your home tells of 
good quality and thoroughness orof poor 
construction and lack of judgment If it 
looks badly or fails to work 
properly, it is a source of an- 
noyance so long as the house 
stands, but if it is right, it is 
a cause of constant satisfaction. 

The Oakland knob 
and escutcheon shown are es- 
pecially suited for Colonial, 
Craftsman and Mission 
homes. It is one of the 
123 Corbin designs in 19 
schools and made in 54 
finishes, found upon homes 
of refinement everywhere. The best 
dealer in your city sells it. 

Send for publications. 

OK 16, Corbin Wrought Hardware 
OK 17, Corbin Colonial Hardware 
OK 53, Corbin Princeton Design 
SO, Corbin Specialties 




P. & F. Corbin 
of New York 

P. Si F. Corbin 

F. Corbin 

tulebakei Warerooraa. Netr York N. Y 

All Cement Floors Need Dexter Brothers 

Petrifax Cement Coating 

There is bound to be more or less powdering. The 
dust is not only annoying, but is injurious to the 
throat and lungs. Two coats of Petrifax make a 
sure and lasting remedy. Gives a hard surface that 
will not crack or peel. Washable, and prevents spot- 
ting from oil or grease. 

Especially adapted to use in garages, factories, hos- 
pitals, gymnasiums and public buildings. 
No. 40 Petrifax is the exact color of cement. Also 

made in white and several shades. Write for 

interesting booklet. 

Dexter Brothers Co,, _ 

1133 Broadway. New York. Pti?ad.ipnia7>a. 

Makers of Dexter Brothers hnz'ish Shingle St> 
AGENTS: H. M. Hooker Co.. Chicwto; E. B. Totten. 
Security Bldg., St. Louis; Sherman Kimball, San Francisco 
Cal.; Hoffuchlaeer 4 Co., Honolulu, A>D DEALERS. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

minor, a fragrant variety and hyacinths 
were planted in the barrels. Bordering 
the pool were the Spanish iris, which grow 
very low. Around the barrels were the 
larger German iris, and at the back, the 
tall Japanese iris. Planted freely among 
the iris were different kinds of ferns the 
Beech, the Royal and the Ostrich ferns. 
A privet hedge formed the outer circle of 
the pool. Carpeting the front of the pool 
was a border of English ivy and poet's 

This planting is most effective. It is 
also hardy, with the exception of the Eng- 
lish ivy, which must be heavily covered 
with leaves in the fall. 

In front of the pool was a rustic seat, 
on which was carved: NYMPH^EA 
NYMPH^ARUM, Nymph of the 
Nymphs. At each end of the seat 
bloomed a little rose tree, although this 
could be replaced by a bay tree if one 

Even with two lily pools the woman was 
not content and she now has a city gar- 
den, the most attractive spot of which is 
the lily pool. This pool, made of Port- 
land cement, is much more formal than 
the others. There is a drain in the center 
and the plants can be left in the pool dur- 
ing the winter, but should be covered with 
leaves and straw. 

At each corner of the pool is a little 
box tree in a cement pot. Around the 
outer edge of the pool is planted English 
ivy and periwinkle, with its little blue 
flowers. These come early in the spring 
and when they are gone the vines form a 
thick growth of glossy green throughout 
the season. 

At one side of the pool is a cement seat 
with the following inscription: 

I will let no music enter 
Saving what the Zephyr sings, 
Which the lilies in the basin 
May seem pure enough to hear. 

The "Lady of the Pools" insists it is 
impossible for her to tell -which one she 
loves best. Each has had its individual 
appeal. But she always speaks caressingly 
of the one in the swamp with the towering 
cat tails and the wonderful frogs. 

The Prophet's Chamber 

(Continued from page 162) 
brush, comb, etc. On the top of the table 
was a century old brass candlestick hold- 
ing a plain white candle as nearly like the 
old dipped ones as could be found. By 
it were antique snuffers, similar to those 
in use in the days of the prophet. A 
Bible, in harmony with the tone and intent 
of the room, was also kept on the table. 
The sloping walls were covered with a 
simple paper of nodding golden-rod. The 
only ornament was a small but ancient 
print of a Biblical subject. 



187 I 

It will be seen that such a room is quite 
within the reach of every one. Its sim- 
plicity is in keeping with summer homes, 
bungalows or shacks. Indeed, the more 
elemental the features the more like the 
traditional chamber on the wall. If such 
a room is made in a pretentious house, it 
must be treated with care. Eliminate 
everything but the stipulated furnishings. 
Otherwise it will be too much like any 
other and not a character room as it 
should be. The writer would suggest the 
use of plain paper in some quiet tone 
rather than a flowered one, such as was 
used in the particular room photographed. 

There are three elements to be distinctly 
borne in mind in the development of this 
chamber : first, it should be simple ; sec- 
ond, its furnishings should be antique ; 
and third, it should breathe a gracious aid 
of hospitality. The modern guest, like the 
prophet of old, will be glad to rest there a 
little as the busy world goes by. 

A Revolutionary Idea in Flooring 

(Continued from page 167) 
ished off looks very well. The small de- 
fects are obscured by the filler and you 
have an inexpensive floor that you need 
not be ashamed of. 

When it comes to the more artistic ef- 
fects in flooring, in the thin floors laid on 
top of sub-floors there is a chance for the 
exercise of common sense and the getting 
of good effects without going to the ex- 
tremes that are often talked of in the 
papers. There are generally three grades 
of the oak flooring stock and two divisions 
aside from these, quartered and plain. It 
is generally better in this work to buy the 
quartered oak, for though it costs a little 
more it works with less waste and pre- 
sents so much better figure and gives so 
much more satisfaction generally that it 
is well worth the difference in price. 

The three grades in quartered oak may 
be popularly named as follows : clear 
stock ; selects, which have a few defects of 
beauty, but nothing marring the usefulness 
of timber ; and saps, or a grade lower than 
the selects, including a few fine worm 
holes and quite a lot of sap stock, which 
is not admissible in the clears. 

The writer was in a newly finished dis- 
play room of a flooring plant the other 
day where they had laid many examples 
of their flooring to show them off to visit- 
ors, and among the lot were some exam- 
ples of that third grade or "saps" and 
until attention was called to it not much 
difference was noticeable between it and 
the other except that i'. seemed to have 
been filled with a darker filler. 

Now, it so happens that the dark fill- 
ers are quite the style to-day and one can 
take this third grade or "saps" in thin 
flooring, lay it in whatever pattern is de- 
sired either with border or with stripes or 
rug effect or pave it in with blocks and 

Double Tracking 

The Bell Highway 

Two of the greatest factors in modern 
civilization the telephone and telegraph 
now work hand in hand. Heretofore 
each was a separate and distinct system 
and transmitted the spoken or written 
messages of the nation with no little degree 
of efficiency. Co-operation has greatly 
increased this efficiency. 

The simple diagram above strikingly illus- 
trates one of the mechanical advantages of 
co-operation. It shows that six persons 
can now talk over two pairs of wires at 
the same time that eight telegraph operat- 
ors send eight telegrams over 
the same wires. With such 
joint use of equipment there is 
economy; without it, waste. 

While there is this joint use of 
trunk line plant by both com- 
panies, the telephone and tele- 
graph services are distinct and 

different. The telephone system furnishes 
a circuit and lets you do your own talking. 
It furnishes a highway of communication. 
The telegraph company, on the other hand, 
receives your message and then transmits 
and delivers it withoutyourfurther attention. 

The telegraph excels in carrying the big 
load of correspondence between distant 
centers of population; the telephone con- 
nects individuals, so that men, women and 
children can carry on direct conversations. 

Already the co-operation of the Western 
Union and the Bell Systems 
has resulted in better and more 
economical public service. 
Further improvements and 
economies are expected, until 
timeand distance are annihilated 
by the universal use of electrical 
transmission for written or per- 
sonal communication. 


One Policy 

One System 

Universal Service 


Your home should have an atmosphere of comfort 
and refinement. A cheerful fireplace with proper ac- 
cessories will do more to give a room character than 
anything else. 

Graf Fireplace Fixture* give a fireplace interest. They 
are made in a wide variety. 

Be the prevailing note of your room Colonial, 
Dutch, French, Mission, or of any other type or 
period, we can supply the proper fixtures. 

Write for our illustrated booklet "Fireplace Fix- 
tures." It shows Andirons, fenders, seat tenders, 
smo\eless gas logs, wood boxes, etc. 

Write u NOW. Our hook "Firplc Future." U FREE. 

323 Seventh Avc. New York Cly 

flnr 1 ^ i ; 

=!' r^ Hum v r r 



UVarttt tta*n*ed nt.itiiMy on evtry 

/o*f t 

The man wlio build* a HOIIM without 
Rtkriuc Mbout the MMih-cord totauMd 
in UytnjE up trouMi' fur himwlf. In 
Hint Ihnt the pwifl cation* mention 
SII.VKH I \Ki: \ Jr- .!,, H, MU 
far* offer* nothing on which i hi- 
pulley rn otrh. <;ii*riil4ii for 
Twenty yoara. 

WHteSor /-rt* B<x>*ttt. 

__ -^ 87 Chauucry St.. 
liii-toii. MAM. 

Mnkrrp .,! SI I. V 11: 
I \ K L ->1nl hraiiliHl 

tn advertisers tltast mention HOUSE AD GAEDKM. 




The BLOUNT is my friend 

It always shuts the door 

You are ja/<? when you specify any 
Yale product. 

Yale and Blount Door Checks come in 
several sizes, and fitted for all sizes, 
weights and openings of doors, single 
acting or double swing. 

Then there is the Yale "Holder" 
Check (which keeps doors open when 
you wish) and the Floor Check (for 
double acting doors) that is applied un- 
der the flooring. 

Furnished in "finishes" to harmonize 
with your other hardware. 

Every Blount or Yale Door Check is 
of the famous Yale Quality. 

Send for Illustrated Book- 
let with full specifications. 

The Yale & Towne Mfg. Co. 

The Makers of Yale Products 
9 Murray Street, New York, U. S. A. 

Chicago, Boston, San Francisco, 
London, Paris, Hamburg 


_/* -* 1 




for Autumn 

Wild Flowers 

Terra Cotta Co 

Scml forCataloeue of Garden Fur- 
niture, Vases. Flower Pots. Etc.. 
made in strong and durable Terra 

Interior Decoration 

Interior decorations of all descriptions 
planned and executed. Single rooms 
or whole houses furnished, and wall 
coverings, hangings, rugs, furniture, 
etc., selected to suit any scheme. 
Out of town orders carefully attended to. 
Lamp and candle shades. Stenciling. 


then fill it with a filler stained pretty dark. 
It takes out the contrasting colors or 
rather tones them down so that the whole 
floor blends together in a nice effect and 
after being finished off no one but a close 
student of such things would notice the 
difference between this and the highly ex- 
pensive clear stock in quartered flooring. 
One could go on and talk enough to fill 
a volume about this matter of sound 
sense in flooring, but after all the secret 
of it is contained in the one idea, that of 
using narrow units. No matter where 
you are located or what kind of material 
there is at hand to use for flooring, if you 
can get it in narrow units, preferably not 
wider than \y 2 inch net, you can make a 
floor out of it and a floor that will give 
service and look neat even though you 
may use a comparatively low grade of 
lumber. Indeed, much of this narrow 
flooring is made of low grade lumber 
ripped into strips and the conspicuous de- 
fects cut out. It makes an excellent floor, 
too. One that even when laid plain just 
as a single floor is good enough for every 
day and Sunday, too. It can be finished 
off with varnish and waxed for the par- 
lor or finished off with a special varnish 
and stand the hard service of the kitchen. 

Storing Vegetables and Fruit 

(Continued from page 163) 

ground, cure during the warm days of 
September, but must be covered when a 
clear cold breezeless night invites frost. 
These vegetables are ready for storing 
when the stems are shriveled and free 
from moisture and the rind somewhat 
hardened. Only a dry air will keep these 
vegetables in a room where the tempera- 
ture does not get below 40 degrees. 

All tubers must be at least surface dry 
before storing, with the exception of sweet 
potatoes, which are most exacting as to 
care. They must be dug before frost and 
subjected to a slow drying out in small 
slatted baskets or crates in a warm room. 
Carrots, beets, turnips, parsnips and such 
vegetables cannot be dried and stored 
satisfactorily as are sweet potatoes, as 
they lose so much by shrinkage. They 
are best if stored where they may get the 
slight moisture of soil contact. Fine, 
clean sand on the floor of a cool cellar is 
the best substitute for natural conditions. 
A layer of sand about two inches deep is 
spread upon the floor, the vegetables laid 
thereon and then covered with more sand. 

Onions, beans, peas and peppers re- 
quire a dry room well above freezing after 
a preliminary sun-drying. 

Cabbage keeps crisp and fine-flavored 
under a mound of earth. 

A little detail well worth attending to 
now in advance is getting a few barrels. 
They always advance in price as the apple 
picking season comes on, and frequently 
one cannot get them for love or money. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 




What Type of Heating? 

(Continued from page 168) 
would otherwise be possible, and as I 
mentioned before, this saves coal and 
labor. In addition, a large enough heater 
allows you to put in an additional radiator 
if you enlarge your house, and also enables 
you always to warm your home even in 
bitter cold weather without auxiliary 
means of heat, which are often expensive 
and troublesome to maintain. 

Whatever heat you use, whether it be 
hot water, steam, or hot air, be sure to 
figure carefully the size necessary to prop- 
erly heat your home without forcing the 
heater. In addition to what I have men- 
tioned about the excessive amount of coal 
which is burned when the furnace fire is 
forced, there is another serious objection 
to doing so, and that is that the iron heat- 
ing surface of the furnace will be injured 
so that it will not readily absorb the heat 
of the fire. Take the ordinary range lid 
for example. People frequently complain 
that they can heat their stove lids red hot 
and yet cannot obtain sufficient heat to 
cook properly. Of course they cannot : 
the iron has been overheated and has been 
ruined for the purpose for which it was 
intended. It is a serious and costly mat- 
ter to ruin a furnace in this manner. Bet- 
ter by far pay the slight additional cost of 
a large enough heater in the beginning. 


There is still the indirect system to be 
considered. For the benefit of those who 
do not know this, I will say that in the 
"direct" the radiators are placed in the 
rooms they are to heat, while in the "in- 
direct" fresh air is obtained from outside 
and heated by the means of an enclosed 
coil of pipes or radiator; the warm air then 
passes through a tin pipe to the room it is 
to heat as in a hot air system. This 
method gives a very pleasant supply of 
warm air, but it is more expensive to op- 
erate, requiring seventy-five per cent, 
larger furnace and seventy-five per cent, 
more heating surface in the radiators than 
a hot water heater; and fifty per cent, 
larger boiler, and fifty per cent, more heat- 
ing surface in the radiators with steam. 
This system also involves a far greater 
amount of attention than the direct, for if 
constant heat is not maintained in the coils 
or radiators cold air will enter the rooms 
unless the supply of air from the outside 
is shut off. I have known houses where 
a combination of the direct and indirect 
was used, the direct for the bedrooms and 
halls, and the indirect for the rooms most 
occupied by a number of persons at one 
time, such as the living room, parlor, din- 
ing-room, etc., but even in these houses 
where there was a man constantly em- 
ployed about the place who could give a 
part of his time to attending to the heat- 
ing apparatus, the indirect part was not 
satisfactory because of the amount of at- 
tention it required to maintain an even de- 
gree of temperature. It was found best 
to substitute the direct for it, and to obtain 
fresh air by ventilators in the windows, or 


Lil. Candidum 


Thin Lily must be planted In SEPTKM- 
HKIt. to bloom Rlorloualy In June and July. 
The bulb makes In fall a growth of a 
rosette of leaves, but frost doett not hurt 
It. EXTBEMBLX Lardy. Multiplies sea- 
ion after season. 

Each 12 100 

Lil. Candidum Urge, including delivery .10 1.CO 7.80 

Monster bulbs, including delivery 1 !& 10.00 

JUMBO bulbs, 12-20 flowers to stem, 

Including delivery > 12.00 

V'ptll PFOKil 111 H-lltcnilxT 
W. LARGE collation of to* RARKHT SINOLC.SMDi-dnsMs 

2 dUtiU ants ho* JAPAN udEDKOPK. * ' "'!' "/ ' 

CATALOGUE liviM full inform.lion on Bulb, of .11 kn,d. for 
HOIIM and G.rdun culluro. French. Duttli. J.p.n. NO\ 1.1. 1 1 1 ..-- 
in erory line AdclreM 

H. H. Berger & Co., 70 iarren St., New Turk 


J 1 M VI 

You will find In our l,..,.k- 
fiir. All PUACTICAI. HI 


No. 1. 25 delg1 ol mldeiKrt tuning fl.SOO tofi.000 50c 

No. 2. 25 doliiu ol roldcncn coKlai JS.OOO loAi. 000 50c 

No. 3. 23 design! ol up-to-date conciete iwidences. costing 

(.' we 

All threebookiatfl.2t. PUn IvjmUhM t popular priuem. WM*Wt ShStthtS 

on request lor any tvpr l ImiMinif. Ituokt .- 

ARTHUR a. I.IMH.n CO.. Architects. SCHENECTADY. N. Y. 

if Yean' Practical Experience. Refcrvaces. 




ARE you penny wise and found foolish? Would 
you use a cheap quality of varnish, stain or 
enamel in the interior of your new house ? This 
would prove expensive economy. 

An inexpensive wood may be successfully used 
for the trim of the house, but the stain, varnish or 
enamel should be of the best that is made 

The quality of the materials manufactured by 
Murphy Varnish Company is unsurpassed, the price 
puts them within t e reach of all wise home makers* 

V/'OU may be interested to know 
that as a customer of Murphy 
Varnish Company you are entitled 
to the service of their Department of 
Decoration without any charge what- 
ever. This includes expert advice 
on the treatment of the standing wood- 
work. Sample panels showing the 
finishes recommended are sent upon 
request, also complete advice on the 
decoration and furnishing of your 
house. Samples, cuts and prices 
of all goods are supplied. You 
will find the suggestions artistic and 

Write today and send your floor plans. 

Address Department of Decoration 

Murphy Varnish Company 

345 Fifth Avenue New York 

Landscape Gardening 

A course for Homemaken and 
Gardeners taught by Prof. Craig 
and Prof. Batchelor, of Cornell 

Gardeners who understand up- 
to-date methods and practice are 
in demand for the best positions. 

A knowledge of Landscape 
Gardening is indispensable to 
those who would have the pleas- 
Prof. Craig antest homes. 

250 page Catalog free. Writ* to-day. 


Dept. 2:6. Springfield. Mass. 

even by opening the windows themselves 
when necessary. In the average country 
home one finds a constant supply of fresh 
air entering around the doors and win- 
dows, so the direct seems all that should 
be required, especially if the rooms are 
thoroughly aired at intervals. In city 
residences in some cases this is not so, as 
it is more difficult to obtain ventilation in 
houses built closely together; and a well 
constructed hot air furnace may then be 
used to advantage, if you do not care to 
install the indirect system to obtain a 
plentiful supply of fresh air. The indirect 
is frequently used for heating churches or 
public buildings where many people 
gather together at one time, and where 
much ventilation cannot be secured while 
they are present because of the clanger of 
putting them in a draft. Steam is usually 
used for the indirect heat in such build- 
ings and answers admirably because a 
steady constant heat is not required ; only 
a large amount for short periods of time, 
and as there is a janitor or sexton to look 
after the fire when the heat is needed, 
there is no difficulty with the cold air sup- 
ply from outside. But in most private 
residences conditions are entirely differ- 
ent, and a constant supply of heat at an 
even degree of temperature is what is 


This is a much debated subject, but the 
writer has found that hot water does burn 
less coal. Of course now we are speaking 
of the direct methods. Steam he would 
place next, and hot air last. Over against 
this conclusion we must place the fact that 
the cost of installation and equipment 
varies in just the reverse order hot air 
least and hot water the most expensive. 

The Houses of Wood or Brick 

From the Address of W. E. Dunwody, at the Dealers' 
Convention, Macon, Ga. 

/~\N account of the fact that lumber is 
^^ daily becoming scarcer and more ex- 
pensive, and the consequent comparative 
cost of a house of brick and one of cement 
or wood is a daily problem, the Build- 
ing Brick Association of America recently 
undertook to determine something definite 
regarding this matter, and I give the re- 
sults of this investigation for your consid- 

For this purpose, a modern eight-room 
frame house of good design was chosen, 
and plans and specifications were pre- 
pared by a well-known and competent 
firm of architects. These plans and speci- 
fications were submitted to five well- 
known contractors, and each fully advised 
of the object of the investigation. 

Each contractor was given the same in- 
formation and instructions, and each took 
plenty of time to figure with care, with the 
following results : 

Taking a weather-boarded house as a 
standard, they found that a house complete 


tj Makes its strongest ap- 
peal to people of taste and re- 
finement. A large business 
of supplying the purchaser 
direct has been built upon 
the simple, artistic lines of 
our designs, solid construc- 
tion, and a variety of custom 
finishes, meeting every pos- 
sible requirement of discrim- 
inating people. 

<I A large assortment of Furni- 
ture in the natural wood or 
stained to suit the individual 
taste. Your choice of any of sev- 
eral finishes to harmonize with 
the color scheme of your rooms. 

<I Send for full set of illustrations, 
mailed upon request. 


Mn "ufacturt rm 


Better Lawns, Flowers and Vegetables with 

AAf IZard Brand Sheep Manure 

Wonderful results quickly. No weeds or foreign grasses. 
Economical and convenient to use. Unequalled for lawn, 
flowers, trees, shrubs, fruit, meadows and grain fields. 

- _^ per bbl. freight prepaid east of Missouri 
ff A Oil River. Cash with order. Ask for quantity 
-nt*."y prices. Write for copy of booklet "Lawn 
' and Garden." Gives valuable pointers. 

zs Union Stock Yards :: :: :: Chicago 

Wizard Brand is handled by first class seeds: 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 




with the outside walls of brick ten inches 
thick would cost an advance of 6.5 per 
cent, over the weather-boarded house; 
that a house with twelve-inch brick walls 
would cost an advance of 10.7 per cent, 
over the weather-boarded house ; that a 
house of stucco on hollow clay blocks 
would cost 4.9 per cent, in advance of the 
weather-boarded house ; that a house of 
stucco on frame would cost in advance of 
2.5 per cent, over the weather-boarded 
house; and that a house with four-inch 
brick veneer on hollow clay blocks would 
cost an advance of 7.7 per cent, over the 
weather-boarded house. 

In these estimates face brick were fig- 
ured to cost $17.50 per thousand, and com- 
mon brick $9.00 per thousand. 

A Bulb that will Prolong the 
Fall Garden 

(Continued from page 171) 
shown some rather peculiar characteris- 
tics. The blossoms usually appear rather 
late ; the first ones are always pinkish- 
lavender in color ; after a while flowers are 
produced which show some white petals, 
perhaps half of the blossom being white 
and the remainder lavender. At the last, 
perfectly pure white blossoms appear. 
This is usually in November. Whether 
the cold weather has an effect on the color 
of the blossoms is an unsettled question in 
the mind of the owner of the garden, but 
these characteristic features have been 
shown by the plant every season for sev- 
eral years. 

One has but to see a mass of these 
pretty flowers blooming late in the fall in 
the garden, or scattered around in the 
grass, to be convinced of their desirability. 
and once introduced, no flower lover will 
be willing to have them banished from 
his domain. 

A Combination Hotbed and Stor- 
age Pit 

(Continued from page 172) 
close intervals to stuff, spiked at sides, 
two inches from edge to top, the post be- 
ing sawed at a slant, as shown in fig. 2, 
to allow the sash to slide over for venti- 
lation, watering, etc. At proper intervals 
on this rail small blocks are nailed to fit 
snugly on each side of the rafter ends. 

The sash guide strip, S. G., in fi 5, is 
of white pine, one inch square. To prevent 
after-swelling and binding these strips 
should be thoroughly saturated with lin- 
seed oil and two coats of white paint given 
before attaching to rafters. R. 

The rafters and ridgepole are of 2 x 4 
in. material. The ridgepole is made up of 
two pieces, L.R.P. and T.R.P., spiked to- 
gether. The top piece, T.R.P., as shown 



for those firm, sweet apples you used to 
knock off the tree with a club when the old 
man wasn't looking? That was back 
in the days when the East the natural 
apple country was producing bumper 
crops. It was before the days of Ore- 
gon apples that have size and color, but 
lack the real flavor of Eastern hillsides. I 
have rejuvenated a Vermont orchard and will 
have for October delivery a limited quantity of 
apples that are just a little the best that can 
be grown. Drop me a card for the particulars 

JULIAN A. DIMOCK, East Corinth, Vermont 



Builds his own home he wants the best of every thing. 
MR. ERNEST GUILBERT, City Architect of 
Newark, N. ]., began right by making all hii 
window casements swinging out. 
Then he equipped them with our famous "BULL- 
DOG" ADJUSTERS in solid Brass to last a life- 
time. Neat, strong and simple, and operated easily 
from INSIDE THE SCREEN with one hand. 
Our free booklet tells all about casements. 

CASEMENT H'D'W. CO., 175 N. State Street, Chicago 

Purchase Your Peonies from TRUE Peony Specialists 

We are .In- only extensive retail growers of Peonies exclusively in America. This one 

flower has our undivided time and attention, devotion and study. We are thus 

Peony specialists in a sense which possesses a real value and significance. 


No perplexing and endless lists of varieties to puzzle over. We have done the eliminating 
the sorting and sifting. We offer the best sorts in existence and ONLY the best guar- 
ant> i-'l true to name and as we grow for discriminating customers, we supply only 
established plants at the lowest possible prices for quality. 



MOHICAN PEONY GARDENS, B ? s x Sinking Springs, Penn'a 






ADVISE on how they can be made a highly interesting, valuable part of your property. In gen- 
eral, woodlands are wastelands as far as the pleasure the owner derives from them is con- 
cerned. But this need not be! To the skilled forester they hold large possibilities. lie knows 
how to convert them into one of the most interesting "walk-throughable," pleasure-giving parts of 
your grounds. 

It is of just this and more, that we want to advise with you concerning your woodlands. 
Forestry and the care of trees in all its branches is our business. We have just published a 
most convincing booklet on woodlands showing the "before" and "after" results of our work. 
Send for it. Or send for us. 


You never see woodlands of this sort in Eng- 
land or Germany, As far as its usefulness or 
accessibility is concerned, it might just as well 
be a swamp. 

It requires more than mere clearing out it 
needs the scientific work of both preservation 
and elimination, that our foresters can give. 


Last fall we were engaged to reclaim this 
woodland. In the spring, when the owner came 
back from Florida, this was the happy change 
that greeted him. 

It is now available ground beautiful ground. 

It is growing better trees, which each year 
add to both its interest and value. 

Munson- Whitaker Company 


Boston 623 Tremont BMg. New York 823 Fourth Ave. Bldg. 
Pictsburg 743 Oliver Bldg. 

An Interior Furnished and Decorated fay 




JO East 33rd Street 


in fig 4, is notched in, as at R.N., to hold 
upper ends of rafters. The rafters are 
held together, as shown in figs. 3 and 4, 
by bent pieces of heavy wire, as indicated 
by B.W., the upper ends of S.G. being cut 
away to allow inserting of binding wire 
into rafters. 

A ridge board, R.B., in fig. 6, is neces- 
sary to prevent wind getting under sash 
ends and lifting sash. This board is made 
of one-inch fence stock, nailed together 
trough-shaped and held in place by a third 
board, attached as at R.B.S., notched to 
fit over wire and rest on ridgepole. 

The length of center post will depend on 
depth of pit and thickness of support, 
C.P.B., which is necessary to prevent set- 
tling. In setting up, the ridgepole is 
lightly toe-nailed to center post and rafters 
laid on at intervals to steady ridge, which 
must be absolutely level. The rafters are 
not nailed at either end, it being the pur- 
pose to make the skeleton or frame of this 
bed portable and easily removable. The 
center posts may be placed ten feet apart 
for supporting sash, but an extra post 
should be placed between to support the 
extra weight of earth and covering when 
used as a storage pit. 

The ends are built on a separate form 
or frame and attached to end posts by 
heavy hooks instead of spikes, to permit 
removal. A vertical sliding door is placed 
in one side of this end to permit easy en- 
trance to frame when used as a storage 
pit without disturbing the protecting bank- 
ing of litter. 

Fresh manure, F.M., is used to bank 
sides when used as coldframe or hotbed. 
We found it desirable to run a line of 
water pipe, with taps at convenient inter- 
vals, inside the frame, for watering plants 
during severe weather. 

For the purpose of working inside with 
sash closed a plank is arranged, as shown 
in fig. 7, eleven feet four inches long, with 
a hog chain of heavy wire to support the 
weight, and light strap iron with hooks on 
ends to hang on rafter rails, at either side, 
so that men may work from it over bed in 
planting, weeding, etc. 

Fall Care of the Lawn 

THOSE who are becoming so discour- 
A aged at the present appearance of 
their lawns may take some cheer in the 
knowledge that September is the best sea- 
son of the year to get rid of such annoy- 
ing interlopers as dock, dandelion and crab 
grass. Work done now yields more per- 
manent and satisfying results than in the 
spring, although it does take considerable 
muscular effort. 

The deeply rooted weeds, dandelion and 
dock, must be dug out with some weeding 
instrument, going so deep that there is no 
possibility of their growing again. 

With crab grass the case is different. 
By the end of August this pest will be 
found to have crept over much of the lawn 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 




and crowded out much of the grass. Take 
a sharp toothed rake and carefully pull 
these runners or creeping stalks to the sur- 
face, then run the lawn mower over with 
the knives lowered so that it will cut very 
close to the ground. The plant is of an- 
nual nature, dying each fall, but its seeds 
come up each June unless prevented in 
this manner. 

In the places left bare by these opera- 
tions, work the soil loose and sow good 
seed. It will have time to become well es- 
tablished before frost, and indeed if this 
procedure is carried out, the lawn should 
look its best by the last of October. 

Facts and Figures in Connection 
With Outside Painting. 

(Continued from page 175.) 
tionary, and by three times the girth for 
rolling slat blinds. The measurements of 
window sash are obtained by multiplying 
the height by one and one-half times the 
width, and if fancy by three times the 
width. The surface area of the columns 
is obtained by multiplying the height by 
one and one-half the girth, and fluted 
columns by twice the girth. Tin roofs 
and flat sides are measured by simply mul- 
tiplying length and breadth. Chimneys, 
conductors, spouts, barge boards and 
crestings are estimated by multiplying the 
length by four times the girth. In dip- 
ping shingles one thousand shingles are 
estimated for each four hundred square 
feet of finished surface. 

It will be seen that this estimate of the 
surface area of the house to be painted is 
quite different from simply multiplying 
height by the breadth. But it is necessary 
in order to include in the surface all the 
small under parts that must be touched. 
The professional painter must take cog- 
nizance of this, more on account of the 
time required for painting than because of 
the extra paint. It requires nearly twice 
as much time to paint a broken than a flat 
surface, although nearly the same amount 
of paint may be used on each. The sim- 
ple, plain houses which are so- much in 
fashion to-day are therefore cheaper to 
repaint than those broken up with many 
gables, balconies, and gingerbread orna- 
ments. To paint a house of the latter 
type a painter will add nearly one-third to 
his estimate for a plain house. So in the 
long run the plain house of straight sim- 
ple lines is not only cheaper to build, but 
less expensive to keep in repairs and well 

After making his estimate of surface 
area which by the way is generally one- 
third more than the area obtained by sim- 
ply multiplying the length by the breadth, 
or one-half more for a house elaborately 
ornamented and broken up the painter 
usually charges for work and paint ma- 
terials at the rate of ten cents per square 
yard for one coat, and thirty cents for 
three coats. This is for new work. For 

S. Altaian & (Ha. 








N?ro fork 

One of our many 

models now in 


Call or Write for 
Our Catalog and 
Full Information 
on Kitchen Equip- 

A Combination Range 
lor Every Purpose 

Good for winter cooking with 
heating; good for summer cook- 
ing without heating the 

Oeane Combination 
Coal and Gas Range 

Two ranges in one. Has ovens. 
gridiron broilers, toasters and 
all other up-to-date features. 
Gas and coal can be used at 
the same time when preparing a 
big meal ; or separately as desired. 

I>on't buy any range before 
calling upon us. 

BramhaU-Deane Company, 
261 tt . 36th St., New York City 

Ctvtint Jff, trains of All Ainrf/ 

Iron Railings, Wire Fence* and Entrance 
Gates of all designs and (or all purposes. 

Correspondence solicited: Catalogs furnished. 

Tennis Court Enclosure*, Unclimbable Wire Mh 
and Spiral Netting (Chain Link) Fence* (or Estate 
Boundaries and Industrial Properties Lawn Furni- 
tureStable Fitting*. 



For the Permanent Garden Makes the Diaplay During the Month of May Plant Now 

We offer the following five varieties which are in every way the best distinct five. 

Doz. 100 

BARTIGON. Brilliant crimson, interior ihaded scarlet, white base. A (rand 
flower. Can be forced In bloom the beginning of February. Height, 

24 inches ) 0.50 S3.50 

BARONNE DE LA TONNAYE. A lone and beautiful dower; clear 
carmine-rose at mid-rib, toning off to soft pink at the edges; base, 

white, tinted blue. Height, 24 inches 0.40 2.50 

LA CANDEUR (White Queen). Almost pure white; of sturdy- 
habit. Height, 22 inches 0.35. 2.75 

THE SULTAN. GlOisy maroon-black. May be called the 

black tulip. Height. 22 Inches 0.35 2.75 

PRIDE OF HAARLEM. Magnificently formed Bower 
of Immense size: coloring brilliant, deep salmon 
rose, shaded scarlet, light blue base. Award of 

nerit, B. H. 8. Height, 28 Inches 0.40 300 

SPECIAL OFFIR. Tan each five v.r.etiea, 
BObulbi. S1.50 

Our catalog hulba for autumn planting just issued. 
A comprehensive catalog of the best bulbs to 
plant thi* fall mailed free on request. 

Stumpp & Walter Co. 

Department H. 
50 Barclay Street 

New York City 




Plain Words from a Painter 
to a House Owner 

"You would think that painters averaged better 
than bankers, lawyers or merchants, the way 
people trust them," said an old painter to a 
property owner who had called him in to tell 
why his painting had gone wrong. 

"Painters will average just as high in skill and 
honesty as any class, perhaps," he continued, 
"but we have fakirs to contend with in our trade 
as much as you do in yours. And you property 
owners leave everything to the painter who bids 

There is nothing much wrong with this job 
except that the painter used a substitute for pure 
white lead and did his work too hurriedly. I 
suppose he had to do it in order to make anything 
on what you paid him. 

'Next time specify pure white lead guaranteed 
by the 'Dutch Boy Painter' for all your painting, 
and give the good painters in your community 
an even chance. Then allow them time to do 
the work right." 

Ask us lor "Dutch Boy Paint Adviser 
No. 691." Includes information on paint- 
ing decoration (in the house and out) 
flower and shrubbery arrangement, etc. a 
most valuable collection of booklets free. 


An office in each of the folio-wing 

cities : 

Cincinnati Chicago Cleveland 
New York Boston Buffalo 

San Francisco St. Louis 
(John T. Lewis 4 Bros. Co.. Philadelphia) 
(National Lead A Oil Company. Pittsburgh) 

5 AVE They are too precious to lose Get expert surgeons 

1 to examine them and advise you as to what ihev need 
YOI IU Avoid iree fakers and Tree butchers. Our free booklets 
1 v w " explain tree surgery, the science founded by John Davey 
Write for them. 

Thi Davey Tri Enpert Co., Inc.. 459 Acorn St., Kent, Ohio 

TREES - Writ - e !or them - 

Smoky Fireplaces 

Made to Draw 

Your particular chimney problem studied by 
e xperts, and estimatesgiven witnoutcnarge. Tbe 
work IB undertaken witb this understanding : 
We will not accept payment unless successful. 

Kitchen ventilating systems, preventing cooking odors. 


215 Fulton Street. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

old work the charges are generally fifteen 
cents per square yard for the first coat, 
twenty-five cents for two coats, and thirty- 
five cents for three coats. This price 
varies somewhat in different parts of the 
country. In the South, for instance, three 
coats of old work are applied for twenty- 
five cents per square yard. Varnishing is 
generally based on a charge of 15 cents for 
one, and 30 cents for two, coats. This is 
for ordinary varnishes, and for special 
high grades more is demanded. 

From these figures it is possible for one 
to make a rough estimate of what it should 
cost to have his house painted in a work- 
manlike manner and with the best of 
paints. Where there is little competition 
it might be well for a property owner to 
have a pretty fair idea of the cost of the 
work, and he can tell then if he is paying 
a good deal more than the market price 
for similar work in other parts of the 
country. When a paint contractor comes 
in and makes a survey of the job, and 
gives a bid for it. it is quite necessary that 
the owner should have an approximate 
idea of the cost. This may result in cut- 
ting down a bid anywhere from $50 to 
$100. Unscrupulous painters will fre- 
quently take advantage of a house owner's 
ignorance if they think there is little 
chance of the over-charge being detected. 
One may be partly prepared to estimate 
the cost of painting the house without the 
aid of a professional painter. As the cost 
of the labor runs from two-thirds to three- 
fourths of the total cost of the job. one 
must be prepared to find a startling differ- 
ence when the owner does all the work 
himself. Thus if the surface area of his 
house measures 7,200 square feet or 800 
square yards, the cost of the job would be 
$80 for one coat or $160 for two coats, at 
ten cents per square yard per coat. The 
cost of paint for the two coats should be 
only about $55 to $60. The rest repre- 
sents the labor of the painter. We can 
estimate the amount of paint needed by 
the other method given above. You di- 
vide the number of square feet by 200, and 
this gives the number of gallons of white 
lead in oil needed for two coats. In this 
case 7.200 square feet divided by 200 gives 
36. If we pay $5 a gallon the material 
for the job will cost $180, but good paint 
can be had for much less than this, which 
will leave a margin for extras. 

If one does not count his own labor the 
work of painting the house is not an ex- 
pensive job. It can be undertaken with- 
out much fear of extra costs which fre- 
quently loom so large in carpentry and 
cement work. Painting exterior surfaces 
is really a simple operation. The chief 
thing is to work the first coat in thor- 
oughly, spreading the paint well so that it 
will not be thicker in places. When this 
has thoroughly dried the second coat 
should be appl'ed a little thicker. The 
chief thing in the second coat is to secure 
a uniform, smooth surface without stress 
or lumps. Much depends upon keeping 
the paint properly thinned so that it will 
no" streak, and not so thin that it will run. 

Write for this book 

and samples of the new window 
shade material in all colors and 
in Brenlin Duplex light one side, 
dark the other. 

This book is full of illustrations 
and information on Brenlin the 
new window shade material that out- 
wears several ordinary shades. 

Brenlin is made without the "fill- 
ing" that in ordinary shades falls out 
and leaves ugly streaks and pinholes 


Window Shades 

won't crack, won't fade; water won't spot 
them. They always hang smooth and even 
always look fresh and attractive. Bren- 
lin always proves to be the cheapest shade 
you can put up. 

One or more good dealers in all cities 
sell Brenlin. Write us for samples in all 
colors, and in Brenlin Duplex, light one 
side, dark the other. These samples with 
the beautiful little Brenlin book will aid 
you in selecting just the right color. Write 
today to the 

2069-2079 Reading Road, Cincinnati, O. 

The name BRENLIN w perfor- 
ated along the edge of erery yard of 
genuine Brenlin. 
Look for it. 

Write for the 

Connoisseur Book 


Can Be Used In 




For flowers and 
vegetables. Used 
as a spray. Get it 
from your dealer 
or write for par- 
ticularg to 

ApnineManufadurinflCo.,Madison.iV J. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 




Lest You Forget 

about those TREES, EVERGREENS and 
SHRUBS you intended planting. 

are the best coming months to plant in. 


Bargains at Half Regular Prices 

Large Box Trees 
Large Blue Spruce 
German Iris 


Hardy Vines 

Large Fruit Trees 

Hardy Roses 

and many other varieties 

Special Half-Price Bargain Litt 
mailed free on application. 

Rose Hill Nurseries 


Pita** mention Houtt and (Jar Jen. 


Our Summer and Fall Garden Guide contains a full list of 
Paeonies "worth growing" not a "long" list but a "short" list that 
will cover all your needs, as to color and will bloom early, mid- 
season and late the first year after flanting. if ordered now. 

Boddington's Summer and Autumn Garden Guide Now Ready 

48 pages, fully illustrated throughout from actual photographs; cultural direc- 
tions and descriptions accurate. It contains a full list of Hulbs and Seeds for 
summer and fall planting with full cultural directions and other valuable in- 
formation. It is mailed free upon request. Send a postal card today. 


Dept. H, 342 W. 14th St., NEW YORK CITY 


A Beautiful Illustrated Book- 
ARE MADE," ent upon re- 
Any Latitude " Ettimate* furnuhed. 

E. B. MEYROWITZ, 101 East 23d St., New York 

Br.ncb: New York, Minne.polu, St. P. u l. London. Paru 

Ellwanger & 


Are Unsurpassed in Variety and Quality 

The Best Results are to be Obtained 
by Planting in September 

Illustrated booklet with descriptions and 
planting directions FREE upon request. 


Rochester, New York 


You should send today for our new catalog 
of Peonies, Iris and Philox. We have grown 
these perennials for forty years and have 
a fine collection. 



,,r*ti, s h.ti, lltt /uiftriil ftmr it laij. 

THE IMPERIAL FLOOR is made of newly discovered mineral composition, which makes it absolutely germ-proof, 
fire-proof, water-proof, and practically wear-proof. It can be laid over any old or new floor without expensive prepara- 
tion and presents a smooth, warm, non-slipping surface without cracks or crevices to collect dirt or germi. 

The ideal flooring for private houses and public buildings. Our booklet and samples free. 

THE IMPERIAL FLOOR CO., Mill and Furnace Streets, ROCHESTER, N. Y. 




The Lure of the Peony 

to him or her who happily knows it in its modern va- 
rieties, is irresistible an ever increasing charm and 
delight as the years come on. 

Think of a flower with a range of delicacy and color- 
ing which a de Longpre might well despair of imitat- 
ing a fragrance which a Colgate, a Gallct might envy 
and you have the Peony of to-day. 

Think too, of a flower easier to grow than a ge- 
ranium that when once planted lasts, with yearly in- 
crease in volume and beauty, as long as the planter 
and longer and again you have the Peony. 

And the wonder of it all is that perhaps you are 
still in ignorance of the merits of this the most beau- 
tiful flower of our day that your knowledge is limited 
to the "Piny" of your childhood. 

Some day, by chance or otherwise, you will some- 
where see blooming PETERSON'S PERFECT 
PEONIES and then regret that you did not know of them before. 

And then remember please that my Peonies represent the cream of the World's achievement 
the best that money can buy. 

That their enviable reputation is due to eighteen years of enthusiastic devotion that for 
years, with no other business enterprise. I have given my entire time exclusively to this flower 
and the Rose; and remembering all this, can you wonder that "Peterson Peonies" are spoken 
of as in a class by themselves? AND THEY ARE. 

May I prove it to you ? 

My catalog, reflecting the quality of my Peonies, is mailed on request. 

George H. Peterson, Rose & Peony Specialist, Box 30, Fair Lawn, N. J. 


The Final Note of Comfort for Bed-Room or Living-Room 

Because of its peculiar decorative value and superior 
quality in every detail of construction, our HAND 
in even the most lavish home. For the unpretentious apart- 
ment or bungalow no other investment insures artistic re- 
sults at such a low cost. 

This Furniture is recognized by leading interior deco- 
rators as the best Willow Furniture that can be produced. 

Sketch sheets showing a great diversity of styles with 
price list mailed on request. 

Selections returnable if not satisfactory. 

Finished in any de- 
sired color at small 
additional expense. / 


(Opposite Grand Central Station) 

436 Lexiigion Avenue, NEW YORK 


Write for our Booklet 
entitled Electric Light 
& Power for Country 
Home & I arm. 



Install an Alamo- Westinghouse electric light- 
ing set in your house. Those who are using them 
wonder why they have for so long been satisfied 
with inferior lighting systems. 

These little plants are safe, durable, eco- 
nomical and do not require the services of 
an engineer. 

We also install Complete Water Systems 

of all kinds. 


r f 



Eastern Rep rosenta lives 


Electrical Engineers 
2 Rector St. , York City 

CHAS. PFAU. Bourse Bid*.. Phila. 

Brand New House 
For Sale 

IN restricted residence park at 
Hastings-on-Hudson. On wooded 
plot 50 x 100, overlooking Hudson and 
Palisades. Living room, den, dining 
room, pantry and kitchen on first floor; 
3 bedrooms on second. Finest plumbing 
throughout. Exceptional closet and 
window-seat room. Built by owner for 
his own use. For further details address 

EP A T I WW Boom i'i 

r -TVl-fL,Il(l> , 348 Broadway, New York 

Your floors 
and f i oor 

coverings from injury. Also beau- 
tify your furniture by using Glass 
Onward Sliding Furniture and Pi- 
ano Shoes in place of casters. 
Made in no styles and sizes. If 
your dealer will not supply you 

Write us - Onward Mfg. Co. 

Menasha, Wisconsin. U; S. A. 

Canadian Factory, Berlin. Ont. 


Fences of all descriptions for City and Suburban 
Homes. Write today for our Loose Leaf Catalog, 
stating briefly your requirements. 

Fence Department 


100 Church Street 



HftiKr pi Awe rcrr ^2&21 


showing exterior and floor plans of 24 houses that coat from f 900 
up to build. To interest you in our magazine. "THECRAFT**- 
M \ M ," and in Craft articles, we will also send you a beautifully 
printed 32-page booklet entitled "The Craftsman House." 

If you are interested at all, both of these books will be very 
useful to you. 

"THE RAFT&MATV IDEA" means real homes, not mere 
houses; it shows you how to save money on useless partitions- 
how to avoid o' er-decoration, how to get wide sweeps of space 
(even ia a small house;, restful tones that match and blend and 
enables anyone to always have a beautiful and artistic home. 

"THE CRAFTSMAN MACiA/INE" neats of buildjtg, 
furnishing and beautifying homes of art embroidery cabinet 
work and kindred topics. 

"CR *FT-MAN JOMFS."by Gustav Stickley. 205 pages, 
beautifully bound and printed, treats of home building, home 
ma 1 ing, home furnishings in full. 


"CR \FTBMAN HOMES" - - - - $2 > AA nr 
Your own selection of 12O House PlanR j Ot).i*l 

All for 

Edaar E, Philips. Manager The Craftsman, Room 248. 41 W. 34th St.. M 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 




Covers a 500. piece. 

Like This 
For Profit 

You can get bigger profits per acre 
from Sober Paragon Chestnuts than from any 
Other crop. 

Hardy, rapid, symmetrical growth : luxuri- 
ant foliage; spreading .boughs : clean trunk; 

These qualities combined and developed by 
science to a degree that closely borders perfec- 
tion, in the new 


Mammoth, Sweet Chestnut 

Crop, Fall of 1910, brought $48,000, orchard 
only 8 years old. 

The only large tweet chestnut in the world. 

Bears the second year. The nuts average 1 to 
2 inches in diameter and 3 to 5 nuts in a bur. 

United States Pomologist, G. B. Brackett. says 
"The Sober Paragon comes the nearest in quality 
to the native chestnut of any of the cultivated 
varieties that I have examined. It is of large 
size, fine appearance and excellent flavor." 

Testimony from growers, commission mer- 
chants, Forestry Experts, etc., given in our free 
booklet, together with prices and particulars. 

We own exclusive control 
of the Sober Para- 
gon. This c o p y- 
rlsrhted metal seal 

" IB attached to every gnu- 
ine tree when shipped. 
Write today tor the booklet. 


Fruit and Ornamental Trees, 

Roses, Shrubs, etc., 

Our 1911 illustrated Catalog and Planting 
~ Guide, with prices Free. 

GLEN BROS.. Glenwood Nursery 

44th Year. 1 8O8 Main Street. ROCHESTER. N. V. 


Hardware sargenf & Co. 

1 Artistic Hardware and 
Locks for residence or public 
building. Many patterns. 

I <-' Leonird SI. 
New York 


Preserve your Rugs 

One of the facts that has brought 


Carpet Sweepers 

into so great favor is the actual saving 
they accomplish, making carpets and 
rugs wear more than twice as long. This 
saving of carpets is easily explained, as 
the rapidly revolving brush searches 
into the piles of the carpet, lifting dust 
and dirt out, depositing it in the pans 
within the sweeper-case. If this dirt and 
sand is allowed to stay in the carpet, or 
is ground down into it by a broom, it 
acts as a grindstone, cutting the fiber of 
the carpet at each move on the carpet. 
Price $2.75 to $5.75. 

Dept. 131 Grand Rapids, Mlcb. 

(Largest and Only Exclusive Carpet Sw 


N TEN or fifteen years the saplings 
in front of the house below will 
possibly be as big as those in the 
illustration above. Perhaps they 
will be shapely sturdy specimens 

perhaps not. It's rather of a chance! 

How much more sensible more economical it 

is to simply come to Hicks' nursery and pick 

out grown tree* that 

are sturdy, well developed, 

beautiful specimens and 

get immediate results and 


want with the long wait 

left out. One fine linden 

or maple with an 8 inch 

trunk and 20 feet spread 

of branches would cost 

a little more than those pa- 

thetic saplings, but it would at once add at least 
$200 to the property's value, to say naught of 
the welcome protection it would afford. 
You lake no risk in buying Hicks' big 
trees for Hicks' trees thrive. Now is the 
time to move evergreens; and from next 
month on, Maples, Lindens, Catalpa and 
Pin Oaks. Come to our nursery and pick out 
your trees. 

If you can't, then send for 
our catalog. It's an easy 
matter to order from it. 
Pines and evergreens can 
be moved now. Maples, 
Lindens, and the like, from 
October on. But now is 
the time to arrange for it. 
Do not wait till Spring 
that's a mistake. 

ISAAC HICKS & SON Westbury, L. I 

Gold Medal Paeonies 

ON June 10th the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society awarded me a gold medal for excel- 
lence of cultivation and correct nomen- 
clature in present and past exhibitions. No one 
can get a higher award. 

All the choice varieties in the world, and cor- 
rectly named. LISTS FREE. 

Wellesley Farms, Massachusetts 




'* You c hoomn 

lh color*, w* 

mak* lh* rug." 

THREAD r* made seam- 

i lesa, of pure wool 

a 11(1 or camel's hair. 

THRUM fnnywidthupto 


and in any length, color or combin- 
ation of colors. 65 regular shades 
any other shading made to match. 
Send for color card and 
name o( nearest dealer. 

Thread & Thrum Work Shop 
I Auburn. N. Y. 

New Roses Originated by Jackson Dawson 

Lady Duncan, Dawson, Daybreak, Farquhar, 
William Egan and Minnie Dawson 


Eastern Nurseries 

Henry S. Dawson, Mgr. 


Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

In writing to adrertistrt fleaif mtntion HOUSE AXD GARDEN. 




Kelsey Heated. Berkshire Hills, Mass. 
Delano & Aldrich, Architects, New York 


is for City or Country Homes of any 
size from 5 to 75 rooms, and for 

Let us give you names of promi- 
nent users. 


So that you may know what GOOD HEAT- 
ING REALLY IS, and what has been accom- 
plished in heating and VENTILATING fine 
residences by the 


EVERY who prefers good ventilation 

HOME an( l healthful heating to the 

r r B D warmed over, unfit-to-breathe, 
a U I L U t K unheaithful air of steam and 
hot water radiators SHOULD INVESTI- 


have installed Kelsey Heating because it's 
that it supplies a COMPLETE CHANGE OF 
ROOM 3 to 5 TIMES PER HOUR, and is 
most easily managed and regulated. 

Main office: 66 Fayette St., Syracuse 
New York Office: 154-0 Fifth Ave. 


Plants ready September 1st. 10 cents each: SI a 
dozrn; $3 per hundred; S25 a thousand. Add 10 per 
cent when wanted by mail. Send for HICK RVDALK 
BERRY BOOK. Tells about other berries. 

Berryflale Experiment, Gardens 
Houae Avenue Holland. Mich 


Now is the time to plant Paeonies, Phlo:t, Iris, Oriental 
Poppies, etc. Send for my Catalogue and special list of 
choice perennial plants and everblooming Hybrid Tea 
Roses, etc. Waterlilies and hardy plants a specialty, 

WM. THICKER, Arlington, N. J. 


Killed by the 

Brownie Bean 

Send 25 cents for enough beans for small lawn or 
garden, or f 1.00 for carton containing over 500 beans. 

SenJ for Catalog 

Beverly, Hist. 

The Wadley Nursery Co. 



More than 60 Acres of Growing SkT^tVh""^ 


and Grown Nursery Stock 



is complete in every way 
and is ready for your 

inspection. We extend you an invitation to call and "elect your plants, shrubs 
and trees from the growing stock, or, if this isn't convenient, we will gladly 
send you catalog of prices and description. If you prefer, our salesman will call 
upon you, and assist in selecting your assortment. 

\/i ft V 1 1*1 P* ^ e have the biggest and besr^ equipped tree movers and can 
LV1 VI V 1 11 g move big. thrifty growing trees any distance. Select your 
tree and we will move and plant it. 
*sano ("* n n t- 1* =a r* t- i ft fY We will ass : st in planning your grounds 

Contracting d contract for the wor k on large or 

small places. Permit us, at least, to put in a bid for high-class work. 

Tfffcfk ^Jl 1 l*{yf*T*V ^ e com bine tne best scientific and most practi- 
& ** y cal work. Years of experience in preserving. 

Planting and revivifying trees combined with careful study have developed this 
very necessary work. 


Writ, and Tell U. 
of Your Needs 

This house is equipped with the hanging 
type of Indestructible Gutter. Don't repair 
your old gutters or decide on any for your 
new house until you have investigated the 

A New Gutter 

That is 


gutters of this type have been 
proven so by over a century of use 
in England. If they will stand that 
moist, foggy climate over there, 
they ought surely to last for prac- 
tically all time in this country. 

They are made of cast iron. A 
high grade cast iron that does not 
rust out. 

When you consider their freedom 
from repairs, these gutters are less 
expensive than good quality sheet 
iron and decidedly cheaper than 
copper. They are not affected by 
salt or acid air. 

They are easy to erect. Made in 
two styles, the Hanging and the 
Moulded Face. The latter forms an 
ornamental part of the moulding, 
and is not discernible as a gutter. 

Send for circular. Along with it 
we will send you a short length of 
each of the two styles of gutter. 
You can then see for yourself. 

Half Round hanging gutters are made in 6 
feet lengths, in two different sizes. 


Spring Street Elizabeth, N. J. 



::.""', Statuary and Decorative Marbles 
"T.::"f Italian Gardens 


In writina to advertisers bleas 





i H i ii IV i; i OF 

Comfort or discomfort 
in your house during 
the cold Winter month* 
will depend largely 
upon your heating sys- 

The tafety. strength 
and durability of 

it shown in the mate- 
rial used in their con- 

If you are interested 
in construction, 
wrought steel will in- 
terest you. if in results, 
then read what our 
customers have said 
over a record of 25 
years. Yet no expense 
is being spared to turn 
out boilers that will 
surpass this recorda 
record that has never . 
been equalled. 
Don't put in a heating [^ 
system that you know ^v- 
little or nothing about, don't jeopardize your future comfort 
before you know what DUNNING BOILERS have done and 
are doing. It will only cost you a stamp and the energy to find 
out now. it will cost you a great deal more if you don't. 
New York Central Iron WorkH Co.. 5 Main St., <,.,..-.,>. M. i 


Are unsurpassed in the garden. I have one of the largest 
collections, over 250 varieties. Every kind in the market. 
I also have some very fine Iris, Delphiniums and Hibiscus. 

Send for lift. 

W. F. Schmeiske, 'Bingham ton , N. Y. 

Send 16e. New Booklet 







S West 28th St. New York 

Ellen Shipman Garden Expert 
Cornish Hills - New Hampthire 


= P. O. ADDRESS ^= 




Makes your hedge trimming 
five times as easy. Every sin- 
gle movement counts blades 
work both opening and closing. 


Mows a i3-inch swath. Cuts 
easily cuts evenly. Workman- 
ship and material indefinitely 

Sent prepaid 
on receipt of 


If not satisfactory after one week's trial, can be re- 
turned and money will be refunded. Write for booklet. 

927 Filbert St. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Fountain Cutlery Co., 



This exhibit of Fine Furniture is 
the largest and most comprehen- 
sive we have ever assembled. 

Authentic reproductions of the 
best examples of every period 
famous in furniture history and 
many exclusive patterns designed 
and wholly executed by our own 
artists and craftsmen. 



43-47 WEST 23- ST 
S4-2e WEST 24* ST. 

you will find the 



Each plant is designed to meet the requirements 
of the individual home, and guaranteed to do the 
work that it is designed for. 

Our strongest argument is the testimony of 

Write for list of installations, and if you are not 
convinced on the spot, you will at least be inter- 
ested and the game half won. 

A postal will bring full information. 


The Brunswick Refrigerating Co. 
New Brunswick, N. J. Br ^;;V,\T;,p.V r nf,;" rlM 

In writing to advertisers please mention Housi AND GAIDEN. 





Boilers and 

There is another winter coming. 
Does it mean furnace drudgery, 
excessive coal bills and a shivery 
breakfast every cold snap for you? 

Don't blame the weather; don't blame the house; don't blame the 
furnace it does the best it can. Instead, put in a modern, sanitary, 
adequate, economical Pierce Heating Equipment a steam or hot water 
system that is a success in over 200,000 homes. Pierce Boilers are built 
to meet every heating requirement. They save fuel, require little atten- 
tion, cannot get out of order, and save their cost long before they have 
served their time. 

Your steam-fitter will tell you just what 
Pierce Boiler your house needs, and the cost. 

Pierce, Butler & Pierce Mfg. Co., 242 James St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Showrooms in Principal Cities 


for your 

Be sure to send for 

It's free and it's just 
the kind of informa- 
presented in simple, 
non-technical lan- 
guage. Send for it. 

There is a 
Pierce Boiler 
exactly suited 
to your needs 
This is th e 
of 200 styles 

Highlands Nursery & Salem Branch Nursery 

(4.OOO It. elevation in the Carolina Nountains) 

The largest collection of Hardy American Plants in the world. 

Rhododendrons, Kalmias and Andromedas for August and September 

Planting give splendid results the following spring. 

Our tried native species are the best and the only absolutely hardv ones Write 
now for Beautifully illustrated Cataloguue which tells how to grow these things 

Harlan P. Kelsey, owner 

Salem ' Mass. 

J ohnson ' s 
Wood Dye 

Endorsed by Architects Contractors- 
Painters andHomeOwnersEverywhere 

JOHNSON'S Wood Dye is not an or- 
dinary stain but a permanent 
Wood Finish of great beauty and 
durability for all interior trim and fur- 
niture of every character. Johnson's 
Dye is now extensively used by leading 
architects and contractors everywhere 
for finishing Red Gum Cypress and 
other soft woods, as well as the most ex- 
pensive hard woods. It gives the wood 
a lasting, beautiful finish without raising 
the grain and when used in connection 
with Johnson's Prepared Wax it pro- 
duces the beautiful, dull, artistic finish 
now so popular. 

Instruction and Specification Book FREE 

Let us furnish you a copy of the latest edi- 
tion of our beautiful and profusely illustrated 
book on Wood Finishing, together with a sam- 
ple of any shade of dye desired. Johnson's 
Wood Dye is made in 15 standard shades as 
listed below, and with it you can obtain any 
desired effect with the most inexpensive 

Don't you want this Book Free and sam- 
ples of the Dye and Wax? Ask your local 
dealer for them. We have supplied him for 
your use but if he does not furnish you with 
them drop us a postal HGg and we will see 
that the samples and book reach you at once. 

Th * Wo ' J *'" 



For Domestic Purposes 

Will fit any hot-water, steam or warm-air 
heater or surface burning stove, and will sup- 
ply all the hot ^vater required for the kitchen, 
laundry and bathroom from the 

Same Fire that Heats the House 


30 Beaver Street Albany, N. Y. 

Send for Descriptive Catalogue 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 


"Twin Oaks Farm" 

THIS beautiful Virginia Estate of about 
1 180 acres, located within three miles of 
Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 
a macadamized road, is offered for sale at 
a most attractive figure. 

The residence, built of stone and frame, 
consists of 13 rooms and two baths. Lighted 
by acetylene gas, heated by furnace, is one 
of the handsomest residences in Virginia 
and most complete in all detail. It is situ- 
ated on a hill commanding a superb view 
of the surrounding valley and mountains. 

Complete coach house, poultry house, 
sanitary cow barn, hog houses, meat house, 
servants' quarters with bath, laundry, milk 
room, etc. Large farm barns and tenant 

The land is most fertile and well fenced, 
amply watered. This farm is just about 
as near a perfect country estate as can be 
found. No remodeling, no repairs neces- 
sary. Ready to move into and enjoy the 
delightful Virginia country life. 

For full particulars, illustrated booklet, 
etc, write to 


Warrenton, Fauquier Co., Virginia 

FOR SALE Fine Large Residence 

in a beautiful village, all improvements. Also 
a farm of 132 acres just outside the corpora- 
tion, three houses, all improvements. 




A I R E, N ? 

Have you m WINTER HOME ? 

IF NOT I on ".-II you Deodora Cottage, routine for (2000. ill.-" 
IB the place for reel, amiuement and recreation. Golf, Tennis, 
beautiful drive* and electric light*. 1 have many other attractive 
nomea for aale or rent, and I am sure I can auit you Let mo TRY 
JOHN I. A lit I) Real Eetate A.IKEN, S. C. 
Write For Renting Lint 

,We Finance Country Homes 

We will build according to your own ideas, on spec- 
ially selected property, in Westchester County, vicinity 
of Bronxville and Tuckahoe, and on North Shore of 
Long Island. Write for particulars. 

The Debenture Corporation of New York 
No. 114 Fifth Avenue New York City 

A delightful home 

The ideal realisation of out-of-town li 

'MM in milt t , for all-year residence. Protected M>ciaJ environment. 
the charm of the country. all city improvements. Immediately at 
rtatioii, only 19 mile* on Harlem Elec. Div. N.Y. Cent. It. It. Special 
advante to h Becured for tho 
buildioc d urine the present 

Write /or Bovkttt A 

J.Warren Thoyer. Prea.'- 
Scnrjdalc 503 fifth Ave 

New York New York Citv. 


M ile on the 



Attractive, desirable houses are those which wear well, preserve 
their charm year after year and are a source of pride to one's 
neighbors as well as to the owner. 

At Philipse Manor can be found more than twenty newly con- 
structed, strictly modern houses whose attractive architecture and 
thorough construction assure their meeting this requirement in an 
exceptional manner. EXTERIORS 

Every desirable form of architecture is represented, including 
Colonial, English, Italian, Moorish and others. Designed by the 
Country's foremost architects each house is a distinctive type of its class 
in which old ideals are preserved and modern requirements fulfilled. 


The interior arrangements are considered by experts to be ideal- 
istic. The dominant idea has been the embodiment of comfort, con- 
venience and tasteful elegance, in one harmonious whole. In every 
case is preserved that unity of dimensions essential to artistic beauty. 


Within 25 miles of Grand Central Station, Philipse Manor is 
situated at one of the most beautiful points of the Hudson River. 
It is a part of that section designated by Washington Irving, in 
his "Legend of Sleepy Hollow," as an "Enchanted Region." Ad- 
joining it are numerous large private estates as well as the re- 
nowned Sleepy Hollow Country Club. 


Just now these houses can be purchased at unusually attractive 
IIMCCS and on a most liberal 5% mortgage basis. Write for illus- 
trated booklet and full particulars. Address Department M. 



Officer o.tx 

Philipse Manor 
White Plains 

Cooley <Q,West Inc. 

Telephone Murray Hill 4430 

331 Madison Ave .N.Y 


Offices a^t. 

Mount Vernon 
New Rochelle 

site for sale. 10 acres, prominent Ave., 
most fashionable resort Southside. L. I. 
very favorable terms. Owner, c/o this Magazine. 

RESPONSIBLE and well educated man of high 
character and business ability desires permanent 
connection with Realty Company or private 
owner developing Real Estate in or around New York. 
Specialist in artistic and practical housebuilding, 
. draughting, specifications, superintendence of build- 
ing, road making, management of selling department. 
Life experience in Europe and America. Now at 
work with New York architect of good standing. In- 
vestigation courted. Address "ENERGY," care of 
House and Garden, etc. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GAIDEN. 


This substantial town, with its beautiful 
avenues and handsome residences, is a splen- 
did place for ideal living. Convenient to both 
New York and Philadelphia fast trains. 

Rentals $300 to $6,000 yearly. Completely 
furnished homes also for rent. 

Choice properties town and country fur- 
nished or unfurnished, for sale or rent, in 
other desirable localities. 

WALTER B. HOWE, Princeton, N. J. 

New York ' Ho, fin Cedar .Street 









The purpose of this department is to give advice to those inter- 
ested in dogs. The manager will gladly answer any troublesome 
questions. Address "Kennel Department" and enclose a self- 
addressed envelope. 

Love Me, 
Love My Dog 

You love your dog be- 
cause lie is such a faithful 
friend and companion, 
and you feed him on 
what ? Certainly not on 
kitchen scraps and raw meat. 
He deserves better treatment 


makes happy, healthy dogs. It is carefully 
made to meet the needs of a dog's stomach. 
If you want your dog to be active and have a 
glossy coat and a clear eye. you must give him 
proper food. Careless feeding makes him fat. 
logy and generally unhealthy. 
' Austin's Dog Bread is the oldest dog bread made in America. It 
agrees perfectly with the dog's digestion at al! seasons of the year. 
Everything used in the manufacture is bought especially for it. 

Let us Send You a Sample, Free 

Simply send us your name and address and the name of your 

dealer on a postal and itate whether you want to tiy Austin's 

Dog Bread or Austin's Puppy . , , 

Bread (forpu P piesunder6month 8 look for AUSTIN 

and small dogs) and we will send 

you sample by return mail. 

Ton ran jret Austin 'e Dog Drctd it jour .lea! 
H bu it or can get It for you. 

Austin Dog Bread & Animal Food Co. 
211 Marginal Street, Chelsea, Mass. 


of both sexes. All from the very best 

For particular* address 


West Chaster, Pennn. 

// You Have a Dog 

You Should Read 


the only weekly in America devoted exclu- 
sively to the dog. Sample and Special 
Trial subscription Offer on application. 

FIELD AND FANCY, 14 Church St., New York City 


The best ill 'round dog and companion 

Our Terriers are blue ribbon winners at 
New York, Boston, Pittsburg. Chicago, 
Kansas City and other large shows. 

Puppies for Sale, $25 and Up. 

Champion Red Raven at Stud, 

Fee $20. The greatest living sire. 

Beautiful illustrated booklet for stamp 


Are you desirous of purchasing the 
nicist attractive, as well as cleanly 
house companion, or automobile dog 
the Boston Terrier? If so, write for 
prices, full descriptions and photos of 
young stock. Prices, J20.00 up. 


119 Winchester St., Toronto, Ont. 

"Ch. Lord Bell Rock," at stud, fee $15 


Returning to England. America's Hest Puppies. 
Red, Sables and Parti-colors. Also llrood Matrons 
and Adult Dogs. Price, from $50. Must be sold. 


Al-Gftl Kennelx Hi.i Indale, N. Y. 

Phone. 1O31 M'hite Plains 

and grown stock. Pedigreed. Prices rea- 
sonable. Also Toy Spitz Pomeranian pups. 
Write your wants. 


Ann Arbor, Mich. 


English Toy Spaniels, Prince Charles, Rubya, Blenheims 
From Prize Winning Stock. Ix>w to close 


Pointers and Setters 



K. 9 Kennels, Marydel, Md. 


Domestic and rare foreign varieties. 
Siamese. Abyssinian. Manx, and Rus- 
sian. Ideal boarding place for cats, 
dogs and birds. Model Poultry depart- 
ment, supplies broilers, fo 1 and squab. 

Write for beautifully illustrated 
catalogue and sales lists. 


Oradell, N. J. 

Send your name and address to-day for a 

The oldest, largest and only hitch-class 

published. Fully illustrated. Printed on enamel paper. Beautiful 
C Ver '"' Ver B " y "*<*> "' do 

inJilr S -'' " yef "V*ich include, three pre 
inches, nice enough to frame and suitable for d 


dvertisements "><=>> 
ium pictures 12 I 16 


r study- Address 
Oei>OM PritLlSHIVU CO., Battle Creek, Michigan 

Russian Wolfhounds 

The Best Dog in the world and 
one of the Rarest Breeds extant 
Peerless in beauty and reliability 
of disposition. Companions for 
eentlemen, ladies or children. 

Mlrasol Kennels 

Pasadena. California 


sent on ten days' trial. Drag packs for hunt clubs a 
specialty; guaranteed to please. Get my liberal guar- 
antee. Also a few coon dogs and several youngsters 

R. F. Jobnson. 

Assumption, III; 

The Pekingese Spaniel 

T S he hard to raise ? and is he a good 
-1 house dog? These, and numerous 
other questions are repeatedly asked by 
people viewing the charming little dog for 
the first time. This quaint little Oriental, 
whose chief beauty lies in his ugliness, is 
one of the oldest toy dogs known to civ- 
ilization; we have evidence of this in the 
bronzes, ivories, statuary and embroid- 
eries which are in existence, and are 
known to be over one thousand years old. 
He is a charming, intelligent, and affec- 
tionate companion, without a doubt, and 
is the most lovable and sensible of toy 
dogs; he is full of vivacity and courage, 
and possesses a remarkable memory, for 
it is a fact that after an absence of years, 
he will recognize and welcome a former 
owner. Besides these qualities the Pekin- 


A splendid example of the parti-colored Pe- 
kingese, true to type Ty Tou, belonging 
to Mr. R. H. Hunt 

gese is a good little sportsman, he will 
chase a rabbit across country, and is able 
to hunt like a drag hound. 

He never barks unnecessarily, but no 
stranger can approach without his giving 
you due warning; he is utterly without 
fear and is brave to the point of reckless- 

No praise can be too high for the sta- 
mina of these dogs, for without a doubt 
there are few hardier breeds. Pekin, their 
home, is one of the hottest and coldest 
of places, so they very naturally adapt 
themselves to most climates. They are 
very easily raised and generally thrive 
well on a diet of bread and meat, and 
cereals ; the bread should be baked or 
kiln dried. Shredded wheat is also an 
excellent food, mixed with either a little 
meat, or moistened with gravy. The dogs 
drink a great deal of water, which should 
always be within reach. 

There is no mistaking the true Pekin- 
gese, he exists, and has existed, in the 
same shape as now, for certainly 1,000 
years and probably very much longer. 

A characteristic description would men- 
tion his broad flat skull, large lustrous 
eyes set well apart, broad nose (the flatter 
the better, and it is most essential it 
should be black) deep wide black muzzle 
heavily wrinkled, short bowed forelegs 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

[ OCTOBER, 1911 




BIRCH stained mahogany and given a rubbed 
varnish surface provides an excellent setting 
for the richest furnishings. 

Do you realize that the color and finish given 
the wood trim in a house is far more important to 
the beauty of the finished room than is the quality 
of the wood itself? Poplar, white wood, yellow 
pine, Washington fir, Oregon pine or any indigenous 
wood which is locally inexpensive and holds well 
may be used for the standing woodwork of the 
interior. Only the best quality of stain, varnish or 
enamel should be employed. 

""TO secure lasting and beautiful 
* color and surface, use materials 
made by Murphy Varnish Company. 
You will be entirely satisfied with 
the results. 

If you desire advice upon the 
color treatment and furnishing of 
your house the Department of Dec- 
oration of Murphy Varnish Com- 
pany will supply you with this with- 
out charge. Sample panels of wood 
showing stain, finish or enamel to- 
gether with samples of wall covering, 
drapery materials, tiles and cuts of 
lighting fixtures, furniture and rugs 
are also sent if requested. 

Write today and send plans. 

Address Department of Decoration 

Murphy Varnish Company 

345 Fifth Avenue New York 

Silver Lake A' 

Braided Sash-Cord 

< Nam* stamped on every foot) 

Have your architect specify it in bU plan- 
It won't font you any moic. but will sav 
you load.* of trouble. It is aol id-braided o( 
cotton, dot waate; can't stretch and is non-in- 
flammable. When the windows are being- pui 
in or when you have to renew the other cord 
look to see that Silver Lake A Saab-Cord is used 
Silver Lake ha* been the accepted standard 
in U.S. Government braided cord specification?- 
for 40 you*. 

87 Chauncy St. Boston, Mats. 

Maktrs of Si/ver I,a*f S^id-Rraided Clothes I.itf 

heavily feathered, gorgeous coat, lion- 
like mane, with a lion-shaped body, wide 
chest and tapering waist, his magnificent 
plume carried majestically over his loins, 
and his dainty little "waddle" a carriage 
characteristically his own. These features 
stamp him at once as a true aristocrat of 
the canine race ; "the lion dog of China." 
One of the dog's great beauties is his 
multiplicity of colors. There are all shades 
of red, from the deep mahogany to the 
light golden red, black, white, biscuit, 
cream, brindle, fawn, sable, and parti- 
colors ; the latter being at present the 
most sought after and highly prized in 
England. The historical side of the Pe- 
kingese is extremely interesting. The 
first specimens to arrive in England were 
lixjted from the summer palace at Pekin 
in 1860 during the Boxer insurrection: 
five of these dogs were found in the 
apartment of the Emperor's aunt, who 

Ah Cum and Mimosa among the founders of 
the breed in England were smuggled from 
the Imperial palace 

committed suicide on the approach of the 
troops. The little specimen Schlorff, 
taken by Lord John Hay and given to 
the then Duchess of Wellington, lived to 
the age of 18 years. He was bronze and 
brown in color, with a black muzzle, and 
a magnificent coat. lie was undoubtedly 
a sleeve specimen and weighed from 4^/2 
to 5 Ibs. General Dunne secured one of 
the five, which he presented to Queen Vic- 
toria. It was so small as to sleep curled 
up in a forage cap. The portrait of this 
little dog painted for the Queen by Land- 
seer is said to be at Windsor Castle now. 
Later on in 1890 Miss Loftus Allen im- 
ported Pekin Peter, and in 1896 she im- 
ported the two first black Pekingese into 
England. In 1896 Mr. T. Douglas Mur- 
ray imported Ah-Curr and Mimosa. It is 
interesting to know how these dogs left 
the palace. In the June number of the 
"Kennel" (English) Mr. T. Douglas 
Murray says: "Ah-Cum and Mimosa, the 
two little celebrites among the founders 
of the breed in England, were acquired 
with great difficulty, and only obtained by 
being smuggled out of the Imperial palace 
hidden in a box in the fodder for some 
Chinese deer. Their ages, as with all im- 
ported dogs, remains guesswork, Ah- 
Cum being presumably about a year old, 
and Mimosa, somewhat younger. Their 
(Continued on page 207) 

When you select a book- 
case that combines the feat- 
ures of convenience, beauty 
and protection of books, you 
will decide upon one of the 
many styles in 


Rare editions and delicate bindings 
as well as valuable books of all 
kinds should be stored in their dust- 
proof non-collapsible units, because in case 
of fire each unit can be quickly removed to 
a place of safety with their contents intact. 

9loW-VrnieU Unit* are made in many 
different styles and finishes to harmonize 
with appropriate interiors. 

Carried in stock by nearly 1,500 
agent*, bat where not represented 
we ship on approval, freight paid. 

Complete catalog, illustrated in colors, 
and a copy of "The Blue Book of Fiction" 
by Hamilton W. Mabie, containing lists of 
the world's best stories published in English, 
mailed on request. 

Address Dept. H.G. 

3hcfilol>c-V;-rnickcC'a Cincinnati 

ranch fors)l Ni>w York. 980-3*1 Brosdwtj 

I'liiln.l- li't"- 1012-10U Chittnut SI 

Boston n-n I **' 1 ^, r ^J M1 S. h ,aor ff^wl* 

My BOOKLET on Oriental 
Rugs Free on Request 

1 would like to acquaint every rug lover 
with my hobby the buying of Antique 
( Iriental Rugs of real quality and selling 
them to other nig lovers at fair prices. 
My 15 years' experience studying and 
buying rugs has been so interesting that 
I want others to know about RI:.\I. 
Oriental Rug values 1 ship rugs on ap- 
proval, pay charges both ways, and have 
DO "ther aim than to give satisfaction. 
ll'ritr luifay. 
L. B. LA WTON, Major U. S. A... Retired 

100 Cayuua Street :: Senco Fills. N. Y 

In writing to adrertiters pleatt mention Horse AND GAIDEN. 



OCTOBER, 1911 

The purpose of this department is to give advice to those interested in 
poultry. The manager will gladly answer any troublesome questions. 
Address "Poultry Department" and enclose a self-addressed envelope. 

N 1 

U I 

You can buy better, cheaper, more complete ready (factory) made hen-houses, 
roosting and nesting fixtures, coops, etc., from Potter & Co., because they have 
been making these goods for ten years and know how. 

['otter Portable Houses and Fixtures have these good points, as thousands of users 
testify. Potter goods are Ai in quality and low in price. They are made for a 
purpose and save you time and labor in your poultry work. 

Satisfaction Guaranteed 

when you buy our goods. They are made 
right and do please our customers. No lice and 
mites when you use our vermin-proof roofs 
and nests. For your own pleasure and profit 
and for the sake of your hens, you cannot 
afford to be without Potter fixtures. 

OUR Two CATALOGUES (136 pages, 150 il- 
lustrations) on portable houses and coops, fix- 
tures, feed hoppers, trap nests, feeds and sup- 
plies of all kinds at lowest prices, will interest 

you. Mailed for two red stamps to cover postage. Write today and be convinced 

that Potter Poultry Products are for particular poultry people. We also make 

portable auto houses. Catalogue mailed on request. 

^o-tter & Compar-y f Box 77. Downers Grove, Illinois 

A 55 Hennery Outfit 

Potter Portable Poultry Houses 
Style "A" 5 8xio foot house, 
complete with 8-foot Potter out- 
fit, $40. Many other styles and 

No. 1 6, s-foot two-perch Potter 
outfit, price $5. Made in 12 sizes. 


Unrivalled Flemish Giant, Angora, Tan and Polish Rab- 
bitsPeruvian and Smooth Cavies for fancy or pets. 
Some Good Younglr now for !, SI. 00 up 

Baby Chicks of Quality 

Sent by Express Direct to You 

Why bother with eggs ? I can supply you with healthy 
young chicks at once and guarantee them to reach you in 
good condition. Flshel Strain White Plymouth Rocks, 
S. C. R. I. Reda. Prices reasonable. 

Chick Catalogue Free. 
I. C. CALDWELL. Box 1030, Lyndon, Ross County .Ohio 

Selection of a Home 




Send ten cents for a copy of the Country 
Home Number containing the Country Home 
Information Blank. 

TOWN & COUNTRY 389 Fifth Avenue 


A necessary adjunct of the Hall Mammoth Incubator Is the Hall Brooder System 


rnnri H p M nt8 -i.- I t s free ' II "Plains WHY the Hall Mammoth In?irSt i*.t P fc S p Tiews of '"mous 


The New Berry Giant Himalaya 

WINE growa 40 feet a year unless trimmed. Hardy as an 
v oak will stand the winters in any part of the country 
Bears enormous crops of rich black berries ten 
ton* have been gathered from 500 plants. Berries 
nearly an inch long; sweet, melting, delicious. 

Plants ready September 1st. 10 cents each; $1 a 
dozen; $3 per hundred; $25 a thousand. Add 10 per 
cent when wanted by mail. 

about other valuable berries for home and market. 

House Avenue Holland, Mich. 

Maplecroft Rhode Island Reds 

win at all the leading shows. "It pays to buy 
the best." Stock and Eggs for sale in large 
quantities. Send forCircular and Mating List 
of S. C. Reds. J. G. Dutcher, Prop. Address 
Maple croft Farms. Pawling. New York 



Rare Land and 
Water Birds 

Swans, Geese, Ducks, Peafowl, Cranes, 
Pheasants, etc. I am the oldest established 
and largest exclusive dealer in ornamental 
birds in America. 

G. D. TILLEY, Naturalist 


White Orpingtons 

They lay like slot machines. 
My birds have won at Madison 
Square, Pittsburg, Cleveland, 
Buffalo, Chicago and other large 
shows. New catalog free. 

Lawrence Jackson 

Harsvllli, *llBghen,Co.,Pi 


A strain of extra heavy layers. A few 
choice trios of breeding stock at $10. 
Breeding pens of four pullets and male for 
$15. Show birds a matter of correspondence. 


Winter Park, Florida 


We carry the largest stock in America of 
ornamental birds and animals. Nearly 6p 
acres of land entirely devoted to our busi- 

Beautiful Swans, Fancy Pheasants, Pea- 
fowl, Cranes, Storks, Flamingoes, Ostriches, 
Ornamental Ducks and Geese, etc., for pri- 
vate parks and fanciers. Also Hungarian 
Partridges, Pheasants, Quail, Wild Ducks 
and Geese, Deer, Rabbits, etc., for stocking 
preserves. Good healthy stock at right 

Write us what you want. 


Proprietors of Pennsylvania 
Pheaaantry and Game Park 

Dept. "H. G." Bucks County, Yardly, Pa. 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 

OCTOBER, 1911 



(Continued from page 205) 
names appear in the pedigrees of almost 
every well known dog now on the show 
bench. Ah-Cum was throughout his short 
life acknowledged as the most typically 
perfect Pekingese spaniel in England. He 
was the first winner of a Pekingese cham- 
pionship at the Crystal Palace. As the 
most beautiful dog known to us, both in 
shape and color, he has been set up at the 
Natural History Museum, South Ken- 
sington, London, where he may now be 
seen. Ah-Cum died in 1905, and little 
Mimosa in 1910." 

On the question of size Lady Algernon 
Gordon Lennox says : "The Pekingese is 
essentially a lady's pet dog, and as such 
they should be small enough to be easily 
handled ; at the same time, bone and sub- 
stance should not be sacrificed, and with 
a maximum weight of 10 Ibs. the Pekin 
Palace Dog Association (England) has 
thought it advisable to fix a minimum of 
5 Ibs., in order to prevent a possible 
'weediness' in type; it would therefore 
seem that about 6 to 7 Ibs. is the ideal 
weight, and when the dog is true to type 
as regards bone, he will generally appear 
to the eye considerably smaller." A. G. 

Three Poultry Fallacies 

pOULTRYMEN on the Pacific coast 
* are trying to persuade the general 
public that eggs with brown shells contain 
just as much nutriment as those with white 
shells. This color of eggs is a popular 
superstition in several parts of the coun- 
try. New York City has the same pre- 
dilection for white eggs that exists in Los 
Angeles and San Francisco. Boston, on 
the other hand, pays a premium for brown 
eggs. All this makes trouble for the poul- 
tryman, for it is the nature of the brown- 
laying kind to sit, while the white layers 
do not sit and are not as good table fowls. 
And what is the difference in the eggs? 
There is no difference ; none whatever. 
One egg is just as rich and as well flavored 
as the other. These things do not depend 
upon the color of the egg shells, but upon 
the feeding of the hen. 

Another fallacy is to the effect that fat 
hens will not lay. One hears this doctrine 
preached everywhere. It is all wrong. 
An old fat hen may not lay, but a fat pullet 
lays more eggs than a pullet which is poor 
in flesh. It may be accepted as a fact that 
the danger of feeding a pullet so much that 
she will stop laying, is not very great. 

Along with this second fallacy goes an- 
other, which reasons that corn is fattening, 
and so corn should not be fed. And yet 
corn is the best all-round grain which the 
poultry keeper can obtain. Repeated ex- 
periments on practical plants have shown 
this to be a fact. Not, of course, that corn 
should be fed exclusively ; other grains in 
variety, as well as beef scraps and vege- 
tables, are needed. The amateur will not 
go far wrong, however, if he makes 
cracked corn half the grain ration, in win- 
ter at least ; and if he supplies an abun- 
dance of beef scraps or meat in some other 
form, along with alfalfa, clover or garden 
vegetables, he will get eggs. E. I. F. 


TWO suburban homes 
one, an attractive, snug, 
inviting home ; one that 
is a harmonious part of the 
grounds because of fine big 
trees and right use of shrubs 
The other is bald, severe, just 
a house nothing to distin- 
guish it from hundreds of 
others. Which is your kind ? 
A goodly sized maple, and a 
few shrubs will make a new 
house and grounds, at once 
interesting and attractive. 

Hicks has trees of any size, 
but principally the larger ones. 

large, for then you get immediate results no years of 
waiting for them to grow up. Of course, they cost 
more than small trees but they promptly add double 
their value to your property. They are an investment. 

It pays to buy them 


We planted the tree shown 
above, three years ago. It 
now has heavy foliage and is 
growing at the normal rate. 
We have 500 similar maples 
15 to 30 years old in our 
nursery, we can safely ship 
them to you by rail. 

We also have the kind of 
shrubs you want, at from $1.50 
to $5.00 for 10. 

Send for shrub price list, 
and for our tree catalog and 
see for yourself some of the 
unusual things we have done. 
If there are trees in your vicinity you wish were on 
your grounds, we can move them for you. Let us tell 
you about our method of moving big trees, and why 
Hicks large trees thrive. Now is the time to plant 
trees don't wait till spring, that is a common mistake 

Westbury, Long Island 


A Beautiful Illustrated Book- 
ARE MADE," .ent upon re- 
quest. Estimate* furnished. 
Any Latitude 

E. B. MEYROWITZ, 101 East 23d St., New York 

Brandies : New York. Mnmeapelis. St. P.ol. London. Paris 



,1V..:V, Statuary and_Decorative Marbles 
"'.':"."f Italian Gardens 





For Cooking, Water Heating. 

and Laundry work, also for 


"It makes the house a home" 

Send stamp today for "Economy 


Economy Gas Machine Co. 


"Economy" Gas is automatic. Sanitary and Not 1'oisonous 


l\ .H L H l\ H 

Law. Producer 

Sown likeothf-r raaB Be-H but it r>.m-* up n Wr* a// <>Mcr/ 
S''. Kalaka in new! ..'! fWtiliirr miied. Need* only aoil- 
iniMnliirr. A iimrvrl (or l>riniti'iK up new lawria ami terrace* or 
n>pli<n.hin old ow. <'hmr. gnm further than common 
*..-.! liiNtructivr tmoklfl. "HowUi Malcv a Lawn" u free. 

I he K.laka Company, 816 Exchange Ave.. Chkago . 

PROTECT . Y n ou d r 

coverings from injury. Also beau- 
tify your furniture by using Glass 
Onward Sliding Furniture and Pi- 
ano Shoes in place of casters. 
Made in no styles and sizes. If 
your dealer will not supply you 

Write us - Onward Mfg. Co. 

Menasha. Wisconsin. U. S. A. 

Canadian Factory, Berlin, Ont. 



are ready to transplant before the Southern grown stock 
i^ run-. 'The shorter season ripens off stock earlier and 1 
autumn planting begins In August. Shrubs and trees 
that are not ripe to-set before Norember from the 
South, are ready 7n Vermont bv the middle of October. 
You may set your I'aeairbu and many other herbaceous 
ulantifrom the middle of August to the middle of 
September snd get qnleter result*. Horsford's Autumn 
Supplement offers many Inducements to buyers of home- 
grown lilies, tulips, daffodils, crocuses, trilliums, etc.. 
which are iwt in autumn. If you could see his "rious 
kinds of stock ss It is here in the nimfry. you would 
understand why his plants hate so good a reputation. 
Besides, he knows how to pack them so they reach you 
' ' for catalogues. 

alive and fresh. Ask 
Fred'k H. Horalord 

Charlotte, Vt. 



OCTOBER, 1911 


is used throughout many 
of the most notable public 
buildings in this country. 


experienced architects and owners know its solid worth. 
They appreciate the beauty and distinction of Sargent 
designs. They realize that Sargent quality means long, 
satisfactory wear and the saving of repair bills. 

Whether you propose building a great office structure, a magnificent 
residence or a modest cottage, it is well worth while to understand 
the advantages of Sargent Hardware. Sargent designs include styles 
to harmonize truly with every period and school of architecture. Let 
us send you a complimentary copy of the 

Sargent Book of Designs 

It contains illustrations and descriptions of a great variety of patterns, also much 
other information that is valuable to anyone who builds. Our Colonial Book 
will be included if you mention an interest in that period. 

pARGENT & COMPANY, 142 Leonard Street, New York 

znt Locks are Famed for Security 

In writing to advertisers please mention HOUSE AND GARDEN. 


OCTOBER - 1911 



/Vow a photograph by H. H. S. 

Photograph by //. //. .S. 


Photograph by Alice Boiightoii 


B\ Hettie Rhoda Mcade 


By Chester Jny Hunt 


By 7.ulma De I.. Stcele 


By I.ydia LeBaron ]Valker 


By H. S. A Jams 


22 1 



By E. O. Calvcnc 

How TO MEASURE YOUR OWN GARDEN- AREA ..................... .-25 

By Arthur H'. Dean 


By Sarah Leyburn Coc 

RESTORING OLD SHRUBS TO VIGOR ................................ 228 

By Grace Tabor 


WHAT VARNISHES REALLY ARE ................................ 2^2 

By Katharine Neu'bold Birdsall 


By /-. F. Rockwell 

PLANTING THE HOUSE BORDER ................................... 236 

By Warren J. Chandler 


By Louise Shrimpton 


INSIDE THE HOUSE ............................................. 242 

A Handy Icebox A Folding Drk 

Lightening the Housewife's Burden 

GARDEN SUGGESTIONS AND QUERIES .................... , ......... 244 

How to Take Cuttings A Persistent Dahlia 

Save Part of the Flower Garden 

EDITORIAL PACE ................................................ -'4'' 

The Pekingese Dog Three Poultry Fallacies 


Copyright, 1911, by McBride, Nast & Co. 





-' * ' > * ' * **-/ A N ' ^^r^S * LLt+W M. V_/ \~J AX i J * i -- A 1 V - | A ^ a__^ V V A X_^ I \ 1 \ X^ *. A A 

Robert M. McBride, President; Condc Nast, Vice President ; Robert F. MacClelland, Secretary; Henry II. Savior, Treasurer. Published Munihly. 25 cent* per Copy. 
$3.00 per Year. For Foreixn Postage, add $1.00; Canadian, soc. Entered as Second-class matter at the Post-office, New Y<n k, \. Y. 

>1OM A 


William Welles Bosworth, landscape architect 


October, 1911 


Putting on the Winter Garb Indoors 


WITH the fall months 
come many duties in 
house and garden. It is the 
time when one's home inside 
the house, and without, must be 
prepared for the winter. The 
fall clean-up of the grounds 
and gardens must be succeeded 
by a thorough renovation of 
the house. During the spring 
and summer months our work 
and our activities have kept us 
much outdoors; now, for an- 
other six months, our activities 
will be mostly confined to our 
homes. So the needs of the 
winter call for an entirely dif- 
ferent setting. It is now time 
to take down the delicate mus- 
lin and cretonne hangings, to 
put away light willow and cane 
furniture, and to roll up the 
cool rugs of woven grass and 
straw and light ingrains. 

The birds are flying south- 
ward and the butterflies have 
long since disappeared from 
our garden that was so lately 
bloom-laden. So our cretonnes, 
chintzs and muslins, which 
represented the life of the early 
spring and summer, are no 
longer appropriate. Where we 
had draperies, rugs and furni- 
ture designed to give the home 
all the appearance of coolness 

Photographs by Floyd Baker, F. W. Martin and others 

The comfortable and inviting wing chairs are becoming more appre- 
ciated. The day of the chair that is built for appearances only is 

and lightness that was possible, we must now change our fur- 
nishings to colors and forms that will suggest warmth and cozi- 
ness and protection from the cold and inclemency of the weather 

Nature will give us all the suggestions we need as to color. 
We remember the delicate shades and colors of the wood anem- 
onies ; they have given place in our garden to the stately dahlia 
with its deep tones of wine red and maroon, the rich golds and 
maroons of the marigold. Zinnias, with their wealth of color, 
now bloom in the garden, and the green foliage has now deepened 

into the various hues of au- 
tumn. We may well choose the 
colorings for our winter sur- 
roundings from the palette Na- 
ture now lays before us. The 
transition without makes nec- 
essary a transition within. 

The fall clean-up of the 
house to some of us suggests 
pandemonium, but, if we go 
about it methodically and with 
a definite idea of what we wish 
the result to be, the process, in- 
stead of being work and drudg- 
ery, will result in play and 

Most modern houses and 
well-preserved houses of an 
older period have splendid attic" 
and store room and dry cellars. 
In the clean, dry cellars much 
of the strictly summer furni- 
ture may be stored after brush- 
ing it carefully and covering it 
with sheets of unbleached mus- 
lin. The summer rugs may be 
rolled on long poles which may 
be purchased for that purpose. 
An outer wrapping of news- 
paper must be tightly tied 
around them and they may be 
disposed of in the attic. Cur- 
tains and bedspreads must not 
be put away dust-laden or 
soiled. All the draperies which 
permit of laundering must be 
carefully washed without starch and put away rough-dry. Cur- 
tains for each room may be folded and tied into packages. One 
may have sheets of black silesia, sateen, paper muslin, or any in- 
expensive material to wrap the curtains in ; or one may make the 
material into bags. The sheets will be just as convenient to use 
and much less trouble to make. Each package should be labeled 
"Library," "Dining-room," "East Guest Room," "South Guest 
Room," etc. This will save much confusion in the spring when 
we are again taking out the summer hangings. 

Cretonnes and light silks, which have been used for overdra- 


OCTOBER, 1911 

Many dining-room suites show the influence of Chippendale's Chinese 
manner, as evidenced in this well-made buffet 

peries, if they do not permit of laundering, should be 
thoroughly brushed, and disposed of in the same man- 
ner. The black wrappings will, beside keeping the cur- 
tains clean, prevent them from becoming yellow, and 
protect them from any further change of color than they 
have suffered from exposure to the sun during the 

Everyone has not the imaginative power to go into a 
dismantled room, or entirely bare house, and picture it 
in his or her mind completed, With this gift of seeing 
the end from the beginning, at least in things material, if a 
careful survey of the whole house is made, planning the 
color scheme, furniture and arrangement one room at a 
time, a mental picture of the whole house completed will 
result. When one has this mental picture to follow, 
it is like having a set of working drawings to the me- 
chanic. Each step is clearly before one in the essen- 
tials of the case. The detail will take care of itself, when 
the setting has been prepared. 

Ceilings, walls, woodwork and floors must first be 
considered. There is an almost endless variety of 
charming wall treatments. The canvas now being 

used is most beautiful and most satisfactory. Some of the dec- 
orators give the wall a very beautiful effect by laying aluminum 
paint upon the canvas. Over this the paint is put, mottling the 
color until the various tones used are harmoniously blended. The 
aluminum undercoat gives a luminous appearance to the wall. 
When the canvas is merely painted, the effect is dull. Light col- 
ored or rich wall effects may be had, rough or smooth canvas may 
be used, or the treatment of the wall may be a mottled plain tone, 
or a design giving the effect of old velvet may be stencilled upon 
the prepared canvas. Another very handsome wall covering for 
living-room, hall, dining-room or library, is a very heavy grass 
cloth called ( )rimona grass cloth. For years we have had the 
light-weight grass cloth imported from Japan ; the Orimona grass 
cloth is something new and much handsomer, and is also much 
more expensive than the lighter quality of grass cloth known to 
everybody. It is made of many grasses, bunched together and in- 
terwoven with a double thread. Orimona grass cloth is made in 

A bedroom set of the season in white enamel. The design is freely modern, but is based 
on the work of Robert Adam and Thomas Sheraton 

The so-called Mission or craftsman furniture, of simple sturdy lines and soft 
brown tones, continues to be the only suitable furniture for some rooms 

a number of excellent colorings soft browns, 
tans and greens. 

There are innumerable new and original ways 
of treating the walls of your rooms, beside the 
well-known silk hangings and papers. If one 
wishes something unusual for the treatment of 
the walls, there are endless suggestions which 
will be furnished by the up-to-date decorator. 
[Other hints are given on page 218 of this 

Much of the woodwork in the new house is 
finished in antique ivory, gold, white or gray. 
This antique finish is much softer and more 
harmonious than a hard plain color. 

The architect of today is giving especial at- 
tention to the large living-room. Hardly a 
house of small or large cost is planned without 
one room of very ample proportions. This 
large livable room is the room above all others 
where solid comfort is going to be enjoyed. It 
seems best in planning the living-room to fol- 
low no particular period. Walls and floor cov- 
ering, woodwork and ceiling having been chosen 
of some soft rich tone, chairs and divans of 
American or English make of generous proper- 




lions are more inviting than some more classic and less comfort- 
able furnishing would be. Nearly every American family has 
some heirlooms, old pieces of mahogany, or family portraits that 
most appropriately fit into this nondescript room. When I say 
nondescript I do not mean that there is no relation of one thing to 
another. There must be the most perfect relation of color as a 
background where the beloved objects, rich in the associations of 
the past, or long-hunted-for and much-prized objects of art, may 
be shown to the best advantage. The new pieces that are intro- 
duced into this room must be chosen to correspond with the old. 
Wing chairs in many luxurious shapes are much in vogue today, 
and they invite to comfort and conversation on a cold winter's 
evening. One may buy them in a number of models, covered with 
tapestry or velvet, if for living-room or library ; or cretonne, linen 
tapestry, or dainty silk damask if for a bedroom. Some of the 
new upholstered chairs are made with a removable cushion and 
seat allowing of a very thorough cleaning. They are called sani- 

Almost all the rugs and carpets being shown this fall have a very small pattern, 
such as in this Oriental, or else are in plain colors 

tary chairs. Tapestries are largely taking the 
place of velours and velvets for the coverings of 

Almost all the rugs and carpets being shown 
for the fall and winter furnishings have a very 
small pattern or are entirely plain. Handsome 
French Wilton rugs and also domestic Wiltons 
are manufactured in plain colors with a border 
of two deeper tones. A very handsome double- 
faced Smyrna rug is also made in a variety of 
soi t colors. Either of these weaves can be made 
to order in just the color one wishes to employ 
in one's color scheme at a slightly greater cost. 

Most of our waking hours may be spent in 
the living-room, but a good third of our lives is 
spent in the bedrooms. These rooms, therefore, 
deserve most careful attention. Furniture for 
bedrooms is largely of the Sheraton and Adam 
styles, with panels of caning introduced. Cir- 
cassian walnut is the popular wood of the mo- 
ment. Though one sees articles supposedly 
made of Circassian walnut at comparatively 
low prices, these low-priced sets are made of 
gtunwood or hazelwood. Genuine Circassian 
walnut is high-priced. This popular wood is 

There is a pronounced tendency to return to the roomy, luxuriously 
upholstered seats and couches of the last generation 

made up in bedroom sets of various styles with cane 
panels. The soft browns of the wood are most beau- 
tiful, and can well be introduced into very beautiful 
color schemes where tans, yellows and brown are 
used. A blue, also, is most harmonious with this soft, 
gray-brown wood. .Many bedroom sets are enamelled, 
and there is nothing prettier than these pieces of fur- 
niture (jf exquisite proportions in the softest shades of 
French gray, delicate yellow, and tan, and white. 
Some of the gray enamel sets have a trimming of white 
and charming designs of morning-glories in soft vio- 
lets painted in medallion-shaped forms.' The walls 
may have either gray or violet covering, the woodwork 
should be white, a rug of plain gray or violet may be 
used, and there are innumerable soft hangings of silk 
in violet tones that are like the gray-violet bloom of a 
plum. Another set of bedroom furniture which one 
of the stores is showing is enamelled in soft yellow. 
On this set is painted a design of yellow wild roses. 
What possibilities for a yellow room ! Other bedroom 
sets are painted white or cream and have in medallion 
shapes the daintiest of designs, festoons of forget-me- 

New furniture for the reception room is of the slender Adam or Sheraton type in delicate 
shades of tan or gray, or in white, with cane panels 



OCTOBER, 1911 

Valances for over-curtains are being made plain, 
rather than plaited, and shaped on a frame 

This preference for the more fragile type of furniture to the 
heavier Colonial pieces may have its practical inspiration, due to 
the conditions imposed by apartment house living. However, one 
cannot decry the substantial Colonial type for people whose rooms 
admit of the use of these handsome but more cumbersome pieces 
of furniture. Copies and modifications of old English models are 
also much in vogue for dining-room use. 

Craftsman furniture continues to be popular. It has many 
points in its favor. Its straight lines, substantial proportions and 
soft brown tones make it a desirable style. for some types of rooms. 
Many fabrics and leathers are made in soft tones of brown, which 
harmonize with the fumed finish of the wood ; for the person who 
is not entirely sure of the blending and harmonizing of colors and 
the right proportion of lines, craftsman furniture is a very safe 
style with which to furnish. The housekeeper likes it because it 
shows the dust very little. One woman told me she had to dust 
her mahogany set six times a day, so she got a Mission one for it. 
The window draperies in vogue call for three sets of curtains. 
A sash curtain, which reaches only to the sill, inner lace curtains, 
reaching to the floor, and silk, velvet or tapestry overhangings. 
The valance, instead of being gathered or plaited, is now plain 
and shaped on a buckram frame. These valances seem a trifle 
more formal than the draperies used for some years past, but 
admit of much handsome ornamentation, or they may be quite 
plain, having a simple finish of galloons or fringe. Plaited or 
gathered valances are of course still being used, but the straight 
valance is employed in the more formal homes and more preten- 
tious house. Fillet and Cluny laces continue to be much used in 
the more expensive curtains, while soft imported and domestic 
net, plain or with dainty applique designs, is to be used in the less 
elaborate homes. Of these nets there are many of charming dainty 
patterns. The general concensus of opinion is that fabrics, vel- 
vets, damasks and tapestries, which will be in general favor this 
season, are of small designs. Some very handsome velvets of 
Genoese and Florentine design are also being shown. 

Handsome fabrics, such as tapestries, damasks and velvets, 

are comparatively high-priced, 
though fortunately for the per- 
son of moderate means, there 
are always good things of mod- 
erate price to be found if one 
but has the patience to look, for 
them and the discrimination to 
know the good things one sees 
regardless of what the price 
may be. 

Unfadable fabrics have 
gained much popularity during 
the past year or two; made of 
cotton and silk in an almost 
countless number of weaves and 
designs of light o,r heavy 
weight, there is hardly a room 
so pretentious that some of the 
heavier qualities of these Scotch 
fabrics may not be appropriate- 
ly used. For the home of mod- 
erate cost there are almost end- 
less possibilities. From semi- 
transparent weaves that may be 
used as curtains, to very heavy 
fabrics suitable for portieres 
and upholstery, all are exceed- 
ingly effective. Each weave 

and pattern comes in a number 

The inner and outer curtains for a less formal sort of living-room a room, incidentally, that illustrates the of exceptionally good colors, SO 

author's idea of a pleasingly nondescript room (Continued on page 270) 

nots tied with 
pink ribbons or 
festoons of pink 
roses tied with 
blue ribb o n s . 
None of these 
designs is gar- 
i s h nor over- 

While many 
of the bedroom 
sets are copies of 
the English Hep- 
plewhite, Shera- 
ton, and Adam 
or French 
Louis Quinze 
and Louis Seize 
styles ; there is 
also much bed- 
room furniture 
of excellent pro- 
portion and de- 
sign that cannot 
be said to be 
copied after any 
period style. 

The solid Co- 
lonial furniture 
of our forefa- 
thers for dining- 
room use seems 
for the present 

to be less popular than the more fragile mahogany pieces of 
Sheraton and Chippendale types, the Sheraton's simplicity of 
line seeming to have preeminence in favor just at the present time. 

For vigorous spring blossoms of narcissus, as well as hyacinths, daffodils and crocuses, the early fall, or as soon as received, is the time to plant 

The Last Word On Spring-Blooming Bulbs 


I! V C II E S T li K J A V II U X T 
Photographs by Chas. Jones and R. R. Raynioth 

TOO frequent, indeed, is the gardener's lament that the bedi 
and borders are not what they ought to be. More often 
than not, the attempt to be relieved of responsibility for this 
condition brings forth against the seedsman or nurseryman the 
accusing excuse of poor seeds, weak plants or worthless bulbs. 
It is irksome to shoulder bravely the results of our own mistakes 
and confess an ignorance or a carelessness which has undone all 
the painstaking labor of the grower who has produced a perfectly 
good plant or bulb for us to mistreat. 

Yet, in the case of flowering bulbs, there may sometimes be 
cause for complaint. Nearly all bulbous plants which flower 
early in the spring are prepared during the previous year for 
their daring of delayed frosts ; and whether a bulb will flower 

satisfactorily or not, de- 
pends upon the nature of 
the season of growth, as 
well as upon a proper ripen- 
i n g after growth h a s 
ceased. The former fac- 

tor is wholly in the hands of the gods and the weather man ; the 
latter is to some extent under the control of the grower. 

If at fall planting time the bulb of a hyacinth, tulip or narcissus 
be cut through from top to base, the promise of success or failure 
for the coming spring may readily be determined, for a miniature 
flower, perfect in all its parts, will be found at the base of the 
stem. In fact, the bulb itself is but an enlarged development of 
stem or leaf structure, designed to provide nourishment for an 
early growth too rapid for the roots alone, and to protect during- 
the winter the flower already formed. After blossoming, the 
plant sets to work to form a new bulb, which will blossom in its 
turn if conditions have been suitable for maturing its growth. 

It is possible, however, to determine in a great measure from 
the outward appearance of 
the bulb whether it is what 
it should be, without hav- 
ing to be so inquisitive as 
to spoil our toy by taking 
it apart to see the wheels 

Number the Poeticus varieties among 
this year's plantings 

Basal rot is found among the Holland varieties of HorsfielJi, 
but these from England are generally free from it 

The bulbs of the best Barii class of 
narcissus are small 



OCTOBER, 1911 

go round. A first-class 
bulb should be compara- 
tively heavy and quite 
solid, without a sign of 
being soft or flabby. A 
firm pinching of the bulb, 
both at the base and just 
below the top, will give evi- 
dence of any soft spot, 
while the selection of a 
firm, heavy bulb of aver- 
age size as a standard, and 
judging others by balanc- 
ing them in the hand, will 
give an idea what the bulb 
should be. A clean, close 
skin in the case of tulips is 
desirable, though m a n y 
sorts among the late tulips 
form a very thin and deli- 
cate skin which easily comes 
loose. If the skin of a tulip 
comes off, it will not injure 
the bulb appreciably unless 
it is to be out of the ground some time ; the 
skin protection is then a great help in pre- 
venting the bulb from drying. 

Size is by no means a criterion, for many 
varieties never make a large bulb, and very 
often an extra large bulb is a sign of old 
age and an approaching breaking up. 
With a discreet knowledge of varieties, the 
size of a bulb will help a good deal in de- 
termining its quality. It is useless to ask 
for large bulbs of a variety that does not 
run to size ; on the other hand, under-sized 
bulbs of a sort which should be large 
means that one is paying for first size or 
"top root" bulbs and getting only second 
sized ones. For instance, among hya- 
cinths the blue Grand Maitre makes a very 
large bulb, while Roi des Beiges, a hand- 
some red, is naturally small. Crimson 
King, Thomas Moore and La Reine are 
tulips with small bulbs ; Cottage Maid, 
Keizerkroon and Belle Alliance are exam- 
ples of sorts with large bulbs. In the nar- 
cissi, the trumpet sorts give large bulbs as 
a rule, while the Poeticus type and most of 

1 he favored L'Immaculee is now 
surpassed by Joost van Vondel 

For best blooms of Keizerkroon pick 
out the large bulbs 

Big hyacinth bulbs 
which are 

sometimes produce spikes 
green at the top 

the Barrii and Lecdsii class 
are small. With the daffo- 
dils a rather particular 
knowledge of characteris- 
tic size is of great value in 
purchasing superior bulbs, 
for the diversity among 
varieties in the matter of 
size is rather marked, and 
whether a bulb throws one 
flower or three good blooms 
is frequently an important 
matter when the bulbs are 
used for forcing. Even 
large bulbs of narcissus 
Emperor will often give no 
more than one flower, and 
this tendency of different 
varieties to give few or 
many flowers ought to be 
considered before the deal- 
er is blackguarded for fur- 
nishing poor bulbs. 

For formal bedding, sec- 
ond size bulbs of hyacinths are as satis- 
factory as the larger ones, provided they 
are planted a little closer, and where 
large quantities are used the cost may be 
reduced in this fashion. The spikes may 
be a little thinner, but a splendid display 
of color will be afforded just the same. 
Big hyacinth bulbs are somewhat in- 
clined to come green at the top of the 
spike, probably because the truss is too 
heavy to develop fully. 

It is usually easy enough to determine 
whether a bulb is sound or not. Tulips 
are sometimes prone to a dry rot which 
makes brittle, empty cases of the bulbs. 
A firm pinching pressure will cause such 
a bulb to collapse between the fingers, 
but this difficulty is seldom encountered 
among newyly imported bulbs. I have 
noted it more often among bulbs kept a 
second year, and the single early tulip 
Proserpine seems most susceptible to it. 
Occasionally hyacinths give signs of 
decay due to disease, but the growers 
{Continued on page 272) 

Tulips must go into the ground at about the time the leaves of the deciduous trees begin to fall. Early planting often causes loss from spring frost 

A Shaded Tulip Border 


I! V Z U L M A DEL. S T E E L E 
Photographs by the Author and Chas. Jones 

EVERY garden, be it large or small, has its own 
particular problems which must be worked out as 
individual taste or preference suggests, and adapted to 
the necessities of location, size and surroundings. 
Many decorative effects can be undertaken in the large 
garden where shrubs and trees for.n a background, which 
are quite out of the question in the small surburban garden 
bounded on three sides by fences. 

In our own garden, a plot measuring about thirty-rive by eighty 
feet, in the suburbs of New York City, we rind it impossible to 
have large shrubs, as they shade the space desired for flowers. 

Picket fences separate us on either side from our neighbors, 
and a high close board fence determines the end of the garden. 
Against this fence in the centre, we have a latticed arbor, with a 
box-seat six feet long. This was built by a carpenter from our 
own design. It provides a convenient resting place, and the box- 
seat is useful for holding the spade and fork and other garden 
tools. Rambler roses and clematis paniculata form a thick leafy 
canopy overhead and give a bit of welcome shade when the sun is 
hot. The arbor is stained in dull green and the back of the seat 
bears the following legend painted in dark letters on the green 
background: A World of Peace shut in , 
A World of Strife shut out." 

The borders are laid out in 
curved lines, starting at each end 
of the arbor and continuing 
around the garden. 

As this little plot is the work of 
our own hands, we have solved 
some problems, made some dis- 
coveries and tried some experi- 
ments, which may be interesting 
to other garden lovers. 

The question of tulips puzzled 
us not a little. All the garden 
magazines and books said "Plant 
your tulips in clumps against 
shrubbery," but we had no shrubs, 
and we could not afford to give 
the space to large groups or 
masses of the Darwins where they 
7ould lie undisturbed from year to 

Finally one of us exclaimed, 
"Why not have a tulip border 
close to the lawn, where the bulbs 
would not interfere with later 
planting, and our sweet alyssum 
border could be planted right over 

This having been agreed upon, 
the next thing to be considered 
was the color. A border of one 
color would be monotonous, even 
if we could agree upon a color: 
and a mixed, unnamed border was 

After the tulips are gone sweet alyssum occupies the front of 
the border in the long line around the garden 

too dangerous an experiment to consider, with the 
risk of seeing scarlets and pinks in deadly warfare. 

Finally light dawned, and order resolved itself out of 
our chaos. A shaded border it should be, for which we 
could select and arrange the colors. Many delightful hours 
were spent in studying catalogues and reading descriptions 
of colors and shades. 

We decided to put in the Darwins, because this variety does 
better if left undisturbed in the ground from year to year, and 
also because it is a late blooming tulip, and does not shed its 
petals, individual flowers often lasting for nearly a month. When 
necessary to complete our color scheme, we would fill in with the 
late flowering cottage tulips of the tall varieties, which bloom at 
the same time as the Darwins. 

We decided to begin with the darkest tulips at the end of the 
garden, starting at the arbor seat and continuing the color, uni- 
formly, down each side of the lawn. 

Close to the arbor at each end of the seat, we started with 
that prince of black tulips, La Tulipe Noire, made famous by 
Dumas' novel of that name, and said to be the blackest of all 
tulips, the high lights reflecting deepest maroon. 

Then followed the Sultan in maroon-black, and others shading 
into dark maroon, and then into deep blood-red. 

We then began with the darkest cardinal red, shading down 

through several tones to the most 
vivid scarlet. 

Then to unite our color scheme 
and connect with the orange 
tones, we used a scarlet with or- 
ange centre, and a vermilion 
striped with gold, which brought 
us naturally to the clear orange of 
Mrs. Moon, followed by the yel- 
lows, shading down, through sev- 
eral gradations, to the pale lemon 
color in Vitellina, which as it 
grows older changes to creamy 

Next to this, bringing us to the 
centre of the garden on either side, 
and where the curves were fullest, 
came the whites: Painted Lady, 
cream white, and next to her the 
White Queen delicately shaded 
with pink. 

From this point on, our color 
scheme changed, and leaving our 
reds and yellows at the other end 
of the garden, separated by the 
whites, we began to shade into 
pale pink, rose, and deep carmine. 
This brought us to the end of 
the side borders, and as we had a 
little scroll-like terminal bed 
which ended the border, we plant- 
ed around that the shades of lav- 
(Continued on page 250) 


A reception room treatment that 
shows the skill in hanging 

The upper section of a panel showing a paper that is produced in 
various tones of bronze that do not tarnish 

There are printed linens to match 
a frieze or cut-out border 

TO the old mural decorators who 
laboriously traced out their work 
by hand, we owe the inspiration which 
today is so splendidly expressed in the 
finer wall-papers. Putting aside COn- 


Photographs of rooms by courtesy of the paper 

novelties. The black is used as a body 
or background to the design, as white 
has been used heretofore. The super- 
imposed pattern imparts the necessary 
glow of color and light. The figure 

siderations of permanency and looking only at the artistic results, shines out something like a diamond on a black gown. Further 
one must concede that there is little loss of beauty and great gain light is imparted by the use of such papers in panels, where the 
in economy by the modern way. And there is practically no surrounding treatment can be as bright as desired. And bright 
limit to the ra'nge of these modern wall-paper creations. They draperies are essential in all cases. Of the three examples shown, 
are architectural ; they are pastoral and scenic ; they are historic, one presents an interesting Chinese Chippendale pattern ; another 
periodic and national; and they are skillfully imitative of leathers, 
fabrics and even metals and ceramics. One can choose between 
the unconventionality of Nature itself or the strict precision of 
monastic illumination. Every color and the finest of color is 
brought to perfection ; and even the absence of color, that is to 
say black, appears in form as pleasing as it is surprising. In a 
word, one can make his interior walls respond absolutely to his 
will ; and if he cannot live in a palace, his surroundings may be at 
least palatial. Xor is the expense nec- 
essarily in proportion to the richness of 
the effect ; because in the last analysis the 
achievement depends upon the taste and 
skill with which papers are selected and 

Reference has been made to the black 
papers. These are the great outstanding 

a soft-toned tapestry; while the third created a sensation at the 
recent wall-paper exhibit at Hamburg, where we understand it 
received a first prize. 

The nations are attractively represented in characteristic de- 
signs. Anyone familiar with Portuguese decoration will at once 
recognize the scroll in the specimen illustrated. Particularly 
admirable are the graceful perfection of detail and the exquisite 
coloring. The greens, blues, reds, mauves, browns, etc., are a 
delight to behold. Special interest at- 
taches to the simple Dutch paper. It 
bears the name of Queen Wilhelmina, 
for whom it was first made. The tones 
adopted by her majesty were Delft blue 
with miniature roses sprinkled between 
the stripes, the rose being the national 
flower. In this country it comes in vari- 

Two bedroom papers a Directoire design 
in mulberry and white on old blue ground, 
below which is a Louis XVI pattern 

There is something startling about this vig- 
orous Jacobean pattern and its quaint 
detail. It needs to be carefully handled 

The Portuguese paper with its characteristic 
scroll work and a bedroom paper originally 
made for Queen Wilhelmina 


OCTOBER, lyi i 



The tapestry effects are found again 
this year, and with even more har- 
monious colorings 

ous colors with cretonnes to match. 
The French touch is easily recog- 
nized in the room photographed. It 
appears in the cut out border espe- 
cially, with its garlands and ribbons. 
The French linen to match is one of 
the most exclusive importations in 

The transition from national to periodic 
papers comes naturally. In this connection 
nothing could be more striking than the 
Old English paper in Jacobean style. At 
first one can hardly repress a smile at the 
fantastic improvements that the artists of 
old King James imparted to Nature. Paint- 
ing the lily or gilding refined gold would 
present no difficulties to them apparently. 
Yet it must be admitted that the paper 
grows on one. You begin by wondering if 
you like it and conclude by admitting that 
you do. Certainly it is full of character, and 
it is what we may call companionable. It is 
particularly adaptable to bedrooms in houses 
of Tudor architecture. There are cretonnes 
to match. The Directoire or Jouy paper 
also is interesting and typical. The pastoral 
medallions belong to the few years be- 
tween the revolution and the Empire 
when taste had swung away from royal- 
istic embellishments, and when art re- 
flected the simple pleasures of the people. 
The other French paper is a straight 
Louis XVI, with the usual Marie An- 
toinette ribbon. One of the charms of 
this design is that it is executed in the 
desirable mulberry tone. 

The past season has witnessed a grow- 
ing feeling toward out-of-door papers. 

Above the peacock paper, now found in 
great variety, is one of the trellis and 
arbor papers to be used above a sim- 
ple side wall. It is one of a number 
of similar outdoor subjects 

This short section of a forest frieze 
gives only a faint idea of its effec- 

The tree frieze shown at the top of 
this page is decidedly inexpensive, yet 
its drawing, perspective and coloring 
merit praise. The trellis and arbor 
idea illustrated is very ingeniously 
produced by a simple side wall and a 
gorgeous arch-and-rose crown. Birds, es- 
pecially peacocks, are prominent in the finer 

Of all the new papers the most elegant 
are the imitations of leather. The appear- 
ance and even the "feel"' of leather are mar- 
vellously approximated. These goods being 
nothing short of magnificent, their dignity 
calls for a worthy apartment. They are es- 
pecially appropriate for handsome halls, li- 
braries, living-rooms and dens. They com 
vey an impression of stability and seasonecj 
age. All the appearances of stained, hair- 
brushed, hand-tooled and other leather- 
treatments are produced. 

The imitative impulse is not confined to 
leathers, but extends to fabrics ; and the 
success is about as great in the one case as. 
in the other. This is strikingly illustrated 
in the engraved Japanese burlap paper. 
Not only the appearance but the actual 
texture is approximated. Its unique sil- 
ver finish takes beautiful lights. The 
greens and mulberry tones in the cut-out 
border are exquisite. A dainty fabric 
effect is presented by the rayure or moire 
example. It gives the idea of blue and 
white silk stripe with embroidered bas- 
kets. English chintz papers also belong 
to this class, and are delightful for bed- 
rooms. One of the latest fashion im- 
pulses has been toward Paisleys and 

The season's most interesting innovation is the black background on which delicate colorings show up far better than on the traditional 
light background. At the left the tapestry idea is carried out; in the middle a fantastic Chinese Chippendale pattern is seen, while the. 
illustration at the right shows a paper that received first prize in a recent wall paper exhibit in Germany 



OCTOBER, 1911 

There is a great variety in the fabric effects this year. At the top is a 
free design after the English chintzes; below it is a dainty moire; in 
jhe Jower left corner is a quaint approximation of an old sampler stitch ; 
t the top right is a Paisley binder; a cut-out frieze is provided for the 
narrow striped side wall paper, and there is cretonne obtainable for the 
hangings; in the lower corner is a Japanese burlap effect 

.Cashmeres. This form of decoration is 
,now found even in wall-papers. Paisley 
Hangings also may be had in cretonnes. 
It strikes a rather pleasing note in a 
.bedroom carried out in the old style, to 
,employ these papers and hangings. 

Mention should be made of the paper 
designed especially for the dining-room. 
It is of a Wedgewood or ceramic de- 
sign in Delft colors. The treatment sug- 
gested would be to apply it for the lower 


A rather quaint dining-room paper with Wedgewood medal- 
lions. The dominating color, of course, is blue, which 
would be effective in back of real Wedgewood 

two-thirds with a plain Delft blue above the white plate- 
rail. A few pieces of Wedgewood come in very nicely. 
The metal-toned papers are somewhat akin to the 
leather-finished papers, and rank among the very hand- 
somest. To the stained effects of the design are added 
the sheen of bronze or other metals. There is sufficient 
life and color, so that the paper is not dependent upon 
any angle of illumination. The finest of these metal- 
toned creations has the quality of not tarnishing, which 
adds to its value and durability. The general uses of 
papers of this character are similar to those where 
leather effects are employed. 

(Continued on page 255) 

Two of the new leather papers. At the left is a frieze of orange branches 
on a rich green ooze leather background. A clever imitation of brush- 
work and hand-tooling is simulated at the right 

So wonderfully has the art of paper making advanced that it is al- 
most impossible to tell even when passing the hand over these walls 
that they are not made of leather borders and dado richly tooled 

There are many arguments in favor of the hardy garden of perennials, not the least of which is that the flowers are more beautiful by remaining 

undisturbed. Start now and have an established garden next season 

The Twelve Best Perennials to Plant Now 



Photographs by X. R. Graves and Chas. Jones 

NE of the hardest things to "drum" into the head of the aver- 
age grower of perennials is that when spring ends, the 
planting season is not over. Far from this being the case, fall 
offers a boundless, and certainly a most interesting, field of gar- 
dening endeavor. 

Spring, like time in general, must be taken by the forelock. 
When it conies to the matter of planting perennials, the only part 
of the year in which you can do this is fall. The reasons, though 
so frequently overlooked, are obvious enough. In the first place 
one of the little axioms of the garden is that the planting that is 
done in the fall will not have to be done in spring when there is 
always too much work out-of-doors, no matter what pains have 
been taken to discount the exigencies of the vernal season. Then, 
too, perennials planted in the fall have ample time to get a good 
root growth before winter sets in and thus are firmly established 
in the garden when spring is at hand, and are able to forge right 
ahead. If not put into the ground until April or May they have 
to take time to acclimate themselves. There may be only a brief 
setback, but now and then the readjustment is so slow a process 
that a season's bloom is lost. Finally, some of the most beautiful 
of the perennials flower so early in the season that in their case 
fall planting is imperative if satisfactory results are wanted the 
first year and, of course, they are. 

Here then are three unassailable reasons why the amateur 

should not rest from his labors in fall ; but, on the other hand, 
should be planting now against spring. All three need to be 
borne in mind especially by those who are saying to themselves 
that they are "going to start a hardy garden next year." Start 
now and when next year comes you will be actually under way. 

The word start is used advisedly. In these advanced days of 
potted perennials, it is possible to start and finish a hardy garden 
in the fall of the year. Except in the case of young plants from 
seed or cuttings, however, it is wisest to leave until spring the 
perennials that come into bloom in October. 

Which perennials are the best to plant in the fall? That is 
about as puzzling and as arbitrary a game as making a list of the 
best books. All sorts and conditions of tastes must be considered ; 
there are questions of color, weight, form, fragrance and what 
not, to be taken into account and then there is the seasonal idea 
some, for reasons of convenience, prefer a spring, summer or 
fall garden. Under the circumstances the only thing to do is to 
strike a sort of average and suggest a list of unquestionably re- 
liable perennials, iron-clad as to hardiness, and offering no cul- 
tural difficulties a list of plants that no one need regret making 
a permanent investment. Here it is: 
Arabis albida white April May 

Alyssum saxatilc yellow 

Primula vcris supcrba May 



OCTOBER, 1911 

If blue is preferred next to 
arabis nothing is better 
than Phlox divaricala 

.Diclytra spectabilis 
Iris Germanic a 
Dianthus plumarius 
Delphinium formosum 
Phlox paniculata 

Boltonias are somewhat like 
the wild asters. They 
come in August 

pink May 

yellow, purple 

pink, white June 


pink, white 

June July 
July August 

A more satisfactory perennial than the or- 
dinary Iris Germanica would be hard to 
find. Its blossoms are beautiful both for 
form and color 

Veronica longifolia subsessilis hlue 
Gaillardia grandiflora red and yellow 

Lilium spcciositm pink, white 

Boltonia astcroidcs white 


August September. 

The plant that heads the list, because of its blooming season, 
lias the common name of rock cress, but is almost invariably 
called arabis. It is among the most valuable of the early spring 
perennials and should be in every hardy garden. The little bios- 

Speedwell, or veronica, is 
worth while for its state- 
ly blue flowers 

soms begin to ap- 
pear in April and 
soon they are so nu- 
merous as to form a 
sheet of white. It is 
a plant so low of growth that it should be placed on the edge of 
the border, and is all the prettier if allowed to sprawl over the 
garden path, which should be below the level of the bed a good 
rule in the case of all the carpeting plants. New growth sets in 
immediately after the flowering period, and the foliage is present- 
able all summer. When a plant is three years old it is apt to be 
rather scraggly ; so I prefer to keep a fresh stock going by tak- 
ing cuttings in June. These cuttings root easily and bloom the 
next year, making good-sized plants the year following. There 
are two species sold, A. albida and A. Alpina, and you may get 
the one for the other without being any the wiser. The double 
kind is much handsomer than either and better for cutting, though 
the effect is less snowy. 

Quite as indispensable to the spring garden is the rock mad- 
wort, or "basket of gold" Alyssum saxatile. It lends to the bor- 
der a mass of the sunniest shade of yellow a color always appre- 
ciated when the garden year is young. The plants branch freely 
after the first season's blooming and become quite sprawly, but 
will last for years if they are on well-drained ground and are not 

allowed to get tangled up 

Alyssum saxatile lends to the border a mass of the sunniest 
shade of yellow well appreciated in the early spring 

The bleeding heart is one of the peren- 
nials that do well in partial shade 

with a rake. Plant it next to 
arabis for a charming com- 
bination or, if blue is pre- 
ferred, there is nothing bet- 
ter than Phlox divaricate. 

I confess that I don't like 
to single out any hardy 
primula ; I am so fond of 
them all. But, everything 
considered, I feel that I must 
choose the glorified cowslip 
known as Primula veris su- 
pcrba. It is fully entitled to 
the adjective superb, nothing 
else doing justice to its 
trusses of pale yellow blos- 
soms with orange centers. 
In effect, if not in fact, it is 
a polyanthus. This is by no 
means a common perennial. 
Its hardiness and ease of 
culture, not to mention its 

OCTOBER, 1911 



Caillardia grandiflora is 
among the showiest of 

summer blooms 

Dianlhus plumarius, beside 
its spicy June bloom, is 
attractive for its foliage 

Lilium speciosum, both pink 
and white, is one of the 
most dependable bulbs 

Larkspur will flourish in any garden, but 
good rich soil and no disturbance accom- 
plish best results. The blue perennial vari- 
eties appear in June 

beauty, recommend 
it generally, how- 
ever. The plants 
bloom freely. They 
increase so rapidly 

that after the second year they should lie separated into as many 
parts as there are crowns. Separate with a sidewise pull in order 
to avoid tearing the tangled roots. 

The old-fashioned bleeding heart (Dielytni spcctabilis) loses 
its foliage in midsummer and is dormant in fall. If planted then 
the shoots will be stronger the first spring. Another point in 
favor of fall planting is the fact that bleeding heart roots, unless 
potted, are dug up by nurserymen and stored for the winter, not 
because they are not hardy, but for the reason that they make 
such an early start. This causes early sprouting, and as the 
shoots are very brittle they are apt to break and injure the plant's 
immediate efficiency. The bleeding heart is one of the perennials 
that should be let alone for years. It is also one that does well 
in partial shade. A small plant will have a leaf-spread of more 
than three feet across in a few years, so it is best to give it 
plenty of room and utilize the space around it for snowdrops, 
scilla, chionodoxa, crocus or other early spring bulbs. Don't be 
discouraged by your first sight of a root of bleeding heart ; it 
looks hopeless, but wonders will come of it with proper care. 

A more satisfying peren- 
nial than the ordinary Iris 
Germanica would be difficult 
to find. The blossoms are 
not only glorious in their 
color tones, but are exquisite- 
ly beautiful in form and give 
the garden a unique touch as 
they lift their heads above 
their sword leaves which 
alone are fine enough to com- 
mend the German iris to all. 
Nothing could be easier to 
grow. Just plant it in ordi- 
nary garden soil and if in a 
few years the rhizomes seem 
to be too crowded, separate 
them. One comforting fact 
about the German iris is that 
the most ordinary kinds, and 
therefore the easiest to get, 
cannot be improved upon. The blossoms of the arabis coming 
None of the most modern April soon form a carpet of white 

varieties, for example, is better than the violet species with purple 
falls. Xor is any superior to that other old-fashioned rlower-de- 
luce that is so faintly suffused with blue as to take on a sort of 
pearl color. The latter, I take it, is properly /. Florcntina, but is 
generally listed under the head of German iris. Three other 
admirable varieties are Mrs. H. Darwin, white, the falls veined 
with maroon; Mine. Chereau. whitish, the edges of the petals 
feathered with blue, and /. pallida Dahnafica, a delicate blue iris 
of the Germanica type. 

Time was when the grass, or June pinks (Dianthus plumarius) 
were in almost every garden ; more particularly the double ones, 
white or pale pink. These two remain the best, though there are 
other good double ones and no end of single ones. I like them 
(Continued on fagc 255) 


Primula veris superba is fully entitled to the adjective superb. 
It has pale yellow blossoms, with orange centers 

Few flowers approach the splen- 
dor of color and airiness of 
petal displayed by the annual 

Larkspur seems best in the blue 
shades and should be massed 
to secure the most brilliant 


of the California 
poppy range from cream 
through the orange shades to 

Pansies will almost grow them- 
selves, but the best blooms 
are the rewards of care and 

Annuals That Do Better When Fall Sown 



BY E . O . C A L V E X E 
Photographs by N. R. Graves and Chas. Jones 
T is just another of the garden's little ironies that we never find the loveliest flowers in the world, and in the blue shades which 

out until the warm spring day when the seed is triumphantly 
borne home and there, on the packet, it stares at us, "for best re- 
sults and finest bloom, seeds of this should be sown in the fall !" 
Sometimes, indeed, it has the audacity to say "the prciioits fall" 
which is surely nothing short of criminal. 

Of course the only annuals that will go through the winter are 
the exceptionally hardy ones, and these must be protected if 
growth above ground has advanced at all, or else they must be 
wintered in a cold frame. Some biennials which are usually 
treated as annuals, and regarded as annuals generally, are also 
sown in the fall, but even including these the list is not a long 
one. At least, there are not many that are worth while, although 
it is likely that one could find fifty things that might be treated 
this way, if the effort were made and there were any reason for 
doing so. Only those, however, which are definitely better for fall 
planting will be considered here. This list contains such examples. 

Annual larkspur (Del- 
phinium Ajacis), California 
poppy (Eschscholzia Cali- 
f arnica), pansies (viola tri- 
color), annual poppies (pa- 
pavcr Rhoeas and somnifer- 
um), sweet peas (lathyrus 
odoratus) , pheasant's eye 
(Adonis aestivalis) , the so- 
called Flos Adonis (Adonis 
aiitumnalis), and catchfly 
(Silcne) make up a fairly 
popular group, which, for 
one reason or another, 
should be sown now if they 
are intended to grace next 
summer's garden. 

Larkspur, whether annual 
or perennial, is surely one of 

alone seem typical to me, it is unrivalled by any other annual. 
There are pinks, buffs, fawn and white for those who want 
variety, but a mass of the various dazzling blues by themselves 
is far better than a mixture. Have the other colors, too, if they 
seem desirable, but the "blue flower" keep it apart from the -rest, 
in the purity of its radiant sky color. 

Annual larkspurs like a cool soil that is moist, and though 
they may bloom from seed sown in the spring, the seed is so 
slow in germinating that fall sowing is recommended. Prepare 
the earth by deep digging and enriching, and sow late. They will 
not sprout until spring, so protection is unnecessary, other than 
the light covering of earth that is put over them when they are 
sown ; four times the seed's diameter is the rule for out-of-doors. 
Thin out the seedlings in the spring, so that they are six inches 
apart, and as the plants grow, thin them still more, if it seems 
necessary in order to give each room to develop. They should 

not stand distinctly apart 
from each other, but some 
varieties require more 
space than others. Just 
how much room to give 
each must be determined 
by their growth ; none 
should ever be crowded. 
Their height is from one 
to two feet. 

The California poppy is 
offered in many varieties by 
seedsmen, the colors rang- 
ing from cream or cream 
white through yellows of 
many degrees, down to 
orange and finally to ver- 
milion. All of these are 
(Continued on page 260) 

Catchfly should have its seeds sown early in the fall to produce an 
abundance of its rosy pink flowers 


How to Measure Your Own Garden Area 



THE prospective builder is often desirous of knowing the 
acreage of his real estate and is in considerable difficulty in 
finding this out, especially where his land is of irregular bound- 
ary. Perhaps a garden surrounded by a wavy path is to be filled 
with loam, or a large space of lawn sodded. Such a proposi- 
tion is either regarded as extremely difficult for the laymen to 
solve, or is given up as utterly hopeless. Among the curious in- 
struments of the architects' craft, however, there is one which 
renders such problems comparatively simple, and of accurate solu- 
tion. This is the planimeter. If one is not readily available it is 
an easy matter to make one from the following illustrations. 

All that is necessary to make a planimeter is a decimal rule 
and stiff, thin cardboard squared surveyors' paper makes the 
work still simpler. Take a piece of this cardboard or the sur- 
veyors' paper ten inches by five and use it for the calculations. 

If we could discover some way of making a measure of vary- 
ing form so that it might be applied an equal number of times to 
the area in question, our difficulty would be at an end. Hut it is 
possible to construct a figure having such a constant measure of 
area. In this case it is a rectangle which is capable of infinite 
variation of base and altitude. This is the planimeter. 

The first step in its construction is to lay off a constant rect- 
angle of convenient size. In this example 5" by i" are the dimen- 
sions. Divide this in two by a perpendicular line (the long dotted 
line of Figure i), for the two rectangles, 2.5" by i" (A and B) 
thus made, are necessary when using the planimeter from a cen- 
tral point. Each of these rectangles then contains 2.5" square 
inches of area. With the decimal rule mark off tenths of an inch 
upon the perpendicular and run lines paral- 
lel to the base through these points. Take 
the point 12/10" above the zero point N 
(Fig. i), then plot the width or base of 
a new rectangle of equivalent area and 
12/10" altitude. By simple division we 
find this to be 2.08" and we let a dot on 
the first line, 2.08" from the perpendicular, 
represent the terminus of this new base. 
Succeeding points will be 1.78", 1.51", 
1.39", etc., respectively. Proceeding sim- 
ilarly along the perpendicular at every 
1/5" we plot bases of rectangles equiva- 
lent to our constant. After 40/10" have 

"From the Builders Journal and Architectural Engineer" 

.17 _ - . 

been marked off in this 'nanner the variation in width is found to 
be so slight that it is only necessary to add 5/10" to the successive 
altitudes. \Yhen the 100/10" point is reached, carefully connect 
the dots by a curved line. 1 his curve is the hyperbola, and geom- 
etry can prove the products of each of these bases and altitudes to 
be equal. 

Simply reduplicate the area bounded by the curve, on the other 
side of the perpendicular and the whole figure is complete. Since 
the card is to be used from a centre point some notch is necessary 
to hold it against the pin, so a little superfluous edge is left and a 
cut made up to the base line as at N (Fig. i). Cut out along the 
lines and the planimeter is ready for use. 

Find the approximate centre of the area to be measured and 
place a pin in the plan at this point. With the base resting on 
this pin apply the planimeter as shown in Fig. 2, marking a dot 
where either edge cuts the boundary of the surface to be meas- 
ured. Slide forward until the back edge touches the last mark 
and make another dot until the perimeter is divided all around 
in this manner. If lines were drawn from these marks to the 
center the plan would contain a number of triangles equal in 
area in this case 2.5 square inches. Where the figure has a 
straight base line the planimeter is moved along it, base to base, 
and the resultant divisions will be rectangles, therefore, of twice 
the size of the triangles. In this instance the whole constant area of 
5 square inches is used. Simply multiply the number of triangles 
by 2.5" or the number of rectangles by 5" and you have the desired 

For illustration let it be supposed that the planimeter has laid 
off thirty-four divisions on the perimeter 
with a remainder approximated to be .4" 
of the average of the divisions on each 
side of it. The area of the figure would 
then be 34.4 x 2.5" 86 square inches. As- 
suming that the plan to be plotted is 4 in. to 
the foot, we must multiply by the scale 
area or 16, which equals 1326 square feet. 
In computing Fig. 3 the principle is ex- 
actly similar, except constant 5 square 
inches is used instead of 2.5 square inches. 
L'sed in this manner the planimeter enables 
one to figure out irregularly bounded areas 
very easily and with sufficient accuracy. 


r ~ TS: 

r.^c -2*. * 6" 


-4. - 



Fig. 2. When the planimeter is used from 
the central point mark the divisions made 
where it cuts the boundary 

Fig. I. The numerals at the rig'.'.t denote the 
length of the successive of trial rec- 
tangles, those on the left, the altitudes 

Fig. 3. When used along the base line each 
division is equivalent to the whole area of 
the constant, or A plus B 


Furnishing and Decorating the Nursery 


FURNISHINGS for the modern 
child's room, like everything else 
that belongs to that important person- 
age, are as complete in the smallest de- 
tail as skill and ingenuity can make 
them, and every feature of a well-ap- 
pointed bedroom may be duplicated in 
miniature for the youngsters. 

The wall-papers and draperies espe- 
cially designed for nurseries and chil- 
dren's rooms are in a way more dis- 
tinctively juvenile than the actual 
pieces of furniture, and are a most im- 
portant consideration in fitting out such 
apartments. If one does not care to go 
to the expense of furnishing a nursery 
completely, paper and curtains that will 
leave no doubt as to the identity of the 
room may be had at small cost, and 
from this simple touch the scheme of 
decorations and the furniture, to say 
nothing of the cost, may be indefinitely 

Strictly hygienic parents who scout 
the idea of wall-paper as being un- 
healthy and will have nothing but 
painted walls in a bedroom are con- 

u v SARAH L K v B u R N C o E 

Photographs by the Author 

A wall paper printed from designs of Boutet de 
Monvel, a famous illustrator of child life, is 
particularly well adapted to the nursery 

signs include processions of Noah's 
ark inhabitants, farmyard animals, 
chickens and duc